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University of Edinburgh

1. Stewart-Sachs, Ann Gabriel. Lyon : the development of archetypal urban forms : an investigation into the public realm of the ancient city.

Degree: PhD, 2018, University of Edinburgh

The public realm of the ancient, Western city evolved situationally - over time and in response to the ethos of its citizens. Some of the urban forms that were born within the context of the ancient city are still in use today. These now archetypal forms met the specific needs of the ancient city, and as they were repeated, patterns arose that came to define what a physical city was. The physical form of the city and the citizen body were intrinsically linked in the ancient world - and in ancient Greece were defined by the same word - polis. In Rome, the city and the collective citizenry come to be defined separately - as urbs and civitas, respectively. The Romans continue to use and elaborate upon the urban forms and patterns developed in Greece, in support of the Roman civitas. The development of the public realm and its most archetypal forms, from the stoa to the public plaza, of a selection of ancient cities will be examined in three parts; Greece, Rome, and Roman colonies. Within these three representative examples, a tripartite examination of the myths, rituals, and development of the public realm will give a complete picture of the city - its form and its ethos. First, the Greek city will be discussed using the architectural development of the Athenian agora within its historical and political context. With an understanding of the Greek public realm, specific architectural advancements, including the stoa form, of the Greeks can be better understood. Second, the Roman elaboration of the Greek forms will be traced in the growth of the Forum Boarium in Rome. While situationally-developed, the archetypal urban forms that grew in Greece and Rome came to define urban patterns that could be used in new settings, like those of colonial settlements, while retaining the ethos of the original. From its first colony of Ostia to its exemplary Gallic capital of Lyon, Rome established a codified set of urban patterns that both represented and explained Roman urban values to its expanding populace. Finally, the Roman contributions, particularly the colony and fora patterns that evolved in Gaul, will be examined in detail using the colonial capital of Lyon as the primary example. As new socio-political systems evolved - the polis in Athens and the Empire in Rome - correlating urban forms developed in support of them. In the ancient city, the city and the public realm were the containers for ritual action - and the architecture that developed reflected this basic purpose of the city.

Subjects/Keywords: urban forms; archetypal forms; polis; city; urbs; public realm; stoa; agora; Greek forms; Lyon; ritual space; Roman cities

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APA (6th Edition):

Stewart-Sachs, A. G. (2018). Lyon : the development of archetypal urban forms : an investigation into the public realm of the ancient city. (Doctoral Dissertation). University of Edinburgh. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1842/31212

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Stewart-Sachs, Ann Gabriel. “Lyon : the development of archetypal urban forms : an investigation into the public realm of the ancient city.” 2018. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Edinburgh. Accessed November 14, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/1842/31212.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Stewart-Sachs, Ann Gabriel. “Lyon : the development of archetypal urban forms : an investigation into the public realm of the ancient city.” 2018. Web. 14 Nov 2019.

Vancouver:

Stewart-Sachs AG. Lyon : the development of archetypal urban forms : an investigation into the public realm of the ancient city. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Edinburgh; 2018. [cited 2019 Nov 14]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1842/31212.

Council of Science Editors:

Stewart-Sachs AG. Lyon : the development of archetypal urban forms : an investigation into the public realm of the ancient city. [Doctoral Dissertation]. University of Edinburgh; 2018. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1842/31212


Université de Grenoble

2. Vales, Teodoro Cândido. De Lourenço Marques à Maputo : genèse et formation d'une ville : From Lourenço Marques to Maputo : genesis and shaping of a town.

Degree: Docteur es, Urbanisme mention architecture, 2014, Université de Grenoble

S'appuyant sur une approche historique, cette thèse interroge le processus de formation et de transformation de la capitale du Mozambique, et pour ce faire analyse les liens qui se sont noués, au cours des XIXème et XXème siècles, entre changements économiques, transformations institutionnelles et évolutions des formes urbaines. Située en position excentrée par rapport au reste du Mozambique, et proche de l'Union Sud-Africaine, Lourenço Marques passe successivement du statut de factorerie, à celui de bourg, puis de ville portuaire. La création, au cours du XIXème siècle, des axes de liaison, routier puis ferroviaire, avec le Natal fait de Lourenço Marques le débouché maritime des produits miniers d'Afrique du Sud et explique le développement économique de la ville. Pendant toute la période de sa formation, ce sont les plans d'urbanisme, élaborés par des ingénieurs militaires puis des architectes venus de Lisbonne, qui encadrent les extensions de la ville devenue capitale de la Province du Mozambique. Comme de nombreuses villes coloniales, Lourenço Marques devient le terrain d'expérimentation de méthodes de planification (tracés viaires, lotissement, zonage), élaborées dans différents pays européens, dont le Portugal. Pendant toute la période coloniale, ingénieurs et architectes portugais réussissent tant bien que mal à maîtriser la croissance de la ville européenne, restreignant l'accès des « africains » à cette dernière. La création à proximité du centre-ville d'un quartier « indigène » témoigne d'une volonté de séparation raciale de la part des colonisateurs. L'accession en 1975 du Mozambique à l'indépendance se traduit par l'exode des portugais et l'ouverture des portes de la ville aux africains. Cette décision soudaine produit une sorte d'appel d'air pour la population des campagnes et amorce un processus de croissance démographique rapide de Lourenço Marques devenue Maputo. Multipliant les plans d'urbanisme (qui ne sont jamais approuvés), les autorités du Mozambique indépendant rencontrent de plus en plus de difficultés à maîtriser un processus de développement qui se traduit notamment par de nombreux quartiers informels (lotissements, bidonvilles) et peinent à développer les activités économiques garantissant des emplois stables aux nouveaux habitants.

