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You searched for subject:(bolivian altiplano). Showing records 1 – 3 of 3 total matches.

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University of Lund

1. Calizaya, Andres. Water Resources Management efforts for best water allocation in the Lake Poopo basin, Bolivia.

Degree: 2009, University of Lund

The Lake Poopo basin, located on the Bolivian Altiplano, is extremely vulnerable to environmental degradation. The basin displays extreme spatial and temporal variations of water resources and rapidly decreasing water quality due to anthropogenic and natural pollution. The region’s population lives in extreme poverty, and the authorities’ efforts to manage the water resources efficiently have been insufficient. The poor environmental and socio-economic conditions, made worse by water scarcity and extreme weather events, are causing migration from the basin to increase rapidly. Although Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) is a relatively new approach in Bolivia, it is now generally accepted that this approach needs to be established in order to find sustainable solutions for development. The present study proposes a strategy to implement IWRM in the Lake Poopo basin on the basis of analyzed hydrologic and water-demand data and a model of Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis. This research analyses climate and hydrological data from a newly established observational network at the Lake Poopo basin, as well as information from local and regional stakeholders. The data is analyzed using Geographical Information System (GIS), resulting in the assessment of temporal/spatial variability of water balance components and the availability of freshwater resources throughout the basin. The present study assesses also the use and availability of water in the basin and determines the minimum water necessary for increasing the people’s quality of life. A questionnaire was carried out and the data was used to elaborate a model for the determination of rural domestic water demand and the parameters this demand depends on. This study includes the application of the integrated Water Sustainability Index (WSI) to the Lake Poopo watershed. The WSI incorporates hydrologic, environmental, life, and water policy issues and responses for a specific watershed. By analyzing different scenarios, the thesis develops an integrated view of which water-related issues are the most critical for sustainable development. A Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA) was also developed in the Lake Poopo basin, based on economic, social and environmental criteria in an uncertain decision environment. The purpose of this was to support stakeholders in managing their water resources, as stakeholder participation is at the heart of successful water resources management. Saaty’s analytical hierarchy process (AHP) theory was applied to solve the MCDA and to identify the alternatives using the highest expected utility value. Thanks to the participation of stakeholders, the study was able to determine the most pressing conflicts, most adequate solutions and best-suited implementing actors. This model forms a basis for the development and execution of an IWRM strategy in the Lake Poopo basin. Finally, this research proposes a stepwise implementation of an IWRM strategy, based on key issues, such as active stakeholder participation, and an institutional…

Subjects/Keywords: Teknik och teknologier; poverty; institutional arrangements; Bolivian Altiplano; Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis; Water conflict; Lake Poopo; IWRM strategy; local capacity building.

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Calizaya, A. (2009). Water Resources Management efforts for best water allocation in the Lake Poopo basin, Bolivia. (Doctoral Dissertation). University of Lund. Retrieved from http://lup.lub.lu.se/record/1487891 ; http://portal.research.lu.se/ws/files/5307978/1487896.pdf

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Calizaya, Andres. “Water Resources Management efforts for best water allocation in the Lake Poopo basin, Bolivia.” 2009. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Lund. Accessed April 21, 2019. http://lup.lub.lu.se/record/1487891 ; http://portal.research.lu.se/ws/files/5307978/1487896.pdf.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Calizaya, Andres. “Water Resources Management efforts for best water allocation in the Lake Poopo basin, Bolivia.” 2009. Web. 21 Apr 2019.

Vancouver:

Calizaya A. Water Resources Management efforts for best water allocation in the Lake Poopo basin, Bolivia. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Lund; 2009. [cited 2019 Apr 21]. Available from: http://lup.lub.lu.se/record/1487891 ; http://portal.research.lu.se/ws/files/5307978/1487896.pdf.

Council of Science Editors:

Calizaya A. Water Resources Management efforts for best water allocation in the Lake Poopo basin, Bolivia. [Doctoral Dissertation]. University of Lund; 2009. Available from: http://lup.lub.lu.se/record/1487891 ; http://portal.research.lu.se/ws/files/5307978/1487896.pdf


Universitat de Valencia

2. Pérez Crespo, Ignacio. Estudios estratégicos para la lucha contra la fascioliasis humana a nivel mundial = Strategic studies for the fight against de human fascioliasis worldwide .

