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You searched for subject:(extrajudicial killings). Showing records 1 – 2 of 2 total matches.

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Australian National University

1. Lamchek, Jayson. Myth-making and Reality: A Critical Examination of Human Rights-Compliant Counterterrorism in the Philippines and Indonesia .

Degree: 2016, Australian National University

This thesis explores the relationship between counterterrorism and human rights. Its primary contention is that the promotion of the ideal of human rights-compliant counterterrorism has undermined rather than strengthened human rights. Drawing on fieldwork-based case studies in the Philippines and Indonesia, the thesis demonstrates that greater recognition for the role of human rights in achieving security has not prompted a positive transformation of counterterrorism practices. Instead, proponents of counterterrorist action have been able to frame their action as a necessary, human rights-sensitive, and rational response to unnecessary, human rights-insensitive and irrational political violence. The challenge therefore is how to devise strategies to resist human rights abuses in the name of counterterrorism that do not entangle human rights in the perpetuation and legitimation of the counterterrorism agenda. The thesis proceeds in eight chapters besides the Introduction. Chapter 1 sets the stage for analysis, introducing the normative discourse of human rights-compliant counterterrorism at the international level, and proposing a theoretical framework for analysing this discourse that draws from the insights of Critical Terrorism Studies and critical approaches to international law and human rights. Utilising this theoretical framework, I examine the extent to which counterterrorism practices undermined rather than advanced human rights in two case studies: the Philippines and Indonesia. Chapters 2, 3 and 4 develop the Philippine case study. Chapter 2 presents the local counterterrorism discourse during the government’s alignment with the United States’ “War on Terror”, showing that the government characterised complex armed struggles as “terrorism” with devastating consequences for human rights. Chapter 3 analyses the responses of local human rights advocates to this counterterrorism discourse, describing how their resistance strategies cannot be reduced to a clamour for human rights-compliant counterterrorism. Chapter 4 shows how official policies have incorporated human rights-friendly rhetoric; and why despite this, they are failing to transform the practices of security forces that lead to extrajudicial killings and other serious abuses. Chapters 5, 6 and 7 develop the Indonesian case study. Chapter 5 reviews the local counterterrorism discourse developed during the Suharto regime, showing that the threat of Islamic “terrorism” was likely fostered by it, benefiting the regime at the expense of human rights. Chapter 6 shows how, after the Bali bombing of 2002, Indonesia’s approach to counterterrorism has incorporated human rights, much more than in the Philippines, and how local human rights advocates have accordingly adjusted their perception of the Islamic “terrorist” threat and the acceptability of counterterrorism. Chapter 7 analyses how Densus 88, the main counterterrorism actor, enjoys impunity for extrajudicial killings, demonstrating that the legal framework has failed to restrain serious abuses and in…

Subjects/Keywords: human rights; counterterrorism in the Philippines; counterterrorism in Indonesia; countering terrorism while respecting human rights; United Nations Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy; Critical Terrorism Studies (CTS); Thirld World Approaches to International Law (TWAIL); extrajudicial killings in the Philippines; extrajudicial killings in Indonesia; critical approaches to human rights

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Lamchek, J. (2016). Myth-making and Reality: A Critical Examination of Human Rights-Compliant Counterterrorism in the Philippines and Indonesia . (Thesis). Australian National University. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1885/110180

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Lamchek, Jayson. “Myth-making and Reality: A Critical Examination of Human Rights-Compliant Counterterrorism in the Philippines and Indonesia .” 2016. Thesis, Australian National University. Accessed March 05, 2021. http://hdl.handle.net/1885/110180.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Lamchek, Jayson. “Myth-making and Reality: A Critical Examination of Human Rights-Compliant Counterterrorism in the Philippines and Indonesia .” 2016. Web. 05 Mar 2021.

Vancouver:

Lamchek J. Myth-making and Reality: A Critical Examination of Human Rights-Compliant Counterterrorism in the Philippines and Indonesia . [Internet] [Thesis]. Australian National University; 2016. [cited 2021 Mar 05]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1885/110180.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Lamchek J. Myth-making and Reality: A Critical Examination of Human Rights-Compliant Counterterrorism in the Philippines and Indonesia . [Thesis]. Australian National University; 2016. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1885/110180

