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1. O'Neill, Ciarán. Teaching Standards or Standard Teaching? : An analysis of the Swedish national curriculum for English at upper-secondary school level.

Degree: Lärarutbildningen, 2006, Södertörn University College

English is the most expansionist language in the world today. Currently, native speakers are outnumbered by non-native speakers by a ratio of 3:1, a ratio that is set to grow to 10:1 within the next ten years. One of the consequences of a language growing so rapidly is that its new users tend to ignore already accepted standards. In what linguists refer to as the outer and expanding circles of English-speakers (mainly in Africa and Asia) new varieties and standards of English are now being invented. In this study, the effects of the current expansion of English on the teaching of English in Swedish upper-secondary schools are explored. Questions raised include: Should teachers of English in Sweden reflect the changing nature of English in their teaching? Should they readily adopt the New Englishes that are emerging or should they teach with the standard they have always used? The national curriculum for the teaching of English in Sweden is discussed in some detail. The guidelines therein are evaluated in terms of their ability to capture the changing face of English as well as their ability to give solid guidance to teachers in a classroom situation. Findings derive from linguistic literature and from interviews conducted with English teachers at upper-secondary level. One of the main conclusions of the study is that whilst the national curriculum recognises the global diversity of English, its goals are overambitious in what it tries to achieve and thus it fails to provide teachers with practical guidance in their day-to-day teaching. A recommendation, therefore, is that the curriculum should be clearer in spelling out the importance of adhering to native standard varieties of English. However this does not mean that teachers should ignore the cultural diversity of the English-speaking world.

Subjects/Keywords: lingua franca; Standard English; global English; inner circle countries; outer circle countries; expanding circle countries; Specific Languages; Studier av enskilda språk

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

O'Neill, C. (2006). Teaching Standards or Standard Teaching? : An analysis of the Swedish national curriculum for English at upper-secondary school level. (Thesis). Södertörn University College. Retrieved from http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-694

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

O'Neill, Ciarán. “Teaching Standards or Standard Teaching? : An analysis of the Swedish national curriculum for English at upper-secondary school level.” 2006. Thesis, Södertörn University College. Accessed February 19, 2020. http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-694.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

O'Neill, Ciarán. “Teaching Standards or Standard Teaching? : An analysis of the Swedish national curriculum for English at upper-secondary school level.” 2006. Web. 19 Feb 2020.

Vancouver:

O'Neill C. Teaching Standards or Standard Teaching? : An analysis of the Swedish national curriculum for English at upper-secondary school level. [Internet] [Thesis]. Södertörn University College; 2006. [cited 2020 Feb 19]. Available from: http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-694.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

O'Neill C. Teaching Standards or Standard Teaching? : An analysis of the Swedish national curriculum for English at upper-secondary school level. [Thesis]. Södertörn University College; 2006. Available from: http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-694

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation


Brigham Young University

2. Judd, Syringa Joanah. Perceptions of Malaysian English Teachers Regarding the Importation of Expatriate Native and Nonnative English-speaking Teachers.

Degree: MA, 2019, Brigham Young University

This study explored the impact of the importation of expatriate English teachers on the morale of the Malaysian English teachers and attempted to identify the perceptions of Malaysian English teachers, expatriate native English-speaking teachers (NESTs), and expatriate nonnative English-speaking teachers (nonNESTs) regarding the practices that are prevalent in Malaysia in areas such as hiring, remuneration, and benefits. An initial questionnaire was completed by the participants to ensure that they fit the target demographic profiled. Then, a semi-structured interview was conducted as a follow-up to the participants' open-ended responses in the second part of the questionnaire. Completed questionnaires were gathered from ten participants, and two semi-structured interviews were conducted with an expatriate NEST and a Malaysian nonNEST respectively. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze responses to the seven-point Likert-scale statements. In addition, this study took a qualitative approach in analyzing the core themes of the responses in the semi-structured interview and the questionnaire. Examining individual survey items and interviews revealed that there is a large discrepancy in wages between NESTs and nonNESTs in Malaysia, and this contributes to the unhappiness and low morale of Malaysian English teachers. In addition, the presence of expatriate NESTs causes Malaysian nonNESTs to have low self-esteem as they compare themselves to their native counterparts. This study also revealed that participants felt that the importation of expatriate NESTs had no significant impact on improving the language proficiency of students. Owing to the perceived failure to deliver desired results, the majority of the participants agreed that hiring qualified and experienced English teachers (not on the basis of one's race or first language) is paramount in improving the language proficiency of Malaysian students. The analysis of the data collected resulted in recommendations for a more in-depth study of the impact of the importation of expatriate NESTs/nonNESTs to the morale of Malaysian nonNESTs and the improvement of the language proficiency of Malaysian students. Also, the contributing factors for the decline of the English proficiency of Malaysian students should be thoroughly evaluated so as to affect change.

Subjects/Keywords: Expatriate; native teachers; nonnative teachers; self-ascription; inner-circle; outer circle; expanding circle; L1: first language; L2: second language; TESOL: teaching English to speakers of other languages; ELT: English language teaching; NESTs: native English-speaking teachers; nonNESTs: nonnative English-speaking teachers; MOE: Ministry of Education in Malaysia.; Education

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Judd, S. J. (2019). Perceptions of Malaysian English Teachers Regarding the Importation of Expatriate Native and Nonnative English-speaking Teachers. (Masters Thesis). Brigham Young University. Retrieved from https://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=8502&context=etd

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Judd, Syringa Joanah. “Perceptions of Malaysian English Teachers Regarding the Importation of Expatriate Native and Nonnative English-speaking Teachers.” 2019. Masters Thesis, Brigham Young University. Accessed February 19, 2020. https://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=8502&context=etd.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Judd, Syringa Joanah. “Perceptions of Malaysian English Teachers Regarding the Importation of Expatriate Native and Nonnative English-speaking Teachers.” 2019. Web. 19 Feb 2020.

Vancouver:

Judd SJ. Perceptions of Malaysian English Teachers Regarding the Importation of Expatriate Native and Nonnative English-speaking Teachers. [Internet] [Masters thesis]. Brigham Young University; 2019. [cited 2020 Feb 19]. Available from: https://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=8502&context=etd.

Council of Science Editors:

Judd SJ. Perceptions of Malaysian English Teachers Regarding the Importation of Expatriate Native and Nonnative English-speaking Teachers. [Masters Thesis]. Brigham Young University; 2019. Available from: https://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=8502&context=etd

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