Advanced search options

Advanced Search Options 🞨

Browse by author name (“Author name starts with…”).

Find ETDs with:

in
/  
in
/  
in
/  
in

Written in Published in Earliest date Latest date

Sorted by

Results per page:

Sorted by: relevance · author · university · dateNew search

You searched for subject:(Undemocratic regime). Showing records 1 – 3 of 3 total matches.

Search Limiters

Last 2 Years | English Only

No search limiters apply to these results.

▼ Search Limiters


University of Pretoria

1. Hoogenraad-Vermaak, Salomon Cornelius Johannes. The Environment determined political leadership model: a comparative analysis of the Gowon, Babangida and Abacha regimes.

Degree: Political Sciences, 2003, University of Pretoria

The recent election victory of gen. Obasanjo highlights the fragile civil-military relations encountered in Nigeria. It also illustrates the impact environment has on the recruitment process of political leaders, as a changed environment paved the way for democratic elections in Nigeria. To shed light on the phenomenon of the undemocratic recruitment of military leaders as political leaders, a model encompassing environment, recruitment and leadership elements was formulated and applied to the Nigerian situation as experienced under the Gowon, Babangida and Abacha regimes. The first step of the environment determined political leadership model is to perform a specific analysis of the historical situation to facilitate the description, explanation and clarification of undemocratic recruitment. In the next step, the dynamic interaction between leadership, environment and recruitment, as revealed in the previously assessed historical situation, is analysed and tabularised to facilitate prediction. The third step of the model is to test set linkages of statements, to formulate a theory for the prediction of undemocratic recruitment in general. This theory is as follows: The military leader (micro environment) will adopt a challenger personality, when the macro - and global environment allow the micro environment to challenge them for political domination. If the micro environment is able to mobilise resources and the macro environment is unable to mobilise resources and the global environment remains neutral, the military leader can be recruited in an undemocratic manner as political leader. To remain in power, the military leader must either dominate the macro environment or adopt legitimacy. In the application of this model, it was determined that a challenger personality developed in the micro environment due to a weakened macro environment pestered by the absence of nationalism and national political leadership, as well as constant psychological conditioning, but also because the global environment remained uninvolved in the recruitment process. Besides the colonial legacy of Nigeria, this background provided the opportunity for a strong supportive organisation to develop in favour of military regimes. This eased the mobilisation of military resources for attempting undemocratic recruitment actions and facilitated the institutionalisation of military regimes in Nigeria. These identified behavioural patterns confirmed the mentioned general theory on the undemocratic recruitment of military leaders. In conclusion it was stated that undemocratic recruitment attempts in Nigeria can be prevented if a balance is kept between the micro -, macro - and global environment. To address this imbalance, political restructuring (including leadership, institutions and processes), and also economic - and social restructuring need to take place in order for Democracy to be institutionalised. This requires that the lack of nationalism and the attitude of the military be addressed immediately. It also necessitates the participation of… Advisors/Committee Members: Mnr J T Bekker (advisor).

Subjects/Keywords: Undemocratic recruitment methods; Leadership; Environment-recruitment interaction; Political leadership; Democratisation; Institutionalisation; Environment; Recruitment; Military regime; Social dimensions; Nigeria; UCTD

Record DetailsSimilar RecordsGoogle PlusoneFacebookTwitterCiteULikeMendeleyreddit

APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Hoogenraad-Vermaak, S. (2003). The Environment determined political leadership model: a comparative analysis of the Gowon, Babangida and Abacha regimes. (Doctoral Dissertation). University of Pretoria. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/2263/25992

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Hoogenraad-Vermaak, Salomon. “The Environment determined political leadership model: a comparative analysis of the Gowon, Babangida and Abacha regimes.” 2003. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pretoria. Accessed August 03, 2020. http://hdl.handle.net/2263/25992.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Hoogenraad-Vermaak, Salomon. “The Environment determined political leadership model: a comparative analysis of the Gowon, Babangida and Abacha regimes.” 2003. Web. 03 Aug 2020.

Vancouver:

Hoogenraad-Vermaak S. The Environment determined political leadership model: a comparative analysis of the Gowon, Babangida and Abacha regimes. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Pretoria; 2003. [cited 2020 Aug 03]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2263/25992.

