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Universitat de Valencia

1. El-Sayed Abd Elmottaleb, Abeer. Economic analysis of the international cooperation to face global environmental problems .

Degree: 2013, Universitat de Valencia

Because of the doubts about the effectiveness of the Kyoto Protocol, several scholars have asked whether other types of agreements can be designed to achieve large reductions of GHG emissions. Designing a profitable and stable international environmental agreement (IEA) that deals with the shortcomings of Kyoto-type agreement is the main motivation of this work. One idea would be to focus on technology improvements in order to reduce abatement costs, as this might increase a country's willingness to undertake significant emission reductions. For example, it could be beneficial to supplement a Kyoto-type agreement with technology elements if technological development depends not only on a country's own R&D investment but also on R&D by other countries through cross-country technology spillovers, see for instance, Carraro and Siniscalco (1997). Even with no explicit agreement on emissions, a technology agreement leading to increased R&D in clean technologies, and thus to lower abatement costs, might yield a reduction in emissions. This is the argument behind the proposals of a climate agreement on technology development, see for instance, Barrett (2006). The aim of the present work is to examine different types of international environmental agreements in order to determine what would be the dominant agreement (at the different levels of marginal damages) with respect to both the total costs of signatories countries and the level of cooperation. The model used in the analysis is a three-stage static model (explained in chapter 2), where the membership game is played in the first stage, the investment game is played in the second stage and finally the emission game is played in the third stage. Examining the international cooperation on technological development as a supplement to international cooperation on GHG emission reductions, is the main objective of the second chapter where four different types of emission agreements are analyzed. The four agreements share the main aspect that signatories countries act cooperatively in the third stage of the game (emission game). However, the second stage of the game (investment game) differs from one type to another depending on whether signatories are sharing R&D efforts and coordinating their R&D activities or not. In all agreements, it is assumed that effective investment in one country depends on the amount invested in R&D in that country as well as on the investment in R&D undertaken in all countries through technological spillovers. In the types of agreements that include information exchange (emission agreement with information exchange and emission and R&D agreement with information exchange), the technological spillovers is perfect among signatories, which means that signatories countries avoid the duplication of R&D efforts. However, the technological spillovers is not perfect among signatories in the other two types (emission agreement and emission and R&D agreement without information exchange). Examining the international cooperation on… Advisors/Committee Members: Rubio, Santiago José (advisor).

Subjects/Keywords: technology spillovers; coalition information exchange; R&D investment; Research joint ventures; international environmental agreements

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

El-Sayed Abd Elmottaleb, A. (2013). Economic analysis of the international cooperation to face global environmental problems . (Doctoral Dissertation). Universitat de Valencia. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10550/30416

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

El-Sayed Abd Elmottaleb, Abeer. “Economic analysis of the international cooperation to face global environmental problems .” 2013. Doctoral Dissertation, Universitat de Valencia. Accessed November 13, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/10550/30416.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

El-Sayed Abd Elmottaleb, Abeer. “Economic analysis of the international cooperation to face global environmental problems .” 2013. Web. 13 Nov 2019.

Vancouver:

El-Sayed Abd Elmottaleb A. Economic analysis of the international cooperation to face global environmental problems . [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Universitat de Valencia; 2013. [cited 2019 Nov 13]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10550/30416.

Council of Science Editors:

El-Sayed Abd Elmottaleb A. Economic analysis of the international cooperation to face global environmental problems . [Doctoral Dissertation]. Universitat de Valencia; 2013. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10550/30416

2. El-Sayed Abd Elmottaleb, Abeer. Economic analysis of the international cooperation to face global environmental problems.

Degree: 2018, TDX

Because of the doubts about the effectiveness of the Kyoto Protocol, several scholars have asked whether other types of agreements can be designed to achieve large reductions of GHG emissions. Designing a profitable and stable international environmental agreement (IEA) that deals with the shortcomings of Kyoto-type agreement is the main motivation of this work. One idea would be to focus on technology improvements in order to reduce abatement costs, as this might increase a country's willingness to undertake significant emission reductions. For example, it could be beneficial to supplement a Kyoto-type agreement with technology elements if technological development depends not only on a country's own R&D investment but also on R&D by other countries through cross-country technology spillovers, see for instance, Carraro and Siniscalco (1997). Even with no explicit agreement on emissions, a technology agreement leading to increased R&D in clean technologies, and thus to lower abatement costs, might yield a reduction in emissions. This is the argument behind the proposals of a climate agreement on technology development, see for instance, Barrett (2006). The aim of the present work is to examine different types of international environmental agreements in order to determine what would be the dominant agreement (at the different levels of marginal damages) with respect to both the total costs of signatories countries and the level of cooperation. The model used in the analysis is a three-stage static model (explained in chapter 2), where the membership game is played in the first stage, the investment game is played in the second stage and finally the emission game is played in the third stage. Examining the international cooperation on technological development as a supplement to international cooperation on GHG emission reductions, is the main objective of the second chapter where four different types of emission agreements are analyzed. The four agreements share the main aspect that signatories countries act cooperatively in the third stage of the game (emission game). However, the second stage of the game (investment game) differs from one type to another depending on whether signatories are sharing R&D efforts and coordinating their R&D activities or not. In all agreements, it is assumed that effective investment in one country depends on the amount invested in R&D in that country as well as on the investment in R&D undertaken in all countries through technological spillovers. In the types of agreements that include information exchange (emission agreement with information exchange and emission and R&D agreement with information exchange), the technological spillovers is perfect among signatories, which means that signatories countries avoid the duplication of R&D efforts. However, the technological spillovers is not perfect among signatories in the other two types (emission agreement and emission and R&D agreement without information exchange). Examining the international cooperation on… Advisors/Committee Members: Rubio, Santiago José, Departament d'Anàlisi Econòmica.

Subjects/Keywords: technology spillovers; coalition information exchange; R&D investment; Research joint ventures; international environmental agreements; UNESCO::CIENCIAS ECONÓMICAS

Record DetailsSimilar RecordsGoogle PlusoneFacebookTwitterCiteULikeMendeleyreddit

APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

El-Sayed Abd Elmottaleb, A. (2018). Economic analysis of the international cooperation to face global environmental problems. (Thesis). TDX. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10803/568364

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

El-Sayed Abd Elmottaleb, Abeer. “Economic analysis of the international cooperation to face global environmental problems.” 2018. Thesis, TDX. Accessed November 13, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/10803/568364.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

El-Sayed Abd Elmottaleb, Abeer. “Economic analysis of the international cooperation to face global environmental problems.” 2018. Web. 13 Nov 2019.

Vancouver:

El-Sayed Abd Elmottaleb A. Economic analysis of the international cooperation to face global environmental problems. [Internet] [Thesis]. TDX; 2018. [cited 2019 Nov 13]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10803/568364.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

El-Sayed Abd Elmottaleb A. Economic analysis of the international cooperation to face global environmental problems. [Thesis]. TDX; 2018. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10803/568364

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

.