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University of Notre Dame

1. Jill Budny McCormick. The Education of the Irrational in Plato's Laws</h1>.

Degree: PhD, Political Science, 2009, University of Notre Dame

Through the argument and action of the Laws, Plato teaches his readers that political life will never reach a state of rational perfection, but progress is possible through incremental reforms introduced through gentle persuasion. These reforms should strengthen the leadership of reason, but also educate the irrational to support this rule willingly, thereby establishing harmony between them. The Athenian Stranger encourages his interlocutors to aspire toward this goal by demonstrating new approaches to lawgiving and to education based on his double vision. This entails envisioning the perfectly ordered city and soul as his telos, while also acknowledging the ways in which his actual city and citizens fall short of this ideal. Finally, the Athenian advocates using gentle persuasion to move the latter towards the former. Persuasion incorporates argument, but also addresses the passions through pleasure, poetry, habituation, appeals to the divine, honor, and shame. The Athenian also demonstrates that while gentle persuasion may be successful in private education, it has limitations when applied to the city by lawgivers. Specifically, although the Athenian does persuade his interlocutors to follow the leadership of intelligence, he is less successful in creating an effective public paideia for his city in speech. However, unlike Socrates who refrains from direct involvement in politics because he prefers private education, the Athenian continues to aspire to improve the city, despite his awareness that perfect, lasting resolution between the rational and irrational is not possible in political life. Ultimately, Magnesia is not a blueprint for future cities because the dialogue remains unresolved on the proper way to reconcile the tensions between the rule of law and living intelligence, between philosophy and politics, between individual freedom and the common good, between positive and negative freedom, between the many and the few, between the possibility of education and the limits imposed by human nature. Yet by encouraging readers to recognize these tensions, the Laws allows them to appreciate the flaws and limitations in themselves and in their political communities, to moderate their expectations, but also to remain engaged in political life and to continue to aspire to bring positive change. Advisors/Committee Members: Catherine H. Zuckert, Committee Chair, Michael Zuckert, Committee Member, Mary Keys, Committee Member, Mary P. Nichols, Committee Member.

Subjects/Keywords: xenos; prelude; nomos; virtue; irrational; penal code; harmony; nomoi; poetry; pleasure

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

McCormick, J. B. (2009). The Education of the Irrational in Plato's Laws</h1>. (Doctoral Dissertation). University of Notre Dame. Retrieved from https://curate.nd.edu/show/6m311n81f5z

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

McCormick, Jill Budny. “The Education of the Irrational in Plato's Laws</h1>.” 2009. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Notre Dame. Accessed December 13, 2019. https://curate.nd.edu/show/6m311n81f5z.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

McCormick, Jill Budny. “The Education of the Irrational in Plato's Laws</h1>.” 2009. Web. 13 Dec 2019.

Vancouver:

McCormick JB. The Education of the Irrational in Plato's Laws</h1>. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Notre Dame; 2009. [cited 2019 Dec 13]. Available from: https://curate.nd.edu/show/6m311n81f5z.

Council of Science Editors:

McCormick JB. The Education of the Irrational in Plato's Laws</h1>. [Doctoral Dissertation]. University of Notre Dame; 2009. Available from: https://curate.nd.edu/show/6m311n81f5z

2. Γιακουμής, Γεώργιος. Δύο πρώιμα μεταβυζαντινά μνημεία και ο ζωγραφικός τους διάκοσμος στο Πωγώνι της Ορθόδοξης Εκκλησίας της Αλβανίας: αρχές 16ου αιώνα.

