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1. Mari Helen Pagani Possamai. AnÃlise da Variabilidade GenÃtica de Linhagens de Galinhas Caipiras Brasileiras.

Degree: 2011, Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina

As galinhas caipiras brasileiras sÃo o resultado de cruzamentos aleatÃrios entre diversas raÃas de galinhas encontradas no Brasil. Caracterizam-se pela sua rusticidade, resistÃncia a doenÃas e as condiÃÃes adversas de clima e alimentaÃÃo. Nos anos 80, uma mudanÃa nos hÃbitos de consumo valorizou os produtos naturais, tornando as galinhas caipiras alternativas de grande valor comercial. PorÃm, sua baixa produtividade inviabilizou a competiÃÃo desta com a galinha industrial. A saÃda foi o desenvolvimento das chamadas linhagens caipiras, galinhas que mesclam a rusticidade e resistÃncia das aves caipiras brasileiras com a produtividade das aves industriais. No Brasil foram desenvolvidas algumas destas linhagens, como a ParaÃso PedrÃs (corte) e a Rubro Negra (postura). Este trabalho teve como objetivo investigar a variabilidade genÃtica nuclear e nÃo nuclear de linhagens de galinhas caipiras brasileiras atravÃs da anÃlise de dez lÃcus de microssatÃlites e da regiÃo controladora, alÃa-D, do DNA mitocondrial (mtDNA). Foram coletadas amostras de sangue de 92 aves das linhagens ParaÃso PedrÃs (42) e Rubro Negra (50). Foi utilizada a tÃcnica de reaÃÃo em cadeia pela polimerase (PCR) para a amplificaÃÃo das amostras e os produtos amplificados foram submetidos à eletroforese em um sequenciador automÃtico ABI 3130 DNA Genetic Analyser. O nÃmero de alelos variou de 3 (LEI0254) a 32 (LEI0212) para a linhagem ParaÃso PedrÃs (PP), e 4 (LEI0254) a 31 (LEI0212) para a linhagem Rubro Negra (RN). A mÃdia de alelos por loco foi de 13,40 e 13,10 para a linhagem PP e RN, respectivamente. A heterozigosidade mÃdia esperada foi de 0,824 para PP e 0,604 para RN. Na anÃlise do mtDNA, 100% das aves PP possuÃam o haplÃtipo 4, de origem EuropÃia. Na linhagem RN, o haplÃtipo 4 foi encontrado em 60% das amostras, o haplÃtipo 3c em 10% e o haplÃtipo 3d em 30%, os haplÃtipos 3c e 3d sÃo de origem AsiÃtica. Os resultados obtidos indicam que as linhagens de galinhas caipiras brasileiras analisadas, apresentam uma variabilidade genÃtica superior Ãs observadas em linhagens comerciais tÃpicas de galinhas e semelhante à observada em aves nÃo comerciais. Para a formaÃÃo da linhagem RN foi utilizado na sua maioria aves de origem EuropÃia e algumas de origem AsiÃtica. E, para a composiÃÃo da linhagem PP, foi utilizado somente aves de origem EuropÃia, pelo menos no que se refere à linhagem materna

The Brazilian caipira chickens are the result of random mating between different chicken breeds found in Brazil. They are characterized by their hardiness, disease resistance and the adverse conditions of climate and nutrition. In the 80, a change in consumption habits valued natural products, making theses chickens an alternative of great commercial value. However, its low productivity of this prevented the competition with the chicken industry. The output was the development of so-called caipira lines, chickens that blend the hardiness and resistance of native birds with the productivity of Brazilian poultry industry. In Brazil some of these commercial caipira…

Advisors/Committee Members: Carlos Andrà da Veiga Lima Rosa.

Subjects/Keywords: linhagens caipiras; microssatÃlites; mtDNA; variabilidade genÃtica; brazilian commercial caipira chickens lines; mtDNA; genetic variabilit; microsatellites; MEDICINA VETERINARIA

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Possamai, M. H. P. (2011). AnÃlise da Variabilidade GenÃtica de Linhagens de Galinhas Caipiras Brasileiras. (Thesis). Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina. Retrieved from http://www.tede.udesc.br/tde_busca/arquivo.php?codArquivo=3397

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Possamai, Mari Helen Pagani. “AnÃlise da Variabilidade GenÃtica de Linhagens de Galinhas Caipiras Brasileiras.” 2011. Thesis, Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina. Accessed September 19, 2020. http://www.tede.udesc.br/tde_busca/arquivo.php?codArquivo=3397.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Possamai, Mari Helen Pagani. “AnÃlise da Variabilidade GenÃtica de Linhagens de Galinhas Caipiras Brasileiras.” 2011. Web. 19 Sep 2020.

