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Utah State University

1. Scott, Marcus W. A Series of Papers on Detecting Examinees who Used a Flawed Answer Key.

Degree: PhD, Mathematics and Statistics, 2018, Utah State University

One way that examinees can gain an unfair advantage on a test is by having prior access to the test questions and their answers, known as preknowledge. Determining which examinees had preknowledge can be a difficult task. Sometimes, the compromised test content that examinees use to get preknowledge has mistakes in the answer key. Examinees who had preknowledge can be identified by determining whether they used this flawed answer key. This research consisted of three papers aimed at helping testing programs detect examinees who used a flawed answer key. The first paper developed three methods for detecting examinees who used a flawed answer key. These methods were applied to a real data set with a flawed answer key for which 37 of the 65 answers were incorrect. One requirement for these three methods was that the flawed answer key had to be known. The second paper studied the problem of estimating an unknown flawed answer key. Four methods of estimating the unknown flawed key were developed and applied to real and simulated data. Two of the methods had promising results. The methods of estimating an unknown flawed answer key required comparing examinees’ response patterns, which was a time-consuming process. In the third paper, OpenMP and OpenACC were used to parallelize this process, which allowed for larger data sets to be analyzed in less time. Advisors/Committee Members: Joseph V. Koebbe, ;.

Subjects/Keywords: series; papers; detecting; examinees; flawed; answer key; Mathematics

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Scott, M. W. (2018). A Series of Papers on Detecting Examinees who Used a Flawed Answer Key. (Doctoral Dissertation). Utah State University. Retrieved from https://digitalcommons.usu.edu/etd/6923

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Scott, Marcus W. “A Series of Papers on Detecting Examinees who Used a Flawed Answer Key.” 2018. Doctoral Dissertation, Utah State University. Accessed January 17, 2020. https://digitalcommons.usu.edu/etd/6923.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Scott, Marcus W. “A Series of Papers on Detecting Examinees who Used a Flawed Answer Key.” 2018. Web. 17 Jan 2020.

Vancouver:

Scott MW. A Series of Papers on Detecting Examinees who Used a Flawed Answer Key. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Utah State University; 2018. [cited 2020 Jan 17]. Available from: https://digitalcommons.usu.edu/etd/6923.

Council of Science Editors:

Scott MW. A Series of Papers on Detecting Examinees who Used a Flawed Answer Key. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Utah State University; 2018. Available from: https://digitalcommons.usu.edu/etd/6923

2. Steele, Margaret. Health As Embodied Authenticity.

Degree: 2015, Marquette University

This dissertation offers a phenomenological and existential account of health. It considers the model of health that is dominant in the contemporary USA. Using the example of fatness, this dissertation argues that the dominant model of health is deeply flawed, because of its largely unexamined commitment to naturalism and positivism (in the Husserlian senses of these terms). It concludes that purported alternatives to the dominant model, such as the Foucault-influenced constructivist approach to health, fail to respond adequately to the problems posed by naturalism and positivism. Instead, this dissertation proposes a model of health as embodied authenticity. This model is developed on the basis of Edmund Husserl's account of embodiment and Simone de Beauvoir's account of action. The central tenet of this model is that health is the embodied aspect of authentic action. That is, health is a feature not of bodies but of actions. A person is acting healthily  – and thus, can be said to `be healthy'  – to the extent that she or he is engaged in physical action in pursuit of goals which are themselves conducive to the freedom of the agent her or himself and to the freedom of other persons. The goals themselves and the likelihood of the actions to be conducive to these goals must be capable of standing up to intersubjective critique in order for the person's action to be authentic and thus healthy. This model of health is then applied to the case of fatness, in order to show that it squares better with lived experience than the previously available models of health. This dissertation concludes with a discussion of freedom as central to health. Advisors/Committee Members: Monahan, Michael, Luft, Sebastian, Tobin, Theresa.

Subjects/Keywords: This dissertation offers a phenomenological and existential account of health. It considers the model of health that is dominant in the contemporary USA. Using the example of fatness; this dissertation argues that the dominant model of health is deeply flawed; because of its largely unexamined commitment to naturalism and positivism (in the Husserlian senses of these terms). It concludes that purported alternatives to the dominant model; such as the Foucault-influenced constructivist approach to health; fail to respond adequately to the problems posed by naturalism and positivism. Instead; this dissertation proposes a model of health as embodied authenticity. This model is developed on the basis of Edmund Husserl's account of embodiment and Simone de Beauvoir's account of action. The central tenet of this model is that health is the embodied aspect of authentic action. That is; health is a feature not of bodies but of actions. A person is acting healthily  – and thus; can be said to `be healthy'  – to the extent that she or he is engaged in physical action in pursuit of goals which are themselves conducive to the freedom of the agent her or himself and to the freedom of other persons. The goals themselves and the likelihood of the actions to be conducive to these goals must be capable of standing up to intersubjective critique in order for the person's action to be authentic and thus healthy. This model of health is then applied to the case of fatness; in order to show that it squares better with lived experience than the previously available models of health. This dissertation concludes with a discussion of freedom as central to health; Philosophy

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Steele, M. (2015). Health As Embodied Authenticity. (Thesis). Marquette University. Retrieved from https://epublications.marquette.edu/dissertations_mu/517

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Steele, Margaret. “Health As Embodied Authenticity.” 2015. Thesis, Marquette University. Accessed January 17, 2020. https://epublications.marquette.edu/dissertations_mu/517.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Steele, Margaret. “Health As Embodied Authenticity.” 2015. Web. 17 Jan 2020.

