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University of New South Wales

1. Du Toit, Allan. Southern Sentinel: The Anglo-South African Simon's Town Agreements and the Collective Defence of the Cape Sea Route during the Cold War, 1945-1975.

Degree: Humanities & Social Sciences, 2019, University of New South Wales

This study, based on British and South African archival records, much of them previously classified, examines the Anglo-South African partnership for the collective defence of the strategically important sea route round the Cape of Good Hope from 1945 to 1975 during the era of post-war British imperial drawdown, with an increasingly isolated South Africa, defined by its racial policies, taking a strident nationalist and anti-Communist path. It is a study of international naval cooperation, basing and interoperability, and of the related development of the South African Navy, within the context of diplomatic and defence relations between London and Pretoria and as part of broader Commonwealth and Western defence arrangements during the Cold War. The defence of the Cape sea route, which had been vitally important to Britain and the Allied cause during the Second World War, was achieved through the interconnected 1921 Anglo-South African Simon’s Town arrangements and the subsequent Simon’s Town Agreement which superseded them in 1955. These agreements formed a continuum that provided for the safeguarding of the Cape sea route during this period. Despite being the subject of intense political controversy linked to abhorrence of apartheid, presenting successive British Governments with the dilemma of balancing strategic relevance and political liability, there was an overall continuity of strategic themes throughout the period. This was largely because of the fundamental and continued belief by both signatories in the strategic importance of one of the world’s most vital sea routes. Although strategically still relevant, the Agreement was finally terminated in 1975 essentially for political reasons at a time when Britain had finally withdrawn from East of Suez and was refocussing on its NATO commitments, and when South Africa was becoming increasing isolated internationally because of its apartheid policies. The Agreement and the preceding Simon’s Town arrangements nonetheless served the grand strategic and national interests of both nations and the broader Western alliance effectively during the first three decades of the Cold War. Advisors/Committee Members: Lackerstein, Debbie, Humanities & Social Sciences, UNSW Canberra, UNSW, Hancock, Eleanor, Humanities & Social Sciences, UNSW Canberra, UNSW, Reeve, Lawrence, Humanities & Social Sciences, UNSW Canberra, UNSW.

Subjects/Keywords: Simonstown Agreement; Simon's Town; Simonstown; Cape Sea Route; South African Navy; South Atlantic Station

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APA (6th Edition):

Du Toit, A. (2019). Southern Sentinel: The Anglo-South African Simon's Town Agreements and the Collective Defence of the Cape Sea Route during the Cold War, 1945-1975. (Doctoral Dissertation). University of New South Wales. Retrieved from http://handle.unsw.edu.au/1959.4/70050

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Du Toit, Allan. “Southern Sentinel: The Anglo-South African Simon's Town Agreements and the Collective Defence of the Cape Sea Route during the Cold War, 1945-1975.” 2019. Doctoral Dissertation, University of New South Wales. Accessed November 26, 2020. http://handle.unsw.edu.au/1959.4/70050.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Du Toit, Allan. “Southern Sentinel: The Anglo-South African Simon's Town Agreements and the Collective Defence of the Cape Sea Route during the Cold War, 1945-1975.” 2019. Web. 26 Nov 2020.

Vancouver:

Du Toit A. Southern Sentinel: The Anglo-South African Simon's Town Agreements and the Collective Defence of the Cape Sea Route during the Cold War, 1945-1975. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. University of New South Wales; 2019. [cited 2020 Nov 26]. Available from: http://handle.unsw.edu.au/1959.4/70050.

Council of Science Editors:

Du Toit A. Southern Sentinel: The Anglo-South African Simon's Town Agreements and the Collective Defence of the Cape Sea Route during the Cold War, 1945-1975. [Doctoral Dissertation]. University of New South Wales; 2019. Available from: http://handle.unsw.edu.au/1959.4/70050

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