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McMaster University

1. Unwalla, Kaian. The Influence of Hand Position on Prior Entry.

Degree: MSc, 2016, McMaster University

Attended information is perceived quicker than unattended information. This is known as prior entry. When making judgments on the temporal order of two successive stimuli, performance is influenced based on attention. We were interested in whether this same attentional shift would occur when we adopt a crossed hands posture. Typically when making these tactile temporal order judgments, performance declines when the hands are crossed. This may be due to a greater influence of the external environment in the crossed posture. We investigated this by providing an exogenous visual cue at one or both of the hands prior to making judgments about the temporal order of two successive vibrations. This was completed with the hands crossed and uncrossed. In Experiment 1 responses were to which stimulus occurred first. In Experiment 2 participants responded to which stimulus occurred second. Changing the response requirement did not influence overall performance. In both experiments we observed prior entry that was in the same direction for both crossed and uncrossed postures. The size of the prior entry effect was larger when the hands were crossed. We remap tactile information quickly to external coordinates, however we are less certain of the hand’s location.

Thesis

Master of Science (MSc)

Advisors/Committee Members: Shore, David I., Psychology.

Subjects/Keywords: Psychology; prior entry; multisensory perception; crossed-hands

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Unwalla, K. (2016). The Influence of Hand Position on Prior Entry. (Masters Thesis). McMaster University. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/11375/20774

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Unwalla, Kaian. “The Influence of Hand Position on Prior Entry.” 2016. Masters Thesis, McMaster University. Accessed October 25, 2020. http://hdl.handle.net/11375/20774.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Unwalla, Kaian. “The Influence of Hand Position on Prior Entry.” 2016. Web. 25 Oct 2020.

Vancouver:

Unwalla K. The Influence of Hand Position on Prior Entry. [Internet] [Masters thesis]. McMaster University; 2016. [cited 2020 Oct 25]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/11375/20774.

Council of Science Editors:

Unwalla K. The Influence of Hand Position on Prior Entry. [Masters Thesis]. McMaster University; 2016. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/11375/20774

2. Kinuthia, Wanyee. “Accumulation by Dispossession” by the Global Extractive Industry: The Case of Canada .

Degree: 2013, University of Ottawa

This thesis draws on David Harvey’s concept of “accumulation by dispossession” and an international political economy (IPE) approach centred on the institutional arrangements and power structures that privilege certain actors and values, in order to critique current capitalist practices of primitive accumulation by the global corporate extractive industry. The thesis examines how accumulation by dispossession by the global extractive industry is facilitated by the “free entry” or “free mining” principle. It does so by focusing on Canada as a leader in the global extractive industry and the spread of this country’s mining laws to other countries – in other words, the transnationalisation of norms in the global extractive industry – so as to maintain a consistent and familiar operating environment for Canadian extractive companies. The transnationalisation of norms is further promoted by key international institutions such as the World Bank, which is also the world’s largest development lender and also plays a key role in shaping the regulations that govern natural resource extraction. The thesis briefly investigates some Canadian examples of resource extraction projects, in order to demonstrate the weaknesses of Canadian mining laws, particularly the lack of protection of landowners’ rights under the free entry system and the subsequent need for “free, prior and informed consent” (FPIC). The thesis also considers some of the challenges to the adoption and implementation of the right to FPIC. These challenges include embedded institutional structures like the free entry mining system, international political economy (IPE) as shaped by international institutions and powerful corporations, as well as concerns regarding ‘local’ power structures or the legitimacy of representatives of communities affected by extractive projects. The thesis concludes that in order for Canada to be truly recognized as a leader in the global extractive industry, it must establish legal norms domestically to ensure that Canadian mining companies and residents can be held accountable when there is evidence of environmental and/or human rights violations associated with the activities of Canadian mining companies abroad. The thesis also concludes that Canada needs to address underlying structural issues such as the free entry mining system and implement FPIC, in order to curb “accumulation by dispossession” by the extractive industry, both domestically and abroad.

Subjects/Keywords: natural resources; raw materials; global extractive industry; mining; accumulation by dispossession; primitive accumulation; resource curse; free, prior, and informed consent (FPIC); consultation; free entry; Bill C-300; Omnibus Bill; self-determination; madaraka; multinational / transnational corporations; land grabs; governance gap; enforcement vacuum; regulatory gap; landlessness; involuntary resettlement; displacement; liberalization; financial markets; capitalism; International Monetary Fund (IMF); Canadian Network on Corporate Accountability (CNCA); Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA); Impact and Benefits Agreement (IBA); corporate social responsibility (CSR); international political economy (IPE); Washington Consensus; Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP); sustainable development; rare earth; oil; fossil fuels; Whitehorse Mining Initiative (WMI); foreign direct investment (FDI); privatization; Canadian Centre for the Study of Resource Conflict (CCSRC); Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs and International Trade (SCFAIT); Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development Canada (DFATD); neoliberal / corporate globalization; Northern Gateway pipeline project; Ring of Fire; centre-periphery; metropolitan-hinterland; Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD); Gross Domestic Product (GDP); Extractive Industries Review (EIR); Sub-Saharan Africa; war on terror; terrorists; false flag terrorism; Fisheries Act; Navigable Waters Protection Act; primary goods; aid; Third World debt; free trade; modernization; dependency; tariffs; trade barriers; HudBay; home country liability; state; Toronto Stock Exchange (TSX); Prospectors and Developers Association of Canada (PDAC); spatio-temporal fix; militarism; Sudbury; Atlantic Canada; Crown; neo-colonialism; industrial revolution; imperialism; public policy; democracy; justice; Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA); Export Development Corporation (EDC); Kimberley Process; International Council on Mining and Metals (ICMM); Mining Association of Canada; National Roundtables on Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and the Canadian Extractive Industry in Developing Countries; equity; austerity measures; Environmental Commissioner of Ontario (ECO); Mining Act reforms; proletariat; aboriginal; Least Developed Countries (LDCs); developing country; comparative advantage; human rights; export-led development; Tiomin; Government of Kenya; Government of Canada; Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC); World Bank Group (WBG); World Trade Organization (WTO); United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP); Bill C-38; Bill C-45; Assembly of First Nations (AFN); Idle No More; meaningful participation; AFRICOM; titanium; Base Resources Australia; House of Commons; conditionalities; Structural Adjustment Programmes (SAPs); World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD)

