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You searched for subject:(Victim Characteristics). Showing records 1 – 3 of 3 total matches.

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Penn State University

1. Thompson, Katy M. Victim-offender Characteristics on Sexual Assault Crimes.

Degree: MA, Criminal Justice, 2013, Penn State University

The proposed study hopes to establish typologies of sexual offenders and victims by examining variables that measure criminal histories, lifestyle, and circumstances surrounding each incident. It is hoped that by analyzing court dockets describing the nature of these incidents will allow more effective targeting of preventative measures aimed at protecting potential victims and deterring potential offenders within situations of greater risk probability. This study found that the common type of assault in Dauphin County correlates to the “Classic Rape Scenario,” whereas most assaults involved black males and white females. Findings showed that most offenses occurred between persons who knew one another. Future research and policy implications are discussed for ways to educate criminal justice personnel on the commonalities of sexual offenses.

Subjects/Keywords: Victim-offender characteristics; Sexual Offense Crimes; Sexual Offending; Offender Characteristics; Victim Characteristics

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Thompson, K. M. (2013). Victim-offender Characteristics on Sexual Assault Crimes. (Masters Thesis). Penn State University. Retrieved from https://etda.libraries.psu.edu/catalog/17394

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Thompson, Katy M. “Victim-offender Characteristics on Sexual Assault Crimes.” 2013. Masters Thesis, Penn State University. Accessed June 25, 2019. https://etda.libraries.psu.edu/catalog/17394.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Thompson, Katy M. “Victim-offender Characteristics on Sexual Assault Crimes.” 2013. Web. 25 Jun 2019.

Vancouver:

Thompson KM. Victim-offender Characteristics on Sexual Assault Crimes. [Internet] [Masters thesis]. Penn State University; 2013. [cited 2019 Jun 25]. Available from: https://etda.libraries.psu.edu/catalog/17394.

Council of Science Editors:

Thompson KM. Victim-offender Characteristics on Sexual Assault Crimes. [Masters Thesis]. Penn State University; 2013. Available from: https://etda.libraries.psu.edu/catalog/17394


University of South Florida

2. Richards, Tara N. Explaining the "Female Victim Effect" in Capital Sentencing Decisions: A Case for Sex-Specific Models of Capital Sentencing Research.

Degree: 2011, University of South Florida

The potential influence of extralegal characteristics on the outcome of post-Furman capital cases (1972) has been a focus of criminal justice researchers and legal scholars. Much of this literature has assessed the impact of victim and defendant race on the likelihood of receiving the death penalty while a relatively underdeveloped body of research focuses on how victim sex may affect capital sentencing decisions. The present study uses focal concerns theory and the chivalry hypothesis to test the potential mediating effect of theoretical variables on the relationship between victim sex and juror capital sentence decision-making. In addition, it uses victim sex specific logistic regression models to examine if different theoretical and/or control variables are important predictors of receiving the death penalty for male victim cases versus female victim cases. Findings demonstrate that victim rape mediates the relationship between victim sex and juror death penalty decision-making. In addition, findings reveal that sex specific models better explain juror decision making than the full model including victims of both sexes and that different extralegal and legal characteristics predict juror decision to choose the death penalty in cases with male victims versus female victims. Theoretical and legal implications as well as directions for future research are discussed.

Subjects/Keywords: death penalty; extralegal characteristics; gender; juror discretion; victim sex; American Studies; Arts and Humanities; Criminology and Criminal Justice

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APA (6th Edition):

Richards, T. N. (2011). Explaining the "Female Victim Effect" in Capital Sentencing Decisions: A Case for Sex-Specific Models of Capital Sentencing Research. (Thesis). University of South Florida. Retrieved from https://scholarcommons.usf.edu/etd/3741

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Richards, Tara N. “Explaining the "Female Victim Effect" in Capital Sentencing Decisions: A Case for Sex-Specific Models of Capital Sentencing Research.” 2011. Thesis, University of South Florida. Accessed June 25, 2019. https://scholarcommons.usf.edu/etd/3741.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Richards, Tara N. “Explaining the "Female Victim Effect" in Capital Sentencing Decisions: A Case for Sex-Specific Models of Capital Sentencing Research.” 2011. Web. 25 Jun 2019.

