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Dept: Centre for Human Rights

You searched for subject:(WTO). Showing records 1 – 3 of 3 total matches.

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University of Pretoria

1. Mwariri, Gladys Wanjiru. The impact of international trade and investment policies on the labour rights of export processing zones' workers : the case of Kenya.

Degree: LLM, Centre for Human Rights, 2007, University of Pretoria

Investigates to what extent international trade and investment policies affect the labour rights of EPZ (Export Processing Zones) workers in Kenya. Audit the existing legal and policy framework for labour protection in Kenya and determines the extent to which the labour rights of EPZ workers in Kenya are protected. Also examines whether whether the EPZs are beneficial to Kenya and identify ways in which the labour rights of EPZ workers can be protected. Advisors/Committee Members: Sayed, Hani (advisor).

Subjects/Keywords: UCTD; International trade; Investment policies; Labour rights Kenya; World Trade Organization (WTO); International Labour Organisation (ILO); Export processing zones  – Law and legislation; Employee rights  – Kenya

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Mwariri, G. W. (2007). The impact of international trade and investment policies on the labour rights of export processing zones' workers : the case of Kenya. (Masters Thesis). University of Pretoria. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/2263/5760

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Mwariri, Gladys Wanjiru. “The impact of international trade and investment policies on the labour rights of export processing zones' workers : the case of Kenya.” 2007. Masters Thesis, University of Pretoria. Accessed December 07, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/2263/5760.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Mwariri, Gladys Wanjiru. “The impact of international trade and investment policies on the labour rights of export processing zones' workers : the case of Kenya.” 2007. Web. 07 Dec 2019.

Vancouver:

Mwariri GW. The impact of international trade and investment policies on the labour rights of export processing zones' workers : the case of Kenya. [Internet] [Masters thesis]. University of Pretoria; 2007. [cited 2019 Dec 07]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2263/5760.

Council of Science Editors:

Mwariri GW. The impact of international trade and investment policies on the labour rights of export processing zones' workers : the case of Kenya. [Masters Thesis]. University of Pretoria; 2007. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2263/5760


University of Pretoria

2. Musungu, Sisule Fredrick. The right to health in the global economy : reading human rights obligations into the patent regime of the WTO-TRIPS Agreement.

Degree: LLM, Centre for Human Rights, 2001, University of Pretoria

"The implementation of the TRIPS Agreement, within the wider context of globalisation, has brought about a conflict between the obligation of states to promote and protect health and the achievement of economic goals pursued under the WTO regime. Since trade is the driving engine of globalisation, it is imperative that, at the very least, rules governing it do not violate human rights but rather promote them. The problem of IP and the right to health therefore lies in ensuring that the integration of economic rules and institutional operations in relation to IPRs coincide with states’ obligations to promote and protect public health. ... This study centres on the specific debate about health and IPRs in the context of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) and the WTO rules on IP protection. In terms of a human rights approach to the TRIPS Agreement, the ICESCR has been chosen for several reasons. First, the ICESCR specifically recognises both the right to health and the right to the protection of inventions in clearer terms than any other human rights instrument. Secondly, at least 111 of the state parties to the ICESCR are also members of the WTO including a large number of developing countries. Thirdly, if one sees the ICESCR as a vehicle for the fulfilment of the obligation to promote and protect human rights under the United Nations Organisation’s (UN) Charter, it can be argued that in line with article 103, the implementation and interpretation of TRIPS by all UN members states must take into account basic human rights. However, even with primary focus being on the ICESCR, most of the discussion on practical issues will focus on the experiences in Sub-Saharan Africa because the inequalities and problems of access to health care are most dramatically played out in this part of the world. The objective of the study is to examine the relationship between the obligation of states to progressively realise and guarantee the right to health, and the IP rules under the TRIPS Agreement. The specific objective is to examine the relationship between the exceptions under the TRIPS Agreement and the obligation to protect health and the identification of a consistent way of achieving a convergence between the implementation and interpretation of the rules of the two regimes in the area of health."  – Chapter 1 Advisors/Committee Members: Oloka-Onyango, J. (advisor).

