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You searched for subject:(key informants). Showing records 1 – 3 of 3 total matches.

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University of the Western Cape

1. Mudavanhu, Naome N. An exploratory study on the reasons for substance abuse among the youth in Grabouw, Western Cape Province, South Africa .

Degree: 2013, University of the Western Cape

Substance abuse among the youth is one of the main social challenges in South Africa and around the world. The purpose of this study was to explore the reasons of substance abuse among the youth in Grabouw, Western Cape Province of South Africa. The reason why this research was conducted was because the Interdisciplinary Teaching and Learning Unit (ITLU) of the University of the Western Cape approached the Department of Social Work with research topics that emerged from the Faculty of Community and Health sciences involvement in the Theewaterkloof communities. One of the concerns expressed by the community of Grabouw is the high prevalence of substance abuse in this community. This study therefore explored the reasons for substance abuse amongst the youth of Grabouw. The research was conducted using the ecological approach as a theoretical framework. A qualitative research methodology was used to explore the phenomenon under study. The research project followed an explorative, descriptive and contextual research design and with this the researcher sought to understand the reasons for substance abuse. The data was gathered through semi-structured one-on-one interviews and focus group discussions and was later analyzed using qualitative thematic analysis. The findings showed that the reasons for substance abuse among the youth in the rural area of Grabouw are contextual reasons in which the family plays a major role in influencing substance use and also peer pressure, lack of recreational facilities, low religious involvement, experimenting and negative role models within the family and community, the ‘dop’ system, unemployment, availability and affordability were identified as the major reasons for substance abuse. The second major theme that emerged from the study was the psychological reasons for substance abuse. This includes low self-esteem, relieving stress, sexual stimulation, motivation to do unlawful things and boosting performances in sporting activities. The researcher has put forward various recommendations that will contribute towards solving substance abuse. Advisors/Committee Members: Schenck, Catherina (advisor).

Subjects/Keywords: Substance abuse; Alcohol abuse; Youth; Grabouw; Qualitative research; Key informants; Rural areas; Parents; Ecological approach.

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Mudavanhu, N. N. (2013). An exploratory study on the reasons for substance abuse among the youth in Grabouw, Western Cape Province, South Africa . (Thesis). University of the Western Cape. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/11394/4079

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Mudavanhu, Naome N. “An exploratory study on the reasons for substance abuse among the youth in Grabouw, Western Cape Province, South Africa .” 2013. Thesis, University of the Western Cape. Accessed January 25, 2020. http://hdl.handle.net/11394/4079.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Mudavanhu, Naome N. “An exploratory study on the reasons for substance abuse among the youth in Grabouw, Western Cape Province, South Africa .” 2013. Web. 25 Jan 2020.

Vancouver:

Mudavanhu NN. An exploratory study on the reasons for substance abuse among the youth in Grabouw, Western Cape Province, South Africa . [Internet] [Thesis]. University of the Western Cape; 2013. [cited 2020 Jan 25]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/11394/4079.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Mudavanhu NN. An exploratory study on the reasons for substance abuse among the youth in Grabouw, Western Cape Province, South Africa . [Thesis]. University of the Western Cape; 2013. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/11394/4079

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation


University of the Western Cape

2. Akusoba, Kenechukwu Okechukwu. Barriers to adherence to antiretroviral therapy among adult patients in a rural hospital in the Eastern Cape .

Degree: 2013, University of the Western Cape

Antiretroviral therapy (ART) improves the quality of lives of people living with HIV/AIDS by suppressing HIV replication and improving the patient’s immunity. An improved immunity will help prevent patients from contracting opportunistic infections. Adherence to ART is vital to obtain good clinical outcome for patients. Defaulting ART leads to increase in viral load, decreased host immunity, development of HIV drug resistant strains, exposure to opportunistic infections and ultimately death. HIV positive patients who are on ART face many challenges in adhering to their medications, these challenges act as barriers to their adherence to treatment. This study explores the barriers that adult patients in a hospital in Eastern Cape of South Africa face while on treatment. These barriers include individual factors, socio-economic factors, health service factors, medical regimen factors. Advisors/Committee Members: Van Wyk, Brian (advisor).

Subjects/Keywords: Human immunodeficiency virus; Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome; Adherence; Key informants; Opportunistic infections; Antiretroviral therapy; Barriers; Highly active antiretroviral therapy; Exploratory; Health workers; Rural

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Akusoba, K. O. (2013). Barriers to adherence to antiretroviral therapy among adult patients in a rural hospital in the Eastern Cape . (Thesis). University of the Western Cape. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/11394/3926

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Akusoba, Kenechukwu Okechukwu. “Barriers to adherence to antiretroviral therapy among adult patients in a rural hospital in the Eastern Cape .” 2013. Thesis, University of the Western Cape. Accessed January 25, 2020. http://hdl.handle.net/11394/3926.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Akusoba, Kenechukwu Okechukwu. “Barriers to adherence to antiretroviral therapy among adult patients in a rural hospital in the Eastern Cape .” 2013. Web. 25 Jan 2020.

