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You searched for subject:(biological market theory). Showing records 1 – 2 of 2 total matches.

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University of Georgia

1. Gumert, Michael David. Social reciprocity and interchange in long-tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis).

Degree: 2014, University of Georgia

Social grooming is a common and potentially valuable act for long-tailed macaques. It may be traded reciprocally or interchanged with other acts such as tolerance, sexual activity, and infant handling. Social exchange related to grooming may be contingent on specific acts of grooming, and thus traded, or it may just be a by-product of social relationships and thus not traded. If grooming can be traded, biological market theory predicts that grooming may be considered as “payment” for other social acts and would vary with supply and demand of available partners. If grooming is traded directly as payment for other social acts, specific acts of grooming should facilitate reciprocation and interchange. Also, the number of available partners (i.e. supply) should negatively influence grooming duration. In the first study, I analyzed sequences following grooming bouts to test the hypothesis that reciprocation and interchange can be linked to specific acts of grooming. I found that specific acts of grooming facilitated subsequent reciprocation and interchange with tolerance or sexual activity. In the second study, I investigated exchange patterns of female-to-mother with infant grooming and its relation to the supply of infants. I found that after mothers with infants received grooming from a female, infant contact by the grooming female was facilitated. I also found a negative relationship between grooming bout duration and the number of infants per female surrounding female-to-mother grooming bouts associated with infant handling. It seemed that grooming did facilitate infant handling and that grooming duration was negatively related to infant supply. In the third study, I investigated whether there was a relationship between grooming duration and the supply of females around male-to-female grooming bouts associated with mating. I found a negative relationship between bout duration and the number of females per male surrounding a mating-related grooming. From these studies, I concluded that specific acts of grooming can facilitate reciprocation and interchange and that the supply of partners is related to the amount of grooming payment an individual will offer to their partner. Overall, some grooming exchanges appear to occur as trades, where grooming is “payment” for other social acts such as more grooming, tolerance, sexual activity/mating, and infant handling.

Subjects/Keywords: Macaca fascicularis; Long-tailed macaque; Grooming; Tolerance; Sex; Mating; Infant handling; Reciprocity; Interchange; Biological market theory

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Gumert, M. D. (2014). Social reciprocity and interchange in long-tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis). (Thesis). University of Georgia. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10724/23127

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Gumert, Michael David. “Social reciprocity and interchange in long-tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis).” 2014. Thesis, University of Georgia. Accessed April 18, 2021. http://hdl.handle.net/10724/23127.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Gumert, Michael David. “Social reciprocity and interchange in long-tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis).” 2014. Web. 18 Apr 2021.

Vancouver:

Gumert MD. Social reciprocity and interchange in long-tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis). [Internet] [Thesis]. University of Georgia; 2014. [cited 2021 Apr 18]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10724/23127.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Gumert MD. Social reciprocity and interchange in long-tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis). [Thesis]. University of Georgia; 2014. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10724/23127

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

2. Yan, Caie. Social interaction and dispersal patterns of golden snub-nosed monkeys (Rhinopithecus roxellana) living in multi-level societies.

Degree: PhD, 0340, 2012, University of Illinois – Urbana-Champaign

This study aimed to explore the benefits that individuals gain from group living and the role of kin and nonkin affiliation and cooperation in the formation of social networks in primates by investigating the multi-level social structures exhibited by Sichuan snub-nosed monkeys (Rhinopithecus roxellana). The multi-level social network of snub-nosed monkeys composed of over 100 individuals, in which individuals form one-male breeding units (OMUs, which include one adult male, several adult females, and their offspring), all male units (AMUs), and bands (several OMUs that travel, feed and rest together). Given the fact that the majority of Asian colobines exhibit a harem social organization, multi-level societies of R. roxellana are proposed to have evolved through the aggregation of individual one-male groups. The specific objectives of this study are to explore 1) the social factors that help to maintain the stability of multilevel societies, 2) the benefits to individuals of forming a higher level social structure, 3) the presence and complexity of kinship networks and dispersal patterns in R. roxellana based on genetic data, and 4) the behavioral mechanisms regulating social interactions within multi-level social networks, and whether these are most consistent with kin selection theory, reciprocity theories, or biological market theory. Behavioral observations for this study were conducted at Zhouzhi National Natural Reserve, Shaanxi, China. A habituated band of snub-nosed monkeys was followed from September 2007 to August 2008. Along with behavioral observations, fecal samples were collected from the focal band and two neighboring bands. DNA was extracted from the fecal samples. The d-loop region of the mitochondrial DNA was amplified and sequenced for each sample. The behavioral data indicate that OMUs were socially and sexual independent since the majority of social and sexual interactions were restricted to members of the same OMU. Both direct affiliative and agonistic interactions between members of different OMUs were infrequent. Compared to the harems formed by other Asian colobines, the OMUs of R. roxellana were more cohesive. Leader males played a critical role in maintaining the cohesion of his OMU by actively threatening or chasing both adult and juvenile members of other OMUs that were within 5 meters of his harem. It is likely that the formation of multi-level societies in R. roxellana is the result of social and spatial tolerance among harem males in response to the foraging requirements associated with the exploitation of highly seasonal and low productive habitat. Three distinct haplotypes were found among 99 samples collected from the three neighboring bands. Based on the assumption that individuals with less frequent haplotypes represent immigrants from other bands, it was estimated that approximately 17-21% of females and 8-15% of males immigrated from neighboring bands. The genetic data also indicated that females transfer between OMUs within the same band since females with the same… Advisors/Committee Members: Garber, Paul A. (advisor), Garber, Paul A. (Committee Chair), Malhi, Ripan S. (committee member), Stumpf, Rebecca M. (committee member), Swedell, Larissa (committee member).

Subjects/Keywords: Rhinopithecus roxellana; snub-nosed monkey; multi-level society; social interaction; dispersal pattern; kin selection; reciprocity; biological market theory

…In this way, long-term detailed memory is not required. 1.4 Biological market theory… …Biological market theory assumes that partner choices are based on the direct benefits 10… …Henzi 2006). Different from reciprocity theories, biological market theory proposes that… …biological market theory: as the supply increases the price for each item was reduced. Similarly… …using the market theory to explain social interactions in primates because the biological… 

Record DetailsSimilar RecordsGoogle PlusoneFacebookTwitterCiteULikeMendeleyreddit

APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Yan, C. (2012). Social interaction and dispersal patterns of golden snub-nosed monkeys (Rhinopithecus roxellana) living in multi-level societies. (Doctoral Dissertation). University of Illinois – Urbana-Champaign. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/2142/31175

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Yan, Caie. “Social interaction and dispersal patterns of golden snub-nosed monkeys (Rhinopithecus roxellana) living in multi-level societies.” 2012. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Illinois – Urbana-Champaign. Accessed April 18, 2021. http://hdl.handle.net/2142/31175.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Yan, Caie. “Social interaction and dispersal patterns of golden snub-nosed monkeys (Rhinopithecus roxellana) living in multi-level societies.” 2012. Web. 18 Apr 2021.

Vancouver:

Yan C. Social interaction and dispersal patterns of golden snub-nosed monkeys (Rhinopithecus roxellana) living in multi-level societies. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Illinois – Urbana-Champaign; 2012. [cited 2021 Apr 18]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2142/31175.

Council of Science Editors:

Yan C. Social interaction and dispersal patterns of golden snub-nosed monkeys (Rhinopithecus roxellana) living in multi-level societies. [Doctoral Dissertation]. University of Illinois – Urbana-Champaign; 2012. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2142/31175

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