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NSYSU

1. Chen, Yi-jie. Examinations of the effectiveness of mimetic phenotypes of female Great Mormom Butterfly using behavioral experiments.

Degree: Master, Biological Sciences, 2013, NSYSU

The Batesian mimicry involving Papilionidae is often sexually dimorphic, female-limited, and polymorphic. According to the case studies based on the mimicry relationships exhibited by several North American, African and Asian Papilio species, it has been realized that the occurrence of mimetic female form correlates with relative abundance of the model. Papilio memnon is a fairly common swallowtail butterfly ranging throughout India, Sundaland and S.E. Palaeartic region. The female is extremely polymorphic with at least 17 forms being recognized and many of them often regarded perfectly mimetic with several troidine butterfly models occurring in the same distribution range. However, neither the occurrence of the so-called mimicry of this species has been questioned nor the effectiveness of the putative aposematic colouration has been tested using modern methods. Here we present a result based on an analysis of geographical correlations between possible mimetic female forms and their possible model(s) from numerous museum specimens and animal behavior experiment. The results show that: (1) There might be no prefect mimicry occurring between female P. memnon and their potential models; (2) the accurate mimicry involving the P. memnon complex may only be presented by P. lampsacus and P. oenomaus and their models; (3) the mimetic colouration (either perfect or imperfect) may have independently evolved for several times; (4) the presence or absence of hindwing tail or some specific maculation does not necessarily contribute in enhancing resemblance between P. memnon and the model(s); and (5) some elements of interactive regulation, it will affect the judgment of predator. Advisors/Committee Members: Yang, En-Cheng (chair), Shen-Horn Yen (committee member), Yu-Feng Hsu (chair).

Subjects/Keywords: elements; Imperfect mimicry; Batesian mimicry; avoidance learning; Wing pattern polymorphism; artificial prey

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APA (6th Edition):

Chen, Y. (2013). Examinations of the effectiveness of mimetic phenotypes of female Great Mormom Butterfly using behavioral experiments. (Thesis). NSYSU. Retrieved from http://etd.lib.nsysu.edu.tw/ETD-db/ETD-search/view_etd?URN=etd-0729113-155916

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Chen, Yi-jie. “Examinations of the effectiveness of mimetic phenotypes of female Great Mormom Butterfly using behavioral experiments.” 2013. Thesis, NSYSU. Accessed June 20, 2019. http://etd.lib.nsysu.edu.tw/ETD-db/ETD-search/view_etd?URN=etd-0729113-155916.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Chen, Yi-jie. “Examinations of the effectiveness of mimetic phenotypes of female Great Mormom Butterfly using behavioral experiments.” 2013. Web. 20 Jun 2019.

Vancouver:

Chen Y. Examinations of the effectiveness of mimetic phenotypes of female Great Mormom Butterfly using behavioral experiments. [Internet] [Thesis]. NSYSU; 2013. [cited 2019 Jun 20]. Available from: http://etd.lib.nsysu.edu.tw/ETD-db/ETD-search/view_etd?URN=etd-0729113-155916.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Chen Y. Examinations of the effectiveness of mimetic phenotypes of female Great Mormom Butterfly using behavioral experiments. [Thesis]. NSYSU; 2013. Available from: http://etd.lib.nsysu.edu.tw/ETD-db/ETD-search/view_etd?URN=etd-0729113-155916

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

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