Mississippi State University
Johnson Knepple, Stacey Michelle.
IMPLEMENTATION AND EVALUATION OF THE SNACK PACK PROJECT IN TWO MISSISSIPPI HEAD START CENTERS.
Degree: PhD, Food Science, Nutrition, and Health Promotion, 2011, Mississippi State University
Childhood obesity is a public health concern, impacting American children as
early as the preschool years. Children from rural, low-income, and minority families
experience unique disparities in obesity and health problems, which is especially
problematic in Mississippi where a large part of the state is considered rural and
economically disadvantaged. Development of healthy nutrition behaviors in early
childhood plays a pivotal role in sustaining life-long healthy behaviors and preventing
childhood and future obesity. The <i>Snack Pack Project</i> is a 19-week preschool-based
nutrition education program designed to promote recognition and selection of healthful
foods and encourage development of healthy nutrition behaviors among preschool-aged
children. Program objectives are for preschool children to identify healthy foods, food
groups, and farm-to-table concepts, participate in weekly educational sessions, and assist
in snack preparation. Preschoolers participate in educational sessions and snack
preparation activities led by their Head Start teachers and complete pre- and postevaluations.
The <i>Snack Pack Project</i> was implemented in two Head Start centers with a
total of 300 preschoolers, 191 of which completed the pre- and post-evaluations. Surveys
were also completed by parents, which included demographics, description of
preschoolers food frequency, and an indication of household food security status. The
McNemar 2 x 2 design chi-square test for matched-pairs demonstrated that the 3-year-old
and the 4- and 5-year-old groups knowledge of nutrition variables covered by the Snack
Pack Project improved (p < .05). Parent surveys indicated that only 8.9% of preschoolers
consumed vegetables daily and 25.3% consumed fruit daily. Results from the food
security survey indicated that food insecurity exists; 17.7% reported they relied on only a
few kinds of low-cost food to feed their child due to a shortage of money, 16.0% of
parents could not afford balanced meals, but none reported that their child did not eat
for a whole day. Preschools are in a unique position to enhance nutrition knowledge and
influence the development of healthy behaviors. <i>The Snack Pack</i> Project is feasible to
implement in Head Start Centers and complements nutrition education the children will
receive in primary school and beyond.
Advisors/Committee Members: Diane Tidwell (chair), Chiquita Briley (committee member), Barry Hunt (committee member), Kathleen Ragsdale (committee member), Michelle Lee (committee member).
Subjects/Keywords: Snack Pack Project; preschool-based nutrition education
to Zotero / EndNote / Reference
APA (6th Edition):
Johnson Knepple, S. M. (2011). IMPLEMENTATION AND EVALUATION OF THE SNACK PACK PROJECT IN TWO MISSISSIPPI HEAD START CENTERS. (Doctoral Dissertation). Mississippi State University. Retrieved from http://sun.library.msstate.edu/ETD-db/theses/available/etd-06272011-182340/ ;
Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):
Johnson Knepple, Stacey Michelle. “IMPLEMENTATION AND EVALUATION OF THE SNACK PACK PROJECT IN TWO MISSISSIPPI HEAD START CENTERS.” 2011. Doctoral Dissertation, Mississippi State University. Accessed December 06, 2019.
MLA Handbook (7th Edition):
Johnson Knepple, Stacey Michelle. “IMPLEMENTATION AND EVALUATION OF THE SNACK PACK PROJECT IN TWO MISSISSIPPI HEAD START CENTERS.” 2011. Web. 06 Dec 2019.
Johnson Knepple SM. IMPLEMENTATION AND EVALUATION OF THE SNACK PACK PROJECT IN TWO MISSISSIPPI HEAD START CENTERS. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Mississippi State University; 2011. [cited 2019 Dec 06].
Available from: http://sun.library.msstate.edu/ETD-db/theses/available/etd-06272011-182340/ ;.
Council of Science Editors:
Johnson Knepple SM. IMPLEMENTATION AND EVALUATION OF THE SNACK PACK PROJECT IN TWO MISSISSIPPI HEAD START CENTERS. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Mississippi State University; 2011. Available from: http://sun.library.msstate.edu/ETD-db/theses/available/etd-06272011-182340/ ;