Michigan Technological University
Heterologous Expression and Purification of Full-Length Human Polybromo-1 Protein.
Degree: PhD, Department of Chemistry, 2017, Michigan Technological University
Over the past decade, it has become apparent that the human polybromo-1 protein (BAF180) has a critical role in cancer. BAF180 is known to be a driver mutation in clear cell renal cell carcinoma, where it has been found to be mutated in approximately 40% of cases. Mutations have also been found in several other cancers, including intrahepatic cholangiocarcinomas and epithelioid sarcomas. BAF180 is the chromatin targeting subunit of the PBAF (Polybromo-associated BRG1-associated factor) chromatin remodeling complex, a role facilitated by its nine domains: six bromodomains, which recognize and bind to acetylated lysines on histones; two BAH (bromo-adjacent homology) domains, found to be critical for PCNA ubiquitination following DNA damage; and one HMG (high mobility group) box, the DNA binding component. Furthermore, proper expression of BAF180 has also been linked to cardiac development and cell cycle regulation.
Despite these associations, the molecular level interactions of full-length BAF180 have yet to be studied; only the phenomenological effects of BAF180 deficiency/mutation have been studied. It is crucial that we understand the binding dynamics and specificities of wild type and mutated BAF180, since it is the recognition component of PBAF.
Expression of the recombinant full-length BAF180 protein has been difficult because of the complex nature of this protein, its unusual codon usage, and size. After E. coli
expression failed, other expression systems were investigated and the yeast Pichia pastoris
was chosen. Pichia
was chosen for several reasons: its codon usage is similar to that of BAF180 and it is a eukaryotic system possessing eukaryotic protein folding machinery and capable of performing post-translational modifications. Under control of the GAP
promoter, full-length BAF180 has been successfully expressed in Pichia pastoris
. This is the first time that full-length BAF180 has been cloned and expressed in a heterologous host. It was purified using anion exchange chromatography.
The ability to express and purify full-length BAF180 is a huge first step towards increasing the understanding of the molecular mechanisms of this protein and its association with cancer development.
Advisors/Committee Members: Martin Thompson.
Subjects/Keywords: recombinant protein expression and purification; human polybromo-1; BAF180; PBRM1; hPB1; Pichia pastoris; Biochemistry; Molecular Biology
to Zotero / EndNote / Reference
APA (6th Edition):
Hopson, S. (2017). Heterologous Expression and Purification of Full-Length Human Polybromo-1 Protein. (Doctoral Dissertation). Michigan Technological University. Retrieved from https://digitalcommons.mtu.edu/etdr/436
Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):
Hopson, Sarah. “Heterologous Expression and Purification of Full-Length Human Polybromo-1 Protein.” 2017. Doctoral Dissertation, Michigan Technological University. Accessed February 28, 2021.
MLA Handbook (7th Edition):
Hopson, Sarah. “Heterologous Expression and Purification of Full-Length Human Polybromo-1 Protein.” 2017. Web. 28 Feb 2021.
Hopson S. Heterologous Expression and Purification of Full-Length Human Polybromo-1 Protein. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Michigan Technological University; 2017. [cited 2021 Feb 28].
Available from: https://digitalcommons.mtu.edu/etdr/436.
Council of Science Editors:
Hopson S. Heterologous Expression and Purification of Full-Length Human Polybromo-1 Protein. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Michigan Technological University; 2017. Available from: https://digitalcommons.mtu.edu/etdr/436