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You searched for subject:(Violenza Politica). Showing records 1 – 3 of 3 total matches.

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University of Michigan

1. Colleoni, Federica. Political Violence and National Identity: Trauma, Spectrality and Allegory in Contemporary Italian Film and Literature.

Degree: PhD, Romance Languages & Literatures: Italian, 2010, University of Michigan

My dissertation investigates how the traumatic phenomenon of political violence in Italy has been narrated in novels and represented in films. My aim is to show that a tension persists between the need for a unitary memory and the impossibility of reconciling positions perceived as opposite and problematic collective memory. My analysis draws on the notions of spectrality, elaborated by Derrida; trauma, defined by Freud, Caruth and E. Ann Kaplan; and allegory. In Chapter 1, I analyze films by Pontecorvo, Taviani, Orsini, and Montaldo, to show how they displace the trauma of political violence both temporally/historically and spatially/geographically, providing a reflection on the relation between violence, power and state formation. Chapter 2 investigates how some characters and situations depicted in novels by Ginzburg, Balestrini, and Sciascia can be read as allegories of the Italian body politic dealing with conflicting discourses on political violence. In Chapter 3, I focus on the representation of the trauma of political violence in films by Amelio, Giordana, Calopresti, and Bellocchio, and on novels by Villalta, Colotti, Tavassi la Greca, and D’Aloja. Their works deal with the effort of Italian society to forgive and incorporate in its body politics both former terrorists and their narrations. In Chapter 4, I demonstrate how the specter of political violence is still haunting contemporary Italy by analyzing the noir genre, both in its literary and cinematic versions. I examine novels by Carlotto, De Cataldo e Montanari, and films by Soavi and Placido. Here in particular I follow Deleuze’s idea of cinema concluding that the noir genre is apt to produce a substitute historical experience through its “affective” powers on the audience. My study shows how during the last forty years Italian cinema shifted from an ideological/political narrative to an intimate account, and then to a genre representation. Political violence has traumatically affected not only family and gender relationships but also national identity narrated in fictional writings. If trauma produces new subjects, then the new Italian subject appears to be constructed by a tension between refusal and inclusion of the specter of political violence in discourses of identity and nation/state formation. Advisors/Committee Members: Binetti, Vincenzo A. (committee member), Capek-Habekovic, Romana (committee member), Clej, Alina M. (committee member), Past, Elena M. (committee member).

Subjects/Keywords: Violenza Politica; Spettralita'; Trauma; Allegoria; Letteratura Italiana; Cinema Italiano; Romance Languages and Literature; Humanities

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APA (6th Edition):

Colleoni, F. (2010). Political Violence and National Identity: Trauma, Spectrality and Allegory in Contemporary Italian Film and Literature. (Doctoral Dissertation). University of Michigan. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/78833

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Colleoni, Federica. “Political Violence and National Identity: Trauma, Spectrality and Allegory in Contemporary Italian Film and Literature.” 2010. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Michigan. Accessed October 22, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/78833.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Colleoni, Federica. “Political Violence and National Identity: Trauma, Spectrality and Allegory in Contemporary Italian Film and Literature.” 2010. Web. 22 Oct 2019.

Vancouver:

Colleoni F. Political Violence and National Identity: Trauma, Spectrality and Allegory in Contemporary Italian Film and Literature. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Michigan; 2010. [cited 2019 Oct 22]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/78833.

