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You searched for subject:(discrete choice game). Showing records 1 – 3 of 3 total matches.

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University of New South Wales

1. Chen, Wenlin. On Health Care-Associated Infection Control in the Presence of Health Care Workers’ Strategic Hand Hygiene Behaviour.

Degree: Information Systems, Technology & Management, 2016, University of New South Wales

Every year, millions of patients in the world suffer from health care-associated infections (HCAIs) caused by antibiotic-resistant bacteria (ARB). ARB are transmitted to patients in a ward by temporarily contaminated hands of health care workers (HCWs) in patient-care activities. Therefore, hand hygiene of HCWs is an important and effective way to prevent ARB transmission among patients and ensure patient safety. However, HCWs wash their hands with high compliance in some situations, but with low compliance in other situations. Namely, they wash their hands strategically. HCWs’ strategic hand hygiene behaviour has been observed to lead to a generally low compliance. This research studies HCWs’ strategic hand hygiene behaviour and provides guidance to hospitals about intervention decision-making to improve compliance. In particular, a strategic behaviour model is developed by using an evolutionary game to understand how HCWs adjust their hand washing behaviour because of peer influence in intensive interactions. This model suggests three contingent behaviours that depend heavily on peers’ choices: bandwagoning, free-riding, and prosocial hand hygiene behaviour. The conditions for how contingent behaviours appear are also identified. In addition, this study investigates the drivers for these contingent behaviours by conducting a discrete choice experiment (DCE) and best-worst scaling experiment (BWS). The DCE and BWS are also used to provide further insights on how hospitals can design effective interventions, from the perspective of a HCW. This study uses inspection policy as an example of an intervention in order to illustrate how to use a decision model that integrates an evolutionary game model and a transmission dynamics model for the allocation of resources for hand hygiene interventions. Advisors/Committee Members: Tseng, Chung-Li, Information Systems, Technology & Management, Australian School of Business, UNSW, Yang, Shu-Jung (Sunny), University of Southampton.

Subjects/Keywords: Evolutionary game theory; Health care management; Behavioral operations management; Discrete choice experiment; Best-worst scaling experiment

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Chen, W. (2016). On Health Care-Associated Infection Control in the Presence of Health Care Workers’ Strategic Hand Hygiene Behaviour. (Doctoral Dissertation). University of New South Wales. Retrieved from http://handle.unsw.edu.au/1959.4/55433 ; https://unsworks.unsw.edu.au/fapi/datastream/unsworks:37544/SOURCE02?view=true

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Chen, Wenlin. “On Health Care-Associated Infection Control in the Presence of Health Care Workers’ Strategic Hand Hygiene Behaviour.” 2016. Doctoral Dissertation, University of New South Wales. Accessed October 24, 2020. http://handle.unsw.edu.au/1959.4/55433 ; https://unsworks.unsw.edu.au/fapi/datastream/unsworks:37544/SOURCE02?view=true.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Chen, Wenlin. “On Health Care-Associated Infection Control in the Presence of Health Care Workers’ Strategic Hand Hygiene Behaviour.” 2016. Web. 24 Oct 2020.

Vancouver:

Chen W. On Health Care-Associated Infection Control in the Presence of Health Care Workers’ Strategic Hand Hygiene Behaviour. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. University of New South Wales; 2016. [cited 2020 Oct 24]. Available from: http://handle.unsw.edu.au/1959.4/55433 ; https://unsworks.unsw.edu.au/fapi/datastream/unsworks:37544/SOURCE02?view=true.

Council of Science Editors:

Chen W. On Health Care-Associated Infection Control in the Presence of Health Care Workers’ Strategic Hand Hygiene Behaviour. [Doctoral Dissertation]. University of New South Wales; 2016. Available from: http://handle.unsw.edu.au/1959.4/55433 ; https://unsworks.unsw.edu.au/fapi/datastream/unsworks:37544/SOURCE02?view=true

