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You searched for subject:(methodological problems). Showing records 1 – 3 of 3 total matches.

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1. Fernández-Bolaños, Marcelo. Influência da dieta nos padrões espaciais dos primatas: proposta metodológica aplicada a um grupo de Sapajus nigritus.

Degree: Mestrado, Psicologia Experimental, 2014, University of São Paulo

A dieta é considerada um dos fatores que mais influencia o comportamento espacial dos primatas. Muitas pesquisas que abordam essa relação apresentam similaridades nos seus delineamentos, mas não existe uma metodologia padrão comum. Para compreender melhor a relação entre dieta e padrões espaciais dos primatas, é preciso investigar o efeito de alguns problemas metodológicos. No presente estudo, descrevemos quatro:o problema da descontinuidade do registro, que é o efeito da dependência temporal sobre registros distribuídos desigualmente ao longo do tempo; o problema de filtragem, que descreve a dificuldade para isolar o efeito da variável independente, dieta; o problema do fracionamento, que alerta sobre os perigos de transportar conclusões a grande escala com dados de pequena escala; e o problema da linearidade fechada, que discute a validade das medidas de superfície quando o tempo registrado é muito curto. Desenvolvemos uma metodologia para controlar esses problemas. A metodologia foi aplicada com registros da dieta e localizações de um grupo de Sapajus nigritus do Parque Estadual Carlos Botelho, São Paulo, coletados em dois períodos, 2007-2008 e 2009-2010. Também utilizamos um delineamento mais convencional e comparamos os resultados obtidos com ambas asmetodologias. Os resultados foram similares com ambos os delineamentos, mas em alguns aspectosa metodologia nova teve melhor desempenho. A dieta foi analisada utilizando as categorias alimentos agregados e dispersos. Essa classificação tem sido criticada pela amplitude das suas categorias, mas no presente estudo foi sensível a mudanças nos padrões espaciais de Sapajus. Os resultados não foram conclusivos com períodos grandes descontínuos, mas foram visíveis com períodos curtos e contínuos. Com o aumento de consumo de itens dispersos diminuiu a distância diária percorrida e o espaço foi utilizado de forma mais uniforme. As maiores áreas foram observadas com períodos de consumo misto. Os padrões espaciais desses primatas foram bem descritos com base na energia obtida e os custos do deslocamento

Diet is considered one of the most influential factors on primates spatial patterns. Many studies that have addressed this relationship present methodological similarities, but there is no common standard methodology. In order to better understand the relationship between diet and spatial patterns of primates we need to investigate the effect of some methodological problems. In thisstudy we describe four of these problems: the problem of the discontinuous data, that is, the effect of autocorrelation when observations are distributed unevenly over time; the filtering problem, that describes the difficulties to isolate the effect of the independent variable, in this case, the diet; the partialness problem, that calls our attention to the risk of making large scale conclusions based on small scale data; and the problem of fenced linearity, that discusses the validity of area estimations, when time sampling is too small. We developed a methodology to control these problems and…

Advisors/Committee Members: Mauro, Patricia Izar.

Subjects/Keywords: Autocorrelation; Dependência; Diet; Dieta; Methodological problems; Padrões espaciais; Problemas metodológicos; Sapajus; Sapajus; Spatial patterns

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Fernández-Bolaños, M. (2014). Influência da dieta nos padrões espaciais dos primatas: proposta metodológica aplicada a um grupo de Sapajus nigritus. (Masters Thesis). University of São Paulo. Retrieved from http://www.teses.usp.br/teses/disponiveis/47/47132/tde-24112014-112633/ ;

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Fernández-Bolaños, Marcelo. “Influência da dieta nos padrões espaciais dos primatas: proposta metodológica aplicada a um grupo de Sapajus nigritus.” 2014. Masters Thesis, University of São Paulo. Accessed March 03, 2021. http://www.teses.usp.br/teses/disponiveis/47/47132/tde-24112014-112633/ ;.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Fernández-Bolaños, Marcelo. “Influência da dieta nos padrões espaciais dos primatas: proposta metodológica aplicada a um grupo de Sapajus nigritus.” 2014. Web. 03 Mar 2021.

