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University of Illinois – Urbana-Champaign

1. Graham, Elizabeth E. Host plant relationships and chemical communication in the cerambycidae.

Degree: PhD, 0324, 2010, University of Illinois – Urbana-Champaign

The beetle family Cerambycidae is one of the largest groups of insects. Commonly referred to as longhorned beetles, the larvae of cerambycids usually feed on the tissues of woody plants and can be important insect pests, damaging and even killing trees in managed and natural landscapes. In this dissertation, I revise a historical database on associations between the adult beetles and the plant species whose flowers they visited, and determine that beetles were commonly found on plants in the Asteraceae. However, the umbellifer Pastinaca sativa L. and the rose Aruncus dioicus (Walter) Fernald var. vulgaris (Maxim) were visited by the greatest number of beetle species. I conducted an experiment to explore the relationship between environmental stress of woody host plants and susceptibility to attack by cerambycid beetles, and found that the number of beetles completing development was positively associated with growth rate of the larval host tree. I also studied cross-attraction between beetles of different species and discovered that live male beetles in traps produced an aggregation pheromone that attracted adults of both sexes of a different cerambycid species. Finally, I conducted a field study that showed that the efficiency with which pheromone traps captured cerambycid beetles was greatly improved by treating trap surfaces with the polymer Fluon??. This information can be applied to improve methods for determining the geographic distribution and local abundance of species. Advisors/Committee Members: Hanks, Lawrence M. (advisor), Hanks, Lawrence M. (Committee Chair), Berenbaum, May R. (committee member), Suarez, Andrew V. (committee member), Ginzel, Matthew D. (committee member), Alleyne, Marianne (committee member).

Subjects/Keywords: Cerambycidae; chemical ecology; pheromones; cross-attraction; fluon

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Graham, E. E. (2010). Host plant relationships and chemical communication in the cerambycidae. (Doctoral Dissertation). University of Illinois – Urbana-Champaign. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/2142/16082

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Graham, Elizabeth E. “Host plant relationships and chemical communication in the cerambycidae.” 2010. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Illinois – Urbana-Champaign. Accessed March 28, 2020. http://hdl.handle.net/2142/16082.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Graham, Elizabeth E. “Host plant relationships and chemical communication in the cerambycidae.” 2010. Web. 28 Mar 2020.

Vancouver:

Graham EE. Host plant relationships and chemical communication in the cerambycidae. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Illinois – Urbana-Champaign; 2010. [cited 2020 Mar 28]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2142/16082.

Council of Science Editors:

Graham EE. Host plant relationships and chemical communication in the cerambycidae. [Doctoral Dissertation]. University of Illinois – Urbana-Champaign; 2010. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2142/16082

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