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You searched for subject:(complementarity purpose). Showing records 1 – 2 of 2 total matches.

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1. Le Hir, Boris. Capturing Information and Communication Technologies as a General Purpose Technology : Les technologies de l'information et de la communication, une technologie générique.

Degree: Docteur es, Sciences economiques, 2012, Châtenay-Malabry, Ecole centrale de Paris

Cette thèse a pour objet l'étude des Technologies de l'Information et de la Communication (TIC) en tant que Technologie Générique (TG) ainsi que leur rôle dans l'évolution de la productivité du travail aux Etats-Unis et en Europe durant les dernières décennies. La thèse est constituée de trois parties axées chacune sur l'une des trois propriétés fondamentales des TG: le progrès rapide de la technologie, l'ubiquité de la technologie et la capacité à créer des opportunités technologiques. La première partie décrit, dans un premier chapitre, l'innovation dans le domaine des TIC, en commençant par un bref historique de ces technologies, suivie d'une analyse des données contemporaines sur l'innovation dans ce domaine. Elle montre en particulier comment les Etats-Unis ont été, jusqu'à présent, plus performants que les pays Européens dans le développement des TIC. Dans un deuxième chapitre, cette première partie inventorie les difficultés de mesures induites par la vitesse et la nature du changement généré par ces technologies. La seconde partie de la thèse traite de la nature ubiquitaire des TIC. Elle décrit d'abord la diffusion des TIC au cours du temps à travers les pays et les secteurs économiques, puis, établit une revue de la littérature sur la contribution directe de la diffusion des TIC à la croissance de la productivité du travail aux US et en Europe. Le second chapitre de cette partie s'intéresse au comportement de demande de facteurs de production dans les secteurs producteurs de TIC ou intensifs en utilisation des TIC. Enfin, la troisième partie de la thèse se concentre sur la capacité des TIC à générer des opportunités d'innovation. Pour cela elle identifie d'abord la nature des innovations complémentaires et les efforts menant à ces innovations. Elle montre alors la nécessité d'améliorer la comptabilité nationale afin de prendre en compte ces efforts comme des investissements. Cette partie révèle ensuite que, dans les onze pays européens étudiés, le problème est particulièrement concentré sur quelques pays qui investissent peu en TIC et en actifs innovants et que ces deux types d'efforts sont complémentaires.

This thesis aims to study Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) as a General Purpose Technology (GPT) and their role in the labor productivity evolution in the United States and Europe during recent decades. This thesis is organized in three parts corresponding to the fundamental GPT features: the wide possibilities for development, the ubiquity of the technology and the ability to create large technological opportunities. The first part depicts, at first, the innovation in ICT, beginning with a short historical review of ICT inventions followed by the analysis of current data on innovation in this field. In particular, it shows how the US was better than the European countries in inventing ICT until now. Second, this first part makes an inventory of measurement difficulties due to the rate and the nature of the change created by such technologies. The second part of the thesis deals with…

Advisors/Committee Members: Zagamé, Paul (thesis director).

Subjects/Keywords: Technologies de l'information et de la communication; Technologie générique; Complémentarité technologique; Information and communication technologies; General purpose technology; Technological complementarity

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Le Hir, B. (2012). Capturing Information and Communication Technologies as a General Purpose Technology : Les technologies de l'information et de la communication, une technologie générique. (Doctoral Dissertation). Châtenay-Malabry, Ecole centrale de Paris. Retrieved from http://www.theses.fr/2012ECAP0046

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Le Hir, Boris. “Capturing Information and Communication Technologies as a General Purpose Technology : Les technologies de l'information et de la communication, une technologie générique.” 2012. Doctoral Dissertation, Châtenay-Malabry, Ecole centrale de Paris. Accessed December 06, 2019. http://www.theses.fr/2012ECAP0046.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Le Hir, Boris. “Capturing Information and Communication Technologies as a General Purpose Technology : Les technologies de l'information et de la communication, une technologie générique.” 2012. Web. 06 Dec 2019.

Vancouver:

Le Hir B. Capturing Information and Communication Technologies as a General Purpose Technology : Les technologies de l'information et de la communication, une technologie générique. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Châtenay-Malabry, Ecole centrale de Paris; 2012. [cited 2019 Dec 06]. Available from: http://www.theses.fr/2012ECAP0046.