Vancouver:

Steele M. Health As Embodied Authenticity. [Internet] [Thesis]. Marquette University; 2015. [cited 2020 Jan 17]. Available from: https://epublications.marquette.edu/dissertations_mu/517.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Steele M. Health As Embodied Authenticity. [Thesis]. Marquette University; 2015. Available from: https://epublications.marquette.edu/dissertations_mu/517

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

3. Tay, Noel Nuo Wi. Human-centric Semantic Reasoning and Optimization for Smart Home : スマートホームのための人間中心セマンティック推論と最適化.

Degree: 博士(工学), 2017, Tokyo Metropolitan University / 首都大学東京

首都大学東京, 2017-03-25, 博士(工学)

Subjects/Keywords: Smart home consists of various kinds of Internet of Tings (IoT) devices connected to the private house that cooperatively provide inhabitants (users) with proactive services related to comfort; security and safety. Examples of services include 1) manipulation of lighting and temperature based on time and context; 2) reminder service of user’s schedules by using the nearest output device; and 3) device organization to realize surveillance system. However; current smart homes are developed mostly from the viewpoint of technical capabilities; where users have to decide how the connected devices are going to serve them. They may have to setup the devices based on the available functionalities and specifications of the devices; and also have to alter their living styles according to the role of each device. Besides; most devices can only provide simple services independently. Œus; cooperation among the devices is important. On the other hand; human-centric approach; which centered on humans’ need to enhance their living experience; is an important technological paradigm where services are provided anywhere and anytime based on situation. Smart home abiding this approach should cooperatively maximize fulfillment of quality of life (QOL) for individual users subject to personal constraints. In this respect; the devices are bound to enable communication of information; and their operations are coordinated to deliver services cooperatively via a sequence of device actions called a plan. Due to personalization and automation; a number of problems have to be solved. First; a means of automatic binding between loosely coupled devices depending on services delivered have to be devised; as manual setup is impractical. Secondly; coordination of devices needs to generate complex plans; without requiring manual specification of sub-plans. Besides; issue of over-constrained goals during service provisions that arises from flawed or contradicting specification from multiple users should be considered. Apart from that; low training data in general environment setting for individual identification should be addressed. The aim of this research is to establish an integrated system for the human-centric smart home (HcSH) that provides personalized service through loosely coupled devices automatically. This research modularizes the overall system into three modules; which are human identification (HIM); automated planner (APM); and semantic reasoner (SRM). HIM helps select the appropriate QOL; SRM binds the devices by associating them with planning components; which are then used by APM to generate plans for device coordination to maximize QOL fulfillment. Chapter 1 gives the introduction and design motivation. Chapter 2 presents the related works and literature reviews; as well as justifications relevant to this thesis. Chapter 3 deals with HIM; which is realized via face identification. For face identification; problems faced are heavy computational load and insufficient learning data. The solution is to use transfer learning to handle data issue while being able to build generalized face model. For face model refinement; active learning is implemented. Experimental results show the method is competitive in terms of accuracy and computational cost compared to current state of the art. Chapter 4 presents APM; where planning via solving Constraint Satisfaction Problem (CSP) is laid out. CSP in planning is declarative without requiring prior specification of sub-plans; and can handle variables of larger domains. Due to the high possibility of having over-constrained QOL as in practical cases; CSP planner cannot fulfill all of them. An example is a contradicting TV channel request from 2 persons. Optimization through weighted CSP is therefore used to maximize QOL fulfillment. Experiments on weighted CSP shows that the method is capable of performing optimization while generating complex plans. Chapter 5 is on SRM; where knowledge representation is constructed by Web Ontology Language (OWL) description logic. It models knowledge on home and building layout and device functionalities. OWL is used because it is decidable and that it is endorsed by World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). We deal with case studies based on further inference on building state as an important example to discuss the applicability of the proposed method; and demonstrate the use of building ontology. This is followed by automated device binding and the method to generate basic planning components of rules in automated planning. Finally; an extension to robot complex planning is provided to demonstrate how it can be easily extended. Chapter 6 demonstrates the applicability of the HcSH; which integrates all three modules through its implementation in a prototype smart home with 5 rooms; which houses 2 persons. Various tests are performed to show the generated plans are near optimal without redundancy. Œe system is also shown to be scalable given increasing amount of devices. Case studies show that the system can perform well even under short time threshold. Finally; chapter 7 summarizes the thesis. Future vision of the work is also laid out; which is to implement it as a community-centric system.

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Tay, N. N. W. (2017). Human-centric Semantic Reasoning and Optimization for Smart Home : スマートホームのための人間中心セマンティック推論と最適化. (Thesis). Tokyo Metropolitan University / 首都大学東京. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10748/00009960

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Tay, Noel Nuo Wi. “Human-centric Semantic Reasoning and Optimization for Smart Home : スマートホームのための人間中心セマンティック推論と最適化.” 2017. Thesis, Tokyo Metropolitan University / 首都大学東京. Accessed January 17, 2020. http://hdl.handle.net/10748/00009960.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Tay, Noel Nuo Wi. “Human-centric Semantic Reasoning and Optimization for Smart Home : スマートホームのための人間中心セマンティック推論と最適化.” 2017. Web. 17 Jan 2020.

Vancouver:

Tay NNW. Human-centric Semantic Reasoning and Optimization for Smart Home : スマートホームのための人間中心セマンティック推論と最適化. [Internet] [Thesis]. Tokyo Metropolitan University / 首都大学東京; 2017. [cited 2020 Jan 17]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10748/00009960.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Tay NNW. Human-centric Semantic Reasoning and Optimization for Smart Home : スマートホームのための人間中心セマンティック推論と最適化. [Thesis]. Tokyo Metropolitan University / 首都大学東京; 2017. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10748/00009960

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

.