Vancouver:

Akusoba KO. Barriers to adherence to antiretroviral therapy among adult patients in a rural hospital in the Eastern Cape . [Internet] [Thesis]. University of the Western Cape; 2013. [cited 2020 Jan 25]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/11394/3926.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Akusoba KO. Barriers to adherence to antiretroviral therapy among adult patients in a rural hospital in the Eastern Cape . [Thesis]. University of the Western Cape; 2013. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/11394/3926

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation


University of Melbourne

3. Bruce, Eunice Adjoa Kwansemah. Studies of female sex workers in Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea.

Degree: 2010, University of Melbourne

Background: In Papua New Guinea (PNG) like other developing countries, female sex workers (FSWs) are the group most vulnerable to and affected by the HIV epidemic predominantly through heterosexual contact. Female sex workers are therefore a risk group considered to play a significant role in the transmission of HIV including other sexually transmissible infections (STIs). Since the advent of the HIV epidemic in PNG, the government has implemented several strategies to curb the epidemic. Despite the strategies that include a nationwide awareness campaigns, access to free condoms and other prevention measures, the prevalence of HIV is steadily rising and condom use remains inconsistent and low. This thesis documents risk behaviors and contextual factors that create vulnerability to HIV in FSWs. The thesis adds to the body of research knowledge; strategies to reduce vulnerability and prevent transmission based on intervention linked approaches. The overall aim of the thesis is to make this information readily accessible to a wider audience, so as to contribute to programmatic efforts to scale up effective HIV interventions in FSWs in resource constrained settings. Methods: Data were collection from March 2003 to September 2004 and involved a series of approaches that included reviewing published and unpublished literature, mapping of sex workers sites to estimate the population of sex workers using nomination technique, a cross sectional KAPB survey to document risk behaviors, clinical trials to test other for STI diagnosis and treatment options plus a qualitative study using focus group discussions. Results: In total, 1 literature review and 5 research studies were conducted. The number of FSWs surveyed ranged from 79 – 212, from 19 different sites across Port Moresby and ranged in age between 14-43 years old. The review showed that the major risks for acquiring HIV in FSWs included high rates of inconsistent condom use with both clients (range: 0–63%) and regular sexual partners (range: 0–34%), high prevalence of sexually transmitted infections; the four most common were: Trichomonas (range: 21–56%), Gonorrhea (range: 20–39%), Syphilis (range: 16–34%) and Chlamydia (range: 14–33%). In addition, there was a steady rise in the prevalence of HIV over time; the highest 21% reported in 2004. The mapping exercise through extrapolation showed that there were approximately 2000 FSWs in 42 locations across Port Moresby, of which 212 were directly contacted through nomination and 338 through structured observation. The findings of the KAPB survey placed FSWs in Port Moresby among the predominantly young, poorly educated, least knowledgeable about STIs and HIV risks, least employed in the normal working sector, had substantial numbers of sexual partners, used condoms inconsistently, used marijuana and alcohol frequently, sought treatment services infrequently and had concerns about stigma in…

Subjects/Keywords: female sex workers; HIV; chlamydia trachomatis; neisseria gonorrhea; trichomonas vaginalis; syphilis; condom; clients; regular sexual partners; literature review; mapping; nomination; key informants; KAPB survey; STI symptoms; screening; leukocyte esterase; positive predictive value; periodic presumptive treatment; polymerase chain reaction; VDRL; TPHA; focus group discussion; HIV perception; perceived vulnerability; risk behaviours; safer sex practices; HIV policy; prevention interventions; Port Moresby; Papua New Guinea

Record DetailsSimilar RecordsGoogle PlusoneFacebookTwitterCiteULikeMendeleyreddit

APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Bruce, E. A. K. (2010). Studies of female sex workers in Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea. (Doctoral Dissertation). University of Melbourne. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/11343/35500

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Bruce, Eunice Adjoa Kwansemah. “Studies of female sex workers in Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea.” 2010. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Melbourne. Accessed January 25, 2020. http://hdl.handle.net/11343/35500.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Bruce, Eunice Adjoa Kwansemah. “Studies of female sex workers in Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea.” 2010. Web. 25 Jan 2020.

Vancouver:

Bruce EAK. Studies of female sex workers in Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Melbourne; 2010. [cited 2020 Jan 25]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/11343/35500.

Council of Science Editors:

Bruce EAK. Studies of female sex workers in Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea. [Doctoral Dissertation]. University of Melbourne; 2010. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/11343/35500

.