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You searched for subject:(memory dampening). Showing records 1 – 3 of 3 total matches.

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George Mason University

1. Denton, Sarah W. Remembering Trauma: The Ethical Implications of Memory Dampening for Sexual Assault Survivors .

Degree: George Mason University

Healthcare providers are increasingly treating sexual assault survivors with memory dampening neurotechnology to alleviate psychiatric conditions caused by sexual assault (Cabrera 2011). However, the effects of memory dampening on the selfnarratives— particularly the narratives of sexual assault survivors—has not received much attention in the neuroethics literature. In this paper, I explore the ethical implications of treating sexual assault survivors with memory dampening neurotechnology. Although treating sexual assault survivors with memory dampening technology seems consistent with the ethical obligation to promote patient welfare, and other ethical principles such as fidelity and responsibility (APA 2013, Moses and Illes 2017), I argue that treating sexual assault survivors with this method may generate harm. Memory dampening treatments for sexual assault may generate harm by perpetuating a reductionist view of the psychiatric problems resulting from sexual assault. A reductionist view misunderstands the problem of sexual assault as a strictly medical problem requiring medical interventions, rather than as a social problem that encompasses gender norms. The psychiatric problems resulting from sexual assault are not merely rooted in emotional dysregulation. Rather, these psychiatric problems are also contingent on one’s social environment. Sexual assault impacts survivors in a variety of ways that are best understood in a social context. For example, stigma, problems creating and maintaining meaningful relationships, and moral injury are all relational harms that negatively impact how survivors relate to others in their social environment (Miller 2009, Nazarov et al. 2015). In a social context, sexual assault survivors construct their idea of who they are as persons through narration (Nelson 2001). Healthcare providers may be increasingly tempted to view sexual assault survivors through the lens of the reductionist model and apply memory dampening treatments. Yet, without addressing the social context of sexual assault, such interventions may exacerbate harm instead of relieving it. I argue that a more appropriate and ethically defensible response to treating psychiatric conditions associated with sexual assault is to situate survivors and their treatment in their social context. This allows healthcare providers to treat sexual assault survivors by crafting counterstories to the biographical narratives that harm sexual assault survivors in the social context, rather than using memory dampening interventions to affect the emotional coloring of the autobiographical narratives of sexual assault. Advisors/Committee Members: Eckenwiler, Lisa (advisor).

Subjects/Keywords: sexual assault; memory dampening; propranolol; relational harm; narrative; moral injury

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Denton, S. W. (n.d.). Remembering Trauma: The Ethical Implications of Memory Dampening for Sexual Assault Survivors . (Thesis). George Mason University. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1920/10851

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
No year of publication.
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Denton, Sarah W. “Remembering Trauma: The Ethical Implications of Memory Dampening for Sexual Assault Survivors .” Thesis, George Mason University. Accessed January 28, 2020. http://hdl.handle.net/1920/10851.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
No year of publication.
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Denton, Sarah W. “Remembering Trauma: The Ethical Implications of Memory Dampening for Sexual Assault Survivors .” Web. 28 Jan 2020.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
No year of publication.

Vancouver:

Denton SW. Remembering Trauma: The Ethical Implications of Memory Dampening for Sexual Assault Survivors . [Internet] [Thesis]. George Mason University; [cited 2020 Jan 28]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1920/10851.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation
No year of publication.

Council of Science Editors:

Denton SW. Remembering Trauma: The Ethical Implications of Memory Dampening for Sexual Assault Survivors . [Thesis]. George Mason University; Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1920/10851

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation
No year of publication.

2. Muriithi, Paul Mutuanyingi. A case for memory enhancement : ethical, social, legal, and policy implications for enhancing the memory.

