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You searched for subject:(The 2008 Recession). Showing records 1 – 2 of 2 total matches.

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1. Elliott, Caitlin Adeline. Changes In Consumer Behavior Since 1992: A Case Study Of American Shopping Malls.

Degree: MS, Economics & Finance, 2015, University of North Dakota

Consumer behavior is highly correlated with economic conditions. The American shopping mall, an innovation of the 1950’s was built as a retail hub for consumption and entertainment purposes. Utilizing a data set ranging from 1992 – 2014, this paper researches the rapid decline and disappearance of shopping malls. To account for the number of shopping malls that have failed, I use the seasonally adjusted quarterly sales of department stores. Regressions are completed using ordinary least square (OLS) methodology. Three economic and societal changes are studied in regards to the cause behind the decline. The rising income inequality gap, the short term effects of the 2008 recession, and the growth of e-commerce and internet (mobile) connectivity. Of these threats, the most significant cause behind the decline is the growth of e-commerce and the associated innovation of the internet and mobile phone usage. The rising income inequality gap, and the decreasing size of the middle class also offers explanation into the decline. The Gini coefficient is significantly inversely related to the sales of department stores. The least effective theory behind the decline is the Great Recession. The effects of the recession were experienced in every aspect of the economy, and department store sales declined as a results of declining purchasing power and disposable income. Advisors/Committee Members: Prodosh Simlai.

Subjects/Keywords: Connectivity; Consumer Prefrences; E-Commerce; Income Inequality; Shopping Malls; The 2008 Recession

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Elliott, C. A. (2015). Changes In Consumer Behavior Since 1992: A Case Study Of American Shopping Malls. (Masters Thesis). University of North Dakota. Retrieved from https://commons.und.edu/theses/1893

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Elliott, Caitlin Adeline. “Changes In Consumer Behavior Since 1992: A Case Study Of American Shopping Malls.” 2015. Masters Thesis, University of North Dakota. Accessed February 28, 2021. https://commons.und.edu/theses/1893.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Elliott, Caitlin Adeline. “Changes In Consumer Behavior Since 1992: A Case Study Of American Shopping Malls.” 2015. Web. 28 Feb 2021.

Vancouver:

Elliott CA. Changes In Consumer Behavior Since 1992: A Case Study Of American Shopping Malls. [Internet] [Masters thesis]. University of North Dakota; 2015. [cited 2021 Feb 28]. Available from: https://commons.und.edu/theses/1893.

Council of Science Editors:

Elliott CA. Changes In Consumer Behavior Since 1992: A Case Study Of American Shopping Malls. [Masters Thesis]. University of North Dakota; 2015. Available from: https://commons.und.edu/theses/1893


York University

2. Curran, Michael Gregory. One Nation Under the Market: Mediated Narratives of the 2008 Crisis in America.

Degree: PhD, Communication & Culture, Joint Program with Ryerson University, 2015, York University

This dissertation examines the construction of the 2008 economic crisis in American media through a comparative analysis of three case studies, each involving a different medium and each involving a distinct implied public. I have approached this subject from a rhetorically-inclined hermeneutical and phenomenological perspective that conceptualizes texts as manifestations of symbolic practices which reflect social reality as well as construct it, and I explore how the texts of each case study simultaneously reflect and conjure both the 2008 crisis and their imagined publics. In order to explore the some of the various ways the 2008 crisis has been constructed in American media, this research deploys three primary lines of investigation: the examination of radio broadcasts of speeches by American presidents during the crisis, the analysis of a selection of documentary and fictional films on or related to the crisis, and the evaluation of periodical articles from The New Yorker and The New York Review of Books. The findings of the research reveal that the three case studies examined offer particularly distinct and elastic depictions of the 2008 crisis. The presidential radio addresses depicted the crisis in a predominantly metaphorical manner as a painful event experienced by a national public through their rhetorical invocation of a particular and patriotic mytho-ideological imaginary of America and its history. The films portrayed the crisis primarily as the dramatic unfolding of a traumatic narrative, emphasizing the character-driven nature of this dramatic unfolding and frequently highlighting the moral ambiguity of agents and characters. The periodical articles largely constructed the crisis as principally related to matters of governance, finance and economics in both its precipitation and in its assuagement or resolution, conspicuously paying scant attention to the affective dimensions of its impact. Collectively, the case studies evidence that the multiform and dynamic character of the depictions of the 2008 crisis in American media are significantly shaped by the combinative overlap of the particularity of the crisis as a complex and ambiguous phenomena, the dominant modes of address and distinct properties of each media type, and the particular implied publics to which each body of texts corresponded. Advisors/Committee Members: Bailey, Steven C. (advisor).

Subjects/Keywords: American studies; Rhetoric; Communication; economics; economic history; economic history 21st century; history; economic crises; finance; international finance; financial crises; capitalist crises; crises of capitalism; capitalism; history of capitalism; 20th century history; economic history 20th century; recession; Great Recession; 2008 Crisis; economic depression; United States; United States economic history; United States history; United States politics; America; American history; American studies; American politics; American economics; economy; American economy; United States economy; subprime crisis; global financial crisis; international finance; banks; banking; money; markets; stock market; stock market crashes; politics; political science; philosophy; ideology; myth; government; governance; trauma; trauma studies; media; mass media; media studies; media theory; mediation; American media; United States media; mass communication; communication; communication studies; political communication; economic communication; radio; broadcasting; film; cinema; movies; American presidents; United States presidents; presidential studies; Barack Obama; George W. Bush; American movies; American film; American cinema; periodicals; magazines; American periodicals; American magazines; media history; journalism; American journalism; press coverage; documentary cinema; documentary film; Hollywood film; feature film; The New Yorker; The New York Review of Books; Margin Call; Inside Job; Arbitrage; The Queen of Versailles; rhetoric; phenomenology; hermeneutics; narrative; narratology; dramatism; public; publics

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Curran, M. G. (2015). One Nation Under the Market: Mediated Narratives of the 2008 Crisis in America. (Doctoral Dissertation). York University. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10315/30664

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Curran, Michael Gregory. “One Nation Under the Market: Mediated Narratives of the 2008 Crisis in America.” 2015. Doctoral Dissertation, York University. Accessed February 28, 2021. http://hdl.handle.net/10315/30664.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Curran, Michael Gregory. “One Nation Under the Market: Mediated Narratives of the 2008 Crisis in America.” 2015. Web. 28 Feb 2021.

Vancouver:

Curran MG. One Nation Under the Market: Mediated Narratives of the 2008 Crisis in America. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. York University; 2015. [cited 2021 Feb 28]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10315/30664.

Council of Science Editors:

Curran MG. One Nation Under the Market: Mediated Narratives of the 2008 Crisis in America. [Doctoral Dissertation]. York University; 2015. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10315/30664

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