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1. Walldorf, Björn. Att mäta utmattning med varianter av symbol digit modalities test.

Degree: Psychology, 2018, Umeå University

Hälso- och sjukvården befinner sig under ett allt större tryck av patienter som söker hjälp på grund av utmattningssyndrom. Kognitiva nedsättningar är en kärnkomponent i utmattningssyndrom och effektiva och korta screeninginstrument för att upptäcka dessa behövs för identifiera tillståndet tidigt. Syftet med föreliggande studie var att utveckla ett modifierat Symbol Digit Modalities Test. De totalt 90 deltagarna bestående av studenter delades in i två grupper efter självskattad utmattning. Tjugofyra individer identifierades i gruppen med låg utmattning och trettiofyra i gruppen med hög utmattning. De två grupperna jämfördes med prestation på testet. Testet bestod av tre block bestående av symboler, neutrala ord och hotfulla ord och vardera blocks testtid var 90 sekunder. Resultatet visade inga signifikanta skillnader mellan låg och hög utmattningsgrupp och prestation på testet. Däremot fanns signifikanta skillnader mellan blocken när samtliga deltagares prestation jämfördes. Det modifierade testet lyckas inte att differentiera mellan deltagare med låg och hög utmattning. Resultatet som visade att det fanns skillnader mellan blocken är intressant och visar på att det kan finnas en effekt av uppmärksamhetsvridning som framtida forskning kan bygga vidare på.

The Swedish healthcare system is under increasing pressure from patients seeking help due to fatigue syndrome. Cognitive impairments are a core symptom of the syndrome; effective screening tools to detect cognitive impairment related to fatigue are warranted to identify the condition. The aim of the present study was to develop a modified Symbol Digit Modalities. A total of 90 participants consisting of undergraduate students were divided into two groups after self-assessed fatigue. Twenty-four individuals were identified in the low fatigue group and thirty-four in the high fatigue group. The two groups’ test performance were compared. The test consisted of three blocks consisting of symbols, neutral words, and threat words; the duration of each test block was 90 seconds. The results showed no significant differences between low and high fatigue in terms of performance on the tests. However, there were significant differences across the blocks when comparing all participants' performance. The modified test failed to differentiate between low and high fatigue participants. The result indicating significant differences across the blocks is interesting and shows that there may be an effect of attentional bias that future research can build upon.

Subjects/Keywords: exhaustion disorder; burnout; stress-related mental illness; emotional stroop test; attentional bias; symbol digit modalities test; utmattningssyndrom; burnout; stress-relaterad ohälsa; emotional stroop test; attentional bias; symbol digit modalities test; Psychology; Psykologi

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APA (6th Edition):

Walldorf, B. (2018). Att mäta utmattning med varianter av symbol digit modalities test. (Thesis). Umeå University. Retrieved from http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-155266

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Walldorf, Björn. “Att mäta utmattning med varianter av symbol digit modalities test.” 2018. Thesis, Umeå University. Accessed August 23, 2019. http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-155266.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Walldorf, Björn. “Att mäta utmattning med varianter av symbol digit modalities test.” 2018. Web. 23 Aug 2019.

Vancouver:

Walldorf B. Att mäta utmattning med varianter av symbol digit modalities test. [Internet] [Thesis]. Umeå University; 2018. [cited 2019 Aug 23]. Available from: http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-155266.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Walldorf B. Att mäta utmattning med varianter av symbol digit modalities test. [Thesis]. Umeå University; 2018. Available from: http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-155266

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

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