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You searched for subject:(meta norms). Showing records 1 – 2 of 2 total matches.

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Kansas State University

1. Lin, Naiqing. Explaining unobserved heterogeneity of food safety behavioral intention: a sequential mixed method approach.

Degree: PhD, Department of Hospitality Management, 2018, Kansas State University

In 2015, 902 foodborne illness outbreaks were reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, resulting in 15,202 illnesses, 950 hospitalizations, and 15 deaths. Previous literature from both survey and observational studies have reported low conformity with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Food Code guidelines. To effectively reduce foodborne illnesses, foodservice managers and food handlers must perform proper food safety behaviors. Therefore, the purpose of this project is to identify and explain the unobserved cognitive processes within food safety behavioral intention. An explanatory sequential mixed methods design was utilized. First, a systematic review and meta-analyses of the existing literature were conducted to quantify statistical power better and summarize the effect sizes with conflicting studies. Then, an in-depth qualitative study was conducted to help explain the statistical results. Using existing observed cognitive variables grounded by the Theory of Planned Behavior, the key idea is that the qualitative inquiry was built on the quantitative results. Thus, the syntheses of both studies help explained the unobserved heterogeneity information. Study 1 included a total of 1,550 studies for screening with 46 records meeting the inclusion criteria for analyses. The overall random effect size (r) was 0.282 (p < 0.001) providing collective evidence that the TPB constructs predict food safety behavioral intention. Subjective norms were noted as the most influencial variable to food safety behavioral intention. Studies with employee motivational constructs tend to show the most positive effect on food safety intention relationships. However, the Theory of Planned Behavior model only explained a combined 22% of total true effect variance. Thus, a considerable amount of the variance (78%) within food safety behavioral intention is still unexplained. Study 2 used an online questionnaire to measure individual-level norms. Open-ended questions (14) helped create qualitative narrative texts for analyses and establishing a demographic profile of the participants. A total of 104 responses from foodservice and restaurant employees were documented for coding. Most participants were female, with a mean age of 36 with an average of about 11 years of foodservice industry experiences. The results indicated that employees are usually not influenced of other managers or coworker’s approval or disapproval of their behavior. Rather, their behavior is guided by an innate motivation for moral consideration and ethical reasoning. The data further indicated that participants experience injunctive (subjective) norms, but more from a retrospective formation, rather than a forward-looking expectance regarding food safety practices. Intrinsic motivation should be an important antecedent to form normative beliefs of food safety-related behaviors. The findings of the study results challenge the previous understanding of path directions regarding normative pressure. Limitations and future studies related to… Advisors/Committee Members: Kevin R. Roberts.

Subjects/Keywords: Heterogeneity Ratio; Descriptive Norms; Theory of Planned Behavior; Meta-Analyses; Explanatory Design

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Lin, N. (2018). Explaining unobserved heterogeneity of food safety behavioral intention: a sequential mixed method approach. (Doctoral Dissertation). Kansas State University. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/2097/39248

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Lin, Naiqing. “Explaining unobserved heterogeneity of food safety behavioral intention: a sequential mixed method approach.” 2018. Doctoral Dissertation, Kansas State University. Accessed December 12, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/2097/39248.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Lin, Naiqing. “Explaining unobserved heterogeneity of food safety behavioral intention: a sequential mixed method approach.” 2018. Web. 12 Dec 2019.

Vancouver:

Lin N. Explaining unobserved heterogeneity of food safety behavioral intention: a sequential mixed method approach. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Kansas State University; 2018. [cited 2019 Dec 12]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2097/39248.

Council of Science Editors:

Lin N. Explaining unobserved heterogeneity of food safety behavioral intention: a sequential mixed method approach. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Kansas State University; 2018. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2097/39248


Luleå University of Technology

2. Thorson, Patrik Kristoffer. Dispute resolution and legitimacy in Kacerere : examples from two land disputes.

Degree: 2009, Luleå University of Technology

Through this paper, two cases of land dispute resolution have been introduced. While one case was regarded as a ”good” dispute resolution the other was considered a “bad” one, and the latter was in its essence a rather tragic story. The less fortunate man in that dispute resolution did not only lose part of the land that supported him, but it also left him excluded from the community in many aspects. This constitutes the problem that has driven the paper from sheet to sheet. If not the fate of this specific individual, then at least the phenomenon it represents. During the last few years, behavioral aspects have shed new light on the ever so common condition of poverty in sub-Saharan Africa, and in these aspects the phenomenon of social exclusion plays an important role. This paper has been an approach towards these matters from a perspective of political behavior and resource distribution. In an attempt to explain differences in legitimacy and social outcomes, the institutional profiles of the two dispute resolution processes were examined. The findings indicated multi-dimensional breaches of legitimacy, all related to a decision by the less fortunate dispute owner in the ”bad” dispute resolution to take matters to the government. The analysis found that the micro-level arena of resource distribution was intimately tied to a macro-arena of authoritative distribution between the governmental authorities and the traditional ones found in this peripheral community. Combined with the institutional analysis performed, this supports the hypothetical involvement of a meta-norm, intended to protect the traditional authorities from alternative ones, such as the government. Perhaps leaving more questions than it actually answered, this paper may inspire to further endeavors in fields of governmental decentralization, as such work would probably be the most fruitful way to mend the gap between governmental and traditional authorities. Furthermore, this paper might direct some attention to the importance of institutional research regarding meta-norms, since this could provide a viable approach for political scientists to study the urgent matter of behavioral poverty in sub-Saharan Africa.

Validerat; 20101217 (root)

Subjects/Keywords: Social Behaviour Law; disputes; conflicts; legitimacy; land; iad-framework; africa; uganda; kabale; traditional authorities; governmental; authorities; decentralization; meta-norms; social exclusion; behavioral poverty; social capital; Samhälls-; beteendevetenskap; juridik

Record DetailsSimilar RecordsGoogle PlusoneFacebookTwitterCiteULikeMendeleyreddit

APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Thorson, P. K. (2009). Dispute resolution and legitimacy in Kacerere : examples from two land disputes. (Thesis). Luleå University of Technology. Retrieved from http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-58893

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Thorson, Patrik Kristoffer. “Dispute resolution and legitimacy in Kacerere : examples from two land disputes.” 2009. Thesis, Luleå University of Technology. Accessed December 12, 2019. http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-58893.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Thorson, Patrik Kristoffer. “Dispute resolution and legitimacy in Kacerere : examples from two land disputes.” 2009. Web. 12 Dec 2019.

Vancouver:

Thorson PK. Dispute resolution and legitimacy in Kacerere : examples from two land disputes. [Internet] [Thesis]. Luleå University of Technology; 2009. [cited 2019 Dec 12]. Available from: http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-58893.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Thorson PK. Dispute resolution and legitimacy in Kacerere : examples from two land disputes. [Thesis]. Luleå University of Technology; 2009. Available from: http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-58893

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

.