2. Yeung, Fiona. Statistical Revealed Preference Models for Bipartite Networks.

Degree: Statistics, 2019, UCLA

This dissertation focuses on investigating the driving factors behind the formation of connections in large two-mode networks. Assuming that network participants maximize their benefits, or "utilities", over their choices of connections, our primary research interest is to estimate a set of latent parameters that explains their "preferences" for choices of linkages. Discrete-choice models are incorporated into the proposed estimation framework to model decision-making behaviors. Most generative models for random graphs are based on the specification of a joint probability distribution over the observed pairings, with an emphasis on the structural properties of the networks. The method proposed here, however, takes into account the role of decision making and therefore offers insight into the rationale for the choices of connection. Understanding such decisions may in turn provide insights into any intervention that can induce the network connectivity into a more desirable state.The interest of this dissertation is limited to large bipartite networks in which edges occur only between nodes from different sets where the decision to form an edge is mutual. A non-transferable utility (NTU) setting is assumed and isolated nodes are allowed. The dissertation also includes an investigation of the statistical properties of one-to-many and many-to-many relationships and the specification of their statistical models. Inference for the preference parameters is then performed for the proposed statistical models, and simulations are used to evaluate their performance.

Subjects/Keywords: Statistics; Economics; bipartite networks; computational statistics; discrete choice models; econometrics; game theory; matching theory

…Application of Discrete-choice Models to Empirical Data . . . . . . . . . . . 134 C Monte Carlo… …chosen. This idea, though prevalent in discrete-choice models where information about each… …in discrete-choice models where only one decision maker is involved in each choice… …to estimating two-sided discrete-choice problem with latent choice sets that are unknown to… …proposed estimation method. We begin with an overview of discrete-choice models that are widely… 

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Yeung, F. (2019). Statistical Revealed Preference Models for Bipartite Networks. (Thesis). UCLA. Retrieved from http://www.escholarship.org/uc/item/0fm6h8gm

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Yeung, Fiona. “Statistical Revealed Preference Models for Bipartite Networks.” 2019. Thesis, UCLA. Accessed October 24, 2020. http://www.escholarship.org/uc/item/0fm6h8gm.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Yeung, Fiona. “Statistical Revealed Preference Models for Bipartite Networks.” 2019. Web. 24 Oct 2020.

Vancouver:

Yeung F. Statistical Revealed Preference Models for Bipartite Networks. [Internet] [Thesis]. UCLA; 2019. [cited 2020 Oct 24]. Available from: http://www.escholarship.org/uc/item/0fm6h8gm.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Yeung F. Statistical Revealed Preference Models for Bipartite Networks. [Thesis]. UCLA; 2019. Available from: http://www.escholarship.org/uc/item/0fm6h8gm

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

3. Pagoni, Ioanna. Διερεύνηση των επιλογών των επιβατών και των αποκρίσεων των αεροπορικών εταιρειών σε αγορακεντρικά περιβαλλοντικά μέτρα με τη χρήση προτύπων διακριτής επιλογής και θεωρίας παιγνίων.

Degree: 2017, National Technical University of Athens (NTUA); Εθνικό Μετσόβιο Πολυτεχνείο (ΕΜΠ)

In this dissertation, the implementation of a market-based environmental policy on aviation industry is studied. Under this policy, each airline pays a carbon fee, as a function of its carbon dioxide emissions (CO2) and the pre-defined unit carbon price (per ton CO2). The impact on ticket prices, airlines’ market shares and network-wide carbon emissions is investigated via a methodology which includes an air travel demand model, an airlines’ behavior model and a method for estimating carbon emissions costs. The aggregate air travel demand model relies on discrete choice analysis of different airline connections in origin-destination markets. In particular, the Nested Logit model is used. The passengers’ utility is expressed as a function of various ight attributes that are specic to the itinerary, the airline and the airport. The airline's behavior model is based on the hypothesis that active airlines set their ticket prices under oligopolistic competition with the aim to maximize own profits. Ticket prices are simultaneously set by each airline in the market, which means that airlines play a non-cooperative game. After the implementation of the environmental policy, the airline’s behavior model is adjusted so as to incorporate the carbon fee in the airline’s marginal cost. For the computation of airline connection’s CO2 emissions and corresponding emissions cost, connections are organized in unique combinations of “aircraft type, flight distance, flight direction”. For every combination, the typical altitude profile is estimated and the CO2 emissions are computed by using the fuel flow coefficients given in the EUROCONTROL’s Base of Aircraft Data.The market-based environmental policy is implemented at the U.S. domestic aviation network for the study year 2012. The simulation analysis revealed that the implementation of the environmental market-based policy in the U.S. aviation could have some significant effects on ticket prices, air travel demand and resulting CO2 emissions for high ranges of carbon unit price. For the low scenario of $10 per ton CO2, which is close to the prevailing carbon price, the network-wide CO2 emissions are expected to decrease by 1.88% (due to air travel demand decrease). Taking into account the aviation industry ambitious goal to reduce net aviation CO2 emissions by 50% until 2050 (relative to 2005 levels), this dissertation suggests that airlines and policy makers may need to turn to alternative approaches to ensure economic and environmental sustainability. Although carbon pricing may contribute to CO2 emissions reduction, it seems that the low levels of carbon price would not trigger more significant changes in the air transport sector so as to act as a stand-alone measure. A combination of different policies (e.g. technological improvements, operational changes etc) could be needed to effectively work towards the environmental target. Finally, our simulation results indicate that airline competition distortions are expected to be rather low.