…appropriation of assets (including natural resources).”42 The concept of “free, prior, and… …informed consent” (FPIC, sometimes called FIPC, or “fully, informed, prior consent”)… …London, U.K: Verso. p.43 43 Szablowski, D. (2010). Operationalizing Free, Prior, and… …facilitated by the “free entry” or “free mining” principle, which inspired the nineteenth-century… …requires special attention with respect to current public policy is the free entry mining system… 

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Kinuthia, W. (2013). “Accumulation by Dispossession” by the Global Extractive Industry: The Case of Canada . (Thesis). University of Ottawa. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10393/30170

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Kinuthia, Wanyee. ““Accumulation by Dispossession” by the Global Extractive Industry: The Case of Canada .” 2013. Thesis, University of Ottawa. Accessed October 25, 2020. http://hdl.handle.net/10393/30170.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Kinuthia, Wanyee. ““Accumulation by Dispossession” by the Global Extractive Industry: The Case of Canada .” 2013. Web. 25 Oct 2020.

Vancouver:

Kinuthia W. “Accumulation by Dispossession” by the Global Extractive Industry: The Case of Canada . [Internet] [Thesis]. University of Ottawa; 2013. [cited 2020 Oct 25]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/30170.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Kinuthia W. “Accumulation by Dispossession” by the Global Extractive Industry: The Case of Canada . [Thesis]. University of Ottawa; 2013. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/30170

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

3. Capstick, Gary. Audiovisual Prior Entry: Evidence from the Synchrony Comparison Judgment Task .

Degree: 2012, University of Ottawa

Prior entry refers to the notion that attended stimuli are perceived sooner than unattended stimuli due to a speed up in sensory processing. The century long debate regarding the prior entry phenomenon’s existence has always been grounded in the degree to which the methods applied to the problem allow for cognitive response bias. This thesis continues that trend by applying the synchrony comparison judgment method to the problem of audiovisual prior entry. Experiment 1 put this method into context with two other common psychophysical methods – the temporal order judgment and the synchrony judgment – that have been applied to the prior entry problem. The results of this experiment indicated that the temporal order judgment method was out of step with the other two methods in terms of the parameter estimates typically used to evaluate prior entry. Experiment 2 evaluated and confirmed that a specific response bias helps explain the difference in parameter estimates between the temporal order judgment method and the other two. Experiment 3 evaluated the precision of the synchrony comparison judgment method. The results indicated that the method was precise enough to detect potentially small prior entry effect sizes, and that it afforded the ability to detect those participants with points of subjective synchrony that deviate substantially from zero. Finally, Experiment 4 applied the synchrony comparison judgment method to a prior entry scenario. A prior entry effect was not realized. Overall, this thesis highlights the drawbacks of all previous methods used to evaluate audiovisual perception, including prior entry, and validates the use of the synchrony comparison judgment. Further, due to the resistance of this method to response bias, this result now stands as the most convincing evidence yet against the prior entry phenomenon.

Subjects/Keywords: prior entry; attention; temporal order judgment; synchrony comparison judgment; synchrony judgment; response bias

…law of prior entry was born out of the effort to try to explain the typically negative… …the predictions of the law of prior entry. 4 While the law of prior entry would become one… …further suggested that observers might produce the seeming prior entry effect due to their… …x29; method was introduced to the problem of prior entry to avoid the criticisms associated… …directly. That is, the law of prior entry suggests that the visual spatial displacement of the… 

Record DetailsSimilar RecordsGoogle PlusoneFacebookTwitterCiteULikeMendeleyreddit

APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Capstick, G. (2012). Audiovisual Prior Entry: Evidence from the Synchrony Comparison Judgment Task . (Thesis). University of Ottawa. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10393/23100

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Capstick, Gary. “Audiovisual Prior Entry: Evidence from the Synchrony Comparison Judgment Task .” 2012. Thesis, University of Ottawa. Accessed October 25, 2020. http://hdl.handle.net/10393/23100.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Capstick, Gary. “Audiovisual Prior Entry: Evidence from the Synchrony Comparison Judgment Task .” 2012. Web. 25 Oct 2020.

Vancouver:

Capstick G. Audiovisual Prior Entry: Evidence from the Synchrony Comparison Judgment Task . [Internet] [Thesis]. University of Ottawa; 2012. [cited 2020 Oct 25]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/23100.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Capstick G. Audiovisual Prior Entry: Evidence from the Synchrony Comparison Judgment Task . [Thesis]. University of Ottawa; 2012. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/23100

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

.