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1. Zwitter Vitez, Ana. Les stratégies des locuteurs et la structuration de l'oral spontané en français et en slovène : Speaker's strategies and structurating of spontaneous speech in French and in Slovene.

Degree: Docteur es, Sciences du langage, 2009, Université Sorbonne Nouvelle – Paris III

Les buts de la présente étude étaient de délimiter une unité de l'analyse de l'oral spontané comparable en français et en slovène, d'examiner l'influence des éléments contextuels sur la structuration de cette unité et de dégager les combinaisons de structures linguistiques les plus efficaces lors de trois stratégies communicatives de base : lutte pour la parole, appel à l'attention et la demande de réaction. L'analyse a montré que dans les deux langues, l'unité de base de l'oral peut être délimitée par la chute conjointe de l'intensité et de la hauteur tonale. Cette unité, reprise par la méthodologie de Morel et Danon-Boileau [1998] est dénominée le paragraphe oral avec ses constituants préambule, rhème et postrhème. Une fois l'unité de base délimitée, l'étude examine l'influence des éléments contextuels sur la structuration de l'oral spontané. L'analyse de la narration, de l'argumentation et de la confrontation d'opinions différentes a montré surtout l'influence du type du discours sur la longueur du préambule et sur sa composition interne. Le profil des locuteurs semble avoir la plus grande influence sur le choix des ligateurs. En ce qui concerne les stratégies des locuteurs, les résultats montrent que lors de la lutte pour la parole, le locuteur qui produit ses énoncés avec une intensité plus forte et un surplus de marques du travail de formulation va à la fin d'un chevauchement garder la parole. Quand il demande auprès de celui qui l'écoute une réaction, il le réalise par une chute de l'intensité à la fin d'une structure syntaxique, ce qui coïncide avec la fin d'un rhème.

The aims of the present study are to define the unit for the analysis of the spontaneous speech in french and in slovene, to examine the influence of the context elements on the structure of this unit and to analyse the most efficient combinations of the linguistic structures whithin three basic speech strategies: turn taking, seeking for attention and request for reaction. The analysis shows that the basic unit of spontaneaous speech can be defined by simultaneaous fall of intensity and pitch in both languages. This basic unit is defined as speech paragraph with its components preamble, rheme and postrheme. In the next step, the study examines the influence of the context elements on the structuration of the spontaneous spoken discourse. The analysis of the narration, argumentation and confrontation of different opinions shows the influence of the discourse genre on the lenght and the internal structure of the preamble. On the other hand, the speaker's profile seems to have the most important effect on the use of the connectors. The analysis of the speaker's strategies in spontaneous spoken discourse shows that when two speakers start speaking at the same moment and fight for their turns, the speaker who increases the intensity, produces more features of non final formulation will more likely keep or get his turn. When a speaker wants the listener to react in order to confirm his speaking, he will realise a fall of intensity at the end of a…

Advisors/Committee Members: Morel, Mary-Annick (thesis director), Pogačnik, Vladimir (thesis director).

Subjects/Keywords: Oral spontané; Analyse du dicours; Paragraphe oral; Stratégies communicatives; Spontaneous speech; Discourse analysis; Speech paragraph; Communication strategies

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APA (6th Edition):

Zwitter Vitez, A. (2009). Les stratégies des locuteurs et la structuration de l'oral spontané en français et en slovène : Speaker's strategies and structurating of spontaneous speech in French and in Slovene. (Doctoral Dissertation). Université Sorbonne Nouvelle – Paris III. Retrieved from http://www.theses.fr/2009PA030180

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Zwitter Vitez, Ana. “Les stratégies des locuteurs et la structuration de l'oral spontané en français et en slovène : Speaker's strategies and structurating of spontaneous speech in French and in Slovene.” 2009. Doctoral Dissertation, Université Sorbonne Nouvelle – Paris III. Accessed August 18, 2019. http://www.theses.fr/2009PA030180.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Zwitter Vitez, Ana. “Les stratégies des locuteurs et la structuration de l'oral spontané en français et en slovène : Speaker's strategies and structurating of spontaneous speech in French and in Slovene.” 2009. Web. 18 Aug 2019.

