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You searched for subject:(The Truman administration). Showing records 1 – 3 of 3 total matches.

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Leiden University

1. Vis, Andreas Theodoor. Squaring the Circle: American Policy on establishing the European Defense Community, 1950-1954.

Degree: 2018, Leiden University

This Master’s thesis aspires to illuminate the historiographical disagreement on US Secretary of State Dean Acheson’s role in the ‘single package’, and explain this American proposal’s role in initiating the European Defense Community (EDC) project. Furthermore, this paper argues that Washington’s ‘single package’ strategy does fit into John Lewis Gaddis’ model of US alliance management, because it can be regarded as an exception within this model. The research question of this thesis is: to what extent was the EDC initiated by the US and what was their intended aim with the EDC? In order to be able to answer that question, particularly the French government’s role in the EDC affair and its intended aim with the EDC also has to be taken into account. The first chapter will discuss the American position on, and involvement in, the EDC initiative, until the announcement of the Pleven Plan. It will also consider the Containment strategy and the historiography on the ‘single package’ proposal. The second chapter will discuss the French position on, and involvement in, the EDC initiative, until the Pleven Plan. Because this paper’s research question focuses on Washington’s role concerning the EDC, the second chapter will primarily illuminate how France’s position on a European army related to the American position. It also discusses the historiography on France and ‘the German problem.’ For instance, this thesis disputes Michael Creswell and Marc Trachtenberg’s argument that Paris was not somehow forced to accept a US policy for Germany which France totally opposed, and disagrees with their conclusion that fundamentally the Western occupation powers of Germany agreed on the most crucial issues concerning Germany’s development before the North Atlantic Council summit in New York during September 1950. Finally, the third chapter will illuminate both the United States’ intended aim with the EDC, and the French intended aim with the EDC. Again, the main focus will be on how French aims related to Washington’s aims. Furthermore, the third chapter will illuminate the connection between the EDC, German rearmament and the Schuman Plan. Advisors/Committee Members: Richard, Mr. dr. A.I (advisor).

Subjects/Keywords: The European Defense Community; Dean Acheson; The Pleven Plan; German rearmament; The Containment strategy; The Cold War; The Truman administration; The Eisenhower administration; NATO; The single package; The Schuman Plan; The ECSC; The Soviet Union; The Federal Republic of Germany; The North Atlantic Council; Jean Monnet; Robert Schuman

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Vis, A. T. (2018). Squaring the Circle: American Policy on establishing the European Defense Community, 1950-1954. (Masters Thesis). Leiden University. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1887/63818

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Vis, Andreas Theodoor. “Squaring the Circle: American Policy on establishing the European Defense Community, 1950-1954.” 2018. Masters Thesis, Leiden University. Accessed October 17, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/1887/63818.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Vis, Andreas Theodoor. “Squaring the Circle: American Policy on establishing the European Defense Community, 1950-1954.” 2018. Web. 17 Oct 2019.

Vancouver:

Vis AT. Squaring the Circle: American Policy on establishing the European Defense Community, 1950-1954. [Internet] [Masters thesis]. Leiden University; 2018. [cited 2019 Oct 17]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/63818.

Council of Science Editors:

Vis AT. Squaring the Circle: American Policy on establishing the European Defense Community, 1950-1954. [Masters Thesis]. Leiden University; 2018. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/63818


Linnaeus University

2. Sirafi, Ziad. Investigating media’s change of attitude towards lobbyism in Sweden : A quantitative content analysis study between the years 1970-2014 and based on theories from the disciplines of politicalscience and sociology.

Degree: Political Science, 2018, Linnaeus University

The purpose of this study is to examine why the media has a more negative attitude towards lobbyism in 2014 compared to earlier years since the 1970s in Sweden. This study examines first if a change of attitude has occurred between the given years and whether the attitude is more positive, negative or neutral towards lobbyism in recent years compared to earlier years and lastly if the media are comparing different contexts in which lobbying takes place. The method of this study is based on quantitative content analysis, and on Kanol’s ideas that by implementing theories from different disciplines one can develop theories on comparative lobbying in order to increase and improve our knowledge on the phenomenon of lobbyism as the contemporary research on the subject are scars and underdeveloped. The material in this study are news articles that have been collected between 1970 to 2000 and every second year from 2000 up until 2014. This study also provides a comprehensive picture of the Swedish context in which lobbying takes place by gathering information from multiple sources and earlier studies as this information has as of yet not been gathered in a single study up until now. The conclusion is that there has been a change of attitude towards lobbyism in Sweden, however, the dominant attitude is not a negative but rather a more skeptical/cynical one which has increased since 1992. The term lobbying is controversial because it’s being mentioned in various topics that could be considered negative by the reader as the decision making whether the news article is negative or positive is subjective. Because the media has increased its negative news reporting overall and that the unconscious mind of the reader is also attracted to negative news reporting, the term lobbying can be considered “negative” overall as it is constantly being mentioned in negative contexts even when the article is not about lobbying. A reasonable explanation why the media has a more negative / skeptical attitude to lobbyism is because of previous scandals related to lobbying either in Sweden or outside the country's border, but also because the media can’t hold the elected officials responsible for their actions as transparency and accountability is absent. Because of the increased reporting in Sweden on lobbying from all over the world, the subject will most likely become more relevant on the Swedish political agenda.