This thesis is based on a historical approach. It addresses the process whereby the capital city of Mozambique was shaped and transformed, and analyses the links that appeared during the 19th and 20th centuries between economic change, institutional transformations and the evolution of urban morphology. The location of Lourenço Marques is peripheral in Mozambique. The city is close to the Union of South Africa, and was originally a trading outpost. It later became a feitoria, small town, then a coastal city. The creation of road and, later, of rail networks with the Transvaal in the 19th century meant that Lourenço Marques became the maritime gateway for South African mining products, which explains the city's economic development. During the period in which…

Advisors/Committee Members: Novarina, Gilles (thesis director).

Subjects/Keywords: Histoire urbaine; Tierce-ville; Urbs lapidum et Roseaupolis; Explosion urbaine; Urbanisme colonial; Ville portuaire; Factorerie; Bourg; Urban history; Third-city; Urbs lapidum and Roseaupolis; Urban spaces explosion; Colonial urbanism; Harbour city; Factorerie; Village

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Vales, T. C. (2014). De Lourenço Marques à Maputo : genèse et formation d'une ville : From Lourenço Marques to Maputo : genesis and shaping of a town. (Doctoral Dissertation). Université de Grenoble. Retrieved from http://www.theses.fr/2014GRENH012

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Vales, Teodoro Cândido. “De Lourenço Marques à Maputo : genèse et formation d'une ville : From Lourenço Marques to Maputo : genesis and shaping of a town.” 2014. Doctoral Dissertation, Université de Grenoble. Accessed November 14, 2019. http://www.theses.fr/2014GRENH012.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Vales, Teodoro Cândido. “De Lourenço Marques à Maputo : genèse et formation d'une ville : From Lourenço Marques to Maputo : genesis and shaping of a town.” 2014. Web. 14 Nov 2019.

Vancouver:

Vales TC. De Lourenço Marques à Maputo : genèse et formation d'une ville : From Lourenço Marques to Maputo : genesis and shaping of a town. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Université de Grenoble; 2014. [cited 2019 Nov 14]. Available from: http://www.theses.fr/2014GRENH012.

Council of Science Editors:

Vales TC. De Lourenço Marques à Maputo : genèse et formation d'une ville : From Lourenço Marques to Maputo : genesis and shaping of a town. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Université de Grenoble; 2014. Available from: http://www.theses.fr/2014GRENH012


University of Canterbury

3. Whybrew, Linda Christine. The Relationship between Horace's Sermones and Epistulae Book 1: "Are the Letters of Horace Satires?".

Degree: Classics and Linguistics, 2006, University of Canterbury

"Are the Letters of Horace Satires?" (Hendrickson 1897: 313). In response to this question, this thesis investigates whether Horace's Sermones and Epistulae 1 all belong to the genre of satura. Ancient and modern evidence from the use of the terms Sermones, Epistulae, and satura, is surveyed, and is found to be inconclusive, but not to preclude Epist. 1 as satura. The nature of specifically Horatian satura is ascertained from the text of Serm. 1, especially Serm. 1.1 and the explicitly literary Serm. 1.4 and 1.10. The redefinition of Lucilian satura, and its political implications are also considered. To confirm Epist. 1 as satura a sequential reading of the three libelli is undertaken, tracing the evolution of the theme of locus: place, both as geographical location, and as status, place in the social hierarchy, in the context of the socio-political environment of the time of composition. Serm. 1.1 as a programmatic poem is shown to establish Epicurean moderation as a prerequisite for a vita beata. In Serm. 1 Horace's status as client-poet of Maecenas and Octavian initially permits this ideal lifestyle in the Urbs. The misperceptions of outsiders lead to a preference for a life of Epicurean quietude in the rus in Serm. 2, although Horace's aequanimitas is disturbed by urban officia, and abuse of libertas dicendi associated particularly with Stoicism. The ideal of rural withdrawal is reinforced in Epist. 1 through an exploration of appropriate behaviour in relationships with potentes amici. Horace's addressees cover the entire range of the social hierarchy, and in his letters he utilizes the arguments of moral philosophy, thus reconciling poetry and philosophy. He achieves a pragmatic compromise whereby he can enjoy libertas in his role as a poet, while acknowledging that personal libertas and true aequanimitas are still to be attained.

Subjects/Keywords: Horace; Serm[ones]; Epist[ulae]; 1 satura; locus (place; status); Urbs; rus; Epicureanism; Stoicism; libertas [dicendi]; patronage; Lucilius

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Whybrew, L. C. (2006). The Relationship between Horace's Sermones and Epistulae Book 1: "Are the Letters of Horace Satires?". (Thesis). University of Canterbury. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10092/945

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Whybrew, Linda Christine. “The Relationship between Horace's Sermones and Epistulae Book 1: "Are the Letters of Horace Satires?".” 2006. Thesis, University of Canterbury. Accessed November 14, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/10092/945.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Whybrew, Linda Christine. “The Relationship between Horace's Sermones and Epistulae Book 1: "Are the Letters of Horace Satires?".” 2006. Web. 14 Nov 2019.

Vancouver:

Whybrew LC. The Relationship between Horace's Sermones and Epistulae Book 1: "Are the Letters of Horace Satires?". [Internet] [Thesis]. University of Canterbury; 2006. [cited 2019 Nov 14]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10092/945.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Whybrew LC. The Relationship between Horace's Sermones and Epistulae Book 1: "Are the Letters of Horace Satires?". [Thesis]. University of Canterbury; 2006. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10092/945

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

.