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You searched for subject:(myofascial compartment). Showing records 1 – 3 of 3 total matches.

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Virginia Tech

1. Ober, Christopher Patrick. Diagnostic Imaging of Foreign Bodies and Compartmentalization in the Canine Manus.

Degree: PhD, Veterinary Medical Sciences, 2009, Virginia Tech

Injury of the manus is an important cause of morbidity and function loss in dogs, especially working breeds. These injuries may cause foreign body retention and can lead to persistent infection. Accurate methods for diagnosis and localization of pathology in this anatomically complex region are critical to minimize patient morbidity, guide surgical planning, and improve case outcomes. The anatomy of the canine manus was evaluated with computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and transverse anatomic sections. Most structures identified on transverse sections were visible on both CT and MRI images. Detail in the osseous structures was better in CT images, while MRI provided increased contrast of soft-tissue structures. To test the hypothesis that diagnostic accuracies of CT, MRI, and ultrasound differ for detection of acute wooden foreign bodies in the canine manus, we inserted wooden splinters into canine cadaver manus and imaged each manus with all three modalities. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis demonstrated that CT was most accurate for detection of acute wooden foreign bodies, followed in turn by ultrasound and MRI. Diseases in the human hand and foot are often confined by soft-tissue spaces, but similar structures have not been described in the dog. To determine if these spaces are present in the canine manus, we injected contrast medium into likely spaces and compartments in cadaver specimens, imaged the limbs with CT, and dissected the injected manus specimens. We found thirteen discrete soft-tissue spaces and five myofascial compartments that are similar to those described in the human hand. To test the hypothesis that spread of disease in the canine manus can be modeled and predicted, we injected cadaver interdigital web spaces with contrast medium, imaged them with CT, and dissected them. We found that the pattern of contrast agent spread, as a model of infection, was predictable and unique to the initial injection site. Findings from these cadaver studies improve our understanding of anatomy, imaging of wooden foreign bodies, and likely patterns of disease extension in the canine manus. Future studies are needed to test the utility of this information for surgical planning in affected clinical patients. Advisors/Committee Members: Jones, Jeryl C. (committeechair), Elster, Allen D. (committee member), Larson, Martha Moon (committee member), Wyatt, Christopher L. (committee member), Lanz, Otto I. (committee member).

Subjects/Keywords: magnetic resonance imaging; soft-tissue space; myofascial compartment; computed tomography; ultrasound

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Ober, C. P. (2009). Diagnostic Imaging of Foreign Bodies and Compartmentalization in the Canine Manus. (Doctoral Dissertation). Virginia Tech. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10919/26524

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Ober, Christopher Patrick. “Diagnostic Imaging of Foreign Bodies and Compartmentalization in the Canine Manus.” 2009. Doctoral Dissertation, Virginia Tech. Accessed November 24, 2020. http://hdl.handle.net/10919/26524.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Ober, Christopher Patrick. “Diagnostic Imaging of Foreign Bodies and Compartmentalization in the Canine Manus.” 2009. Web. 24 Nov 2020.

Vancouver:

Ober CP. Diagnostic Imaging of Foreign Bodies and Compartmentalization in the Canine Manus. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Virginia Tech; 2009. [cited 2020 Nov 24]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10919/26524.

Council of Science Editors:

Ober CP. Diagnostic Imaging of Foreign Bodies and Compartmentalization in the Canine Manus. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Virginia Tech; 2009. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10919/26524


University of Pretoria

2. [No author]. The effect of soft tissue mobilization techniques on the symptoms of chronic posterior compartment syndrome in runners : a multiple case study approach .

Degree: 2008, University of Pretoria

Chronic posterior compartment syndrome (CPCS) of the leg is a pathological condition which is often encountered by participants in exercise related activities such as running. To date no successful conservative treatment approach existed for the condition. The mainstay of the management of the condition at present is the surgical release of the involved fascia that surrounds the compartment. The main aim of the research project was thus to develop a successful conservative treatment approach for the symptoms of CPCS. It was identified that the current theoretical base did not incorporate the continuous and relatively inelastic nature of the fascia which plays an important role in the condition. Based on an extended literature review, muscles which are linked to the posterior compartment via the myofascial tissue were identified. Tightness in these clinically significant muscles is able to induce stresses in the myofascial chain which could ultimately influence stresses in the posterior compartment of the leg. The release of tightness in these muscles external to the posterior compartment through soft tissue mobilization techniques provides an effective conservative treatment approach for the symptoms of CPCS. A revised model for the pathogenesis of CPCS was developed which formed the basis for treatment interventions. The revised theoretical model for the pathogenesis of CPCS was validated based on a mixed-methodological approach which included a series of exploratory as well as explanatory case studies. This qualitative approach was supplemented by quantitative experiments in which the causal relationships of the condition on certain biomechanical aspects were explored. The treatment interventions had a hundred percent success rate and the results of the experimental research conducted also supports the new theoretical model for the pathogenesis of CPCS. Advisors/Committee Members: Prof P E Kruger (advisor).

