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You searched for subject:(multivitamin minerals). Showing records 1 – 2 of 2 total matches.

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Louisiana State University

1. Blair, Steven Joseph. Effects of Milk Replacer and Multivitamin-mineral Supplementation on Performance of Heat Stressed Dairy Calves.

Degree: MS, Animal Sciences, 2015, Louisiana State University

Seventy-one Holstein calves were used to evaluate the effects of milk replacer (MR) feeding management alone or in combination with a multivitamin-electrolyte supplement on growth and mitigation of heat stress. Milk replacer treatments consisted of Land O’Lakes Herdmaker Supreme (20% CP, 20% fat) and Land O’Lakes Warm Front (27% CP, 10% fat). Calves received either 0 or 20 ml Palamountains Calf Boost® in MR once daily. Calves were offered treatments beginning on day 4. Calves on 27% CP : 10% fat MR were fed 2.72kg MR twice daily for the first three weeks of life, and 3.86kg twice daily until weaning. Beginning on day 42, MR feeding was reduced to 1 time per day to decrease MR intake by 50%. On day 49 calves were weaned. Water and calf starter (20% CP) were offered ad libitum beginning on day 4. Body weight, hip height, wither height, hip width, and body length were recorded weekly, and grain and water intakes were measured twice daily. Blood was collected on days 14, 28, 42, and 56 for analysis of plasma urea nitrogen (PUN), glucose, and â-hydroxybutyrate (BHBA), as well as rumen fluid for analysis of volatile fatty acids (VFA) and pH. There was a main effect of MR, with calves fed 27% CP: 10% fat MR showing greater body weights and increased hip height, wither height, and body length (P<0.05). Calves fed 27% CP: 10% fat MR consumed less grain than 20% CP: 20% fat MR calves (P<0.05) until the end of week 7, but showed no difference at week 8). Calves fed 27% CP: 10% fat MR had greater PUN concentrations (P < 0.05) than 20% CP: 20% fat. Glucose concentrations decreased (P < 0.05) as calves aged. There was no treatment effect (P > 0.05) on plasma BHBA or VFA concentrations; however, concentrations increased (P < 0.05) as calves aged. No effects of treatment or time were observed (P > 0.05) for rumen pH. These data indicate that MR feeding management may improve growth performance in neonatal dairy calves, but multivitamin mineral supplements may not provide any additional benefit.

Subjects/Keywords: multivitamin minerals; milk replacer; dairy calves

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Blair, S. J. (2015). Effects of Milk Replacer and Multivitamin-mineral Supplementation on Performance of Heat Stressed Dairy Calves. (Masters Thesis). Louisiana State University. Retrieved from etd-07102015-113746 ; https://digitalcommons.lsu.edu/gradschool_theses/2747

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Blair, Steven Joseph. “Effects of Milk Replacer and Multivitamin-mineral Supplementation on Performance of Heat Stressed Dairy Calves.” 2015. Masters Thesis, Louisiana State University. Accessed January 29, 2020. etd-07102015-113746 ; https://digitalcommons.lsu.edu/gradschool_theses/2747.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Blair, Steven Joseph. “Effects of Milk Replacer and Multivitamin-mineral Supplementation on Performance of Heat Stressed Dairy Calves.” 2015. Web. 29 Jan 2020.

Vancouver:

Blair SJ. Effects of Milk Replacer and Multivitamin-mineral Supplementation on Performance of Heat Stressed Dairy Calves. [Internet] [Masters thesis]. Louisiana State University; 2015. [cited 2020 Jan 29]. Available from: etd-07102015-113746 ; https://digitalcommons.lsu.edu/gradschool_theses/2747.

Council of Science Editors:

Blair SJ. Effects of Milk Replacer and Multivitamin-mineral Supplementation on Performance of Heat Stressed Dairy Calves. [Masters Thesis]. Louisiana State University; 2015. Available from: etd-07102015-113746 ; https://digitalcommons.lsu.edu/gradschool_theses/2747

2. Bålman, Miriam Lange. GRAVIDA KVINNORS INTAG AV KOSTTILLSKOTT : En kvantitativ studie med fokus på järn och probiotika.

Degree: Food and Nutrition, 2019, Umeå University

Sammanfattning  Bakgrund Vitamin- och mineralbrister hos gravida kvinnor kan leda till missfall och allvarliga störningar i barnets utveckling. Moderns tarmflora överförs med stor sannolikhet till barnet under förlossningen och kan därför innebära ett viktigt steg i utvecklingen av barnets tarmflora. En tänkbar lösning för att säkra ett adekvat intag kan vara konsumtion av kosttillskott och probiotika. I dagsläget finns osäkra uppgifter om hur många gravida kvinnor som intar tillskott.  Syfte Att undersöka hur många gravida kvinnor i Västerbottens län som valde att inta kosttillskott, främst järn och probiotika, samt om det fanns en skillnad mellan olika faktorer och intag.  Metod En kvantitativ tvärsnittsstudie där gravida kvinnor (n=1473) från Northpop-studien i Västerbottens län svarade på ett frågeformulär gällande intag av kosttillskott och faktorer som ålder, utbildning, kostregim etc. De statistiska tester som användes var Chi-2-test, oberoende t-test och Mann Whitney U-test. Materialet analyserades i SPSS. Signifikansnivån sattes till p<0,05.  Resultat Majoriteten av deltagarna svarade att de intog kosttillskott. Faktorer som ökade intaget av kosttillskott hos gravida kvinnor var högre ålder (p=0,030) jämfört med lägre ålder, högre utbildningsnivå (p=0,006) jämfört med lägre utbildningsnivå och vegetarisk/vegansk kost (p=0,021) jämfört med blandkost. Femtiofem procent uppgav att de intog järntillskott. De faktorer som ökade intaget av järntillskott hos gravida kvinnor var vegetarisk/vegansk kost (p=0,001) jämfört med blandkost. Probiotika intogs av 2 procent. Ett högre intag av probiotika sågs hos personer boende i stadsområde (p=0,024) jämfört med övriga boenderegioner samt de som åt vegetarisk/vegansk kost (p=0,001) jämfört med blandkost.  Slutsats Majoriteten av deltagarna intog någon typ av kosttillskott, hälften intog järntillskott och en liten andel intog probiotika. Lågutbildade, yngre, de som äter blandkost och bor utanför stadsområde verkar vara i riskgruppen för att inte inta kosttillskott.

