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University of Arkansas

1. Luhring, Katherine Elizabeth. Cooling Effectiveness of Modified Cold-Water Immersion Method Following Exercise-Induced Hyperthermia.

Degree: MAT, 2016, University of Arkansas

Context: Recommended treatment of exertional heat stroke (EHS) includes whole body cold-water immersion (CWI); however, remote locations, spatial or monetary restrictions challenge CWI feasibility. Thus, the development of a modified, portable CWI method would allow for optimal treatment of EHS when restrictions apply. Objective: Determine cooling efficacy of modified CWI (tarp assisted cooling with oscillation; TACO) following exertional hyperthermia. Design: Randomized, crossover controlled trial. Setting: Environmental chamber (33.4 ± 0.8°C, 55.7 ± 1.9% relative humidity). Patients or Other Participants: Sixteen (9 males, 7 females) volunteers (26 ± 4.7y, 1.76 ± 0.09m, 72.5 ± 9.0kg, 20.7 ± 7.1%body fat) with no history of compromised thermoregulation participated. Interventions: Participants completed volitional exercise (cycling or treadmill) until a rectal temperature (Tre) ≥39.0°C. Following exercise, participants transitioned to a semi-recumbent position on a tarp until Tre reached 38.1°C or until 15 minutes elapsed during both control (no immersion; CON) and TACO (immersion in 151L of 2.1 ± 0.8°C water). Main Outcome Measures: Tre, heart rate (HR), and blood pressure (reported as mean arterial pressure, MAP), were assessed pre- and post-cooling. Statistical analyses included repeated measures ANOVA with appropriate post-hoc t-tests and Bonferroni correction. Results: Tre prior to cooling was not different between conditions (CON: 39.27 ± 0.26°C, CWI: 39.30 ± 0.39°C; P=0.62; ES=-0.09) whilst post-cooling Tre was decreased in TACO (38.10 ± 0.16°C) compared to CON (38.74 ± 0.38°C, t15=-8.84;P Advisors/Committee Members: Brendon P. McDermott, Jeff A. Bonacci, Matthew S. Ganio.

Subjects/Keywords: Health and environmental sciences; Exertional heat stroke; Heat illness; Heat strain; Tarp-assisted cooling; Sports Medicine

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Luhring, K. E. (2016). Cooling Effectiveness of Modified Cold-Water Immersion Method Following Exercise-Induced Hyperthermia. (Masters Thesis). University of Arkansas. Retrieved from https://scholarworks.uark.edu/etd/1491

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Luhring, Katherine Elizabeth. “Cooling Effectiveness of Modified Cold-Water Immersion Method Following Exercise-Induced Hyperthermia.” 2016. Masters Thesis, University of Arkansas. Accessed May 08, 2021. https://scholarworks.uark.edu/etd/1491.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Luhring, Katherine Elizabeth. “Cooling Effectiveness of Modified Cold-Water Immersion Method Following Exercise-Induced Hyperthermia.” 2016. Web. 08 May 2021.

Vancouver:

Luhring KE. Cooling Effectiveness of Modified Cold-Water Immersion Method Following Exercise-Induced Hyperthermia. [Internet] [Masters thesis]. University of Arkansas; 2016. [cited 2021 May 08]. Available from: https://scholarworks.uark.edu/etd/1491.

Council of Science Editors:

Luhring KE. Cooling Effectiveness of Modified Cold-Water Immersion Method Following Exercise-Induced Hyperthermia. [Masters Thesis]. University of Arkansas; 2016. Available from: https://scholarworks.uark.edu/etd/1491

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