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You searched for subject:(extrapersonal). Showing records 1 – 3 of 3 total matches.

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The Ohio State University

1. Han, Hyo-Jung Anna. MALLEABILITY OF ATTITUDES OR MALLEABILITY OF THE IMPLICIT ASSOCIATION TEST?.

Degree: PhD, Psychology, 2009, The Ohio State University

The present research sought to explore the inherent ambiguity characteristic of the Implicit Association Test (IAT) as a function of the vague response labels that are typically employed. The goals were three-fold: 1) demonstrate the malleability of the traditionally employed IAT as a function of ambiguous valence labels; 2) investigate the consequences of the malleability by reexamining prior research interpreting the malleability of the IAT as an evidence of attitude change when no such change seemed likely; and 3) explore how the ambiguity present in the evaluative labels may also impact the construal of the category labels (ambiguity in the category labels). Experiments 1 and 2 demonstrate the malleability of the IAT, as traditionally implemented. IAT scores are shown to be influenced by conversational norms and by perspective mindsets induced by an unrelated preceding task. Then, Experiments 3 and 4 illustrate how the malleability of the IAT can lead to the mistaken inference that attitude change has occurred even when there is very good reason to believe it has not. Experiments 5 and 6 demonstrate the ambiguity of the category labels (vis-à-vis) the ambiguous valence labels and how atypical stimulus exemplars can lead to redefinition of the category labels. Lastly, Experiment 7 illustrates the value of focused and unambiguous evaluative labels for deterring category redefinition. Together, the experiments suggest methodological improvements to enhance the validity of IAT measures. Advisors/Committee Members: Fazio, Russell H. (Advisor).

Subjects/Keywords: Psychobiology; IAT; Implicit Association Test; Extrapersonal Associations

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Han, H. A. (2009). MALLEABILITY OF ATTITUDES OR MALLEABILITY OF THE IMPLICIT ASSOCIATION TEST?. (Doctoral Dissertation). The Ohio State University. Retrieved from http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=osu1249076558

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Han, Hyo-Jung Anna. “MALLEABILITY OF ATTITUDES OR MALLEABILITY OF THE IMPLICIT ASSOCIATION TEST?.” 2009. Doctoral Dissertation, The Ohio State University. Accessed August 09, 2020. http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=osu1249076558.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Han, Hyo-Jung Anna. “MALLEABILITY OF ATTITUDES OR MALLEABILITY OF THE IMPLICIT ASSOCIATION TEST?.” 2009. Web. 09 Aug 2020.

Vancouver:

Han HA. MALLEABILITY OF ATTITUDES OR MALLEABILITY OF THE IMPLICIT ASSOCIATION TEST?. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. The Ohio State University; 2009. [cited 2020 Aug 09]. Available from: http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=osu1249076558.

Council of Science Editors:

Han HA. MALLEABILITY OF ATTITUDES OR MALLEABILITY OF THE IMPLICIT ASSOCIATION TEST?. [Doctoral Dissertation]. The Ohio State University; 2009. Available from: http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=osu1249076558


University of Melbourne

2. Robertson, Joanne S. Perceptual asymmetries in navigation.

Degree: 2012, University of Melbourne

Unilateral spatial neglect is a neuropsychological disorder characterised by a chronic asymmetry in attentional resources in favour of the right side of space. Neglect usually arises following damage to the right parietal lobe, and impacts upon patients’ capacity to effectively complete visuospatial tasks, such as navigation. Neurologically intact humans also exhibit asymmetries in their attentional resources, albeit to a lesser degree than neglect patients. These normal attentional asymmetries have historically been indexed on visuo-perceptual tasks, such as line bisection, but a small body of research has examined whether they also induce behavioural asymmetries on ecologically valid tasks, such as navigation. This research examined the nature and mechanisms of navigation biases in neurologically intact individuals, who steered vehicles through an extrapersonal aperture. Results confirmed the presence of a rightward navigation bias, though this was contingent upon the width of the aperture. Results also showed a clear tendency for participants to preferentially look toward the right side of an aperture during a navigation task. It is argued that asymmetries in navigation are primarily driven by a rightward attentional bias invoked by the extrapersonal nature of the aperture. An overestimation of the left side of personal (body) space, which extends to encompass vehicles, may also contribute to navigation biases, if participants deviate rightward to accommodate their “wider” left side. The existence of a rightward attentional bias for perceptual processing of extrapersonal space has wide-ranging implications, which include domains such as road safety and advertising.