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation


University of Stirling

2. Mai, Nadin. The aesthetics of absence and duration in the post-trauma cinema of Lav Diaz.

Degree: PhD, 2015, University of Stirling

Aiming to make an intervention in both emerging Slow Cinema and classical Trauma Cinema scholarship, this thesis demonstrates the ways in which the post-trauma cinema of Filipino filmmaker Lav Diaz merges aesthetics of cinematic slowness with narratives of post-trauma in his films Melancholia (2008), Death in the Land of Encantos (2007) and Florentina Hubaldo, CTE (2012). Diaz has been repeatedly considered as representative of what Jonathan Romney termed in 2004 “Slow Cinema”. The director uses cinematic slowness for an alternative approach to an on-screen representation of post-trauma. Contrary to popular trauma cinema, Diaz’s portrait of individual and collective trauma focuses not on the instantenaeity but on the duration of trauma. In considering trauma as a condition and not as an event, Diaz challenges the standard aesthetical techniques used in contemporary Trauma Cinema, as highlighted by Janet Walker (2001, 2005), Susannah Radstone (2001), Roger Luckhurst (2008) and others. Diaz’s films focus instead on trauma’s latency period, the depletion of a survivor’s resources, and a character’s slow psychological breakdown. Slow Cinema scholarship has so far focused largely on the films’ aesthetics and their alleged opposition to mainstream cinema. Little work has been done in connecting the films’ form to their content. Furthermore, Trauma Cinema scholarship, as trauma films themselves, has been based on the immediate and most radical signs of post-trauma, which are characterised by instantaneity; flashbacks, sudden fears of death and sensorial overstimulation. Following Lutz Koepnick’s argument that slowness offers “intriguing perspectives” (Koepnick, 2014: 191) on how trauma can be represented in art, this thesis seeks to consider the equally important aspects of trauma duration, trauma’s latency period and the slow development of characteristic symptoms. With the present work, I expand on current notions of Trauma Cinema, which places emphasis on speed and the unpredictability of intrusive memories. Furthermore, I aim to broaden the area of Slow Cinema studies, which has so far been largely focused on the films’ respective aesthetics, by bridging form and content of the films under investigation. Rather than seeing Diaz’s slow films in isolation as a phenomenon of Slow Cinema, I seek to connect them to the existing scholarship of Trauma Cinema studies, thereby opening up a reading of his films.

Subjects/Keywords: film; Slow Cinema; cinema; Lav Diaz; Philippines; history; memory; trauma; PTSD; concentrationary; terror; extrajudicial killings; torture; rape; post-trauma; Death in the Land of Encantos; Melancholia; Florentina Hubaldo CTE; Trauma Cinema; Janet Walker; Roger Luckhurst; Susannah Radstone; aesthetics; duration; absence; latency period; instantaneity; flashbacks; anxiety; Cathy Caruth; Raya Morag; failed witnessing; Trauma Studies; Philippine Cinema; trauma therapy; sound; silence; framing; ghosts; haunting; Béla Tarr; Tsai Ming-liang; Apichatpong Weerasethakul; Ari Folman; Rithy Panh; Waltz with Bashir; time; long-take; colonialism; oppression; psyche; poverty; Martial Law; l’univers concentrationnaire; hamlets; speed; off-screen space; temporality; power; psychological warfare; mental paralysis; the disappeared; chronic trauma; backstory wounds; repetition; circularity; post-traumatic cinema; death; depletion; ethics; atrocity; painting; landscape painting; Rückenfigur; Chinese painting; accousmêtre; accousmatic; mourning; grief; Slow cinema; Diaz, Lav, 1958- Filmmaker; Motion picture producers and directors Philippines

Record DetailsSimilar RecordsGoogle PlusoneFacebookTwitterCiteULikeMendeleyreddit

APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Mai, N. (2015). The aesthetics of absence and duration in the post-trauma cinema of Lav Diaz. (Doctoral Dissertation). University of Stirling. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1893/22990

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Mai, Nadin. “The aesthetics of absence and duration in the post-trauma cinema of Lav Diaz.” 2015. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Stirling. Accessed March 05, 2021. http://hdl.handle.net/1893/22990.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Mai, Nadin. “The aesthetics of absence and duration in the post-trauma cinema of Lav Diaz.” 2015. Web. 05 Mar 2021.

Vancouver:

Mai N. The aesthetics of absence and duration in the post-trauma cinema of Lav Diaz. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Stirling; 2015. [cited 2021 Mar 05]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/22990.

Council of Science Editors:

Mai N. The aesthetics of absence and duration in the post-trauma cinema of Lav Diaz. [Doctoral Dissertation]. University of Stirling; 2015. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/22990

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