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You searched for subject:(water electrolyte imbalances). Showing records 1 – 3 of 3 total matches.

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1. Veldsman, Lizl. The impact of intravenous fluid and electrolyte administration on total fluid, electrolyte and energy intake in critically ill adult patients.

Degree: MNutr, Interdisciplinary Health Sciences, 2013, Stellenbosch University

ENGLISH ABSTRACT: Objectives: The objectives of this study were to determine the nutritional content/ contribution of intravenous (IV) fluid and electrolyte administration on the total feeding prescription of intensive care unit (ICU) patients. Methods: Retrospective review of ICU charts of consecutive patients (>18 years) with APACHE II scores ≥10 and on ≥72 hours nutrition therapy (NT) admitted to a medical/surgical ICU. Total fluid, electrolyte, energy and macronutrient intake from nutritional and non-nutritional sources were reviewed from ICU admission until discharge, discontinuation of NT or death for ≤7 days. Energy and protein delivery were compared to calculated targets of 25.4 – 28.6kCal/kg and 1.3 – 1.5g/kg respectively. Summary statistics, correlation coefficients and appropriate analysis of variance were used to describe and analyse the data. Results: A total of 71 patients (49% male), average age 49.2 ± 17.1, average APACHE II score 21.0 ± 6.1, 68% medical and 32% surgical, were included. Fluid and nutrient intake were reviewed over a mean of 5.7 ± 1.1 days. Mean daily fluid delivery was 3.2 ± 0.6L. IV fluid therapy (IVFT) contributed 32.0 ± 12.0% to total fluid delivery (TFD), whereas IV drug administration, including fluids used for reconstitution and dilution purposes, contributed 20.7 ± 8.1% to TFD. Balanced electrolyte solutions (BES) were the crystalloid of choice, prescribed in 91.5% of patients with a mean daily volume (MDV) of 0.5 ± 0.4L. Hypertonic low molecular weight (LMW) 130/0.4kD hydroxyethyl starch (HES) was the colloid of choice, prescribed in 78.9% of patients with a MDV of 0.2 ± 0.1L. Potassium salts were the most frequently prescribed IV electrolyte supplement (IVES), prescribed in 91% of patients (±20 – 60mmol per administration). NT was initiated within 14.5 ± 14.1 hours. The majority (80%) received enteral nutrition (EN). The mean daily energy delivered was 1613 ± 380kCal (25.1kCal/kg), meeting 93.6 ± 17.7% of mean target range (MTR). Mean daily protein delivery (PD) was 72 ± 22g (1.1g/kg), meeting 82.8 ± 19.9% of MTR. Non-nutritional energy sources (NNES), mostly derived from carbohydrate-containing IV fluids, contributed 10.1 ± 7.5% to total energy delivered (156kCal/d). Mean cumulative energy and protein balance was -674.0 ± 1866.1kCal and -86.0 ± 106.9g respectively. The majority (73%) received >90% of the minimum energy target but only 49% >90% of minimum protein target; 59% of those with energy intake 90-110% of target had adequate protein intake. A significant negative correlation was found between cumulative energy/protein balance and the time to initiation of NT (energy: r=-0.28, p=0.02; protein: r=-0.32, p=0.01). Conclusion: In this ICU BES are the crystalloid of choice and hypertonic LMW 130/0.4kD HES the colloid of choice for IVFT. Potassium salts are the most frequently prescribed IVES. NNES added significantly to energy delivery and should be included in the calculation of feeding prescriptions to avoid the harmful effects of overfeeding. Early initiation of EN… Advisors/Committee Members: Blaauw, R., Richards, G. A., Nel, D. G., Stellenbosch University. Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Dept. of Interdisciplinary Health Sciences. Human Nutrition..

Subjects/Keywords: Human nutrition; Critical care medicine; Intravenous therapy; Water-electrolyte imbalances; Fluid therapy

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APA (6th Edition):

Veldsman, L. (2013). The impact of intravenous fluid and electrolyte administration on total fluid, electrolyte and energy intake in critically ill adult patients. (Thesis). Stellenbosch University. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/85659

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Veldsman, Lizl. “The impact of intravenous fluid and electrolyte administration on total fluid, electrolyte and energy intake in critically ill adult patients.” 2013. Thesis, Stellenbosch University. Accessed September 30, 2020. http://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/85659.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Veldsman, Lizl. “The impact of intravenous fluid and electrolyte administration on total fluid, electrolyte and energy intake in critically ill adult patients.” 2013. Web. 30 Sep 2020.

