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You searched for subject:(patent policy design). Showing records 1 – 3 of 3 total matches.

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Texas A&M University

1. Wang, Chu. Two Essays on Patent System.

Degree: PhD, Economics, 2016, Texas A&M University

The effectiveness of patent system design has been studied for decades from both microeconomic and macroeconomic perspectives. The existing literature demonstrates that innovations provide product diversity, supporting the view that specialization leads to increasing returns. Moreover, innovators are often rewarded patent rights to recover the cost of innovation. The monopolistic power provided by patents, on the other hand, can result in deadweight loss, hurting social welfare. Traditional studies on designing effective paten systems have investigated the effect of human capital on growth-assuming infinite patents. This thesis, however, investigates two issues: how various factors influence the optimization of patent policy, under which the mechanism designer controls the expected length of patent to guarantee maximization of social welfare; and how the incumbent patentee reacts to the new entrant in the market according to existing patent policies. In this thesis, we first analyze the environment in which innovators can engage in research that produces technological improvements. Each invention represents a new type of intermediate input. The social planner faces a tradeoff between the needs of encouraging the innovators, and the fact that the monopolistically competitive equilibrium provides less intermediate inputs. In this study, we find that the optimal patent policy is a two-stage arrangement. To counteract the slower technological growth resulting from monopolistic power, the social planner first grants no monopolistic power to the innovators. Then, after the critical time point when the resource in the economy becomes rich, the social planner grants the innovators infinite protection. From the view of market participants, we evaluate a patent-holding incumbent’s incentives to litigate, settle with, and accommodate a new market entrant. Patent protection is uncertain and is characterized by patentability standards and patent breadth determined during litigation. While litigation has the benefit of blocking an infringing product, it carries a risk of patent invalidation. As a result, the incumbent accommodates large improvements. Improving the incumbent’s market position strengthens his litigation incentives, but it can also benefit the entrant since a stronger incumbent mitigates market competition from non-patented product. Advisors/Committee Members: Tian, Guoqiang (advisor), Krasteva, Silvana (committee member), Wu, Ximing (committee member), Zhang, Yuzhe (committee member).

Subjects/Keywords: patent policy design; game between market participants; protect strength

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APA (6th Edition):

Wang, C. (2016). Two Essays on Patent System. (Doctoral Dissertation). Texas A&M University. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1969.1/187412

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Wang, Chu. “Two Essays on Patent System.” 2016. Doctoral Dissertation, Texas A&M University. Accessed August 15, 2020. http://hdl.handle.net/1969.1/187412.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Wang, Chu. “Two Essays on Patent System.” 2016. Web. 15 Aug 2020.

Vancouver:

Wang C. Two Essays on Patent System. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Texas A&M University; 2016. [cited 2020 Aug 15]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1969.1/187412.

Council of Science Editors:

Wang C. Two Essays on Patent System. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Texas A&M University; 2016. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1969.1/187412


University of Cambridge

2. Li, Bohao. On the evolution of the national design system : the catch-up perspective.

Degree: PhD, 2019, University of Cambridge

Product combines function and form. This research focuses on the evolution of the product form and its corresponding system at national and international level. With the rise of the intangible economy, the evidence in this study presents that the global economy during the past decades has witnessed the transfer of design capability for product form from high-income countries to catch-up countries. However, product form as an intangible asset has been neglected by innovation policy makers in middle-income countries. Managers and policy makers thus need to depart from the traditional wisdom that product function is the main driver of product innovation and also to recognize product form as one of most significant complementary intangible assets to other related intellectual property schemes (e.g. trademark) in the new global economy context. Specifically, for the first time, the identification of “design-intensive industries” globally based on publicly available data becomes possible. This study further developed a new model on the measurement of the national design system – The National Design System 2.0. The research method employed in this study for the identification of the new model is the practitioner research method. Furthermore, semi-structural interviews with policy makers have been conducted in order to test the new model’s validation. Specifically, by innovatively incorporating the national design system framework into the theory of evolutionary economics, a comparative analysis of four groups of economies (namely the United States and China, catch-up economies, the developed economies and the middle-income economies) has been conducted to observe the different evolutionary patterns of their national design system. The cavern curve has been compiled according to the ranking of the GDP per capital for individual countries as well as the generalization for the classification of the four groups of economies. A strong similarity between their GDP per capital growth and national design system evolution in catch-up economies (Japan, South Korea and Taiwan, China) has been observed. The value and benefits of this research are that it developed a new measurement model - the national design system 2.0 – which could help policy makers in latecomer countries to focus on product form in a global context. Also, the global country dashboard and analytical framework provide empirical analysis tools for innovation policy makers to grasp design- driven growth opportunities in the new global economy context.

