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1. Graef, Stephen Troy. An Investigation of the Relationships Between Individual Differences Characteristics and Motives for Exercising.

Degree: PhD, Counseling Psychology, 2012, University of Akron

The general purpose of this study was to extend the current understanding of the factors possibly contributing to people's motives for exercising by examining the individual differences variables of sex, gender, personality, and age. Participants (N = 366) completed online questionnaires assessing sex, gender (Conformity to Masculine Norms Inventory-46 and Conformity to Feminine Norms Inventory-45), personality (International Personality Item Pool), and exercise motives (Exercise Motivation Inventory). The first purpose of this study was to explore the posited and, in some cases, demonstrated relations between individual difference variables (i.e., sex, gender, personality, and age) and exercise motives. Overall, these findings were mixed, further supporting that certain individual difference characteristics relate significantly to motives for exercising. The second purpose was to explore the unique contribution of each of the specific individual difference characteristics of interest to the prediction of people's exercise participation motives. With the exception of exercising for stress management and strength and endurance, all of the exercise motives had at least one individual difference variable that contributed unique predictive ability. The third purpose was to assess hypothesized moderating effects of certain individual difference variables on certain relationships between individual differences variables and exercise motives. No support was shown for these moderating effects. Finally, the underlying intrinsic/extrinsic factor structure of the EMI-II was explored. Support was not shown for the two-factor model; however, a four-factor model emerged that explained the data. Discussion of the study's results within the context of empirical and conceptual literature is provided. In addition, strengths and limitations, and implications for research and practice are also discussed. Advisors/Committee Members: Tokar, David (Advisor).

Subjects/Keywords: Counseling Psychology; self-setermination; exercise; personality; age; sex; gender; motivation; motives; psychology; individual differences

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APA (6th Edition):

Graef, S. T. (2012). An Investigation of the Relationships Between Individual Differences Characteristics and Motives for Exercising. (Doctoral Dissertation). University of Akron. Retrieved from http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=akron1340127113

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Graef, Stephen Troy. “An Investigation of the Relationships Between Individual Differences Characteristics and Motives for Exercising.” 2012. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Akron. Accessed October 25, 2020. http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=akron1340127113.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Graef, Stephen Troy. “An Investigation of the Relationships Between Individual Differences Characteristics and Motives for Exercising.” 2012. Web. 25 Oct 2020.

Vancouver:

Graef ST. An Investigation of the Relationships Between Individual Differences Characteristics and Motives for Exercising. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Akron; 2012. [cited 2020 Oct 25]. Available from: http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=akron1340127113.

Council of Science Editors:

Graef ST. An Investigation of the Relationships Between Individual Differences Characteristics and Motives for Exercising. [Doctoral Dissertation]. University of Akron; 2012. Available from: http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=akron1340127113

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