Degree: 2011, University of Ioannina; Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων

There is a horde of Byzantine and early post-Byzantine monuments in the jurisdiction of the Orthodox Church of Albania which remain unknown to both Greek and Albanian researchers. The present doctoral thesis has therefore attempted to contribute into lightening some of the unknown aspects of the history of post-Byzantine painting in Albania, in general, and in the once unified Epiros, in particular. To this end, extensive fieldwork was conducted in adverse conditions of accessibility and research between 1992 and 2000. • In conducting this over-ten-year-long study, research focused in three fields of activity:  – Initially, it recorded all bibliographically known or unknown post-Byzantine monuments bearing mural decorations dating between 1503 and 1913;  – Thereupon, it focused on entirely or partially preserved early post-Byzantine pictorial monuments of the pre-Onouphrian and pre-Thephanean period;  – Last but not least, it centred its analytical and synthetical reasoning into two early post-Byzantine monuments at Polican, Saint Athanasios of Mandjari, 1513, and Saint Demetrius of Savvou, 1526. These two monuments became the object of detailed study. The period in which the two monuments in question were rebuilt and decorated, 1513-1526, dates between the last known pictorial artwork of Xenos Digenes, in the close-by village of Palaiophrastana, Pogoni, and the first work of the great Cretan master- painter Theophanes, in Meteora, 1527. Yet, the painting of the two Polican monuments is seemingly an output of not only Cretan influence, but also of Macedonian. This amalgamation of Macedonian and Cretan elements in mural painting is more profound in the skilful, nearby, in place and time, creations of Xenos Digenes in Palaiophrastana, 1492. Τhis hitherto unknown artistic milieu was mostly inspired by the humanist and urban piety of old economic elites and by painters of the Capital. Having transferred the Palaeologan pictorial sensitivity to 15th century Crete, these painters expressed a monastic-deviating, non-austere and non-“resistant” painting. Using economic, social and iconological methodologies of art historical enquiry, we drew conclusions with regard to the production of Polican’s pictorial decorations. This artistic production was an outcome of the political, socio-economic, ideological and artistic conditions of the time: 1. The region of Pogon and mountainous Epiros in general lived in peace during the beginning of the 16th century, as did most parts of the Ottoman territory at that time. 2. Polican, in particular, enjoyed economic thriving, an autonomous regime and cultural flourishing. 3. It is therefore reasonable that the two monuments patronized by them consist of an amalgamation of the Macedonian and Cretan genre and are transit phases of the development of Byzantine art after Byzantium. 4. In considering that a certain distant aristocratic spirit, a classicist beauty and the mixed technique of rendering the human figures are characteristics of Xenos Digenes’s style, it seems that he and the…

Subjects/Keywords: Ξένος Διγενής; Ζωγραφικός διάκοσμος; Άγιος Δημήτριος Σάββου; Άγιος Αθανάσιος Μάτζαρη; Πρώιμη φάση μεταβυζαντινής τοιχογραφίας; Πωγώνι Αλβανίας; Πολίτσιανη Πωγωνίου; Xenos Digenes; Pictorial Decoration; Saint Demetrius of Savvou; Saint Athanasios of Mandjari; Early period of post-Byzantine mural decorations; Pogon (Albania); Polican of Pogon

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Γιακουμής, . . (2011). Δύο πρώιμα μεταβυζαντινά μνημεία και ο ζωγραφικός τους διάκοσμος στο Πωγώνι της Ορθόδοξης Εκκλησίας της Αλβανίας: αρχές 16ου αιώνα. (Thesis). University of Ioannina; Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10442/hedi/25277

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Γιακουμής, Γεώργιος. “Δύο πρώιμα μεταβυζαντινά μνημεία και ο ζωγραφικός τους διάκοσμος στο Πωγώνι της Ορθόδοξης Εκκλησίας της Αλβανίας: αρχές 16ου αιώνα.” 2011. Thesis, University of Ioannina; Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Accessed December 13, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/10442/hedi/25277.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Γιακουμής, Γεώργιος. “Δύο πρώιμα μεταβυζαντινά μνημεία και ο ζωγραφικός τους διάκοσμος στο Πωγώνι της Ορθόδοξης Εκκλησίας της Αλβανίας: αρχές 16ου αιώνα.” 2011. Web. 13 Dec 2019.