Council of Science Editors:

Colleoni F. Political Violence and National Identity: Trauma, Spectrality and Allegory in Contemporary Italian Film and Literature. [Doctoral Dissertation]. University of Michigan; 2010. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/78833


Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore

2. ORSO, CRISTINA ELISA. Three essays on microcredit and poverty.

Degree: 2013, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore

Partendo da una concettualizzazione multidimensionale della povertà, il presente lavoro di ricerca studia l’effetto prodotto dalla partecipazione a programmi di microcredito su specifiche dimensioni di genere: l’empowerment delle donne e la violenza domestica. Il primo capitolo analizza la letteratura empirica sul tema in un’ottica critica, gettando le basi per lo sviluppo dei successivi. La seconda parte esamina la relazione fra partecipazione al microcredito e due distinte dimensioni di empowerment utilizzando un modello ad equazioni strutturali (SEM). Accanto alla partecipazione a tali programmi, considero, quale potenziale causa del processo di empowerment femminile, le attitudini maschili in merito al ruolo svolto dalle donne all’interno e al di fuori del contesto familiare. Dai risultati emerge un’associazione positiva fra microcredito e dimensioni di empowerment considerate, ma l’effetto delle attitudini maschili non è significativo. Infine, nell’ultimo capitolo esamino come la partecipazione al microcredito, congiuntamente ad altri fattori socio-demografici, influenza il subire violenza domestica e le attitudini femminili circa la giustificazione della stessa in determinati contesti. Dall’analisi empirica emerge un’associazione positiva tra microcredito e violenza domestica, mentre il partecipare a tali programmi non produce alcun effetto significativo sulle attitudini femminili in merito alla giustificazione della stessa.

The focus of this dissertation is about the influence of participation in microcredit programs on gendered dimensions of poverty. Specifically, I refer to multidimensional poverty in terms of women’s empowerment and domestic violence. The first chapter reviews the empirical literature on microcredit and poverty in a critical perspective and lays the foundations for the two later chapters. The second part explores the relationship between participation in microcredit programs and two distinct dimensions of women’s empowerment using a structural equation model with categorical observed variables. I consider a set of potential causes of the empowerment dimensions including participation in microcredit programs and men’s attitudes towards women’s role in intra-household relationships and in the social context. Interestingly, the former is positively associated with empowerment while the men’s perception about the women’s role do not produce a significant effect on both empowerment dimensions. The last chapter investigates how participation in microcredit programs along with other socio-demographic factors affect the likelihood to experience physical violence and the likelihood of women’s beating justification in different situations. The most interesting result concerns the influence of microcredit on the outcomes variables: it doesn’t affect women’s beliefs about beating justification but it is positively associated with physical violence.

Advisors/Committee Members: CAMPIGLIO, LUIGI, TURATI, GILBERTO.

Subjects/Keywords: SECS-P/02: POLITICA ECONOMICA; microcredit, women's empowerment, domestic violence, women's attitudes towards wife beating, microcredito, "empowerment" delle donne, violenza domestica, attitudini delle donne sulla giustificazione della violenza

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APA (6th Edition):

ORSO, C. E. (2013). Three essays on microcredit and poverty. (Doctoral Dissertation). Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10280/1957

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

ORSO, CRISTINA ELISA. “Three essays on microcredit and poverty.” 2013. Doctoral Dissertation, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore. Accessed October 22, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/10280/1957.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

ORSO, CRISTINA ELISA. “Three essays on microcredit and poverty.” 2013. Web. 22 Oct 2019.

Vancouver:

ORSO CE. Three essays on microcredit and poverty. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore; 2013. [cited 2019 Oct 22]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10280/1957.

Council of Science Editors:

ORSO CE. Three essays on microcredit and poverty. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore; 2013. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10280/1957


Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore

3. KAMPRAD, ALEXANDER EDMUND. Culture violente e statualità limitata: come le tendenze della guerra e del terrorismo influenzano le tendenze degli omicidi.

