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You searched for subject:(hollow tile). Showing records 1 – 2 of 2 total matches.

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University of Southern California

1. Cimmarusti, Loretta Ann Kathryn. Maintaining historic integrity and solving a rehabilitation dilemma: the history of hollow clay tile and an argument for its preservation.

Degree: Master of Historic Preservation, Historic Preservation, 2012, University of Southern California

This thesis is intended to be a collection of history, development, modern problems, and solutions for the historic building material known as hollow clay tile (HCT). HCT became commonplace in the United States after 1900, used in a number of different building applications.1 Following the Chicago fire of 1871, there was a demand for a fireproofing material to protect the iron and steel framing systems of tall buildings. Terra cotta manufacturers responded by producing a hollow block that could be wrapped around iron and steel members to protect them from fire. This usage of the material eventually developed into a fireproofing floor system, then evolved even further into structural load bearing and partition wall systems. ❧ HCT reached its peak of popularity on the west coast between the 1920s and 1940s, and the material was used throughout Southern California, especially in areas with a large concentration of tall buildings, like downtown Los Angeles. However, the material began to fall out of popularity after it failed structurally in a series of earthquakes. Earthquakes such as Santa Barbara (1925) and Long Beach (1933), both of which caused major destruction of unreinforced masonry buildings, brought about serious changes in building codes throughout the west coast. In addition, by the 1920s, the invention of newer, more cost effective and easily manufactured building materials, such as Gypsum block and fiber-board, also had a negative effect. ❧ Today HCT poses a dilemma for many preservationists, architects, engineers, and developers, especially on the west coast. HCT can be a life/safety issue, especially if the material is located in exit corridors or escape routes. However, conservation of the material can be crucial to the preservation integrity of the structure because it is often a major part of the historic fabric of the building. Through case study analysis of examples from the Southern California region, solutions for the HCT rehabilitation will be explored. Advisors/Committee Members: Sandmeier, Trudi (Committee Chair), Lesak, John (Committee Member), Green, Melvyn (Committee Member).

Subjects/Keywords: HCT; hollow; tile; clay tile; hollow tile; preservation

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Cimmarusti, L. A. K. (2012). Maintaining historic integrity and solving a rehabilitation dilemma: the history of hollow clay tile and an argument for its preservation. (Masters Thesis). University of Southern California. Retrieved from http://digitallibrary.usc.edu/cdm/compoundobject/collection/p15799coll3/id/104591/rec/3906

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Cimmarusti, Loretta Ann Kathryn. “Maintaining historic integrity and solving a rehabilitation dilemma: the history of hollow clay tile and an argument for its preservation.” 2012. Masters Thesis, University of Southern California. Accessed January 19, 2020. http://digitallibrary.usc.edu/cdm/compoundobject/collection/p15799coll3/id/104591/rec/3906.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Cimmarusti, Loretta Ann Kathryn. “Maintaining historic integrity and solving a rehabilitation dilemma: the history of hollow clay tile and an argument for its preservation.” 2012. Web. 19 Jan 2020.

Vancouver:

Cimmarusti LAK. Maintaining historic integrity and solving a rehabilitation dilemma: the history of hollow clay tile and an argument for its preservation. [Internet] [Masters thesis]. University of Southern California; 2012. [cited 2020 Jan 19]. Available from: http://digitallibrary.usc.edu/cdm/compoundobject/collection/p15799coll3/id/104591/rec/3906.

Council of Science Editors:

Cimmarusti LAK. Maintaining historic integrity and solving a rehabilitation dilemma: the history of hollow clay tile and an argument for its preservation. [Masters Thesis]. University of Southern California; 2012. Available from: http://digitallibrary.usc.edu/cdm/compoundobject/collection/p15799coll3/id/104591/rec/3906


California State University – Sacramento

2. Miller, Heather Leslie. Hidden in plain sight: a historic context and survey of hollow clay tile residences in Sacramento.

Degree: MA, History (Public History, 2015, California State University – Sacramento

Most hollow clay tile residential buildings have stucco or brick veneer, rendering them undiscernible from frame construction. Most of these buildings can only be located through Sanborn Maps, and recording the surviving residences will aid the City Planning Department in future development that may involve these properties. Primary and secondary sources consulted include: books, journal articles, advertisements, promotional handbooks, thesis project, U.S. Census records, maps, County of Sacramento Assessor records, City of Sacramento online Record Library, National Park Service online National Register Bulletins, Sacramento Bee and Sacramento Union newspaper articles, Sacramento City and County Directories, and Sanborn Fire Insurance Maps. Local resource repositories visited include the Sacramento Room of the Sacramento City Library, the California Room of the California State Library, and the Center for Sacramento History. Documenting the remaining hollow clay tile residences can help preserve this unique building type that is a reflection of Sacramento???s manufacturing past. Advisors/Committee Members: Simpson, Lee M. A..

Subjects/Keywords: Hollow clay tile; Sacramento history; Sacramento historic resources

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Miller, H. L. (2015). Hidden in plain sight: a historic context and survey of hollow clay tile residences in Sacramento. (Masters Thesis). California State University – Sacramento. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10211.3/139782

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Miller, Heather Leslie. “Hidden in plain sight: a historic context and survey of hollow clay tile residences in Sacramento.” 2015. Masters Thesis, California State University – Sacramento. Accessed January 19, 2020. http://hdl.handle.net/10211.3/139782.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Miller, Heather Leslie. “Hidden in plain sight: a historic context and survey of hollow clay tile residences in Sacramento.” 2015. Web. 19 Jan 2020.

Vancouver:

Miller HL. Hidden in plain sight: a historic context and survey of hollow clay tile residences in Sacramento. [Internet] [Masters thesis]. California State University – Sacramento; 2015. [cited 2020 Jan 19]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10211.3/139782.

Council of Science Editors:

Miller HL. Hidden in plain sight: a historic context and survey of hollow clay tile residences in Sacramento. [Masters Thesis]. California State University – Sacramento; 2015. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10211.3/139782

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