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You searched for subject:(human remains odor). Showing records 1 – 2 of 2 total matches.

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Florida International University

1. Caraballo, Norma Iris. Identification of Characteristic Volatile Organic Compounds Released during the Decomposition Process of Human Remains and Analogues.

Degree: PhD, Chemistry, 2014, Florida International University

The manner in which remains decompose has been and is currently being researched around the world, yet little is still known about the generated scent of death. In fact, it was not until the Casey Anthony trial that research on the odor released from decomposing remains, and the compounds that it is comprised of, was brought to light. The Anthony trial marked the first admission of human decomposition odor as forensic evidence into the court of law; however, it was not “ready for prime time” as the scientific research on the scent of death is still in its infancy. This research employed the use of solid-phase microextraction (SPME) with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) to identify the volatile organic compounds (VOCs) released from decomposing remains and to assess the impact that different environmental conditions had on the scent of death. Using human cadaver analogues, it was discovered that the environment in which the remains were exposed to dramatically affected the odors released by either modifying the compounds that it was comprised of or by enhancing/hindering the amount that was liberated. In addition, the VOCs released during the different stages of the decomposition process for both human remains and analogues were evaluated. Statistical analysis showed correlations between the stage of decay and the VOCs generated, such that each phase of decomposition was distinguishable based upon the type and abundance of compounds that comprised the odor. This study has provided new insight into the scent of death and the factors that can dramatically affect it, specifically, frozen, aquatic, and soil environments. Moreover, the results revealed that different stages of decomposition were distinguishable based upon the type and total mass of each compound present. Thus, based upon these findings, it is suggested that the training aids that are employed for human remains detection (HRD) canines should 1) be characteristic of remains that have undergone decomposition in different environmental settings, and 2) represent each stage of decay, to ensure that the HRD canines have been trained to the various odors that they are likely to encounter in an operational situation. Advisors/Committee Members: Kenneth G. Furton, José Almirall, David Becker, Yong Cai, DeEtta Mills.

Subjects/Keywords: decomposition odor; human remains; scent of death; human remains detection canines; cadaver dogs; human cadavers; forensics; Analytical Chemistry; Chemistry; Forensic Science and Technology

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Caraballo, N. I. (2014). Identification of Characteristic Volatile Organic Compounds Released during the Decomposition Process of Human Remains and Analogues. (Doctoral Dissertation). Florida International University. Retrieved from https://digitalcommons.fiu.edu/etd/1391 ; 10.25148/etd.FI14040888 ; FI14040888

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Caraballo, Norma Iris. “Identification of Characteristic Volatile Organic Compounds Released during the Decomposition Process of Human Remains and Analogues.” 2014. Doctoral Dissertation, Florida International University. Accessed August 15, 2020. https://digitalcommons.fiu.edu/etd/1391 ; 10.25148/etd.FI14040888 ; FI14040888.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Caraballo, Norma Iris. “Identification of Characteristic Volatile Organic Compounds Released during the Decomposition Process of Human Remains and Analogues.” 2014. Web. 15 Aug 2020.

Vancouver:

Caraballo NI. Identification of Characteristic Volatile Organic Compounds Released during the Decomposition Process of Human Remains and Analogues. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Florida International University; 2014. [cited 2020 Aug 15]. Available from: https://digitalcommons.fiu.edu/etd/1391 ; 10.25148/etd.FI14040888 ; FI14040888.

Council of Science Editors:

Caraballo NI. Identification of Characteristic Volatile Organic Compounds Released during the Decomposition Process of Human Remains and Analogues. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Florida International University; 2014. Available from: https://digitalcommons.fiu.edu/etd/1391 ; 10.25148/etd.FI14040888 ; FI14040888


Florida International University

2. DeGreeff, Lauryn E. Development of a Dynamic Headspace Concentration Technique for the Non-Contact Sampling of Human Odor Samples and the Creation of Canine Training Aids.

Degree: Chemistry, 2010, Florida International University

Human scent and human remains detection canines are used to locate living or deceased humans under many circumstances. Human scent canines locate individual humans on the basis of their unique scent profile, while human remains detection canines locate the general scent of decomposing human remains. Scent evidence is often collected by law enforcement agencies using a Scent Transfer Unit, a dynamic headspace concentration device. The goals of this research were to evaluate the STU-100 for the collection of human scent samples, and to apply this method to the collection of living and deceased human samples, and to the creation of canine training aids. The airflow rate and collection material used with the STU-100 were evaluated using a novel scent delivery method. Controlled Odor Mimic Permeation Systems were created containing representative standard compounds delivered at known rates, improving the reproducibility of optimization experiments. Flow rates and collection materials were compared. Higher air flow rates usually yielded significantly less total volatile compounds due to compound breakthrough through the collection material. Collection from polymer and cellulose-based materials demonstrated that the molecular backbone of the material is a factor in the trapping and releasing of compounds. The weave of the material also affects compound collection, as those materials with a tighter weave demonstrated enhanced collection efficiencies. Using the optimized method, volatiles were efficiently collected from living and deceased humans. Replicates of the living human samples showed good reproducibility; however, the odor profiles from individuals were not always distinguishable from one another. Analysis of the human remains samples revealed similarity in the type and ratio of compounds. Two types of prototype training aids were developed utilizing combinations of pure compounds as well as volatiles from actual human samples concentrated onto sorbents, which were subsequently used in field tests. The pseudo scent aids had moderate success in field tests, and the Odor pad aids had significant success. This research demonstrates that the STU-100 is a valuable tool for dog handlers and as a field instrument; however, modifications are warranted in order to improve its performance as a method for instrumental detection. Advisors/Committee Members: Kenneth Furton, Yong Cai, Stephan Rose, DeEtta Mills, David Chatfield.

Subjects/Keywords: human scent; human remains odor; scent collection; human odor; training aids; detector canines; human remains canines; Other Chemistry

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

DeGreeff, L. E. (2010). Development of a Dynamic Headspace Concentration Technique for the Non-Contact Sampling of Human Odor Samples and the Creation of Canine Training Aids. (Thesis). Florida International University. Retrieved from https://digitalcommons.fiu.edu/etd/291 ; 10.25148/etd.FI10120312 ; FI10120312

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

DeGreeff, Lauryn E. “Development of a Dynamic Headspace Concentration Technique for the Non-Contact Sampling of Human Odor Samples and the Creation of Canine Training Aids.” 2010. Thesis, Florida International University. Accessed August 15, 2020. https://digitalcommons.fiu.edu/etd/291 ; 10.25148/etd.FI10120312 ; FI10120312.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

DeGreeff, Lauryn E. “Development of a Dynamic Headspace Concentration Technique for the Non-Contact Sampling of Human Odor Samples and the Creation of Canine Training Aids.” 2010. Web. 15 Aug 2020.

Vancouver:

DeGreeff LE. Development of a Dynamic Headspace Concentration Technique for the Non-Contact Sampling of Human Odor Samples and the Creation of Canine Training Aids. [Internet] [Thesis]. Florida International University; 2010. [cited 2020 Aug 15]. Available from: https://digitalcommons.fiu.edu/etd/291 ; 10.25148/etd.FI10120312 ; FI10120312.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

DeGreeff LE. Development of a Dynamic Headspace Concentration Technique for the Non-Contact Sampling of Human Odor Samples and the Creation of Canine Training Aids. [Thesis]. Florida International University; 2010. Available from: https://digitalcommons.fiu.edu/etd/291 ; 10.25148/etd.FI10120312 ; FI10120312

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

.