Degree: PhD, 2014, University of Manchester

The desire to enhance and make ourselves better is not a new one and it has continued to intrigue throughout the ages. Individuals have continued to seek ways to improve and enhance their well-being for example through nutrition, physical exercise, education and so on. Crucial to this improvement of their well-being is improving their ability to remember. Hence, people interested in improving their well-being, are often interested in memory as well. The rationale being that memory is crucial to our well-being. The desire to improve one’s memory then is almost certainly as old as the desire to improve one’s well-being. Traditionally, people have used different means in an attempt to enhance their memories: for example in learning through storytelling, studying, and apprenticeship. In remembering through practices like mnemonics, repetition, singing, and drumming. In retaining, storing and consolidating memories through nutrition and stimulants like coffee to help keep awake; and by external aids like notepads and computers. In forgetting through rituals and rites. Recent scientific advances in biotechnology, nanotechnology, molecular biology, neuroscience, and information technologies, present a wide variety of technologies to enhance many different aspects of human functioning. Thus, some commentators have identified human enhancement as central and one of the most fascinating subject in bioethics in the last two decades. Within, this period, most of the commentators have addressed the Ethical, Social, Legal and Policy (ESLP) issues in human enhancements as a whole as opposed to specific enhancements. However, this is problematic and recently various commentators have found this to be deficient and called for a contextualized case-by-case analysis to human enhancements for example genetic enhancement, moral enhancement, and in my case memory enhancement (ME). The rationale being that the reasons for accepting/rejecting a particular enhancement vary depending on the enhancement itself. Given this enormous variation, moral and legal generalizations about all enhancement processes and technologies are unwise and they should instead be evaluated individually. Taking this as a point of departure, this research will focus specifically on making a case for ME and in doing so assessing the ESLP implications arising from ME. My analysis will draw on the already existing literature for and against enhancement, especially in part two of this thesis; but it will be novel in providing a much more in-depth analysis of ME. From this perspective, I will contribute to the ME debate through two reviews that address the question how we enhance the memory, and through four original papers discussed in part three of this thesis, where I examine and evaluate critically specific ESLP issues that arise with the use of ME. In the conclusion, I will amalgamate all my contribution to the ME debate and suggest the future direction for the ME debate.

Subjects/Keywords: 174; adderall; ampakines; amphetamine; appeal to empathy; aricept; Aristotle; Baddeley; benzodiazepines; bioethics; Bostrom; brain stimulation; brain-computer interface; brain-machine interface; Brunet; Buchanan; caffeine; Cahil; Caplan; case; coercion; computers; confidentiality; consent; consequentialist; consistency; consolidation; conventional; criminal; damages; d-amphetamine; declarative memory; deep brain stimulation; Degrazia; deontological; diazepam; discrimination; donepezil; Douglas; drug mongering; duty; duty to remember; Dworkin; electroconvulsive therapy; Elliott; emotional distress; emotions; encoding; enhancement; enhancing technologies; epistemic knowledge; equality; ethical; evidence; exelon; explicit memory; eyewitness; eyewitness evidence; eyewitness testimony; Facebook; Farah; forget; Fukuyama; galantamine; gatekeepers; Ghetti; ginkgo biloba; Glover; glucocorticoids; glucose; greater good; Habermas; Harris; health; human dignity; human diversity; human enhancement; human nature; human rights; Hunter; identity; implicit memory; inauthentic; individual autonomy; inevitable; informed consent; internet; Jackson; justice; Kamm; Kass; Kolber; laissez faire; learning; legal; legal approach; lifelogging; living authentically; Loftus; long-term memory; Lynch; malleability of memory; mastery; McKibben; medicalization; meditation; Mehlman; Meilaender; memantine; Memory; memory dampening; memory enhancement; memory manipulation; memory processes; memory retention; memory retrieval; memory storage; methylphenidate; midazalom; misidentification of witnesses; mistaken identifications; mitigation; mnemonics; modafinil; moratorium; music; negative emotions; negligence; nondeclarative memory; non-pharmacological memory enhancement; nutrition; obligation; obstruction of justice; omega-3; optimum memory; Parens; person identity; personality; perverting justice; pharmacological means; philosophical approach; photographic; physical exercise; Pitman; policy; poly unsaturated fatty acids; precautionary approach; precautionary principle; preserving memories; President’s Council; primary memory; privacy; procedural memory; propofol; propranolol; provigil; razadyne; recall; recording audio; reference memory; regulation; regulatory authorities; regulatory bodies; relational memory; remembering; remembering fitly; remembering truly; risks; ritalin; rites; rituals; rivastigmine; safety; Sahakian; Sandberg; Sandel; Savulescu; Schacter; secondary memory; short-term memory; sleep; slippery slope; social; societies' interests; species-typical; society interests; species-typical functioning; Squire; Stanton; Strange; technological means; testimony; therapeutic; therapy; therapy-enhancement distinction; traditional; transcrannial direct current stimulation; transcrannial magnetic stimulation; traumatic memories; Tulving; ultimate prize; unnatural; unnatural means; Vaiva; video devices; virtual social networking; virtue ethics; Wagenaar; well-being; Wells; working memory; wrongful; wrongful acquittals; wrongful convictions; yoga; Kahane; Giordano; Bennett; Holm; Mental Capacity Act

…Cohort Group.  Optimum memory: the rationale for dampening both negative and positive memories… …presented on 21st Oct 2010 to BMJ group.  Optimum memory: the rationale for dampening both… …Capacity Act MD – Memory Dampening ME - Memory Enhancement MG – Milligrams MHRA – Medicine and… …and memory dampening. Finally, part four of this thesis, summarizes the main purposes of… …enhancement (ME), optimum memory, and memory dampening (MD). At the end of… 

Page 1 Page 2 Page 3 Page 4 Page 5 Page 6 Page 7

Record DetailsSimilar RecordsGoogle PlusoneFacebookTwitterCiteULikeMendeleyreddit

APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Muriithi, P. M. (2014). A case for memory enhancement : ethical, social, legal, and policy implications for enhancing the memory. (Doctoral Dissertation). University of Manchester. Retrieved from https://www.research.manchester.ac.uk/portal/en/theses/a-case-for-memory-enhancement-ethical-social-legal-and-policy-implications-for-enhancing-the-memory(bf11d09d-6326-49d2-8ef3-a40340471acf).html ; http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.603223

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Muriithi, Paul Mutuanyingi. “A case for memory enhancement : ethical, social, legal, and policy implications for enhancing the memory.” 2014. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Manchester. Accessed January 28, 2020. https://www.research.manchester.ac.uk/portal/en/theses/a-case-for-memory-enhancement-ethical-social-legal-and-policy-implications-for-enhancing-the-memory(bf11d09d-6326-49d2-8ef3-a40340471acf).html ; http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.603223.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Muriithi, Paul Mutuanyingi. “A case for memory enhancement : ethical, social, legal, and policy implications for enhancing the memory.” 2014. Web. 28 Jan 2020.

Vancouver:

Muriithi PM. A case for memory enhancement : ethical, social, legal, and policy implications for enhancing the memory. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Manchester; 2014. [cited 2020 Jan 28]. Available from: https://www.research.manchester.ac.uk/portal/en/theses/a-case-for-memory-enhancement-ethical-social-legal-and-policy-implications-for-enhancing-the-memory(bf11d09d-6326-49d2-8ef3-a40340471acf).html ; http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.603223.

Council of Science Editors:

Muriithi PM. A case for memory enhancement : ethical, social, legal, and policy implications for enhancing the memory. [Doctoral Dissertation]. University of Manchester; 2014. Available from: https://www.research.manchester.ac.uk/portal/en/theses/a-case-for-memory-enhancement-ethical-social-legal-and-policy-implications-for-enhancing-the-memory(bf11d09d-6326-49d2-8ef3-a40340471acf).html ; http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.603223

3. Muriithi, Paul Mutuanyingi. A Case for Memory Enhancement: Ethical, Social, Legal, and Policy Implications for Enhancing the Memory.

Degree: 2014, University of Manchester

The desire to enhance and make ourselves better is not a new one and it has continued to intrigue throughout the ages. Individuals have continued to seek ways to improve and enhance their well-being for example through nutrition, physical exercise, education and so on. Crucial to this improvement of their well-being is improving their ability to remember. Hence, people interested in improving their well-being, are often interested in memory as well. The rationale being that memory is crucial to our well-being. The desire to improve one’s memory then is almost certainly as old as the desire to improve one’s well-being. Traditionally, people have used different means in an attempt to enhance their memories: for example in learning through storytelling, studying, and apprenticeship. In remembering through practices like mnemonics, repetition, singing, and drumming. In retaining, storing and consolidating memories through nutrition and stimulants like coffee to help keep awake; and by external aids like notepads and computers. In forgetting through rituals and rites.Recent scientific advances in biotechnology, nanotechnology, molecular biology, neuroscience, and information technologies, present a wide variety of technologies to enhance many different aspects of human functioning. Thus, some commentators have identified human enhancement as central and one of the most fascinating subject in bioethics in the last two decades. Within, this period, most of the commentators have addressed the Ethical, Social, Legal and Policy (ESLP) issues in human enhancements as a whole as opposed to specific enhancements. However, this is problematic and recently various commentators have found this to be deficient and called for a contextualized case-by-case analysis to human enhancements for example genetic enhancement, moral enhancement, and in my case memory enhancement (ME). The rationale being that the reasons for accepting/rejecting a particular enhancement vary depending on the enhancement itself. Given this enormous variation, moral and legal generalizations about all enhancement processes and technologies are unwise and they should instead be evaluated individually.Taking this as a point of departure, this research will focus specifically on making a case for ME and in doing so assessing the ESLP implications arising from ME. My analysis will draw on the already existing literature for and against enhancement, especially in part two of this thesis; but it will be novel in providing a much more in-depth analysis of ME. From this perspective, I will contribute to the ME debate through two reviews that address the question how we enhance the memory, and through four original papers discussed in part three of this thesis, where I examine and evaluate critically specific ESLP issues that arise with the use of ME. In the conclusion, I will amalgamate all my contribution to the ME debate and suggest the future direction for the ME debate. Advisors/Committee Members: HARRIS, JOHN JM, Harris, John, Stanton, Catherine.