Vancouver:

Zwitter Vitez A. Les stratégies des locuteurs et la structuration de l'oral spontané en français et en slovène : Speaker's strategies and structurating of spontaneous speech in French and in Slovene. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Université Sorbonne Nouvelle – Paris III; 2009. [cited 2019 Aug 18]. Available from: http://www.theses.fr/2009PA030180.

Council of Science Editors:

Zwitter Vitez A. Les stratégies des locuteurs et la structuration de l'oral spontané en français et en slovène : Speaker's strategies and structurating of spontaneous speech in French and in Slovene. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Université Sorbonne Nouvelle – Paris III; 2009. Available from: http://www.theses.fr/2009PA030180


University of Kansas

2. Nokhiz, Pegah. Understanding User Behavior in Social Networks Using Quantified Moral Foundations.

Degree: MS, Electrical Engineering & Computer Science, 2018, University of Kansas

Moral inclinations expressed in user-generated content such as online reviews or tweets can provide useful insights to understand users’ behavior and activities in social networks, for example, to predict users’ rating behavior, perform customer feedback mining, and study users' tendency to spread abusive content on these social platforms. In this work, we want to answer two important research questions. First, if the moral attributes of social network data can provide additional useful information about users' behavior and how to utilize this information to enhance our understanding. To answer this question, we used the Moral Foundations Theory and Doc2Vec, a Natural Language Processing technique, to compute the quantified moral loadings of user-generated textual contents in social networks. We used conditional relative frequency and the correlations between the moral foundations as two measures to study the moral break down of the social network data, utilizing a dataset of Yelp reviews and a dataset of tweets on abusive user-generated content. Our findings indicated that these moral features are tightly bound with users' behavior in social networks. The second question we want to answer is if we can use the quantified moral loadings as new boosting features to improve the differentiation, classification, and prediction of social network activities. To test our hypothesis, we adopted our new moral features in a multi-class classification approach to distinguish hateful and offensive tweets in a labeled dataset, and compared with the baseline approach that only uses conventional text mining features such as tf-idf features, Part of Speech (PoS) tags, etc. Our findings demonstrated that the moral features improved the performance of the baseline approach in terms of precision, recall, and F-measure. Advisors/Committee Members: Li, Fengjun (advisor), Li, Fengjun (cmtemember), Luo, Bo (cmtemember), Zhong, Cuncong (cmtemember).

Subjects/Keywords: Computer science; Hate Speech; Moral Foundations Dictionary; Natural Language Processing; Offensive Language; Paragraph Vector; Social Networks

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APA (6th Edition):

Nokhiz, P. (2018). Understanding User Behavior in Social Networks Using Quantified Moral Foundations. (Masters Thesis). University of Kansas. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1808/27599

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Nokhiz, Pegah. “Understanding User Behavior in Social Networks Using Quantified Moral Foundations.” 2018. Masters Thesis, University of Kansas. Accessed August 18, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/1808/27599.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Nokhiz, Pegah. “Understanding User Behavior in Social Networks Using Quantified Moral Foundations.” 2018. Web. 18 Aug 2019.

Vancouver:

Nokhiz P. Understanding User Behavior in Social Networks Using Quantified Moral Foundations. [Internet] [Masters thesis]. University of Kansas; 2018. [cited 2019 Aug 18]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1808/27599.

Council of Science Editors:

Nokhiz P. Understanding User Behavior in Social Networks Using Quantified Moral Foundations. [Masters Thesis]. University of Kansas; 2018. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1808/27599


University of Lund

3. Conway, Åsa. Le paragraphe oral en français L1, en suédois L1 et en français L2 : étude syntaxique, prosodique et discursive.