Subjects/Keywords: Chronic posterior compartment syndrome; Connective tissue; Running injuries; Qualitative research paradigms; Mixed-methodologies; Alternatives to surgical management; Soft tissue myofascial links; Conservative interventions; Pathogenesis; Fascia; Soft tissue mobilization techniques; UCTD

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

author], [. (2008). The effect of soft tissue mobilization techniques on the symptoms of chronic posterior compartment syndrome in runners : a multiple case study approach . (Doctoral Dissertation). University of Pretoria. Retrieved from http://upetd.up.ac.za/thesis/available/etd-09252008-113736/

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

author], [No. “The effect of soft tissue mobilization techniques on the symptoms of chronic posterior compartment syndrome in runners : a multiple case study approach .” 2008. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pretoria. Accessed November 24, 2020. http://upetd.up.ac.za/thesis/available/etd-09252008-113736/.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

author], [No. “The effect of soft tissue mobilization techniques on the symptoms of chronic posterior compartment syndrome in runners : a multiple case study approach .” 2008. Web. 24 Nov 2020.

Vancouver:

author] [. The effect of soft tissue mobilization techniques on the symptoms of chronic posterior compartment syndrome in runners : a multiple case study approach . [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Pretoria; 2008. [cited 2020 Nov 24]. Available from: http://upetd.up.ac.za/thesis/available/etd-09252008-113736/.

Council of Science Editors:

author] [. The effect of soft tissue mobilization techniques on the symptoms of chronic posterior compartment syndrome in runners : a multiple case study approach . [Doctoral Dissertation]. University of Pretoria; 2008. Available from: http://upetd.up.ac.za/thesis/available/etd-09252008-113736/


University of Pretoria

3. Erasmus, Estelle Annette. The effect of soft tissue mobilization techniques on the symptoms of chronic posterior compartment syndrome in runners : a multiple case study approach.

Degree: Biokinetics, Sport and Leisure Sciences, 2008, University of Pretoria

Chronic posterior compartment syndrome (CPCS) of the leg is a pathological condition which is often encountered by participants in exercise related activities such as running. To date no successful conservative treatment approach existed for the condition. The mainstay of the management of the condition at present is the surgical release of the involved fascia that surrounds the compartment. The main aim of the research project was thus to develop a successful conservative treatment approach for the symptoms of CPCS. It was identified that the current theoretical base did not incorporate the continuous and relatively inelastic nature of the fascia which plays an important role in the condition. Based on an extended literature review, muscles which are linked to the posterior compartment via the myofascial tissue were identified. Tightness in these clinically significant muscles is able to induce stresses in the myofascial chain which could ultimately influence stresses in the posterior compartment of the leg. The release of tightness in these muscles external to the posterior compartment through soft tissue mobilization techniques provides an effective conservative treatment approach for the symptoms of CPCS. A revised model for the pathogenesis of CPCS was developed which formed the basis for treatment interventions. The revised theoretical model for the pathogenesis of CPCS was validated based on a mixed-methodological approach which included a series of exploratory as well as explanatory case studies. This qualitative approach was supplemented by quantitative experiments in which the causal relationships of the condition on certain biomechanical aspects were explored. The treatment interventions had a hundred percent success rate and the results of the experimental research conducted also supports the new theoretical model for the pathogenesis of CPCS. Advisors/Committee Members: Prof P E Kruger (advisor).

Subjects/Keywords: Chronic posterior compartment syndrome; Connective tissue; Running injuries; Qualitative research paradigms; Mixed-methodologies; Alternatives to surgical management; Soft tissue myofascial links; Conservative interventions; Pathogenesis; Fascia; Soft tissue mobilization techniques; UCTD

Record DetailsSimilar RecordsGoogle PlusoneFacebookTwitterCiteULikeMendeleyreddit

APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Erasmus, E. (2008). The effect of soft tissue mobilization techniques on the symptoms of chronic posterior compartment syndrome in runners : a multiple case study approach. (Doctoral Dissertation). University of Pretoria. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/2263/28164

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Erasmus, Estelle. “The effect of soft tissue mobilization techniques on the symptoms of chronic posterior compartment syndrome in runners : a multiple case study approach.” 2008. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pretoria. Accessed November 24, 2020. http://hdl.handle.net/2263/28164.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Erasmus, Estelle. “The effect of soft tissue mobilization techniques on the symptoms of chronic posterior compartment syndrome in runners : a multiple case study approach.” 2008. Web. 24 Nov 2020.

Vancouver:

Erasmus E. The effect of soft tissue mobilization techniques on the symptoms of chronic posterior compartment syndrome in runners : a multiple case study approach. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Pretoria; 2008. [cited 2020 Nov 24]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2263/28164.

Council of Science Editors:

Erasmus E. The effect of soft tissue mobilization techniques on the symptoms of chronic posterior compartment syndrome in runners : a multiple case study approach. [Doctoral Dissertation]. University of Pretoria; 2008. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2263/28164

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