Subjects/Keywords: adderall; ampakines; amphetamine; appeal to empathy; aricept; Aristotle; Baddeley; benzodiazepines; bioethics; Bostrom; brain stimulation; brain-computer interface; brain-machine interface; Brunet; Buchanan; caffeine; Cahil; Caplan; case; coercion; computers; confidentiality; consent; consequentialist; consistency; consolidation; conventional; criminal; damages; d-amphetamine; declarative memory; deep brain stimulation; Degrazia; deontological; diazepam; discrimination; donepezil; Douglas; drug mongering; duty; duty to remember; Dworkin; electroconvulsive therapy; Elliott; emotional distress; emotions; encoding; enhancement; enhancing technologies; epistemic knowledge; equality; ethical; evidence; exelon; explicit memory; eyewitness; eyewitness evidence; eyewitness testimony; Facebook; Farah; forget; Fukuyama; galantamine; gatekeepers; Ghetti; ginkgo biloba; Glover; glucocorticoids; glucose; greater good; Habermas; Harris; health; human dignity; human diversity; human enhancement; human nature; human rights; Hunter; identity; implicit memory; inauthentic; individual autonomy; inevitable; informed consent; internet; Jackson; justice; Kamm; Kass; Kolber; laissez faire; learning; legal; legal approach; lifelogging; living authentically; Loftus; long-term memory; Lynch; malleability of memory; mastery; McKibben; medicalization; meditation; Mehlman; Meilaender; memantine; Memory; memory dampening; memory enhancement; memory manipulation; memory processes; memory retention; memory retrieval; memory storage; methylphenidate; midazalom; misidentification of witnesses; mistaken identifications; mitigation; mnemonics; modafinil; moratorium; music; negative emotions; negligence; nondeclarative memory; non-pharmacological memory enhancement; nutrition; obligation; obstruction of justice; omega-3; optimum memory; Parens; person identity; personality; perverting justice; pharmacological means; philosophical approach; photographic; physical exercise; Pitman; policy; poly unsaturated fatty acids; precautionary approach; precautionary principle; preserving memories; President’s Council; primary memory; privacy; procedural memory; propofol; propranolol; provigil; razadyne; recall; recording audio; reference memory; regulation; regulatory authorities; regulatory bodies; relational memory; remembering; remembering fitly; remembering truly; risks; ritalin; rites; rituals; rivastigmine; safety; Sahakian; Sandberg; Sandel; Savulescu; Schacter; secondary memory; short-term memory; sleep; slippery slope; social; societies' interests; species-typical; society interests; species-typical functioning; Squire; Stanton; Strange; technological means; testimony; therapeutic; therapy; therapy-enhancement distinction; traditional; transcrannial direct current stimulation; transcrannial magnetic stimulation; traumatic memories; Tulving; ultimate prize; unnatural; unnatural means; Vaiva; video devices; virtual social networking; virtue ethics; Wagenaar; well-being; Wells; working memory; wrongful; wrongful acquittals; wrongful convictions; yoga; Kahane; Giordano; Bennett; Holm; Mental Capacity Act

…Cohort Group.  Optimum memory: the rationale for dampening both negative and positive memories… …presented on 21st Oct 2010 to BMJ group.  Optimum memory: the rationale for dampening both… …Capacity Act MD – Memory Dampening ME - Memory Enhancement MG – Milligrams MHRA – Medicine and… …and memory dampening. Finally, part four of this thesis, summarizes the main purposes of… …enhancement (ME), optimum memory, and memory dampening (MD). At the end of… 

Page 1 Page 2 Page 3 Page 4 Page 5 Page 6 Page 7

Record DetailsSimilar RecordsGoogle PlusoneFacebookTwitterCiteULikeMendeleyreddit

APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Muriithi, P. M. (2014). A Case for Memory Enhancement: Ethical, Social, Legal, and Policy Implications for Enhancing the Memory. (Doctoral Dissertation). University of Manchester. Retrieved from http://www.manchester.ac.uk/escholar/uk-ac-man-scw:220498

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Muriithi, Paul Mutuanyingi. “A Case for Memory Enhancement: Ethical, Social, Legal, and Policy Implications for Enhancing the Memory.” 2014. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Manchester. Accessed January 28, 2020. http://www.manchester.ac.uk/escholar/uk-ac-man-scw:220498.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Muriithi, Paul Mutuanyingi. “A Case for Memory Enhancement: Ethical, Social, Legal, and Policy Implications for Enhancing the Memory.” 2014. Web. 28 Jan 2020.

Vancouver:

Muriithi PM. A Case for Memory Enhancement: Ethical, Social, Legal, and Policy Implications for Enhancing the Memory. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Manchester; 2014. [cited 2020 Jan 28]. Available from: http://www.manchester.ac.uk/escholar/uk-ac-man-scw:220498.

Council of Science Editors:

Muriithi PM. A Case for Memory Enhancement: Ethical, Social, Legal, and Policy Implications for Enhancing the Memory. [Doctoral Dissertation]. University of Manchester; 2014. Available from: http://www.manchester.ac.uk/escholar/uk-ac-man-scw:220498

.