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University of Toronto

1. Ghanaati, Sahar. A Comparison of Different Regulatory Appraoches, Analysis of the Relative Benefits of Command and Control, Reflexive Law and Social Licencing in Ensuring Oil Industry Compliance with Environmentally Sustainable Practices and Obligations.

Degree: 2012, University of Toronto

This paper explores the relative benefits of command and control, reflexive law and social licensing in ensuring oil industry compliance with environmentally sustainable practices and obligations. Recognizing why oil sands and their development are significant, the background and development are reviewed first, and then the focus is shifted to look at its economics including the benefits, uncertainties and environmental costs of development. This paper examines how lawmakers in Canada have failed to meet their respective obligation. Drawing on environmental provisions, case law and legal scholars’ articles, books and reports, this paper examines the very problematic issue of oil sands regulation. It proposes to provide an in depth analysis of each regulatory forms and their application to the oil sands. It concludes that in order to solve the oil sands regulation challenges, a collaborative stringent enforcement of regulation from both federal and provincial governments, oil industry and public Pressure is required.

MAST

Advisors/Committee Members: Green, Andrew, Law.

Subjects/Keywords: regulating Oil Sanda; 0398

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Ghanaati, S. (2012). A Comparison of Different Regulatory Appraoches, Analysis of the Relative Benefits of Command and Control, Reflexive Law and Social Licencing in Ensuring Oil Industry Compliance with Environmentally Sustainable Practices and Obligations. (Masters Thesis). University of Toronto. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1807/33366

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Ghanaati, Sahar. “A Comparison of Different Regulatory Appraoches, Analysis of the Relative Benefits of Command and Control, Reflexive Law and Social Licencing in Ensuring Oil Industry Compliance with Environmentally Sustainable Practices and Obligations.” 2012. Masters Thesis, University of Toronto. Accessed June 06, 2020. http://hdl.handle.net/1807/33366.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Ghanaati, Sahar. “A Comparison of Different Regulatory Appraoches, Analysis of the Relative Benefits of Command and Control, Reflexive Law and Social Licencing in Ensuring Oil Industry Compliance with Environmentally Sustainable Practices and Obligations.” 2012. Web. 06 Jun 2020.

Vancouver:

Ghanaati S. A Comparison of Different Regulatory Appraoches, Analysis of the Relative Benefits of Command and Control, Reflexive Law and Social Licencing in Ensuring Oil Industry Compliance with Environmentally Sustainable Practices and Obligations. [Internet] [Masters thesis]. University of Toronto; 2012. [cited 2020 Jun 06]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/33366.

Council of Science Editors:

Ghanaati S. A Comparison of Different Regulatory Appraoches, Analysis of the Relative Benefits of Command and Control, Reflexive Law and Social Licencing in Ensuring Oil Industry Compliance with Environmentally Sustainable Practices and Obligations. [Masters Thesis]. University of Toronto; 2012. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/33366

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