Council of Science Editors:

Hoogenraad-Vermaak S. The Environment determined political leadership model: a comparative analysis of the Gowon, Babangida and Abacha regimes. [Doctoral Dissertation]. University of Pretoria; 2003. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2263/25992


Mykolas Romeris University

2. Sakalauskytė, Vilma. Europos Sąjunga ir Baltarusija: iššūkiai Europos saugumui.

Degree: Master, Political Sciences, 2009, Mykolas Romeris University

Magistro baigiamajame darbe išanalizuota saugumo samprata, Europos Sąjungos ir Baltarusijos santykiai bei Baltarusijos keliamos grėsmės Europos Sąjungai. Pirmojoje darbo dalyje teoriniu aspektu tiriama saugumo samprata, apžvelgiama Europos Sąjungos saugumo politikos raida bei jos saugumą reglamentuojantys dokumentai. Antrojoje darbo dalyje teoriniu bei tiriamuoju aspektais nagrinėjami Europos Sąjungos bei Baltarusijos santykiai, analizuojama, kokius reikalavimus kelia Europos Sąjunga Baltarusijai, kad būtų atnaujintas bendradarbiavimas su ja, bei ką už tai siūlo mainais. Taip pat tiriamas Lietuvos vaidmuo Europos Sąjungos – Baltarusijos santykiuose, bei Europos Sąjungai iš Baltarusijos kylančios grėsmės. Grėsmės klasifikuojamos pagal Europos Sąjungos saugumo strategiją „Saugi Europa geresniame pasaulyje“ bei B. Buzan išplėstą saugumo sąvoką. Plačiausiai analizuojamos politinės grėsmės, kylančios iš Baltarusijos politinės santvarkos bei jos vykdomos užsienio politikos, socialinės – kylančios iš žmogaus teisių pažeidinėjimo bei socialinės šalies padėties, bei karinės – kylančios iš kariuomenės modernizavimo, ryšių su Rusija bei prekybos ginklais. Galiausiai pateikiami siūlymai, kokių veiksmų turėtų imtis Europos Sąjunga ir Lietuva, kad būtų atnaujintas bendradarbiavimas su Baltarusija, kad šalis būtų atitolinta nuo Rusijos įtakos ir patraukta Vakarų pusėn.

There have been analyzed security conception, the relations between European Union and Belarus and the threats that Belarus create to European Union in the Master’s Work. Using theoretical investigation method, there are examined security conception, surveyed the development of the European Union security policy and the documents which regulates that sphere in the first section of the Work. In the second part, using theoretical and investigative methods, are analyzed the relations of the European Union and Belarus, scrutinized the demands of The European Union on Belarus, which should be realized to recommence cooperation, and what the organization suggests in exchange. There are also analyzed the role of Lithuania in the relations of the European Union and Belarus and the threats that Belarus inspires to the European Union. Threats are classified according to European Union security strategy “Safe Europe in a better world” and the security concept enlarged by B. Buzan. The most extensive part there comes to a political threats – which emerges from the political system of the state and it’s foreign policy, social threats – which rises from the violation of the human rights and social situation in the state and the military threats – which comes from the modernization of the Army, connections with Russia and the armament traffic. Eventually, there are given offers, what should be the actions of the European Union and Lithuania, that collaboration with Belarus were reactivated... [to full text]

Advisors/Committee Members: Mažylis, Liudas (Master’s degree committee chair), Kulakauskas, Antanas (Master’s degree committee member), Paulikas, Vygandas Kazimieras (Master’s degree committee member), Kuzmickas, Bronislavas Juozas (Master’s degree committee member), Edvardas, Špokas (Master’s thesis supervisor), Liekis, Šarūnas (Master’s thesis advisor), Janužytė, Audronė (Master’s thesis reviewer).

Subjects/Keywords: ES saugumas; Tarptautiniai santykiai; Grėsmės saugumui; Nedemokratinis režimas; ES – Baltarusijos – Lietuvos bendradarbiavimas; European Union security; International relations; Threats to the security; Undemocratic regime; The collaboration on the European Union – Belarus – Lithuania

Record DetailsSimilar RecordsGoogle PlusoneFacebookTwitterCiteULikeMendeleyreddit

APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Sakalauskytė, Vilma. (2009). Europos Sąjunga ir Baltarusija: iššūkiai Europos saugumui. (Masters Thesis). Mykolas Romeris University. Retrieved from http://vddb.laba.lt/obj/LT-eLABa-0001:E.02~2008~D_20090122_111025-25847 ;

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Author name may be incomplete

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Sakalauskytė, Vilma. “Europos Sąjunga ir Baltarusija: iššūkiai Europos saugumui.” 2009. Masters Thesis, Mykolas Romeris University. Accessed August 03, 2020. http://vddb.laba.lt/obj/LT-eLABa-0001:E.02~2008~D_20090122_111025-25847 ;.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Author name may be incomplete

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Sakalauskytė, Vilma. “Europos Sąjunga ir Baltarusija: iššūkiai Europos saugumui.” 2009. Web. 03 Aug 2020.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Author name may be incomplete

Vancouver:

Sakalauskytė, Vilma. Europos Sąjunga ir Baltarusija: iššūkiai Europos saugumui. [Internet] [Masters thesis]. Mykolas Romeris University; 2009. [cited 2020 Aug 03]. Available from: http://vddb.laba.lt/obj/LT-eLABa-0001:E.02~2008~D_20090122_111025-25847 ;.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Author name may be incomplete

Council of Science Editors:

Sakalauskytė, Vilma. Europos Sąjunga ir Baltarusija: iššūkiai Europos saugumui. [Masters Thesis]. Mykolas Romeris University; 2009. Available from: http://vddb.laba.lt/obj/LT-eLABa-0001:E.02~2008~D_20090122_111025-25847 ;

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Author name may be incomplete


University of Pretoria

3. [No author]. The Environment determined political leadership model: a comparative analysis of the Gowon, Babangida and Abacha regimes .

Degree: 2003, University of Pretoria

The recent election victory of gen. Obasanjo highlights the fragile civil-military relations encountered in Nigeria. It also illustrates the impact environment has on the recruitment process of political leaders, as a changed environment paved the way for democratic elections in Nigeria. To shed light on the phenomenon of the undemocratic recruitment of military leaders as political leaders, a model encompassing environment, recruitment and leadership elements was formulated and applied to the Nigerian situation as experienced under the Gowon, Babangida and Abacha regimes. The first step of the environment determined political leadership model is to perform a specific analysis of the historical situation to facilitate the description, explanation and clarification of undemocratic recruitment. In the next step, the dynamic interaction between leadership, environment and recruitment, as revealed in the previously assessed historical situation, is analysed and tabularised to facilitate prediction. The third step of the model is to test set linkages of statements, to formulate a theory for the prediction of undemocratic recruitment in general. This theory is as follows: The military leader (micro environment) will adopt a challenger personality, when the macro - and global environment allow the micro environment to challenge them for political domination. If the micro environment is able to mobilise resources and the macro environment is unable to mobilise resources and the global environment remains neutral, the military leader can be recruited in an undemocratic manner as political leader. To remain in power, the military leader must either dominate the macro environment or adopt legitimacy. In the application of this model, it was determined that a challenger personality developed in the micro environment due to a weakened macro environment pestered by the absence of nationalism and national political leadership, as well as constant psychological conditioning, but also because the global environment remained uninvolved in the recruitment process. Besides the colonial legacy of Nigeria, this background provided the opportunity for a strong supportive organisation to develop in favour of military regimes. This eased the mobilisation of military resources for attempting undemocratic recruitment actions and facilitated the institutionalisation of military regimes in Nigeria. These identified behavioural patterns confirmed the mentioned general theory on the undemocratic recruitment of military leaders. In conclusion it was stated that undemocratic recruitment attempts in Nigeria can be prevented if a balance is kept between the micro -, macro - and global environment. To address this imbalance, political restructuring (including leadership, institutions and processes), and also economic - and social restructuring need to take place in order for Democracy to be institutionalised. This requires that the lack of nationalism and the attitude of the military be addressed immediately. It also necessitates the participation of… Advisors/Committee Members: Mnr J T Bekker (advisor).

Subjects/Keywords: Undemocratic recruitment methods; Leadership; Environment-recruitment interaction; Political leadership; Democratisation; Institutionalisation; Environment; Recruitment; Military regime; Social dimensions; Nigeria; UCTD

Record DetailsSimilar RecordsGoogle PlusoneFacebookTwitterCiteULikeMendeleyreddit

APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

author], [. (2003). The Environment determined political leadership model: a comparative analysis of the Gowon, Babangida and Abacha regimes . (Doctoral Dissertation). University of Pretoria. Retrieved from http://upetd.up.ac.za/thesis/available/etd-07022002-124333/

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

author], [No. “The Environment determined political leadership model: a comparative analysis of the Gowon, Babangida and Abacha regimes .” 2003. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pretoria. Accessed August 03, 2020. http://upetd.up.ac.za/thesis/available/etd-07022002-124333/.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

author], [No. “The Environment determined political leadership model: a comparative analysis of the Gowon, Babangida and Abacha regimes .” 2003. Web. 03 Aug 2020.

Vancouver:

author] [. The Environment determined political leadership model: a comparative analysis of the Gowon, Babangida and Abacha regimes . [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Pretoria; 2003. [cited 2020 Aug 03]. Available from: http://upetd.up.ac.za/thesis/available/etd-07022002-124333/.

Council of Science Editors:

author] [. The Environment determined political leadership model: a comparative analysis of the Gowon, Babangida and Abacha regimes . [Doctoral Dissertation]. University of Pretoria; 2003. Available from: http://upetd.up.ac.za/thesis/available/etd-07022002-124333/

.