Subjects/Keywords: National Design System; Evolutionary Economics; Catch-up; Product Form; Product Evolution; Global Value Chains; Governance Framework; Innovation Policy; Intellectual Property; Trade in Value Added; Trade; Sustainable Development Goals; Consumption; China; Evolution; Trademark; Intangible Capital; Intangible Economy; Design; Innovation Studies; National Innovation System; The UNESCO Creative Cities Network; UNCTAD; Creative Industries; Long Cycle; Cycles in Design; Product Lifecycle; Catch-up Cycle; Fashion; The UN Alliance for Sustainable Fashion; Measuring Design Value; Design-intensive Industries; Design or Decline; Industry Lifecycle; Style; Product Space; Industrial Design Rights; USPTO Design Patent; WIPO; Globalization

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Li, B. (2019). On the evolution of the national design system : the catch-up perspective. (Doctoral Dissertation). University of Cambridge. Retrieved from https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/304300 ; https://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.805808

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Li, Bohao. “On the evolution of the national design system : the catch-up perspective.” 2019. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Cambridge. Accessed August 15, 2020. https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/304300 ; https://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.805808.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Li, Bohao. “On the evolution of the national design system : the catch-up perspective.” 2019. Web. 15 Aug 2020.

Vancouver:

Li B. On the evolution of the national design system : the catch-up perspective. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Cambridge; 2019. [cited 2020 Aug 15]. Available from: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/304300 ; https://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.805808.

Council of Science Editors:

Li B. On the evolution of the national design system : the catch-up perspective. [Doctoral Dissertation]. University of Cambridge; 2019. Available from: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/304300 ; https://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.805808


University of Cambridge

3. Li, Bohao. On the Evolution of the National Design System: The Catch-up Perspective.

Degree: PhD, 2019, University of Cambridge

Product combines function and form. This research focuses on the evolution of the product form and its corresponding system at national and international level. With the rise of the intangible economy, the evidence in this study presents that the global economy during the past decades has witnessed the transfer of design capability for product form from high-income countries to catch-up countries. However, product form as an intangible asset has been neglected by innovation policy makers in middle-income countries. Managers and policy makers thus need to depart from the traditional wisdom that product function is the main driver of product innovation and also to recognize product form as one of most significant complementary intangible assets to other related intellectual property schemes (e.g. trademark) in the new global economy context. Specifically, for the first time, the identification of “design-intensive industries” globally based on publicly available data becomes possible. This study further developed a new model on the measurement of the national design system – The National Design System 2.0. The research method employed in this study for the identification of the new model is the practitioner research method. Furthermore, semi-structural interviews with policy makers have been conducted in order to test the new model’s validation. Specifically, by innovatively incorporating the national design system framework into the theory of evolutionary economics, a comparative analysis of four groups of economies (namely the United States and China, catch-up economies, the developed economies and the middle-income economies) has been conducted to observe the different evolutionary patterns of their national design system. The cavern curve has been compiled according to the ranking of the GDP per capital for individual countries as well as the generalization for the classification of the four groups of economies. A strong similarity between their GDP per capital growth and national design system evolution in catch-up economies (Japan, South Korea and Taiwan, China) has been observed. The value and benefits of this research are that it developed a new measurement model - the national design system 2.0 – which could help policy makers in latecomer countries to focus on product form in a global context. Also, the global country dashboard and analytical framework provide empirical analysis tools for innovation policy makers to grasp design- driven growth opportunities in the new global economy context.

Subjects/Keywords: National Design System; Evolutionary Economics; Catch-up; Product Form; Product Evolution; Global Value Chains; Governance Framework; Innovation Policy; Intellectual Property; Trade in Value Added; Trade; Sustainable Development Goals; Consumption; China; Evolution; Trademark; Intangible Capital; Intangible Economy; Design; Innovation Studies; National Innovation System; The UNESCO Creative Cities Network; UNCTAD; Creative Industries; Long Cycle; Cycles in Design; Product Lifecycle; Catch-up Cycle; Fashion; The UN Alliance for Sustainable Fashion; Measuring Design Value; Design-intensive Industries; Design or Decline; Industry Lifecycle; Style; Product Space; Industrial Design Rights; USPTO Design Patent; WIPO; Globalization

Record DetailsSimilar RecordsGoogle PlusoneFacebookTwitterCiteULikeMendeleyreddit

APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Li, B. (2019). On the Evolution of the National Design System: The Catch-up Perspective. (Doctoral Dissertation). University of Cambridge. Retrieved from https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/304300https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/bitstream/1810/304300/3/4392562f-a381-4672-b5fd-caf7930c2e6e_confirmations.txt

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Li, Bohao. “On the Evolution of the National Design System: The Catch-up Perspective.” 2019. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Cambridge. Accessed August 15, 2020. https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/304300https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/bitstream/1810/304300/3/4392562f-a381-4672-b5fd-caf7930c2e6e_confirmations.txt.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Li, Bohao. “On the Evolution of the National Design System: The Catch-up Perspective.” 2019. Web. 15 Aug 2020.

Vancouver:

Li B. On the Evolution of the National Design System: The Catch-up Perspective. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Cambridge; 2019. [cited 2020 Aug 15]. Available from: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/304300https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/bitstream/1810/304300/3/4392562f-a381-4672-b5fd-caf7930c2e6e_confirmations.txt.

Council of Science Editors:

Li B. On the Evolution of the National Design System: The Catch-up Perspective. [Doctoral Dissertation]. University of Cambridge; 2019. Available from: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/304300https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/bitstream/1810/304300/3/4392562f-a381-4672-b5fd-caf7930c2e6e_confirmations.txt

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