Vancouver:

Richards TN. Explaining the "Female Victim Effect" in Capital Sentencing Decisions: A Case for Sex-Specific Models of Capital Sentencing Research. [Internet] [Thesis]. University of South Florida; 2011. [cited 2019 Jun 25]. Available from: https://scholarcommons.usf.edu/etd/3741.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Richards TN. Explaining the "Female Victim Effect" in Capital Sentencing Decisions: A Case for Sex-Specific Models of Capital Sentencing Research. [Thesis]. University of South Florida; 2011. Available from: https://scholarcommons.usf.edu/etd/3741

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

3. Korosec, Lauren. The Changing Nature of Homicide and Its Impact on Homicide Clearance Rates: A Quantitative Analysis of Two Trends From 1984-2009.

Degree: 2012, University of Western Ontario

The following analyses uses the Federal Bureau of Investigation’s (FBI) Supplementary Homicide Report (SHR) data from 1984 to 2009 to examine factors that predict whether a homicide will be cleared or not (N=439,542). Two theories inform the current study: 1) Black’s theory of law (discretionary variables) proposes that characteristics of the victim, such as age or race, influence how diligently police work to solve a homicide; and 2) non-discretionary theories propose that characteristics of the homicide act, such as geographic location and weapon use, are more important to the solvability of a homicide. Preliminary analyses of clearance rates indicate decreasing rates from 1984-2004, and increasing rates from 2004-2009; therefore, separate analyses are performed for each trend. Results indicate that firearm use, unknown weapons, males, minority victims, population size, and western regions predict lower clearance rates. However, predicted probabilities analysis provide a more complete picture of the relative importance of each variable. Most variables support non-discretionary theories of crime, where aspects of the homicide itself determine its solvability. Theoretical implications are discussed alongside directions for future research oriented toward more practical analyses of homicide clearance rates and police practices.

Subjects/Keywords: homicide; clearance rates; theory of law; victim characteristics; Criminology

…referred to as extralegal victim characteristics because they are not directly linked to the… …homicide itself; these are characteristics of the victim that are outside the commission of the… …characteristics of the victim with the assumption that if these variables are significant in predicting… …solve all homicides, regardless of the characteristics of the victim. Klinger (1997)… …the victim as heavily influential in how diligently the police will work to solve a crime… 

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Korosec, L. (2012). The Changing Nature of Homicide and Its Impact on Homicide Clearance Rates: A Quantitative Analysis of Two Trends From 1984-2009. (Thesis). University of Western Ontario. Retrieved from https://ir.lib.uwo.ca/etd/422

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Korosec, Lauren. “The Changing Nature of Homicide and Its Impact on Homicide Clearance Rates: A Quantitative Analysis of Two Trends From 1984-2009.” 2012. Thesis, University of Western Ontario. Accessed June 25, 2019. https://ir.lib.uwo.ca/etd/422.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Korosec, Lauren. “The Changing Nature of Homicide and Its Impact on Homicide Clearance Rates: A Quantitative Analysis of Two Trends From 1984-2009.” 2012. Web. 25 Jun 2019.

Vancouver:

Korosec L. The Changing Nature of Homicide and Its Impact on Homicide Clearance Rates: A Quantitative Analysis of Two Trends From 1984-2009. [Internet] [Thesis]. University of Western Ontario; 2012. [cited 2019 Jun 25]. Available from: https://ir.lib.uwo.ca/etd/422.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Korosec L. The Changing Nature of Homicide and Its Impact on Homicide Clearance Rates: A Quantitative Analysis of Two Trends From 1984-2009. [Thesis]. University of Western Ontario; 2012. Available from: https://ir.lib.uwo.ca/etd/422

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

.