Degree: 2013, Universitat de Valencia

Fascioliasis is a zoonotic parasitic disease caused by Fasciola hepatica and F. gigantica. Emergence of human fascioliasis prompted a worldwide control initiative including a pilot study in several countries. Given the necessity to characterize the fasciolid populations involved, the overall aim of the present research is, first, the phenotypic characterization of faciolid adults and eggs implicated in human endemic areas, where this initiative has been implemented, through a computer image analysis system (CIAS) applied on the basis of standardized measurements. Second, new immunological techniques and their potential use as immunological diagnostic tests in those areas are evaluated. The specific results have been grouped into five parts. A) Characterization of eggs of both F. hepatica and F. gigantica for their differential diagnosis. The study revealed that eggs shed by humans show morphological traits different from eggs shed by animals. In humans, F. hepatica eggs are bigger and F. gigantica eggs are smaller than reported to date from livestock, and their measurements overlap when compared. B) Study of the correlation between egg-shedding and uterus development in F. hepatica human and animal isolates. Uterus area (UA) development of adult F. hepatica obtained at different days post infection (dpi) in a Wistar rat model with isolates obtained from cattle, sheep, pigs and humans from the endemic human fascioliasis zone of the Northern Bolivian Altiplano was analysed and compared with the number of eggs shed per gram of faeces as obtained through the Kato–Katz technique. This work shows a positive correlation between liver fluke UA and egg production. C) Study of F. hepatica phenotypic characterization in Andean human endemic areas. The results showed that two phenotypic patterns could be distinguished in F. hepatica adult size: the valley pattern (Cajamarca and Mantaro, Peru) and the altiplanic pattern (northern Altiplano, Bolivia). Furthermore, the Andean valley population and European standard populations presented phenotypic homogeneity. The Altiplano population showed a large size range with a pronouncedly lower minimum size, indicating that uterus gravidity is reached at a smaller size than in valley populations. D) Study of the DRG Fasciola hepatica IgG ELISA test as a serological diagnostic tool of human fascioliasis in different epidemiological situations. The study shows that sensitivity and specificity of the DRG assay were 95.3% (95% confidence intervals, 82,9–99,2%) and 95,7% (95% confidence intervals, 92,3–97,5%), respectively. No correlation between egg output and the optical density (OD) values of the test was observed. E) Field evaluation of the MM3 coproantigen detection test for fascioliasis diagnosis and surveillance in human hyperendemic areas of Andean countries. As part of the above-mentioned control initiative, two hyperendemic areas were chosen: Huacullani, Northern Altiplano, Bolivia, representing the Altiplanic transmission pattern with high prevalences and… Advisors/Committee Members: Mas-Coma, S (advisor).

Subjects/Keywords: natural population; uterus; wistar; human; egg; sheep; cattle; F. gigantica; pig; bolivian altiplano; number per gram of faeces; cajamarca valley; mantaro valley; biometry; peru; bolivia; adult; georgia; egypt; growth model; vietnam; worldwide control initiative; principal component analysis; DRG Fasciola hepatica test; MM3 coproantigen; F. hepatica; experimental population

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Pérez Crespo, I. (2013). Estudios estratégicos para la lucha contra la fascioliasis humana a nivel mundial = Strategic studies for the fight against de human fascioliasis worldwide . (Doctoral Dissertation). Universitat de Valencia. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10550/30015

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Pérez Crespo, Ignacio. “Estudios estratégicos para la lucha contra la fascioliasis humana a nivel mundial = Strategic studies for the fight against de human fascioliasis worldwide .” 2013. Doctoral Dissertation, Universitat de Valencia. Accessed April 21, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/10550/30015.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Pérez Crespo, Ignacio. “Estudios estratégicos para la lucha contra la fascioliasis humana a nivel mundial = Strategic studies for the fight against de human fascioliasis worldwide .” 2013. Web. 21 Apr 2019.

Vancouver:

Pérez Crespo I. Estudios estratégicos para la lucha contra la fascioliasis humana a nivel mundial = Strategic studies for the fight against de human fascioliasis worldwide . [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Universitat de Valencia; 2013. [cited 2019 Apr 21]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10550/30015.

Council of Science Editors:

Pérez Crespo I. Estudios estratégicos para la lucha contra la fascioliasis humana a nivel mundial = Strategic studies for the fight against de human fascioliasis worldwide . [Doctoral Dissertation]. Universitat de Valencia; 2013. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10550/30015

3. Pérez Crespo, Ignacio. Estudios estratégicos para la lucha contra la fascioliasis humana a nivel mundial = Strategic studies for the fight against de human fascioliasis worldwide.

