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University of Pretoria

1. Van Berkel, David W.K. The South African Constitution as a Reflection of the Societas Understanding of the State : an Oakeshottian Perspective.

Degree: MPhil, Philosophy, 2015, University of Pretoria

This study is an application of the political theory of Michael Oakeshott aimed at enhancing understanding of the South African state. Oakeshott posits that the modern state is comprised of two separate modes of association, namely societas and universitas. Universitas refers to an association to attain a specific substantive purpose, while societas is an association based on common submission to the recognition of, and adherence to, prescribed formal laws. Each tends towards self‚Äźdestruction when the character of a given state is reflected by that mode of association exclusively. The presence of both modes of association in tension with each other produces a stable state. The South African state has been shown to reflect a dominantly universitas character, but, since a monopolar state cannot exist, it follows that the societas understanding of the state must also be present. In this study, the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, Act 108 of 1996, is assessed to determine whether it reflects a societas understanding of the state. Two formal conditions for a societas are identified in the work of Oakeshott, namely a system of rules and norms, and the recognition of this system as being authoritative. These formal conditions are employed as a benchmark against which to test the character of the South African Constitution. Advisors/Committee Members: Wolmarans, Frederik Gerhardus (advisor).

Subjects/Keywords: UCTD; Oakeshott; Societas; Universitas; South African Constitution; Character of a state

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Van Berkel, D. (2015). The South African Constitution as a Reflection of the Societas Understanding of the State : an Oakeshottian Perspective. (Masters Thesis). University of Pretoria. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/2263/46045

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Van Berkel, David. “The South African Constitution as a Reflection of the Societas Understanding of the State : an Oakeshottian Perspective.” 2015. Masters Thesis, University of Pretoria. Accessed January 27, 2020. http://hdl.handle.net/2263/46045.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Van Berkel, David. “The South African Constitution as a Reflection of the Societas Understanding of the State : an Oakeshottian Perspective.” 2015. Web. 27 Jan 2020.

Vancouver:

Van Berkel D. The South African Constitution as a Reflection of the Societas Understanding of the State : an Oakeshottian Perspective. [Internet] [Masters thesis]. University of Pretoria; 2015. [cited 2020 Jan 27]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2263/46045.

Council of Science Editors:

Van Berkel D. The South African Constitution as a Reflection of the Societas Understanding of the State : an Oakeshottian Perspective. [Masters Thesis]. University of Pretoria; 2015. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2263/46045

2. Hardhono, Anthonius Padua. Interaction with print-learning materials and academic performance and persistence of new students of Universitas Terbuka (The Indonesian Open Learning University).

Degree: Interdisciplinary Graduate Program, 2015, University of Victoria

Subjects/Keywords: Universitas Terbuka; Learning; Academic achievement; Jakarta (Indonesia)

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Hardhono, A. P. (2015). Interaction with print-learning materials and academic performance and persistence of new students of Universitas Terbuka (The Indonesian Open Learning University). (Thesis). University of Victoria. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1828/6548

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Hardhono, Anthonius Padua. “Interaction with print-learning materials and academic performance and persistence of new students of Universitas Terbuka (The Indonesian Open Learning University).” 2015. Thesis, University of Victoria. Accessed January 27, 2020. http://hdl.handle.net/1828/6548.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Hardhono, Anthonius Padua. “Interaction with print-learning materials and academic performance and persistence of new students of Universitas Terbuka (The Indonesian Open Learning University).” 2015. Web. 27 Jan 2020.

Vancouver:

Hardhono AP. Interaction with print-learning materials and academic performance and persistence of new students of Universitas Terbuka (The Indonesian Open Learning University). [Internet] [Thesis]. University of Victoria; 2015. [cited 2020 Jan 27]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1828/6548.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Hardhono AP. Interaction with print-learning materials and academic performance and persistence of new students of Universitas Terbuka (The Indonesian Open Learning University). [Thesis]. University of Victoria; 2015. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1828/6548

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

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