Subjects/Keywords: Lobbying; lobby; lobbning; lobbyism; media’s change of attitude; Swedish context of lobbyism; democracy; interest group theory; elite theory; infotainment; news evaluation; news selection; pluralism; corporatism; political system; the mass media; Robart A dahl; David Truman; Karl Marx; Friedrich Engels; Robert Michels and C. Wright Mill; Kanol; David Lowery; Marc Trussler; Stuart Soroka; Herbert P. Kitschelt; Globalisation Studies; Globaliseringsstudier; Public Administration Studies; Studier av offentlig förvaltning; Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies); Statsvetenskap (exklusive studier av offentlig förvaltning och globaliseringsstudier)

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Sirafi, Z. (2018). Investigating media’s change of attitude towards lobbyism in Sweden : A quantitative content analysis study between the years 1970-2014 and based on theories from the disciplines of politicalscience and sociology. (Thesis). Linnaeus University. Retrieved from http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-71401

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Sirafi, Ziad. “Investigating media’s change of attitude towards lobbyism in Sweden : A quantitative content analysis study between the years 1970-2014 and based on theories from the disciplines of politicalscience and sociology.” 2018. Thesis, Linnaeus University. Accessed October 17, 2019. http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-71401.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Sirafi, Ziad. “Investigating media’s change of attitude towards lobbyism in Sweden : A quantitative content analysis study between the years 1970-2014 and based on theories from the disciplines of politicalscience and sociology.” 2018. Web. 17 Oct 2019.

Vancouver:

Sirafi Z. Investigating media’s change of attitude towards lobbyism in Sweden : A quantitative content analysis study between the years 1970-2014 and based on theories from the disciplines of politicalscience and sociology. [Internet] [Thesis]. Linnaeus University; 2018. [cited 2019 Oct 17]. Available from: http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-71401.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Sirafi Z. Investigating media’s change of attitude towards lobbyism in Sweden : A quantitative content analysis study between the years 1970-2014 and based on theories from the disciplines of politicalscience and sociology. [Thesis]. Linnaeus University; 2018. Available from: http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-71401

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

3. Steele, Patrick William. Strategic Air Warfare and Nuclear Strategy: The Formulation of Military Policy in the Truman Administration, 1945-1950.

Degree: 2010, Marquette University

This work analyzes the military decision making within the Truman administration that culminated in the purchases of aircraft and the establishment of a virtual nuclear only strategy. When Harry S. Truman became President in April 1945, the United States Army Air Force (USAAF) was in the formative stage of a firebombing campaign that attempted to burn the Japanese out of the war by targeting the civilian population. Four months later, the use of nuclear bombs ushered in the atomic age and completely altered the military and political decision-making processes within the administration. Despite evidence to the contrary about the efficacy of strategic bombing, the military view of the atomic bomb as an ultimate arbiter of warfare whose use virtually guaranteed victory on American terms was immediately embraced across all the armed forces. The chapters of the dissertation describe the evolution of airpower as a strategy and the fundamental differences between the branches of the armed forces regarding funding, missions, and responsibilities in the new atomic age. These substantive and structural problems manifested in arguments over Unification and the subsequent creation of the National Military Establishment. Truman attempted to provide direction to the services through the creation of the President's Air Policy Commission but unfortunately, civilian and military leadership within the Air Force and the Navy brought their strategic disputes into the public arena. These culminated in a congressional investigation over weapon systems, strategies, and the supposed "Revolt of the Admirals" in October 1949. To secure funding and a critical role in the American defense during this era, the Air Force and the Navy supported a respective series of weapons and strategies that were ill prepared to adjust to changing American policies in any war short of a global nuclear war. Funding for a single-weapon strategy remained even as other conventional weapons were being removed in the spirit of austerity that were the hallmark of the defense spending of the Truman Administration from 1945 until 1950. Advisors/Committee Members: Avella, Steven M., Marten, James, Zeps, Michael J..

Subjects/Keywords: Military policy  – Decision making; Air warfare; Nuclear warfare; Truman; Harry S 1884-1972; United States  – Politics and government  – 1945-1953; History  – Dissertations B-36; naval aviation; Revolt of the Admirals; Strategic air warfare; Stuart Symington; Truman Administration; History; Military History

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Steele, P. W. (2010). Strategic Air Warfare and Nuclear Strategy: The Formulation of Military Policy in the Truman Administration, 1945-1950. (Thesis). Marquette University. Retrieved from https://epublications.marquette.edu/dissertations_mu/50

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Steele, Patrick William. “Strategic Air Warfare and Nuclear Strategy: The Formulation of Military Policy in the Truman Administration, 1945-1950.” 2010. Thesis, Marquette University. Accessed October 17, 2019. https://epublications.marquette.edu/dissertations_mu/50.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Steele, Patrick William. “Strategic Air Warfare and Nuclear Strategy: The Formulation of Military Policy in the Truman Administration, 1945-1950.” 2010. Web. 17 Oct 2019.

Vancouver:

Steele PW. Strategic Air Warfare and Nuclear Strategy: The Formulation of Military Policy in the Truman Administration, 1945-1950. [Internet] [Thesis]. Marquette University; 2010. [cited 2019 Oct 17]. Available from: https://epublications.marquette.edu/dissertations_mu/50.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Steele PW. Strategic Air Warfare and Nuclear Strategy: The Formulation of Military Policy in the Truman Administration, 1945-1950. [Thesis]. Marquette University; 2010. Available from: https://epublications.marquette.edu/dissertations_mu/50

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

.