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You searched for subject:(operational closure). Showing records 1 – 3 of 3 total matches.

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University of South Africa

1. Davis, Corne. A second-order cybernetic explanation for the existence of network direct selling organisations as self-creating systems .

Degree: 2011, University of South Africa

Network Direct Selling Organisations (NDSOs) exist in more than 50 countries and have more than 74 million members. The most recent statistical information reveals that the vast majority of members do not earn significant income. Criticism of these organisations revolves around the ethicality of consumption, the commercialisation of personal relationships, and the exploitation of unrealistic expectations. This study aims to explore how communication creates networks that sustain an industry of this kind despite the improbability of its existence. The study commences with a description of NDSOs from historical, operational, tactical, and strategic perspectives. Given the broader context created by the global presence of this industry, cybernetics has been selected as a meta-theoretical perspective for the study of communication. The more recent development of second-order cybernetics and social autopoiesis are introduced to communication theory as a field. Niklas Luhmann‟s new social theory of communication is assessed and applied in relation to existing communication theory. New conceptual models are developed to explore communication as the unity of the synthesis of information, utterance, understanding, and expectations as selections that occur both consciously and unconsciously, intentionally and unintentionally. These models indicate the multiplexity of individual and social operationally closed, yet informationally open systems, and they are used here to provide a systemic and coherent alternative to orthodox communication approaches to the study of organisations. The study adopts a constructivist epistemological stance and propounds throughout the necessity of further interdisciplinary collaboration. The study concludes that individuals are composite unities of self-creating systems, and they co-create social systems by self-creating and co-creating meaning. Meaning is described as the continuous virtualisation and actualisation of potentialities that in turn coordinate individual and social systems‟ actions. A communication process flow model is created to provide a theoretical explanation for the existence of NDSOs as self-creating systems. The study aims to show that communication has arguably become the most pervasive discipline as a result of the globally interactive era. It is shown that second-order cybernetics and social autopoiesis raise several further questions to be explored within communication theory as a field. Advisors/Committee Members: Du Plessis, Daniel Frederik, 1959- (advisor), Duvenage, Pieter (advisor).

Subjects/Keywords: First-order cybernetics; Complexity and complex systems; Autopoiesis; System boundaries; Operational closure; Communication; Second-order cybernetics; Self-reference; Recursivity; System boundaries; Network Direct Selling Organisations

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Davis, C. (2011). A second-order cybernetic explanation for the existence of network direct selling organisations as self-creating systems . (Doctoral Dissertation). University of South Africa. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10500/4798

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Davis, Corne. “A second-order cybernetic explanation for the existence of network direct selling organisations as self-creating systems .” 2011. Doctoral Dissertation, University of South Africa. Accessed June 26, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/10500/4798.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Davis, Corne. “A second-order cybernetic explanation for the existence of network direct selling organisations as self-creating systems .” 2011. Web. 26 Jun 2019.

Vancouver:

Davis C. A second-order cybernetic explanation for the existence of network direct selling organisations as self-creating systems . [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. University of South Africa; 2011. [cited 2019 Jun 26]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10500/4798.

Council of Science Editors:

Davis C. A second-order cybernetic explanation for the existence of network direct selling organisations as self-creating systems . [Doctoral Dissertation]. University of South Africa; 2011. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10500/4798

2. Armesilla Conde, Santiago. Trabajo, utilidad y verdad: la influencia de las técnicas y tecnologías de investigación operativa en la conformación de los precios comerciales y su impacto en las teorías del valor: un análisis comparado desde la teoría del cierre categorial.

Degree: 2014, Universidad Complutense de Madrid

Based on previous manufacturing techniques, can be developed technologies and disciplines as the natural and formal sciences, as well as the so-called "social sciences". The historical development and goal of these techniques, technologies and sciences has allowed, in turn, shape the field of Political Economy that, while it cannot be equalize to the fields of natural sciences, it have made possible for certain stretches of this economic field to achieve a high degree of scientificity. Due to its importance, we analyze the production of goods and services, thanks to the implementation of the operational research on the economic field as a more refined and accurate contemporary manifestation of these technical, technological and scientific developments. The application of these technologies on various areas of the relations of have a greatly influence on the price of goods, and the study of the same in the field of microeconomics requires taking into account the objective, concrete, and historical development of these technologies, because it leads us to a comparative analysis of the two more historically important theories of value that have tried to explain this conformation: the theory of marginal utility and the theory of the labor-value. The comparative analysis of both value theories is not purely economic, because in the weaving together between technologies and sciences also can be dislodged philosophical ideas. Our research is a "interdisciplinary" analysis between microeconomics, economic theory, sociology, political theory and philosophy. We have chosen the theory of the categorial closure, the philosophy of science of the philosophical materialism of spanish philosopher Gustavo Bueno that is inseparable from the rest of his philosophy, as a tool of analysis by the absence of prior researches on this issue from this philosophical perspective and because this theory of the categorical closure assume a basic premise: that all scientific disciplines are based on previous developed techniques and technologies.