Vancouver:

Γιακουμής . Δύο πρώιμα μεταβυζαντινά μνημεία και ο ζωγραφικός τους διάκοσμος στο Πωγώνι της Ορθόδοξης Εκκλησίας της Αλβανίας: αρχές 16ου αιώνα. [Internet] [Thesis]. University of Ioannina; Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων; 2011. [cited 2019 Dec 13]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10442/hedi/25277.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Γιακουμής . Δύο πρώιμα μεταβυζαντινά μνημεία και ο ζωγραφικός τους διάκοσμος στο Πωγώνι της Ορθόδοξης Εκκλησίας της Αλβανίας: αρχές 16ου αιώνα. [Thesis]. University of Ioannina; Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων; 2011. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10442/hedi/25277

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

3. Αγρεβή, Μαρία. Τοιχογραφίες του Ξένου Διγενή στη μονή Μυρτιάς Αιτωλίας (1491).

Degree: 2007, University of Ioannina; Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων

The author examines the frescoes printed in 1491 by Xenos Digenis from Mouchli of Arcadia in the Catholics of the Myrtia Monastery, near Myrtia of Aetolia. These are the best-presented frescoes by Digenis, who also signed the frescoes in the churches of Aghioi Pateres at Apano Floria of Chania, Crete (1470) and the Dormition of the Virgin at Palaia Frastana (Kato Meropi) of Pogoni Epirus (1470, 1491). […]

Αντικείμενο της εν λόγω διατριβής είναι η μελέτη των τοιχογραφιών που ζωγράφισε το 1491 ο Ξένος Διγενής από το Μουχλί της Αρκαδίας στο καθολικό της Μονής Μυρτιάς στην Αιτωλία. Ο ίδιο ζωγράφος είναι γνωστός και για τις ενυπόγραφες τοιχογραφίες του στους Αγίους Πατέρες στα Απάνω Φλώρια Σέλινου στο Νομό Χανίων της Κρήτης (1470) και στην Κοίμηση της Θεοτόκου στα Παλαιά Φραστανά, (σημερινή Κάτω Μερόπη) στο Πωγώνι της Ηπείρου (1470, 1491). […]

Subjects/Keywords: Διγενής, Ξένος; Μονή Μυρτιάς στην Αιτωλία; Τοιχογραφίες; Ζωγραφική, Κρητική σχολή; Ζωγραφική, Κρητική; Παναγία η Φανερωμένη; Ζωγραφική, Μεταβυζαντινή; Μούχλι; Digenis, Xenos; Myrtia monastery of Aetolia; Wall paintings; Cretan school of painting; Cretan painting; Virgin Phaneromeni; Post-byzantine painting; Moychli

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Αγρεβή, . . (2007). Τοιχογραφίες του Ξένου Διγενή στη μονή Μυρτιάς Αιτωλίας (1491). (Thesis). University of Ioannina; Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10442/hedi/21459

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Αγρεβή, Μαρία. “Τοιχογραφίες του Ξένου Διγενή στη μονή Μυρτιάς Αιτωλίας (1491).” 2007. Thesis, University of Ioannina; Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Accessed December 13, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/10442/hedi/21459.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Αγρεβή, Μαρία. “Τοιχογραφίες του Ξένου Διγενή στη μονή Μυρτιάς Αιτωλίας (1491).” 2007. Web. 13 Dec 2019.

Vancouver:

Αγρεβή . Τοιχογραφίες του Ξένου Διγενή στη μονή Μυρτιάς Αιτωλίας (1491). [Internet] [Thesis]. University of Ioannina; Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων; 2007. [cited 2019 Dec 13]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10442/hedi/21459.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Αγρεβή . Τοιχογραφίες του Ξένου Διγενή στη μονή Μυρτιάς Αιτωλίας (1491). [Thesis]. University of Ioannina; Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων; 2007. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10442/hedi/21459

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

.