Vancouver:

Possamai MHP. AnÃlise da Variabilidade GenÃtica de Linhagens de Galinhas Caipiras Brasileiras. [Internet] [Thesis]. Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina; 2011. [cited 2020 Sep 19]. Available from: http://www.tede.udesc.br/tde_busca/arquivo.php?codArquivo=3397.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Possamai MHP. AnÃlise da Variabilidade GenÃtica de Linhagens de Galinhas Caipiras Brasileiras. [Thesis]. Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina; 2011. Available from: http://www.tede.udesc.br/tde_busca/arquivo.php?codArquivo=3397

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

2. Ghanmi, Amal. Analyse de l'exposition aux ondes ?lectromagn?tiques des enfants dans le cadre des nouveaux usages et nouveaux r?seaux : Analysis of the exhibition in the electromagnetic waves of the children within the framework of the new uses and new networks.

Degree: Docteur es, Electronique, Optronique et Syst?mes, 2013, Université Paris-Est

Dans un contexte d'?volution incessante des moyens de communications sans fil, les inqui?tudes perdurent malgr? les l?gislations existantes. L'accroissement d'usages divers et vari?s des t?l?phones mobiles impliquent des questionnements sur l'exposition induite par ces nouveaux usages. Ce manuscrit permet d'enrichir les connaissances en dosim?trie num?rique en prenant en consid?ration la variabilit? des conditions d'utilisation. Pour une ?valuation pr?cise de l'exposition, la m?thode des Diff?rences Finies dans le Domaine Temporel (FDTD) qui a prouv? son efficacit?, est employ?e. L'objectif est de quantifier pr?cis?ment le D?bit d'Absorption Sp?cifique (DAS) induit dans des organes comme le cerveau et les organes reproducteurs. Dans cette analyse, une attention particuli?re sera port?e sur les usages potentiels des t?l?phones portables par les enfants. Le choix des configurations couvre diff?rentes technologies, usages et bandes de fr?quences permettant d'?tudier la sensibilit? du DAS ? la variabilit? de ces param?tres, pour une meilleure ma?trise de l'exposition r?elle, au-del? du probl?me de la conformit?. Le nombre important des variables oblige ? simplifier les mod?les de simulation par la construction de m?ta-mod?les statistiques afin de r?duire les co?ts de calcul. La m?thode spectrale par Chaos Polynomial (CP) d?di?e ? la gestion des incertitudes et ? l'analyse de sensibilit? est adopt?e pour la mise en place d'un mod?le approch? du DAS. Afin d'aboutir ? une repr?sentation par CP fiable et peu co?teuse en termes de simulations, l'utilisation par CP creux et adaptatif est appliqu?e. Seuls les termes les plus significatifs sont retenus dans la d?composition par CP. Cette approche est appliqu?e aux probl?mes en dosim?trie num?rique afin de propager les incertitudes portant sur les param?tres d'entr?e dans les simulations et de quantifier l'impact de ces incertitudes sur l'exposition (e.g. impact de la localisation du t?l?phone sur la dispersion du DAS) avec un faible co?t de calcul

Nowadays, wireless communication are being more and more developed, however, concern about their effects persist, despite of existing legislations. Indeed, the increasing use of mobile phone leads to address exposure issues to these devices. The objective of this thesis is to give better insights on numerical dosimetry, based on its configurations' variability. In order to evaluate the real exposure, we employ the well-known Finite-difference time-domain method (FDTD), which has already proven its efficiency. We aim at quantifying precisely the generated Specific absorption rate (SAR) on some human organs such as the brain and reproductive organs. In this work, we particularly focus, among other aspects, on the impact of mobile phones on children. We investigate different configurations involving various technologies, usages and frequency bands, such that we can study the SAR sensitivity to these parameters and, consequently, has the best possible estimate of the actual exposure level, independently of conformity issues. Due to the…

Advisors/Committee Members: Picon, Odile (thesis director).

Subjects/Keywords: Interaction ondes ?lectromagnetique -personnes; Fdtd; Exposition Radio fr?quence; Variabilit?; M?thodes statistiques; Propagation d'incertitiudes et analyse de sensibilt?

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Ghanmi, A. (2013). Analyse de l'exposition aux ondes ?lectromagn?tiques des enfants dans le cadre des nouveaux usages et nouveaux r?seaux : Analysis of the exhibition in the electromagnetic waves of the children within the framework of the new uses and new networks. (Doctoral Dissertation). Université Paris-Est. Retrieved from http://www.theses.fr/2013PEST1010

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Ghanmi, Amal. “Analyse de l'exposition aux ondes ?lectromagn?tiques des enfants dans le cadre des nouveaux usages et nouveaux r?seaux : Analysis of the exhibition in the electromagnetic waves of the children within the framework of the new uses and new networks.” 2013. Doctoral Dissertation, Université Paris-Est. Accessed September 19, 2020. http://www.theses.fr/2013PEST1010.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Ghanmi, Amal. “Analyse de l'exposition aux ondes ?lectromagn?tiques des enfants dans le cadre des nouveaux usages et nouveaux r?seaux : Analysis of the exhibition in the electromagnetic waves of the children within the framework of the new uses and new networks.” 2013. Web. 19 Sep 2020.