Abstract  Background Vitamin and mineral deficiencies in pregnant women can lead to miscarriage and serious disturbances in children’s development. The intestinal flora of the mother is most likely transmitted to the child during childbirth and may lay the foundation for the child's health. One possible solution to ensure an adequate intake may be the consumption of dietary supplements and probiotics. At present, there is insufficient data on supplement consumption among pregnant women.  Objective The purpose of the study was to examine how many pregnant women in Västerbotten County chose to consume dietary supplements, mainly iron and probiotics, and whether there was a difference between different factors and intake.  Method A quantitative cross-sectional study where pregnant women…

Subjects/Keywords: Pregnant; pregnant women; woman; pregnancy; children; fetus; dietary supplements; supplements; iron; iron supplements; probiotics; probiotic supplements; intestinal flora; bacteria; gut; vitamin; vitamins; minerals; minerals; B12; folate; diet; education; low educated; highly educated; region; age; intake; diet regime; northpop; Västerbotten; Västerbotten County Council; Umeå University; Umeå; Sweden; Miriam Lange Bålman; Miriam; Lange; Balman; science; economist; vegetarian; vegan; mixed diet; omnivore; urban area; country side; quantitative; nutrition; diet; dietician; dietetics; quantitative; nutrition; diet; Chi-2 test; independent t-test; Mann Whitney U-test; Multivitamins (mixture of vitamins); Multi-minerals (blend of minerals); Multivitamin minerals (vitamins and minerals); Probiotics; Omega-3; fish oil; Blutsaft; A- vitamin; B vitamin; vitamin C; vitamin D; vitamin E; folic acid; iron; calcium; beta-carotene; vitamin B complex; selenium; antioxidants; zinc; magnesium; q10; exercise; physical activity; lifestyle; bachelor; essay; Gravid; gravida kvinnor; kvinna; graviditet; foster; barn; kosttillskott; tillskott; järn; järntillskott; probiotika; probiotikatillskott; tarmflora; bakterier; tarm; vitamin; vitaminer; mineral; mineraler; B12; folat; kost; utbildning; lågutbildad; högutbildad; boenderegion; stad; landsbygd; ålder; intag; kostregim; northpop; Västerbotten; Västerbottens läns landsting; Umeå universitet; Umeå; Sverige; Miriam Lange Bålman; Miriam; Lange; Bålman; kostvetenskap; kostekonom; vegetarisk; vegetariskt; vegan; veganskt; blandkost; stadsområde; kvantitativ; näring; samhällsrelevans; dietist; dietetik; Chi-2-test; oberoende t-test; Mann Whitney U-test; Multivitaminer (blandning av vitaminer); Multimineraler (blandning av mineraler); Multivitamineraler (vitaminer och mineraler); Probiotika; Omega-3; fiskolja; Blutsaft; A-vitamin; B-vitamin; C-vitamin; D-vitamin; E-vitamin; Folsyra; Järn; Kalcium; Betakaroten; Vitamin B-komplex; Selen; Antioxidanter; Zink; Magnesium; Q10; träning; fysisk aktivitet; livsstil; uppsats; kandidatexamen; Nutrition and Dietetics; Näringslära

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Bålman, M. L. (2019). GRAVIDA KVINNORS INTAG AV KOSTTILLSKOTT : En kvantitativ studie med fokus på järn och probiotika. (Thesis). Umeå University. Retrieved from http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-157637

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Bålman, Miriam Lange. “GRAVIDA KVINNORS INTAG AV KOSTTILLSKOTT : En kvantitativ studie med fokus på järn och probiotika.” 2019. Thesis, Umeå University. Accessed January 29, 2020. http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-157637.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Bålman, Miriam Lange. “GRAVIDA KVINNORS INTAG AV KOSTTILLSKOTT : En kvantitativ studie med fokus på järn och probiotika.” 2019. Web. 29 Jan 2020.

Vancouver:

Bålman ML. GRAVIDA KVINNORS INTAG AV KOSTTILLSKOTT : En kvantitativ studie med fokus på järn och probiotika. [Internet] [Thesis]. Umeå University; 2019. [cited 2020 Jan 29]. Available from: http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-157637.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Bålman ML. GRAVIDA KVINNORS INTAG AV KOSTTILLSKOTT : En kvantitativ studie med fokus på järn och probiotika. [Thesis]. Umeå University; 2019. Available from: http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-157637

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

.