Στην παρούσα διδακτορική διατριβή…

Subjects/Keywords: Αγορακεντρικά περιβαλλοντικά μέτρα; Αεροπορική ζήτηση; Πρότυπα διακριτών επιλογών; Ενδογένεια; Γενικευμένη μέθοδος των ροπών; Κέρδος αεροπορικών εταιρειών; Θεωρία παιγνίων; Τυπική κατακόρυφη τροχιά αεροσκάφους; Ευθυγράμμιση των καμπυλών με βάση τα σημεία; Πρότυπο προσομοίωσης λειτουργίας αεροσκάφους; Market-based environmental policy; Air travel demand; Discrete choice model; Endogeneity; Generalized method of moments; Airline profits; Game theory; Typical altitude profile; Landmark registration; BADA performance model

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Pagoni, I. (2017). Διερεύνηση των επιλογών των επιβατών και των αποκρίσεων των αεροπορικών εταιρειών σε αγορακεντρικά περιβαλλοντικά μέτρα με τη χρήση προτύπων διακριτής επιλογής και θεωρίας παιγνίων. (Thesis). National Technical University of Athens (NTUA); Εθνικό Μετσόβιο Πολυτεχνείο (ΕΜΠ). Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10442/hedi/44240

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Pagoni, Ioanna. “Διερεύνηση των επιλογών των επιβατών και των αποκρίσεων των αεροπορικών εταιρειών σε αγορακεντρικά περιβαλλοντικά μέτρα με τη χρήση προτύπων διακριτής επιλογής και θεωρίας παιγνίων.” 2017. Thesis, National Technical University of Athens (NTUA); Εθνικό Μετσόβιο Πολυτεχνείο (ΕΜΠ). Accessed October 24, 2020. http://hdl.handle.net/10442/hedi/44240.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Pagoni, Ioanna. “Διερεύνηση των επιλογών των επιβατών και των αποκρίσεων των αεροπορικών εταιρειών σε αγορακεντρικά περιβαλλοντικά μέτρα με τη χρήση προτύπων διακριτής επιλογής και θεωρίας παιγνίων.” 2017. Web. 24 Oct 2020.

Vancouver:

Pagoni I. Διερεύνηση των επιλογών των επιβατών και των αποκρίσεων των αεροπορικών εταιρειών σε αγορακεντρικά περιβαλλοντικά μέτρα με τη χρήση προτύπων διακριτής επιλογής και θεωρίας παιγνίων. [Internet] [Thesis]. National Technical University of Athens (NTUA); Εθνικό Μετσόβιο Πολυτεχνείο (ΕΜΠ); 2017. [cited 2020 Oct 24]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10442/hedi/44240.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Pagoni I. Διερεύνηση των επιλογών των επιβατών και των αποκρίσεων των αεροπορικών εταιρειών σε αγορακεντρικά περιβαλλοντικά μέτρα με τη χρήση προτύπων διακριτής επιλογής και θεωρίας παιγνίων. [Thesis]. National Technical University of Athens (NTUA); Εθνικό Μετσόβιο Πολυτεχνείο (ΕΜΠ); 2017. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10442/hedi/44240

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

.