Vancouver:

Fernández-Bolaños M. Influência da dieta nos padrões espaciais dos primatas: proposta metodológica aplicada a um grupo de Sapajus nigritus. [Internet] [Masters thesis]. University of São Paulo; 2014. [cited 2021 Mar 03]. Available from: http://www.teses.usp.br/teses/disponiveis/47/47132/tde-24112014-112633/ ;.

Council of Science Editors:

Fernández-Bolaños M. Influência da dieta nos padrões espaciais dos primatas: proposta metodológica aplicada a um grupo de Sapajus nigritus. [Masters Thesis]. University of São Paulo; 2014. Available from: http://www.teses.usp.br/teses/disponiveis/47/47132/tde-24112014-112633/ ;


University of Sydney

2. Luiker, Henry George. Predictors of outcome for severely emotionally disturbed children in treatment .

Degree: 2007, University of Sydney

Despite general agreement that severely emotionally disturbed children and adolescents are an "at risk" group, and that ongoing evaluation and research into the effectiveness of services provided for them is important, very little outcome evaluation actually takes place. The absence of well-conducted and appropriately interpreted studies is particularly notable for day or residential treatment programs, which cater for the most severely emotionally disturbed youths. This thesis outlines the main areas of conceptual, pragmatic and methodological confusion and neglect which impede progress in research in this area. It argues for plurality of data analytic strategies and research designs. It then critically reviews the reported findings about the effectiveness of day and residential treatment in specialist facilities, and the predictors of good outcomes for this treatment type. This review confirms that there is very little to guide practice. Having argued for the legitimacy of its methods and the necessity to address basic questions, the thesis reports the results of a naturalistic study based on data accumulated during a decade-long evaluative research program taking place at Arndell Child and Adolescent Unit, Sydney. The study addresses the question of what child, family and treatment variables predict outcome for 159 children and adolescents treated at this facility from 1990 to 1999. Statistically significant results with large effect size were obtained. Among the most disturbed subgroup of forty three children, (a) psychodynamic milieu-based treatment was shown to be more effective than the “empirically-validated” cognitive-behavioural treatment which superseded it in 1996, and (b) children from step-families showed better outcome than those from other family structures. Furthermore, it was found for the study sample as a whole that severe school-based problem behaviours were associated with a limited trajectory of improvement in home-based problem behaviour. These results are discussed with regard to implications for treatment, research methodology, policy and further studies.

Subjects/Keywords: evaluative research; milieu therapy; psychodynamic treatment; children & adolescents; severe emotional & behavioral problems; hospitalisation; methodological issues; empirically validated treatment; predictors of outcome

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Luiker, H. G. (2007). Predictors of outcome for severely emotionally disturbed children in treatment . (Thesis). University of Sydney. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/2123/2571

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Luiker, Henry George. “Predictors of outcome for severely emotionally disturbed children in treatment .” 2007. Thesis, University of Sydney. Accessed March 03, 2021. http://hdl.handle.net/2123/2571.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Luiker, Henry George. “Predictors of outcome for severely emotionally disturbed children in treatment .” 2007. Web. 03 Mar 2021.

Vancouver:

Luiker HG. Predictors of outcome for severely emotionally disturbed children in treatment . [Internet] [Thesis]. University of Sydney; 2007. [cited 2021 Mar 03]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2123/2571.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Luiker HG. Predictors of outcome for severely emotionally disturbed children in treatment . [Thesis]. University of Sydney; 2007. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2123/2571

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation


University of New Mexico

3. Medina, Una E. MADD MESSAGE EFFECTS: A TWELVE-YEAR RANDOMIZED TRIAL.

Degree: Department of Communication and Journalism, 2010, University of New Mexico