Degree: 2018, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore

Sulla base delle analisi transnazionali degli effetti della violenza collettiva (guerra e terrorismo) sui tassi di omicidi, la mia ricerca di dottorato contribuisce all' apertura di studi criminologici sull' omicidio verso una prospettiva integrata sulla violenza. La principale scoperta originale è che sia il terrorismo che le varie forme di guerra (ad esempio guerre etniche, civili e internazionali) sono associate in modo forte e positivo all' omicidio. Queste conclusioni si basano sul calcolo di una serie di modelli ad effetti fissi su un panel che comprende più di 100 paesi in oltre 20 anni dal 1990. I risultati danno un sostegno provvisorio alle ipotesi di "legittimazione della violenza" e "legittimazione-abituazione" formulate per quanto riguarda gli effetti transnazionali delle guerre nazionali sui tassi di omicidi, e gli effetti degli attentati terroristici e dei prolungati stati di belligeranza sui tassi di omicidi in Israele, rispettivamente. Entrambe le ipotesi suggeriscono che la violenza collettiva abbia un effetto causale positivo sull' omicidio, ma il tema è stato ampiamente trascurato nella ricerca criminologica fin dalla formulazione originale delle ipotesi più di 30 anni fa. Questo studio conclude che l’influenza causale della violenza collettiva sull'omicidio è probabile, ma non può essere dimostrata in modo definitivo entro i confini di un disegno di ricerca transnazionale. Da un punto di vista teorico, i quadri criminologici rilevanti dovrebbero essere arricchiti da due concetti distinti della scienza politica che permettono di collocare le ipotesi in un quadro più ampio di "cultura della violenza" e di "governance in aree di limitata statualità".

Based on the cross-national analyses of the effects of collective violence (warfare and terrorism) on homicide rates, my Ph.D. research contributes to the opening of criminological homicide studies towards an integrated perspective on violence. The main original finding is that both terrorism and various forms of warfare (e.g. ethnic, civil and international wars) are robustly and positively associated with homicide. These findings are based on the calculation of a series of fixed-effects models on a panel that incorporates more than 100 countries over more than 20 years since 1990. The results lend tentative support to the so-called ‘legitimation of violence’ and ‘legitimation-habituation’ hypotheses that have been formulated in regard to the cross-national effects of nation-wars on homicide rates, and to the effects of terror attacks and prolonged states of belligerence on homicide rates in Israel, respectively. Both hypotheses suggest that collective violence bears a positive causal effect on homicide, but the topic has been largely neglected in criminological research since the original formulation of the hypotheses more than 30 years ago. This study concludes that a causal influence of collective violence on homicide is likely, but cannot conclusively be proven within the confines of a cross-national research design. From a theoretical…

Advisors/Committee Members: VAN DE BUNT, HENK, CALDERONI, FRANCESCO, LIEM, MARIEKE.

Subjects/Keywords: SECS-S/05: STATISTICA SOCIALE; SPS/04: SCIENZA POLITICA; SPS/12: SOCIOLOGIA GIURIDICA, DELLA DEVIANZA E MUTAMENTO SOCIALE; omicidio, guerra, terrorismo, violenza, pace, crimini violenti, studi sull' omicidio, cultura, legittimazione, homicide, war, terrorism, violence, peace, violent crimes, homicide studies, culture, legitimation, governance

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

KAMPRAD, A. E. (2018). Culture violente e statualità limitata: come le tendenze della guerra e del terrorismo influenzano le tendenze degli omicidi. (Doctoral Dissertation). Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10280/38239

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

KAMPRAD, ALEXANDER EDMUND. “Culture violente e statualità limitata: come le tendenze della guerra e del terrorismo influenzano le tendenze degli omicidi.” 2018. Doctoral Dissertation, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore. Accessed October 22, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/10280/38239.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

KAMPRAD, ALEXANDER EDMUND. “Culture violente e statualità limitata: come le tendenze della guerra e del terrorismo influenzano le tendenze degli omicidi.” 2018. Web. 22 Oct 2019.

Vancouver:

KAMPRAD AE. Culture violente e statualità limitata: come le tendenze della guerra e del terrorismo influenzano le tendenze degli omicidi. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore; 2018. [cited 2019 Oct 22]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10280/38239.

Council of Science Editors:

KAMPRAD AE. Culture violente e statualità limitata: come le tendenze della guerra e del terrorismo influenzano le tendenze degli omicidi. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore; 2018. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10280/38239

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