Vancouver:

Ghanmi A. Analyse de l'exposition aux ondes ?lectromagn?tiques des enfants dans le cadre des nouveaux usages et nouveaux r?seaux : Analysis of the exhibition in the electromagnetic waves of the children within the framework of the new uses and new networks. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Université Paris-Est; 2013. [cited 2020 Sep 19]. Available from: http://www.theses.fr/2013PEST1010.

Council of Science Editors:

Ghanmi A. Analyse de l'exposition aux ondes ?lectromagn?tiques des enfants dans le cadre des nouveaux usages et nouveaux r?seaux : Analysis of the exhibition in the electromagnetic waves of the children within the framework of the new uses and new networks. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Université Paris-Est; 2013. Available from: http://www.theses.fr/2013PEST1010


University of Michigan

3. Long, Tammy Mishell. Environmental variability and experimental method as factors influencing plant response to elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide.

Degree: PhD, Plant biology, 1997, University of Michigan

The amount of CO2 emitted as a result of anthropogenic activities has been sufficient to significantly alter the chemical composition of the atmosphere over the last 150 years. There is cause for concern over the potential for CO2 and other compounds with greenhouse properties to produce large-scale changes in global climate through latent warming of the atmosphere. However, CO2 is unlike other greenhouse gases in its ability to influence ecosystem-level processes, including global carbon and nutrient cycles, via direct effects on photosynthesis. In my dissertation, I present the results of studies on the interaction of CO2 enrichment with other environmental variables in two different systems. I studied the combined effects of CO2 enrichment, nitrogen (N) availability and herbivory (simulated and real) on the response of a native annual weed, Eastern Black Nightshade (Solanum ptycanthum, Fam. Solanaceae), under two different experimental conditions: greenhouse and field. In the greenhouse, CO2 enrichment had no effect on reproduction or biomass production or distribution, but in the field, plant biomass and leaf area production were reduced. Damage incurred from real or simulated herbivory had little effect in either experiment, but was negatively correlated with fecundity and fruit yield in the greenhouse. N increased fecundity in both experiments, but fruit yield was only enhanced in the greenhouse. N also increased the biomass of all vegetative plant components and reduced relative allocation to reproduction in the greenhouse, but in the field, N increased relative allocation to reproduction and biomass was unaffected. Differences in the results obtained between the experiments may be due to a higher level of environmental variation in the field compared to the greenhouse and indicate that careful consideration of experimental method should be given when interpreting results in terms of potential effects in natural systems. I also conducted a study which examined the effects of variable levels of CO2 and temperature on foliar N distribution and retranslocation in two species of maples (Acer saccharum and A. rubrum) during autumn senescence. The results indicated that CO2 and temperature affect foliar N differently: elevated temperature increased N on both mass (%) and area bases, but CO2 enrichment reduced %N and had no effect on N distribution per unit area. Elevated temperature also significantly delayed the onset on N retranslocation and leaf abscission, but affected species differently. In addition, I found that the amount of N retained in senesced leaves could be predicted on the basis on the N content of green leaves by a single regression equation across all species and treatment combinations. This analysis should prove useful for more accurately representing N dynamics in models of ecosystem response to global change. Advisors/Committee Members: Teeri, James A. (advisor), Martin, Michael M. (advisor).

Subjects/Keywords: Acer Rubrum; Acer Saccharum; Atmospheric; Carbon; Dioxide; Elevated; Environmental; Experimental; Factors; Influencing; Method; Plant; Response; Solanum Ptycanthum; Variabilit; Variability

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Long, T. M. (1997). Environmental variability and experimental method as factors influencing plant response to elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide. (Doctoral Dissertation). University of Michigan. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/130297

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Long, Tammy Mishell. “Environmental variability and experimental method as factors influencing plant response to elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide.” 1997. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Michigan. Accessed September 19, 2020. http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/130297.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Long, Tammy Mishell. “Environmental variability and experimental method as factors influencing plant response to elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide.” 1997. Web. 19 Sep 2020.

Vancouver:

Long TM. Environmental variability and experimental method as factors influencing plant response to elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Michigan; 1997. [cited 2020 Sep 19]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/130297.

Council of Science Editors:

Long TM. Environmental variability and experimental method as factors influencing plant response to elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide. [Doctoral Dissertation]. University of Michigan; 1997. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/130297

.