Subjects/Keywords: Right to health; Access to medicine; International human rights law; Human rights; Intellectual property; Pharmaceutical patents; Globalization; Access to health care; World trade organization (WTO); Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS); International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR); UCTD

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Musungu, S. F. (2001). The right to health in the global economy : reading human rights obligations into the patent regime of the WTO-TRIPS Agreement. (Masters Thesis). University of Pretoria. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/2263/931

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Musungu, Sisule Fredrick. “The right to health in the global economy : reading human rights obligations into the patent regime of the WTO-TRIPS Agreement.” 2001. Masters Thesis, University of Pretoria. Accessed December 07, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/2263/931.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Musungu, Sisule Fredrick. “The right to health in the global economy : reading human rights obligations into the patent regime of the WTO-TRIPS Agreement.” 2001. Web. 07 Dec 2019.

Vancouver:

Musungu SF. The right to health in the global economy : reading human rights obligations into the patent regime of the WTO-TRIPS Agreement. [Internet] [Masters thesis]. University of Pretoria; 2001. [cited 2019 Dec 07]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2263/931.

Council of Science Editors:

Musungu SF. The right to health in the global economy : reading human rights obligations into the patent regime of the WTO-TRIPS Agreement. [Masters Thesis]. University of Pretoria; 2001. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2263/931


University of Pretoria

3. Mugambe, Lydia. The exceptions to patent rights under the WTO-TRIPS Agreement : where is the right to health guaranteed?.

Degree: LLM, Centre for Human Rights, 2002, University of Pretoria

"The thesis of this study is that the flexibility within the exceptions to patent rights protecton under the TRIPS Agreement has not sufficiently been exploited at the national level. The study conceptualises the regimes for the protection of the right to health and IPRs not as mutually exclusive but as potentially reinforcing. The contention is therefore that the obligations in respect to the right to health limit the manner in which states can exercise the flexibilty within the patent regime of the TRIPS Agreement. Eventually the study seeks to answer the question: Where does the guarantee for the right to health lie in light of the TRIPS regime? ... The study is divided into three chapters preceded by an introduction. The introduction lays the background for te discussion. Chapter one deals with the definition of important concepts and provides the context in which the study is set. The chapter also discusses the background to the creation of the TRIPS Agreement, with an emphatic discussion on the involvement or lack thereof of Africn and other least developed and developing countries in this process. Chapter two discusses the patent rights exceptions clause under the TRIPS Agreement. Against this background, compuslory licensing, government use and parallel importing as means of making accessibility to drugs a reality under the TRIPS Agreement will be discussed. Chapter three identifies other means of making drugs more accessible and identifying places where they have worked well. In this chapter, generic substitution, establishemnt of a pricing committee, therapeutic value pricing, pooled procurement, negotiated procurement and planned donations will be discussed. Finally a conclusion will be drawn from the discussion and recommendations will be advanced."  – Chapter 1. Advisors/Committee Members: Wandrag, Riekie (advisor).

Subjects/Keywords: UCTD; Right to health; Access to medicine; Human rights; Access to health care; World trade organization (WTO); Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights; International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR); Intellectual property; Patents; Patent rights; HIV/AIDS

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Mugambe, L. (2002). The exceptions to patent rights under the WTO-TRIPS Agreement : where is the right to health guaranteed?. (Masters Thesis). University of Pretoria. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/2263/980

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Mugambe, Lydia. “The exceptions to patent rights under the WTO-TRIPS Agreement : where is the right to health guaranteed?.” 2002. Masters Thesis, University of Pretoria. Accessed December 07, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/2263/980.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Mugambe, Lydia. “The exceptions to patent rights under the WTO-TRIPS Agreement : where is the right to health guaranteed?.” 2002. Web. 07 Dec 2019.

Vancouver:

Mugambe L. The exceptions to patent rights under the WTO-TRIPS Agreement : where is the right to health guaranteed?. [Internet] [Masters thesis]. University of Pretoria; 2002. [cited 2019 Dec 07]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2263/980.

Council of Science Editors:

Mugambe L. The exceptions to patent rights under the WTO-TRIPS Agreement : where is the right to health guaranteed?. [Masters Thesis]. University of Pretoria; 2002. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2263/980

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