Council of Science Editors:

Le Hir B. Capturing Information and Communication Technologies as a General Purpose Technology : Les technologies de l'information et de la communication, une technologie générique. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Châtenay-Malabry, Ecole centrale de Paris; 2012. Available from: http://www.theses.fr/2012ECAP0046


University of Illinois – Urbana-Champaign

2. Sun, Hongling. Perspectives on the professional development of testing professionals in China — a mixed methods study of the roles of Chinese testing professionals in facilitating backwash effect.

Degree: PhD, 0210, 2014, University of Illinois – Urbana-Champaign

This study stems from my desires to understand the critical role of testing professionals in China in facilitating quality education through positive backwash. This role is critical in contemporary China, not only due to its traditionally high-stakes exam and test-driven education system, but also its recent national strategic educational development plan with a goal to prepare for 21st century talents with critical thinking to support national development and global competition. These reasons, along with the decentralization trend of the Chinese testing system and the insufficient pre-professional training in testing, highlight a need for critical inquiry into the professional development (PD) of testing professionals in China. The main goal of this study was to assess the perceived PD needs testing professionals in China have and the reasons behind them, and to analyze and critique in what ways the PD needs can contribute to a better testing system in China. A needs assessment was conducted via an online survey in a purposefully selected province-level testing agency in China, followed by in-depth interviews with selected testing scientists (survey participants) and key-decision makers (from the testing agency), as well as outside testing experts (i.e., scholars from academic or research settings, or upper-level authorities from the testing agency). A total of 37 testing professionals completed the survey with a response rate of 77.0%. An in-depth follow-up interview was conducted with 11 testing professionals including four testing scientists, four key-decision makers, and three external experts. The researcher, as a Chinese who experienced K-16 education in China as well as western graduate school training, was also used as a participant to analyze the meaning of those perceived PD needs. Based on the integrated survey and interview data, eight salient PD needs were discovered, including: (1) measurement, statistics, and computation, (2) testing research and research methods, (3) making better use of test score information (maximizing test use) and analyzing post-test data, (4) assessment and evaluation, (5) management, (6) educational context of testing, (7) communication, collaboration, personal, and training (CCPT) skills, and (8) social and educational responsibilities. The interview data indicated that, overall, the majority of testing professionals appeared to be motivated to meet their current or future job requirements, rather than to contribute to a better testing system. Further, the interview data supported that reforming the outdated testing notions and values, and adjusting the relationship of testing organizations with the government appear to be the two most prominent challenges in Chinese testing; with them being adequately addressed, it would positively contribute to testing system reform, and thus benefit the next generations’ education, and even national development. I believe that testing professionals are called to hold strong social and educational responsibilities (as their most… Advisors/Committee Members: Greene, Jennifer C. (advisor), Davidson, Frederick G. (advisor), Greene, Jennifer C. (Committee Chair), Davidson, Frederick G. (Committee Chair), Chang, Hua-Hua (committee member), Zhang, Jinming (committee member).

Subjects/Keywords: testing professionals; measurement professionals; professional development; Chinese testing; mixed methods; complementarity purpose; roles of testing professionals; backwash effect; educational testing; Chinese testing system; testing organization; province-level autonomous test design; expected competencies of testing professionals; needs assessment; test evaluation; educational and social responsibilities; testing culture; Chinese testing reform; international testing; quality education; educational assessment system; educational evaluation system

Record DetailsSimilar RecordsGoogle PlusoneFacebookTwitterCiteULikeMendeleyreddit

APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Sun, H. (2014). Perspectives on the professional development of testing professionals in China — a mixed methods study of the roles of Chinese testing professionals in facilitating backwash effect. (Doctoral Dissertation). University of Illinois – Urbana-Champaign. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/2142/50601

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Sun, Hongling. “Perspectives on the professional development of testing professionals in China — a mixed methods study of the roles of Chinese testing professionals in facilitating backwash effect.” 2014. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Illinois – Urbana-Champaign. Accessed December 06, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/2142/50601.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Sun, Hongling. “Perspectives on the professional development of testing professionals in China — a mixed methods study of the roles of Chinese testing professionals in facilitating backwash effect.” 2014. Web. 06 Dec 2019.

Vancouver:

Sun H. Perspectives on the professional development of testing professionals in China — a mixed methods study of the roles of Chinese testing professionals in facilitating backwash effect. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Illinois – Urbana-Champaign; 2014. [cited 2019 Dec 06]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2142/50601.

Council of Science Editors:

Sun H. Perspectives on the professional development of testing professionals in China — a mixed methods study of the roles of Chinese testing professionals in facilitating backwash effect. [Doctoral Dissertation]. University of Illinois – Urbana-Champaign; 2014. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2142/50601

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