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You searched for subject:(pultruded structural shapes). Showing records 1 – 2 of 2 total matches.

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Virginia Tech

1. Hayes, Michael David. Characterization and Modeling of a Fiber-Reinforced Polymeric Composite Structural Beam and Bridge Structure for Use in the Tom's Creek Bridge Rehabilitation Project.

Degree: MS, Engineering Mechanics, 1998, Virginia Tech

Fiber reinforced polymeric (FRP) composite materials are beginning to find use in construction and infrastructure applications. Composite members may potentially provide more durable replacements for steel and concrete in primary and secondary bridge structures, but the experience with composites in these applications is minimal. Recently, however, a number of groups in the United States have constructed short-span traffic bridges utilizing FRP members. These demonstration cases will facilitate the development of design guidelines and durability data for FRP materials. The Tom's Creek Bridge rehabilitation is one such project that utilizes a hybrid FRP composite beam in an actual field application. This thesis details much of the experimental work conducted in conjunction with the Tom's Creek Bridge rehabilitation. All of the composite beams used in the rehabilitation were first proof tested in four-point bending. A mock-up of the bridge was then constructed in the laboratory using the actual FRP beams and timber decking. The mock-up was tested in several static loading schemes to evaluate the bridge response under HS20 loading. The lab testing indicated a deflection criterion of nearly L/200; the actual field structure was stiffer at L/450. This was attributed to the difference in boundary conditions for the girders and timber panels. Finally, the bridge response was verified with an analytical model that treats the bridge structure as a wood beam resting upon discrete elastic springs. The model permits both bending and torsional stiffness in the composite beams, as well as shear deformation. A parametric study was conducted utilizing this model and a mechanics of laminated beam theory to provide recommendations for alternate bridge designs and modified composite beam designs. Advisors/Committee Members: Lesko, John Jack (committeechair), Love, Brian J. (committee member), Weyers, Richard E. (committee member).

Subjects/Keywords: pultruded composites; pultruded structural shapes; hybrid composite beam; fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP); Composite materials; bridge rehabilitation; shear deformation

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Hayes, M. D. (1998). Characterization and Modeling of a Fiber-Reinforced Polymeric Composite Structural Beam and Bridge Structure for Use in the Tom's Creek Bridge Rehabilitation Project. (Masters Thesis). Virginia Tech. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10919/35852

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Hayes, Michael David. “Characterization and Modeling of a Fiber-Reinforced Polymeric Composite Structural Beam and Bridge Structure for Use in the Tom's Creek Bridge Rehabilitation Project.” 1998. Masters Thesis, Virginia Tech. Accessed September 30, 2020. http://hdl.handle.net/10919/35852.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Hayes, Michael David. “Characterization and Modeling of a Fiber-Reinforced Polymeric Composite Structural Beam and Bridge Structure for Use in the Tom's Creek Bridge Rehabilitation Project.” 1998. Web. 30 Sep 2020.

Vancouver:

Hayes MD. Characterization and Modeling of a Fiber-Reinforced Polymeric Composite Structural Beam and Bridge Structure for Use in the Tom's Creek Bridge Rehabilitation Project. [Internet] [Masters thesis]. Virginia Tech; 1998. [cited 2020 Sep 30]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10919/35852.

Council of Science Editors:

Hayes MD. Characterization and Modeling of a Fiber-Reinforced Polymeric Composite Structural Beam and Bridge Structure for Use in the Tom's Creek Bridge Rehabilitation Project. [Masters Thesis]. Virginia Tech; 1998. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10919/35852


Virginia Tech

2. Schniepp, Timothy John. Design Manual Development for a Hybrid, FRP Double-Web Beam and Characterization of Shear Stiffness in FRP Composite Beams.

Degree: MS, Engineering Science and Mechanics, 2002, Virginia Tech

Fiber-reinforced polymeric (FRP) composites are being considered for structural members in bridge construction as lighter, more durable alternatives to steel and concrete. Extensive testing and analysis of a pultruded, hybrid double web beam (DWB) developed for use in bridge construction has been conducted at Virginia Tech. A primary purpose of this testing is the development of a structural design guide for the DWB, which includes stiffness and strength data. The design manual also includes design allowables determined through a statistical analysis of test data. Static testing of the beams, including failure tests, has been conducted in order to determine such beam properties as bending modulus, shear stiffness, failure mode, and ultimate capacity. Measuring and calculating the shear stiffness has proven to be an area of particular interest and difficulty. Shear stiffness is calculated using Timoshenko beam theory which combines the shear stiffness and shear area together along with a shear correction factor, k, which accounts for the nonuniform distribution of shear stress/strain through the cross-section of a structure. There are several methods for determining shear stiffness, kGA, in the laboratory, including a direct method and a multi-span slope method. Herein lays the difficulty as it has been found that varying methods produces significantly different results. One of the objectives of current research is to determine reasons for the differences in results, to identify which method is most accurate in determining kGA, and also to examine other parameters affecting the determination of kGA that may further aid the understanding of this property. This document will outline the development of the design guide, the philosophy for the selection of allowables and review and discuss the challenges of interpreting laboratory data to develop a complete understanding of shear effects in large FRP structural members. Advisors/Committee Members: Lesko, John Jack (committeechair), Roberts-Wollmann, Carin L. (committee member), Case, Scott W. (committee member).

Subjects/Keywords: hybrid composite beam; shear lag; Composite materials; shear deformation; FRP; kGA; pultruded structural shapes; shear stiffness

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Schniepp, T. J. (2002). Design Manual Development for a Hybrid, FRP Double-Web Beam and Characterization of Shear Stiffness in FRP Composite Beams. (Masters Thesis). Virginia Tech. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10919/34550

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Schniepp, Timothy John. “Design Manual Development for a Hybrid, FRP Double-Web Beam and Characterization of Shear Stiffness in FRP Composite Beams.” 2002. Masters Thesis, Virginia Tech. Accessed September 30, 2020. http://hdl.handle.net/10919/34550.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Schniepp, Timothy John. “Design Manual Development for a Hybrid, FRP Double-Web Beam and Characterization of Shear Stiffness in FRP Composite Beams.” 2002. Web. 30 Sep 2020.

Vancouver:

Schniepp TJ. Design Manual Development for a Hybrid, FRP Double-Web Beam and Characterization of Shear Stiffness in FRP Composite Beams. [Internet] [Masters thesis]. Virginia Tech; 2002. [cited 2020 Sep 30]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10919/34550.

Council of Science Editors:

Schniepp TJ. Design Manual Development for a Hybrid, FRP Double-Web Beam and Characterization of Shear Stiffness in FRP Composite Beams. [Masters Thesis]. Virginia Tech; 2002. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10919/34550

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