Degree: 2005, University of Lund

This study examines the structure and the use of the speech paragraph (le paragraphe oral), as defined by Morel and Danon-Boileau 1998, in L1 French, in L1 Swedish and in the L2 French production of two advanced Swedish learners. The corpus examined consists of seven informal spontaneous endolingual and exolingual conversations. The study is not only contrastive, but also longitudinal, in the sense that each of the two learners has been recorded before and after a one-term long stay at a French university. After a short introductory chapter, chapter 2 discusses various methods used in analysing spoken discourse and prosody in French and Swedish. Chapter 3 presents the speech paragraph theory of Morel and Danon-Boileau. The analysed corpus is described in chapter 4. The analyses of the corpus are presented in chapters 5 to 9. Chapter 5 contains an analysis of the préambule, the first speech paragraph segment. Chapter 6 deals with the second speech paragraph segment, the rhème, and chapter 7 with the third segment, the posthème. Chapter 8 examines the ponctuants in the three productions. Chapter 9 includes a brief description of the speech paragraphs in the three productions examined. It also contains analyses of the incises and of the régulateurs (backchannels) in the corpus. At the end of the chapter different types of speech paragraphs are shown and the defining criteria of the speech paragraph are discussed. The main differences between the L1 and the L2 French productions are found in the structure and the use of the préambules and in the use of modal elements in all positions within the speech paragraph. It is observed that the préambules in L2 French are less developed than those in L1 French. This difference is particularly visible in the use of initial préambules having a primarily textual function. The structure of the L2 French préambules is partially explained by an influence of the L1 Swedish préambule structure. As for the use of modal elements, the analyses show that both the learners use a significantly smaller number of different words and expressions than the native speakers to express each type of modal element (le point de vue and the modus dissocié in the préambule, the modal elements in the rhème, the modal postrhèmes and the ponctuants). Another difference between the L1 and the L2 French productions is that the learners produce a much smaller number of "mono-constructed" speech paragraphs than the native speakers. This indicates that the learners contribute less to the development of the conversation than the native speakers. Comparatively few changes can be seen in the learners? speech paragraph production after their stay in France.

Subjects/Keywords: Språk och litteratur; prosody; spoken French; spoken Swedish; modality; discourse; backchannel signals; Morel and Danon-Boileau; French language; advanced learners; exolingual - endolingual; speech paragraph; Franska språket

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Conway, . (2005). Le paragraphe oral en français L1, en suédois L1 et en français L2 : étude syntaxique, prosodique et discursive. (Doctoral Dissertation). University of Lund. Retrieved from http://lup.lub.lu.se/record/24546 ; http://portal.research.lu.se/ws/files/4755481/1545664.pdf

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Conway, Åsa. “Le paragraphe oral en français L1, en suédois L1 et en français L2 : étude syntaxique, prosodique et discursive.” 2005. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Lund. Accessed August 18, 2019. http://lup.lub.lu.se/record/24546 ; http://portal.research.lu.se/ws/files/4755481/1545664.pdf.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Conway, Åsa. “Le paragraphe oral en français L1, en suédois L1 et en français L2 : étude syntaxique, prosodique et discursive.” 2005. Web. 18 Aug 2019.

Vancouver:

Conway . Le paragraphe oral en français L1, en suédois L1 et en français L2 : étude syntaxique, prosodique et discursive. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Lund; 2005. [cited 2019 Aug 18]. Available from: http://lup.lub.lu.se/record/24546 ; http://portal.research.lu.se/ws/files/4755481/1545664.pdf.

Council of Science Editors:

Conway . Le paragraphe oral en français L1, en suédois L1 et en français L2 : étude syntaxique, prosodique et discursive. [Doctoral Dissertation]. University of Lund; 2005. Available from: http://lup.lub.lu.se/record/24546 ; http://portal.research.lu.se/ws/files/4755481/1545664.pdf

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