Degree: 2018, TDX

Fascioliasis is a zoonotic parasitic disease caused by Fasciola hepatica and F. gigantica. Emergence of human fascioliasis prompted a worldwide control initiative including a pilot study in several countries. Given the necessity to characterize the fasciolid populations involved, the overall aim of the present research is, first, the phenotypic characterization of faciolid adults and eggs implicated in human endemic areas, where this initiative has been implemented, through a computer image analysis system (CIAS) applied on the basis of standardized measurements. Second, new immunological techniques and their potential use as immunological diagnostic tests in those areas are evaluated. The specific results have been grouped into five parts. A) Characterization of eggs of both F. hepatica and F. gigantica for their differential diagnosis. The study revealed that eggs shed by humans show morphological traits different from eggs shed by animals. In humans, F. hepatica eggs are bigger and F. gigantica eggs are smaller than reported to date from livestock, and their measurements overlap when compared. B) Study of the correlation between egg-shedding and uterus development in F. hepatica human and animal isolates. Uterus area (UA) development of adult F. hepatica obtained at different days post infection (dpi) in a Wistar rat model with isolates obtained from cattle, sheep, pigs and humans from the endemic human fascioliasis zone of the Northern Bolivian Altiplano was analysed and compared with the number of eggs shed per gram of faeces as obtained through the Kato–Katz technique. This work shows a positive correlation between liver fluke UA and egg production. C) Study of F. hepatica phenotypic characterization in Andean human endemic areas. The results showed that two phenotypic patterns could be distinguished in F. hepatica adult size: the valley pattern (Cajamarca and Mantaro, Peru) and the altiplanic pattern (northern Altiplano, Bolivia). Furthermore, the Andean valley population and European standard populations presented phenotypic homogeneity. The Altiplano population showed a large size range with a pronouncedly lower minimum size, indicating that uterus gravidity is reached at a smaller size than in valley populations. D) Study of the DRG Fasciola hepatica IgG ELISA test as a serological diagnostic tool of human fascioliasis in different epidemiological situations. The study shows that sensitivity and specificity of the DRG assay were 95.3% (95% confidence intervals, 82,9–99,2%) and 95,7% (95% confidence intervals, 92,3–97,5%), respectively. No correlation between egg output and the optical density (OD) values of the test was observed. E) Field evaluation of the MM3 coproantigen detection test for fascioliasis diagnosis and surveillance in human hyperendemic areas of Andean countries. As part of the above-mentioned control initiative, two hyperendemic areas were chosen: Huacullani, Northern Altiplano, Bolivia, representing the Altiplanic transmission pattern with high prevalences and intensities; the Cajamarca… Advisors/Committee Members: Mas-Coma, S., Valero Aleixandre, María Adela, Departament de Biologia Cel.lular i Parasitologia.

Subjects/Keywords: natural population; uterus; wistar; human; egg; sheep; cattle; F. gigantica; pig; bolivian altiplano; number per gram of faeces; cajamarca valley; mantaro valley; biometry; peru; bolivia; adult; georgia; egypt; growth model; vietnam; worldwide control initiative; principal component analysis; DRG Fasciola hepatica test; MM3 coproantigen; F. hepatica; experimental population; UNESCO::CIENCIAS DE LA VIDA

Record DetailsSimilar RecordsGoogle PlusoneFacebookTwitterCiteULikeMendeleyreddit

APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Pérez Crespo, I. (2018). Estudios estratégicos para la lucha contra la fascioliasis humana a nivel mundial = Strategic studies for the fight against de human fascioliasis worldwide. (Thesis). TDX. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10803/568328

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Pérez Crespo, Ignacio. “Estudios estratégicos para la lucha contra la fascioliasis humana a nivel mundial = Strategic studies for the fight against de human fascioliasis worldwide.” 2018. Thesis, TDX. Accessed April 21, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/10803/568328.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Pérez Crespo, Ignacio. “Estudios estratégicos para la lucha contra la fascioliasis humana a nivel mundial = Strategic studies for the fight against de human fascioliasis worldwide.” 2018. Web. 21 Apr 2019.

Vancouver:

Pérez Crespo I. Estudios estratégicos para la lucha contra la fascioliasis humana a nivel mundial = Strategic studies for the fight against de human fascioliasis worldwide. [Internet] [Thesis]. TDX; 2018. [cited 2019 Apr 21]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10803/568328.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Pérez Crespo I. Estudios estratégicos para la lucha contra la fascioliasis humana a nivel mundial = Strategic studies for the fight against de human fascioliasis worldwide. [Thesis]. TDX; 2018. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10803/568328

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

.