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You searched for subject:(intention tracking). Showing records 1 – 3 of 3 total matches.

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University of Michigan

1. Brandone, Amanda C. The Development of Intention Understanding in the First Year of Life: An Exploration of Infants' Understanding of Successful vs. Failed Inentional Actions.

Degree: PhD, Psychology, 2010, University of Michigan

This dissertation explored the questions of when and how infants develop an understanding of intention—that is, an understanding of human behavior as guided by subjective internal states that underlie and are separate from actions and objects in the world. Failed action understanding was used as a marker of intention understanding because, unlike in the case of successful actions, understanding failed actions requires recognizing that the observed pattern of movement is distinct from the intention that motivates it. To explore the development of intention understanding in the first year of life, two key studies examined an understanding of successful- versus failed-reaching actions. Study 1 used a habituation design to assess both when infants (8-, 10-, and 12-month-olds) understand that a failed action is intentional and whether an understanding of successful actions precedes an understanding of failed actions. Study 2 extended this work to explore the process by which 8- and 10-month-olds develop an understanding of intention. Eye-tracking methodology was used to examine how infants process and predict the goals of ongoing successful and failed reaching actions. Moreover, performance was explored in relation to parent-report measures of infants’ social and motor behaviors. Three central findings emerged. First, already within the first year of life (by 10 months), infants understand and can predict the goal of a failed-reaching action. Second, during the course of development, understanding successful actions precedes understanding failed actions. Third, failed (but not successful) action understanding is strongly associated with infants’ tendency to initiate joint attention and their ability to locomote independently. Overall, results from this dissertation support a developmental picture wherein a rudimentary understanding of action as motivated by subjective internal states emerges during the first year of life from an antecedent understanding of action that does not go deeper than the surface relations between agents and objects. Preliminary evidence is consistent with the hypothesis that the emergence of this understanding of intention is related to experiences in joint-attentive social interactions that occur with increasing frequency as infants learn to crawl and walk. Developmental mechanisms and implications of an understanding of intention are discussed. Advisors/Committee Members: Gelman, Susan A. (committee member), Wellman, Henry M. (committee member), Beehner, Jacinta Catherine (committee member), Tardif, Twila Z. (committee member).

Subjects/Keywords: Infant Cognition; Intention; Folk Psychology; Social Cognition; Eye Tracking; Failed Action; Psychology; Social Sciences

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Brandone, A. C. (2010). The Development of Intention Understanding in the First Year of Life: An Exploration of Infants' Understanding of Successful vs. Failed Inentional Actions. (Doctoral Dissertation). University of Michigan. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/77785

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Brandone, Amanda C. “The Development of Intention Understanding in the First Year of Life: An Exploration of Infants' Understanding of Successful vs. Failed Inentional Actions.” 2010. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Michigan. Accessed August 20, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/77785.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Brandone, Amanda C. “The Development of Intention Understanding in the First Year of Life: An Exploration of Infants' Understanding of Successful vs. Failed Inentional Actions.” 2010. Web. 20 Aug 2019.

Vancouver:

Brandone AC. The Development of Intention Understanding in the First Year of Life: An Exploration of Infants' Understanding of Successful vs. Failed Inentional Actions. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Michigan; 2010. [cited 2019 Aug 20]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/77785.

Council of Science Editors:

Brandone AC. The Development of Intention Understanding in the First Year of Life: An Exploration of Infants' Understanding of Successful vs. Failed Inentional Actions. [Doctoral Dissertation]. University of Michigan; 2010. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/77785


University of Exeter

2. Elliott, Lewis Roland. Physical activity in natural environments : importance of environmental quality, landscape type and promotional materials.

Degree: PhD, 2016, University of Exeter

Physical inactivity and disconnection from natural environments threatens human health. However, research has demonstrated that natural environments potentially support health-enhancing physical activity which could confer greater physical and mental health benefits than physical activity in other types of environment. This thesis approached the study of physical activity in natural environments through three related pieces of research. Firstly, an experimental study was carried out to explore how the presence of litter in beach environments affected psychophysiological responses to exercise. Responses to exercise did not differ in littered and clean conditions but there was evidence that order effects influenced findings. Visual attention to the two scenes differed, but did not mediate differences in psychophysiological responses. Secondly, analysis of a national dataset was undertaken to explore the form and quantity of physical activity conducted within natural environments in England. A series of linear regressions revealed that higher-intensity physical activities occurred in countryside environments, but more total energy expenditure occurred in coastal environments. Thirdly, a quantitative content analysis of brochures which promote recreational walking in natural environments was conducted which investigated their use of persuasive behavioural messages. These brochures omitted behavioural techniques which may be effective at motivating inactive individuals to walk. Extending this, an online survey tested whether improving brochure content heightened intentions to walk in natural environments. By designing content based on the theory of planned behaviour, the intentions of inactive individuals to undertake walking in natural environments were increased. The findings from this thesis demonstrate that the protection of natural environments is vital for preserving and promoting active recreation and could contribute to population-level increases in physical activity with theory-based promotion in the future.

Subjects/Keywords: 613.7; physical activity; natural environment; green space; blue space; behaviour change; health behaviour; recreation; leisure; eye-tracking; Monitor of Engagement with the Natural Environment; brochure; theory of planned behaviour; intention; metabolic equivalent of task; exercise; walking

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Elliott, L. R. (2016). Physical activity in natural environments : importance of environmental quality, landscape type and promotional materials. (Doctoral Dissertation). University of Exeter. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10871/22411

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Elliott, Lewis Roland. “Physical activity in natural environments : importance of environmental quality, landscape type and promotional materials.” 2016. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Exeter. Accessed August 20, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/10871/22411.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Elliott, Lewis Roland. “Physical activity in natural environments : importance of environmental quality, landscape type and promotional materials.” 2016. Web. 20 Aug 2019.

Vancouver:

Elliott LR. Physical activity in natural environments : importance of environmental quality, landscape type and promotional materials. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Exeter; 2016. [cited 2019 Aug 20]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10871/22411.

Council of Science Editors:

Elliott LR. Physical activity in natural environments : importance of environmental quality, landscape type and promotional materials. [Doctoral Dissertation]. University of Exeter; 2016. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10871/22411

3. NGUYEN DINH TRUONG HUY. Towards smart assistants in two-party collaboration.

Degree: 2012, National University of Singapore

Subjects/Keywords: human machine collaboration; planning under uncertainty; intention tracking; markov decision process; sampling-based algorithms

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

HUY, N. D. T. (2012). Towards smart assistants in two-party collaboration. (Thesis). National University of Singapore. Retrieved from http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/38830

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

HUY, NGUYEN DINH TRUONG. “Towards smart assistants in two-party collaboration.” 2012. Thesis, National University of Singapore. Accessed August 20, 2019. http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/38830.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

HUY, NGUYEN DINH TRUONG. “Towards smart assistants in two-party collaboration.” 2012. Web. 20 Aug 2019.

Vancouver:

HUY NDT. Towards smart assistants in two-party collaboration. [Internet] [Thesis]. National University of Singapore; 2012. [cited 2019 Aug 20]. Available from: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/38830.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

HUY NDT. Towards smart assistants in two-party collaboration. [Thesis]. National University of Singapore; 2012. Available from: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/38830

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

.