One out of three Americans undergoes drunk-driving crashes; 23% result in death. To deter DWIs (Driving While under Influence), MADD (Mothers Against Drunk Drivers) created VIPs (Victim Impact Panels) where victims impact offenders with gory stories, photos, and threats of punishments and loss of freedom, hoping this message will deter DWIs. It is remarkable that although the VIP message is considered a primary DWI intervention, yet no studies have investigated VIP message effects. VIP message effects, their persistence and decay, are chronicled here over the course of 12 years. This study extends an empirical investigation of VIPs, conducted by Woodall, Delaney, Rogers, and Wheeler (2007) (n = 833) during 1994-1996. At 2 years, these researchers found MADD VIP participants' recidivism rates were 30% higher than their DWI School comparison group, trending toward significance at p = .0583. This study supports those results as significant at 12 years. As an extension, it investigates whether reactance theory explains VIP message effects failure. Reactance theory research, a subset of message effects research, explains how emotional, confrontational, and threatening messages induce psychological reactance in the mind of the message receiver, who then seeks to preserve his or her sense of freedom by behaving contrarily (Brehm, 1966). Hierarchically intensifying effects of these theoretical reactance antecedents are studied here in an unusual manner, as they occur in vivo, in real life. The same intervention was observed to have different effects depending on prior conditions and demographics. The emotional high-threat, high-confrontation MADD VIP message coincided with significantly shorter time to recidivism (p = .009, d = 1.64) and significantly higher number of subsequent arrests (p < .0001, d = 1.64) among recent prior offenders, and those with no priors under age 30 (p = .01, d = 0.35). Younger offenders may be associated with more iconoclastic behavior than older offenders (Beirness & Simpson, 1997; Greenberg, 2005; NHTSA, 2008), partially explaining the under-30 age effect. This study furthers persuasive message design as a science and suggests a message-based approach to intervention analysis. There was no effect when MADD VIP was analyzed simply as an intervention. However, there were highly significant effect sizes when the same MADD VIP intervention was analyzed as a message. This study concludes by offering MADD VIP best practice recommendations. Advisors/Committee Members: Woodall, W. Gill, Schuetz, Janice, Rivera, Mario A., McDermott, Virginia, Delaney, Harold.

Subjects/Keywords: Victim Impact panels; MADD; message effects; randomized trial; effect size; drunk driving; DWI; efficacy trial; method problems; methodological problems; communication theory; theory building; rhetorical analysis; triangulation; drunk driving; interventions; covariates; ANOVA; ANCOVA; survival analysis; message context; message content; message function; message intensity; message frequency; message metrics; message pathos; pathos; message decay; decay rate; message decay rate; intent to persuade; persuasion; confrontation; shame; shaming; public shaming; public censure; forewarning; perceived threat; reactance theory; assumptions; sampling error; recruitment error; non-adherence to condition; random assignment error; factorial design; operationalization; theory construct operationalization; methods informed by literature; methodological symbiosis; questionnaire reliability and validity; secondary data sources; public arrest record; public data; covariate operationalization; reactance constructs; content analysis; theme analysis; prior arrest; censored cases; QSR N6; SPSS; Excel; limitations; under-identification; attrition; population attrition; bimodal distribution; dichotomous variables; data splitting; discretizing data; time to recidivism; subsequent arrests; emotional change; emotion score; outliers; reactance antecedent; message dose; message dosage; treatment fidelity; assess treatment fidelity; predictor variables; controlling variables; demographic covariate; demographic predictor; confirmation bias; data bias; interaction effect; treatment effect; message design; fear appeal; message strength; anger; survival analysis; time dependence; mixed methods; study design; message standardization; internal validity; hard data; hard end-point data; marginal sample size; observed variables; intervening factors; intervening variables; sample size; in vivo; hierarchy of effects; emotional threat; older offenders; young offenders; intervention analysis; message-based approach; best practices; DWI intervention; DWI treatment; prior conditions; iconoclast; Drunks Against MADD Mothers; resistance; message design science

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Medina, U. E. (2010). MADD MESSAGE EFFECTS: A TWELVE-YEAR RANDOMIZED TRIAL. (Doctoral Dissertation). University of New Mexico. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1928/12395

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Medina, Una E. “MADD MESSAGE EFFECTS: A TWELVE-YEAR RANDOMIZED TRIAL.” 2010. Doctoral Dissertation, University of New Mexico. Accessed March 03, 2021. http://hdl.handle.net/1928/12395.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Medina, Una E. “MADD MESSAGE EFFECTS: A TWELVE-YEAR RANDOMIZED TRIAL.” 2010. Web. 03 Mar 2021.

Vancouver:

Medina UE. MADD MESSAGE EFFECTS: A TWELVE-YEAR RANDOMIZED TRIAL. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. University of New Mexico; 2010. [cited 2021 Mar 03]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1928/12395.

Council of Science Editors:

Medina UE. MADD MESSAGE EFFECTS: A TWELVE-YEAR RANDOMIZED TRIAL. [Doctoral Dissertation]. University of New Mexico; 2010. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1928/12395

.