Partiendo de técnicas manufactureras previas, se desarrollan tanto las tecnologías como las ciencias naturales y formales que conocemos, así como las llamadas "ciencias humanas". El desarrollo histórico y objetivo de estas técnicas, tecnologías y ciencias ha permitido, a su vez, conformar el campo de la Economía Política que, si bien no puede analogarse a los campos de las ciencias naturales, sí ha posibilitado que determinadas franjas de este campo económico alcancen un alto grado de cientificidad. Debido a su importancia, analizamos la producción mercancías, bienes y servicios, gracias a la aplicación de la investigación operativa al campo económico como manifestación contemporánea más perfeccionada y precisa de estos desarrollos técnicos, tecnológicos y científicos. La aplicación de estas tecnologías a diversos ámbitos de las relaciones de producción influye sobremanera en los precios de las mercancías, y el estudio de los mismos en el ámbito de la microeconomía requiere tomar en cuenta el…

Advisors/Committee Members: Guerrero Jiménez, Diego (Universidad Complutense de Madrid).

Subjects/Keywords: Investigación operativa; Teoría de la utilidad marginal; Teoría del valor-trabajo; Teoría del cierre categorial; Gustavo Bueno; Operational research; Theory of marginal utility; Theory of labor-value; Theory of categorical closure; Gustavo Bueno

…Truth: the influence of the techniques and technologies of operational research in the… …from the Theory of Categorial Closure. (lxxi) Bibliografía. (xciii)… 

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Armesilla Conde, S. (2014). Trabajo, utilidad y verdad: la influencia de las técnicas y tecnologías de investigación operativa en la conformación de los precios comerciales y su impacto en las teorías del valor: un análisis comparado desde la teoría del cierre categorial. (Thesis). Universidad Complutense de Madrid. Retrieved from https://dialnet.unirioja.es/servlet/oaites?codigo=43458

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Armesilla Conde, Santiago. “Trabajo, utilidad y verdad: la influencia de las técnicas y tecnologías de investigación operativa en la conformación de los precios comerciales y su impacto en las teorías del valor: un análisis comparado desde la teoría del cierre categorial.” 2014. Thesis, Universidad Complutense de Madrid. Accessed June 26, 2019. https://dialnet.unirioja.es/servlet/oaites?codigo=43458.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Armesilla Conde, Santiago. “Trabajo, utilidad y verdad: la influencia de las técnicas y tecnologías de investigación operativa en la conformación de los precios comerciales y su impacto en las teorías del valor: un análisis comparado desde la teoría del cierre categorial.” 2014. Web. 26 Jun 2019.

Vancouver:

Armesilla Conde S. Trabajo, utilidad y verdad: la influencia de las técnicas y tecnologías de investigación operativa en la conformación de los precios comerciales y su impacto en las teorías del valor: un análisis comparado desde la teoría del cierre categorial. [Internet] [Thesis]. Universidad Complutense de Madrid; 2014. [cited 2019 Jun 26]. Available from: https://dialnet.unirioja.es/servlet/oaites?codigo=43458.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Armesilla Conde S. Trabajo, utilidad y verdad: la influencia de las técnicas y tecnologías de investigación operativa en la conformación de los precios comerciales y su impacto en las teorías del valor: un análisis comparado desde la teoría del cierre categorial. [Thesis]. Universidad Complutense de Madrid; 2014. Available from: https://dialnet.unirioja.es/servlet/oaites?codigo=43458

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation


University of Canterbury

3. Hart, M J Alexandra. Action in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: an Enactive Psycho-phenomenological and Semiotic Analysis of Thirty New Zealand Women's Experiences of Suffering and Recovery.

Degree: Social and Political Sciences, 2010, University of Canterbury

This research into Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) presents the results of 60 first-person psycho-phenomenological interviews with 30 New Zealand women. The participants were recruited from the Canterbury and Wellington regions, 10 had recovered. Taking a non-dual, non-reductive embodied approach, the phenomenological data was analysed semiotically, using a graph-theoretical cluster analysis to elucidate the large number of resulting categories, and interpreted through the enactive approach to cognitive science. The initial result of the analysis is a comprehensive exploration of the experience of CFS which develops subject-specific categories of experience and explores the relation of the illness to universal categories of experience, including self, ‘energy’, action, and being-able-to-do. Transformations of the self surrounding being-able-to-do and not-being-able-to-do were shown to elucidate the illness process. It is proposed that the concept ‘energy’ in the participants’ discourse is equivalent to the Mahayana Buddhist concept of ‘contact’. This characterises CFS as a breakdown of contact. Narrative content from the recovered interviewees reflects a reestablishment of contact. The hypothesis that CFS is a disorder of action is investigated in detail. A general model for the phenomenology and functional architecture of action is proposed. This model is a recursive loop involving felt meaning, contact, action, and perception and appears to be phenomenologically supported. It is proposed that the CFS illness process is a dynamical decompensation of the subject’s action loop caused by a breakdown in the process of contact. On this basis, a new interpretation of neurological findings in relation to CFS becomes possible. A neurological phenomenon that correlates with the illness and involves a brain region that has a similar structure to the action model’s recursive loop is identified in previous research results and compared with the action model and the results of this research. This correspondence may identify the brain regions involved in the illness process, which may provide an objective diagnostic test for the condition and approaches to treatment. The implications of this model for cognitive science and CFS should be investigated through neurophenomenological research since the model stands to shed considerable light on the nature of consciousness, contact and agency. Phenomenologically based treatments are proposed, along with suggestions for future research on CFS. The research may clarify the diagnostic criteria for CFS and guide management and treatment programmes, particularly multidimensional and interdisciplinary approaches. Category theory is proposed as a foundation for a mathematisation of phenomenology.