Vancouver:

Veldsman L. The impact of intravenous fluid and electrolyte administration on total fluid, electrolyte and energy intake in critically ill adult patients. [Internet] [Thesis]. Stellenbosch University; 2013. [cited 2020 Sep 30]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/85659.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Veldsman L. The impact of intravenous fluid and electrolyte administration on total fluid, electrolyte and energy intake in critically ill adult patients. [Thesis]. Stellenbosch University; 2013. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/85659

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

2. Lourenço Sampaio de Mara. Alterações hidroeletrolíticas agudas no triatlo Ironman Brasil.

Degree: 2005, Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina

O Ironman é uma das variações da modalidade de triatlo e caracteriza-se por uma atividade de longa duração, constituída por 3,8 Km de natação, 180 Km de ciclismo e 42,2 Km de corrida, na qual o atleta exercita-se em média por cerca de 13 horas. Neste contexto o atleta exposto a tal carga de esforço e adversidades ambientais experimenta alterações orgânicas agudas em seus sistemas biológicos, inclusive distúrbios hidroeletrolíticos. O objetivo deste estudo é descrever as alterações hídricas e eletrolíticas encontradas em atletas de triatlo Ironman nos anos de 2002 a 2005. Com este intuito 109 atletas voluntários foram avaliados antes e após a prova, sendo submetidos a análise sangüínea dos eletrólitos sódio e potássio e pesagem de massa corpórea. Os dados do sódio sérico de 89 atletas foram correlacionadas com o percentual de desidratação e alterações percentuais de peso corporal. Dados de 77 atletas, quanto ao potássio sérico, foram avaliados isoladamente de uma forma descritiva. A análise estatística consistiu de uma parte descritiva, com a determinação das estatísticas descritivas básicas, e de uma parte inferencial, que estudou a significância estatística da correlação entre os resultados dos exames. Seis atletas (6,7%) apresentaram-se euhidratados ou superhidratados ao final da prova, 50 atletas desidrataram de 0 a 3% (56,2%), 29 de 3 a 6 % (32,6%) e 4 atletas (4,5%) desidrataram mais que 6%. Houve uma tendência a ocorrer hiponatremia, uma das mais preocupantes alterações hidroeletrolíticas, entre aqueles que desidrataram menos ou ganharam peso. O potássio teve um comportamento dentro dos limites da normalidade em toda amostra. Conclui-se que os distúrbios hidroelétrolíticos são incidentes nesta modalidade esportiva, e a superhidratação, evidenciada pelo ganho ou perdas discretas de peso, é a etiologia provável da hiponatremia.

The Triathlon Ironman is characterized for a resistance activity consisting of 3,8 km of swimming, 180 km of cycling and 42,2 km of running, in which the athlete is exercised, in average, for about 13 hours. In this context, the athlete displayed to such load of effort and ambient adversities experiences acute organic alterations in his biological systems, including the hydroelectrolytic disturbs. The objective of this study is to describe the hydric and electrolytic alterations found in triathlon Ironman athletes in the years from 2002 to 2005. 109 voluntary athletes had been evaluated before and immediately after the events carried through in Florianópolis-SC Brazil, with blood analysis of sodium and potassium electrolytes, and measure of body mass. The data of the sodium serum of 89 athletes had been correlated with the degree of dehydration and percentile modifications of body weight. Data of 77 athletes, in relation to the serum potassium, had been evaluated separately in a descriptive form. Six athletes (6,7%) had presented euhydrated or superhydrated to the end of the test, 50 athletes had dehydrated from 0 to 3% (56,2%), 29 from 3 to 6 % (32,6%) and 4 athletes (4,5%) had…

Advisors/Committee Members: Tales de Carvalho.

Subjects/Keywords: super-hidratação; Distúrbios hidroeletrolíticos; Hyponatremia; triathlon; triatlo; desequilíbrio água-eletrólitos; superhydration; dehydration; desidratação; EDUCACAO FISICA; hiponatremia; water-electrolyte imbalances

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APA (6th Edition):

Mara, L. S. d. (2005). Alterações hidroeletrolíticas agudas no triatlo Ironman Brasil. (Thesis). Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina. Retrieved from http://www.tede.udesc.br/tde_busca/arquivo.php?codArquivo=684 ; http://www.tede.udesc.br/tde_busca/arquivo.php?codArquivo=690 ; http://www.tede.udesc.br/tde_busca/arquivo.php?codArquivo=683 ; http://www.tede.udesc.br/tde_busca/arquivo.php?codArquivo=689 ; http://www.tede.udesc.br/tde_busca/arquivo.php?codArquivo=682 ; http://www.tede.udesc.br/tde_busca/arquivo.php?codArquivo=688 ; http://www.tede.udesc.br/tde_busca/arquivo.php?codArquivo=681 ; http://www.tede.udesc.br/tde_busca/arquivo.php?codArquivo=687 ; http://www.tede.udesc.br/tde_busca/arquivo.php?codArquivo=685 ; http://www.tede.udesc.br/tde_busca/arquivo.php?codArquivo=691 ; http://www.tede.udesc.br/tde_busca/arquivo.php?codArquivo=680 ; http://www.tede.udesc.br/tde_busca/arquivo.php?codArquivo=686 ; http://www.tede.udesc.br/tde_busca/arquivo.php?codArquivo=692

