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1. Zhao, Shifu. Wire antennas optimizations on various platforms using radial basis functions and evolutionary algorithms.

Degree: 2013, University of Adelaide

High Frequency (HF) and Very High Frequency (VHF) electromagnetic waves have been used as the means of long-distance communication for decades. Nevertheless, in the design of wire antennas for HF and VHF devices, size reduction is one of the critical issues due to wavelengths of in ranges from 1 to 100 meters. It is well known that inductive and capacitive loadings can effectively change the current distribution along an antenna, reducing the self-resonant frequency, and hence the antenna size. Various types of inductive and capacitive loadings can be implemented on the wire antennas using ideal lumped components or realistic winding structures, such as zig-zag and helix shapes. Nevertheless, the physical limits of electrically small antenna can greatly constrain the dimensions, and the design of optimally varying windings will significantly increase the complexity in the modeling and simulation process. Furthermore, size reduction can also introduce significant degradation in both efficiency and bandwidth, and thus, obtaining a design with balanced performance becomes a challenging task, which is addressed in this thesis. The work presented in this thesis contributes to the research by proposing and applying a generic methodology to the optimal design of size-reduced HF and VHF wire antennas. The electromagnetic simulator, NEC-2 (Numerical Electromagnetic Codes), based on the method of moments, is used to provide fast and accurate numerical estimation of the performance for the antennas. To drive the electromagnetic simulator, an evolutionary optimizer is developed using both genetic algorithm (GA) and particle swarm algorithm (PSA) for multi-objective optimization (MOO). The combination of these tools, i.e. electromagnetic simulator and optimizers, is applied to address the trade-offs of the small antenna design as well as to achieve faster convergence efficiently to the global optimal region. The in-house developed tool is named MATNEC, and couples antenna geometry modeling, electromagnetic simulation, and evolutionary optimization into an automated program. Several strategies have been used to reduce the simulation and optimization complexity with, in particular the application of radial basis function expansions to compactly describe the antenna structure. This effectively converts the optimization process from optimizing the antenna configuration directly to optimizing the parameters of mathematical expansion, thus achieving a significant complexity reduction. In the application of the proposed technique in this thesis, three types of inductive loadings are successively introduced into the design of optimized wire antennas, producing a marked increase in performance in all cases. Firstly, as preliminary study, lumped inductive loadings along a monopole are used to effectively verify the optimization methodology and the antenna shortening theory. Secondly, a non-uniform zig-zag winding structure is considered to effectively verify the roles of optimized distributed inductive loadings formed by the antenna wire… Advisors/Committee Members: Coleman, Christopher John (advisor), Fumeaux, Christophe (advisor), School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering (school).

Subjects/Keywords: electrically small antennas; helical antennas; zigzag antennas; HF communications; VHF communications; evolutionary optimization; genetic algorithm; particle swarm optimization; electromagnetic simulation; NEC2; radial basis function

…of wire antennas for both HF and VHF communications. The thesis also provides an… …Page viii Abstract High Frequency (HF) and Very High Frequency (VHF)… …Nevertheless, in the design of wire antennas for HF and VHF devices, size reduction is one of the… …size-reduced HF and VHF wire antennas. The electromagnetic simulator, NEC-2 (Numerical… …Zhao, C. Fumeaux, and C. J. Coleman, “Miniaturised HF and VHF antennas based on optimised non… 

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APA (6th Edition):

Zhao, S. (2013). Wire antennas optimizations on various platforms using radial basis functions and evolutionary algorithms. (Thesis). University of Adelaide. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/2440/82713

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Zhao, Shifu. “Wire antennas optimizations on various platforms using radial basis functions and evolutionary algorithms.” 2013. Thesis, University of Adelaide. Accessed November 18, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/2440/82713.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Zhao, Shifu. “Wire antennas optimizations on various platforms using radial basis functions and evolutionary algorithms.” 2013. Web. 18 Nov 2019.

Vancouver:

Zhao S. Wire antennas optimizations on various platforms using radial basis functions and evolutionary algorithms. [Internet] [Thesis]. University of Adelaide; 2013. [cited 2019 Nov 18]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/82713.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Zhao S. Wire antennas optimizations on various platforms using radial basis functions and evolutionary algorithms. [Thesis]. University of Adelaide; 2013. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/82713

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

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