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1. Strašek, Špela. Fiskalno pravilo in javnofinančna stabilnost.

Degree: 2019, Univerza v Mariboru

V zadnjem desetletju je zaznati rastoči interes med teoretiki in praktiki o problemu finančne stabilnosti in fiskalnih pravil. Globalna finančna kriza in evrska kriza sta razkrili ranljivost in krhkost javnih financ in nediscipline fiskalne politike. V magistrski nalogi smo se osredotočili na vlogo fiskalnih pravil pri doseganju fiskalne stabilnosti. V prvem delu magistrske naloge smo proučevali funkcije, značilnosti in različne oblike fiskalnih pravil. V drugem delu pa smo po proučitvi trendov v svetu in Evropski uniji razpravljali o vnosu fiskalnega pravila v Ustavo Republike Slovenije ter o sprejemu Zakona o fiskalnem pravilu. Ugotovili smo, da so fiskalna pravila zagotovila bolj zdrave javne finance. Proračunski primanjkljaj v evroobmočju je padel od 6% v bruto domačem proizvodu v letu 2010, na pod 1% v 2018, dosti nižje kot ZDA/Japonska. Prihodnost fiskalnega upravljanja v Evropski uniji vidimo v iskanju pravega ravnotežja med Evropsko unijo in nacionalnimi nivoji, in med pravili, institucijami ter tržno disciplino. V pogledu vloge fiskalnega sveta pa menimo, da je potrebno doseči večje zaveze in uvesti eventualne sankcije za vlade, ki pravil ne spoštujejo, sicer bodo fiskalni sveti samo papirnati tiger.

In the last decade there is a growing interest among theorists and practioners for the issue of financial stability and fiscal rules. Global financial crisis and euro crisis have revealed the sensibility and fragility of public finances and indiscipline in fiscal policy. In the master thesis we concentrate on the role of fiscal rules in achieving fiscal stability. In the first part of the thesis we elaborate the function, characteristics and different types of fiscal rules. In the second part after examining trends in the world and in the European union we analyze the integration of fiscal rule in the Constitution of the Republic of Slovenia and the adoption of an implementing act-the Fiscal Rules Act. We find that the rules have ensured sound fiscal positions. Budget deficit in the euro area fell from over 6% of gross domestic product in 2010 to below 1% in 2018, much lower than USA/Japan. The future of European union fiscal governance lies in searching for the right balance between European union and national levels, and between rules, institutions and market discipline. From the viewpoint of fiscal board we believe that there is an urgent need to achieve more responsibility and eventual sanctions for the governments, which do not respect fiscal rules, otherwise the fiscal council will remain a paper tiger.

Advisors/Committee Members: Škof, Bojan.

Subjects/Keywords: fiskalno pravilo; fiskalni svet; fiskalni deficit; stabilnost javnih financ; strukturni saldo; Zakon o fiskalnem pravilu; fiscal rule; fiscal board; fiscal deficit; stability of public finance; structural balance; Fiscal rule act

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APA (6th Edition):

Strašek, . (2019). Fiskalno pravilo in javnofinančna stabilnost. (Masters Thesis). Univerza v Mariboru. Retrieved from https://dk.um.si/IzpisGradiva.php?id=73384 ; https://dk.um.si/Dokument.php?id=133374&dn=

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Strašek, Špela. “Fiskalno pravilo in javnofinančna stabilnost.” 2019. Masters Thesis, Univerza v Mariboru. Accessed April 22, 2019. https://dk.um.si/IzpisGradiva.php?id=73384 ; https://dk.um.si/Dokument.php?id=133374&dn=.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Strašek, Špela. “Fiskalno pravilo in javnofinančna stabilnost.” 2019. Web. 22 Apr 2019.

Vancouver:

Strašek . Fiskalno pravilo in javnofinančna stabilnost. [Internet] [Masters thesis]. Univerza v Mariboru; 2019. [cited 2019 Apr 22]. Available from: https://dk.um.si/IzpisGradiva.php?id=73384 ; https://dk.um.si/Dokument.php?id=133374&dn=.

Council of Science Editors:

Strašek . Fiskalno pravilo in javnofinančna stabilnost. [Masters Thesis]. Univerza v Mariboru; 2019. Available from: https://dk.um.si/IzpisGradiva.php?id=73384 ; https://dk.um.si/Dokument.php?id=133374&dn=

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