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Mara, Lourenço Sampaio de. “Alterações hidroeletrolíticas agudas no triatlo Ironman Brasil.” 2005. Thesis, Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina. Accessed September 30, 2020. http://www.tede.udesc.br/tde_busca/arquivo.php?codArquivo=684 ; http://www.tede.udesc.br/tde_busca/arquivo.php?codArquivo=690 ; http://www.tede.udesc.br/tde_busca/arquivo.php?codArquivo=683 ; http://www.tede.udesc.br/tde_busca/arquivo.php?codArquivo=689 ; http://www.tede.udesc.br/tde_busca/arquivo.php?codArquivo=682 ; http://www.tede.udesc.br/tde_busca/arquivo.php?codArquivo=688 ; http://www.tede.udesc.br/tde_busca/arquivo.php?codArquivo=681 ; http://www.tede.udesc.br/tde_busca/arquivo.php?codArquivo=687 ; http://www.tede.udesc.br/tde_busca/arquivo.php?codArquivo=685 ; http://www.tede.udesc.br/tde_busca/arquivo.php?codArquivo=691 ; http://www.tede.udesc.br/tde_busca/arquivo.php?codArquivo=680 ; http://www.tede.udesc.br/tde_busca/arquivo.php?codArquivo=686 ; http://www.tede.udesc.br/tde_busca/arquivo.php?codArquivo=692.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Mara, Lourenço Sampaio de. “Alterações hidroeletrolíticas agudas no triatlo Ironman Brasil.” 2005. Web. 30 Sep 2020.

Vancouver:

Mara LSd. Alterações hidroeletrolíticas agudas no triatlo Ironman Brasil. [Internet] [Thesis]. Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina; 2005. [cited 2020 Sep 30]. Available from: http://www.tede.udesc.br/tde_busca/arquivo.php?codArquivo=684 ; http://www.tede.udesc.br/tde_busca/arquivo.php?codArquivo=690 ; http://www.tede.udesc.br/tde_busca/arquivo.php?codArquivo=683 ; http://www.tede.udesc.br/tde_busca/arquivo.php?codArquivo=689 ; http://www.tede.udesc.br/tde_busca/arquivo.php?codArquivo=682 ; http://www.tede.udesc.br/tde_busca/arquivo.php?codArquivo=688 ; http://www.tede.udesc.br/tde_busca/arquivo.php?codArquivo=681 ; http://www.tede.udesc.br/tde_busca/arquivo.php?codArquivo=687 ; http://www.tede.udesc.br/tde_busca/arquivo.php?codArquivo=685 ; http://www.tede.udesc.br/tde_busca/arquivo.php?codArquivo=691 ; http://www.tede.udesc.br/tde_busca/arquivo.php?codArquivo=680 ; http://www.tede.udesc.br/tde_busca/arquivo.php?codArquivo=686 ; http://www.tede.udesc.br/tde_busca/arquivo.php?codArquivo=692.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Mara LSd. Alterações hidroeletrolíticas agudas no triatlo Ironman Brasil. [Thesis]. Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina; 2005. Available from: http://www.tede.udesc.br/tde_busca/arquivo.php?codArquivo=684 ; http://www.tede.udesc.br/tde_busca/arquivo.php?codArquivo=690 ; http://www.tede.udesc.br/tde_busca/arquivo.php?codArquivo=683 ; http://www.tede.udesc.br/tde_busca/arquivo.php?codArquivo=689 ; http://www.tede.udesc.br/tde_busca/arquivo.php?codArquivo=682 ; http://www.tede.udesc.br/tde_busca/arquivo.php?codArquivo=688 ; http://www.tede.udesc.br/tde_busca/arquivo.php?codArquivo=681 ; http://www.tede.udesc.br/tde_busca/arquivo.php?codArquivo=687 ; http://www.tede.udesc.br/tde_busca/arquivo.php?codArquivo=685 ; http://www.tede.udesc.br/tde_busca/arquivo.php?codArquivo=691 ; http://www.tede.udesc.br/tde_busca/arquivo.php?codArquivo=680 ; http://www.tede.udesc.br/tde_busca/arquivo.php?codArquivo=686 ; http://www.tede.udesc.br/tde_busca/arquivo.php?codArquivo=692

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation


University of Arizona

3. Miller, Kenneth Peter. Potassium replacement in open heart surgical patients .

Degree: 1980, University of Arizona

Subjects/Keywords: Water-electrolyte imbalances  – Nursing.; Potassium in the body.; Heart  – Surgery  – Complications.

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Miller, K. P. (1980). Potassium replacement in open heart surgical patients . (Masters Thesis). University of Arizona. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10150/557377

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Miller, Kenneth Peter. “Potassium replacement in open heart surgical patients .” 1980. Masters Thesis, University of Arizona. Accessed September 30, 2020. http://hdl.handle.net/10150/557377.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Miller, Kenneth Peter. “Potassium replacement in open heart surgical patients .” 1980. Web. 30 Sep 2020.

Vancouver:

Miller KP. Potassium replacement in open heart surgical patients . [Internet] [Masters thesis]. University of Arizona; 1980. [cited 2020 Sep 30]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10150/557377.

Council of Science Editors:

Miller KP. Potassium replacement in open heart surgical patients . [Masters Thesis]. University of Arizona; 1980. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10150/557377

.