Subjects/Keywords: laterality; navigation; unilateral neglect; pseudoneglect; perceptual asymmetries; line bisection; extrapersonal space; far space; spatial attention

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Robertson, J. S. (2012). Perceptual asymmetries in navigation. (Doctoral Dissertation). University of Melbourne. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/11343/38152

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Robertson, Joanne S. “Perceptual asymmetries in navigation.” 2012. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Melbourne. Accessed August 09, 2020. http://hdl.handle.net/11343/38152.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Robertson, Joanne S. “Perceptual asymmetries in navigation.” 2012. Web. 09 Aug 2020.

Vancouver:

Robertson JS. Perceptual asymmetries in navigation. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Melbourne; 2012. [cited 2020 Aug 09]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/11343/38152.

Council of Science Editors:

Robertson JS. Perceptual asymmetries in navigation. [Doctoral Dissertation]. University of Melbourne; 2012. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/11343/38152

3. Cacola, Priscila Martins. Modulating Peripersonal and Extrapersonal Reach Space: A Developmental Perspective.

Degree: 2012, Texas A&M University

The primary intent of this study was to gain insight into the developmental nature of spatial perception and representation. More specifically, the work presented here examined 1) the age-related ability to modulate peri- and extrapersonal space via hand and tool use, 2) the adjustment period associated with extending and retracting spaces, and 3) the effect of tool length on modulation of space. Seventy children representing age groups 7-, 9-, 11 years and adults were presented with two experiments using an estimation of reach paradigm involving hand and tool conditions and a switch-block of the opposite condition. Experiment 1 tested Hand and Tool (20cm length) estimation and found a significant effect for Age, Space, and an Age x Space interaction (ps <.05). Both children and adults were less accurate in extrapersonal space, indicating an overestimation bias. Interestingly, the adjustment period during the switch-block condition was immediate and similar across age. Experiment 2 was similar to Experiment 1 with the exception of using a 40cm length tool. Results of 55 participants also revealed a difference in estimation responses between Age groups (p <.05); 7- and 9-year-olds were similar and less accurate than adults, and 11-year-olds were not different from any other age group. There was also a difference in Space (p <.05), revealing that participants underestimated their reaching abilities with higher accuracy in extrapersonal space. Interestingly, whereas participants overall overestimated with the 20cm tool, they tended to underestimate while using the 40cm tool. This finding suggests that participants were less confident when presented with a longer tool, even though the adjustment period with both tool lengths was similar. Considered together, these results hint that: (1) children as young as 6 years of age are capable of re-scaling peripersonal space via tool use in the context of estimation reach, (2) the adjustment period associated with extending and retracting spaces is immediate rather than gradual, and (3) tool length may influence confidence of participants, shifting the general direction of error from overestimation with a 20cm tool to underestimation with a 40cm tool. Advisors/Committee Members: Gabbard, Carl P. (advisor), Wright, David (committee member), Buchanan, John (committee member), Wilcox, Teresa (committee member).

Subjects/Keywords: tool; peripersonal; extrapersonal; space; children; reach

…1 Peripersonal and Extrapersonal Space ............................................. Tool… …and of the space surrounding the body; that is, peripersonal and extrapersonal space… …distance, whereas extrapersonal (far) space represents the area outside the hand… …between peripersonal space and extrapersonal space remains largely unexplored (Bremner… …viewing reaching space as peripersonal (within grasp) and extrapersonal (beyond… 

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Cacola, P. M. (2012). Modulating Peripersonal and Extrapersonal Reach Space: A Developmental Perspective. (Thesis). Texas A&M University. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1969.1/ETD-TAMU-2011-08-9857

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Cacola, Priscila Martins. “Modulating Peripersonal and Extrapersonal Reach Space: A Developmental Perspective.” 2012. Thesis, Texas A&M University. Accessed August 09, 2020. http://hdl.handle.net/1969.1/ETD-TAMU-2011-08-9857.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Cacola, Priscila Martins. “Modulating Peripersonal and Extrapersonal Reach Space: A Developmental Perspective.” 2012. Web. 09 Aug 2020.

Vancouver:

Cacola PM. Modulating Peripersonal and Extrapersonal Reach Space: A Developmental Perspective. [Internet] [Thesis]. Texas A&M University; 2012. [cited 2020 Aug 09]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1969.1/ETD-TAMU-2011-08-9857.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Cacola PM. Modulating Peripersonal and Extrapersonal Reach Space: A Developmental Perspective. [Thesis]. Texas A&M University; 2012. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1969.1/ETD-TAMU-2011-08-9857

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

.