Subjects/Keywords: action; Chronic Fatigue Syndrome; Myalgic Encephalomyelitis; Chronic Immune Deficiency Syndrome; Chronic Fatigue Immune Deficiency Syndrome; enaction; social enaction; social enactivism; enactive; psycho-phenomenological; psychophenomenological; vipassana; groundlessness; mind-body; korper; leib; co-generative; Focusing; co-creative; environment; Antonio Damasio; reciprocal constraints; Pierre Vermersch; Claire Petitmengin; Antione Lutz; narrative; discourse; phenomenal invariants; Evan Thompson; Merleau-Ponty; Algirdis Julien Greimas; Husserl; first-person; Fransisco Varela; modelling invariants; Natalie Depraz; isotope; John Boyd; OODA loop; Jonathan Shear; Shaun Gallagher; Arthur Kleinman; Humberto Maturana; second-person; Alva Noe; Dan Zahavi; stages; Embodied Mind; Canterbury; Wellington; New Zealand; non-dual; non-reductive embodied; phenomenological; third-person; graph-theoretical cluster analysis; cognitive science; experience; solution; subject-specific categories; universal categories; universal categories; self; energy; illness process; intersubjectivity; Mahayana Buddhism; contact; narrative; recovered; making sense; recursive loop; perception; dynamical decompensation; neurology; diagnosis; empathy; treatment; management; neurophenomenological; neurophenomenology; consciousness; veracity; agency; multidimensional; interdisciplinary; category theory; enculturation; mathematisation of phenomenology; interview; nomenclature; diagnostic criteria; incidence; prevalence; coping strategy; etiology; epidemiology; psychosomatic medicine; meaning; women; girl; female; anthropology; sociology; cognitive behavioral therapy; exercise therapy; recovery; mindful awareness; suffering; symbolisation; Prasangika; no-self; aggregates; wheel of karma; cognition; basic element analysis; mental factors; operational closure; stereotypes; enactive ontologically fragile self; grief; process-knowledge; epoche; phenomenal invariants; textual invariants; compound meaning; saturation; formalisation; cluster analysis; inter-session review; inter-individual validation; explicitation interview; intricacy; confidence; psychophenomenology; self-esteem; sanction; self dis-integration; permanence; continuity; ego-self; emotion; surrender; semiotic square; meditation; empathy; semiotic; compassion; existential feelings; goal obstruction; movement; transformation; change; somatic; Giovanna Colombetti; agoraphobia; panic; anxiety; psychotherapy; sleep; rest; pain; weakness; strength; stamina; Diego Cosmelli; heaviness; food; chemicals; allergy; recovering; despair; frustration; helplessness; fear; efference; valence; afference; as-if-body-loop; consciousness; representation; attention; recovery; intention; sustainable; sustainability; neurasthenia; existential feelings; asthenia; hysteria; mononucleosis; samatha-vispasnya; prajna; vijnana; Eugene Gendlin; Abhidharma; dukkha; shamatha; interdependence; vipashyana

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Hart, M. J. A. (2010). Action in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: an Enactive Psycho-phenomenological and Semiotic Analysis of Thirty New Zealand Women's Experiences of Suffering and Recovery. (Thesis). University of Canterbury. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10092/5294

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Hart, M J Alexandra. “Action in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: an Enactive Psycho-phenomenological and Semiotic Analysis of Thirty New Zealand Women's Experiences of Suffering and Recovery.” 2010. Thesis, University of Canterbury. Accessed June 26, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/10092/5294.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Hart, M J Alexandra. “Action in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: an Enactive Psycho-phenomenological and Semiotic Analysis of Thirty New Zealand Women's Experiences of Suffering and Recovery.” 2010. Web. 26 Jun 2019.

Vancouver:

Hart MJA. Action in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: an Enactive Psycho-phenomenological and Semiotic Analysis of Thirty New Zealand Women's Experiences of Suffering and Recovery. [Internet] [Thesis]. University of Canterbury; 2010. [cited 2019 Jun 26]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10092/5294.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Hart MJA. Action in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: an Enactive Psycho-phenomenological and Semiotic Analysis of Thirty New Zealand Women's Experiences of Suffering and Recovery. [Thesis]. University of Canterbury; 2010. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10092/5294

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

.