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Texas A&M University

1. Wright, David. The Misplaced Role of ?Utilitarianism? in John Stuart Mill?s Utilitarianism.

Degree: 2012, Texas A&M University

This thesis aims to provide the appropriate historical context for interpreting John Stuart Mill's Utilitarianism. The central question considered here concerns two views of Mill's intentions for Utilitarianism, and whether the work should be read as Mill arguing for his own version of utilitarianism, or as an ecumenical document expressing and defending the views of many utilitarians. The first view, labeled the orthodox view, as defended by Roger Crisp, is probably the most commonly held view as to how to interpret the document. The second view, labeled the revisionist view, is defended by Daniel Jacobson in a recent article. By examining Mill's place in the history of utilitarianism, his journals, correspondence, and other writings leading up to and after the publication of Utilitarianism, this thesis argues in support of the revisionist position. Furthermore, it is argued that certain portions of the book deserve special consideration apart from other chapters, and this is taken to have implications for the future of research in Mill?s thought. This thesis has four chapters including the first introductory chapter, which outlines the motivations guiding the orthodox and revisionist views. The second chapter provides a general exposition of Utilitarianism, as well as an outline of the primary evidence supporting the orthodox and revisionist positions. The third chapter is a defense of the revisionist position, and it highlights the specific biographical context in which Utilitarianism was composed, as well as evidence from Mill's writings, correspondence, and journals suggesting that he saw the need to write a general defense of the principle of utility and elaborate his theory of justice. This chapter also includes a historiographical analysis of Mill's biographers, which suggests that Utilitarianism is not viewed by Mill's biographers as being especially central to his considered views on utilitarianism. Finally, the chapter includes a section on the early reception and criticisms offered against Utilitarianism, which partly explains why the book has come to be interpreted as it has. The final chapter reviews the evidence for the revisionist position and explains the implications for Mill scholarship in light of the findings of this study. Advisors/Committee Members: Adams, R.J.Q. (advisor), Blackwelder, Julia K. (committee member), Palmer, Clare (committee member).

Subjects/Keywords: John Stuart Mill; Moral Philosophy; Intellectual History; British History; Utilitarianism; Daniel Jacobson; Roger Crisp; History of Ethics

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Wright, D. (2012). The Misplaced Role of ?Utilitarianism? in John Stuart Mill?s Utilitarianism. (Thesis). Texas A&M University. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1969.1/ETD-TAMU-2012-08-11475

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Wright, David. “The Misplaced Role of ?Utilitarianism? in John Stuart Mill?s Utilitarianism.” 2012. Thesis, Texas A&M University. Accessed August 03, 2020. http://hdl.handle.net/1969.1/ETD-TAMU-2012-08-11475.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Wright, David. “The Misplaced Role of ?Utilitarianism? in John Stuart Mill?s Utilitarianism.” 2012. Web. 03 Aug 2020.

Vancouver:

Wright D. The Misplaced Role of ?Utilitarianism? in John Stuart Mill?s Utilitarianism. [Internet] [Thesis]. Texas A&M University; 2012. [cited 2020 Aug 03]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1969.1/ETD-TAMU-2012-08-11475.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Wright D. The Misplaced Role of ?Utilitarianism? in John Stuart Mill?s Utilitarianism. [Thesis]. Texas A&M University; 2012. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1969.1/ETD-TAMU-2012-08-11475

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation


Texas A&M University

2. Wright, David. John Stuart Mill's Sanction Utilitarianism: A Philosophical and Historical Interpretation.

Degree: 2014, Texas A&M University

This dissertation argues for a particular interpretation of John Stuart Mill?s utilitarianism, namely that Mill is best read as a sanction utilitarian. In general, scholars commonly interpret Mill as some type of act or rule utilitarian. In making their case for these interpretations, it is also common for scholars to use large portions of Mill?s Utilitarianism as the chief source of insight into his moral theory. By contrast, I argue that Utilitarianism is best read as an ecumenical text where Mill explains and defends the general tenets of utilitarianism rather than setting out his own preferred theory. The exception to this ecumenical approach to the text comes in the fifth chapter on justice which, I argue on textual and historical grounds, outlines the central features of Mill?s utilitarianism. With this understanding of Utilitarianism in place, many of the passages commonly cited in favor of the previous interpretations are rendered less plausible, and interpretations emphasizing Mill?s other writings are strengthened. Using this methodology, I critique four of the most prominent act or rule utilitarian interpretations of Mill?s moral theory. I then provide an interpretation of Mill?s theory of moral obligation and utilitarianism. On Mill?s account of moral obligation (which purportedly holds for moral theories generally, not just utilitarianism) there is a tight relation between an action being wrong and it being subject to punishment by an agent?s conscience. The utilitarian aspect of Mill?s theory concerns the role of rules in an agent?s conscience. According to Mill?s sanction utilitarian view, the actions that are punished are those actions that violate the moral rules which, if widely internalized across society, would promote general utility. On this account, an action is wrong when an agent violates a justified moral rule and is properly punished, at least by one?s conscience. An action is right when conditions are such that if the action were not performed, then the action would be properly punished by at least the agent?s conscience. I apply this interpretation to other notable components of Mill?s approach such as his account of practical action (the Art of Life) and his theory of liberty. Advisors/Committee Members: Radzik, Linda (advisor), Palmer, Clare (committee member), Austin, Scott (committee member), Adams, R.J.Q. (committee member).

Subjects/Keywords: J.S. Mill; utilitarianism; rule utilitarianism; act utilitarianism; sanction utilitarianism; Roger Crisp; Fred Berger; Alan Fuchs; J.O. Urmson; Daniel Jacobson; 'On Liberty'; 'Utilitarianism'

Record DetailsSimilar RecordsGoogle PlusoneFacebookTwitterCiteULikeMendeleyreddit

APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Wright, D. (2014). John Stuart Mill's Sanction Utilitarianism: A Philosophical and Historical Interpretation. (Thesis). Texas A&M University. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1969.1/152774

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Wright, David. “John Stuart Mill's Sanction Utilitarianism: A Philosophical and Historical Interpretation.” 2014. Thesis, Texas A&M University. Accessed August 03, 2020. http://hdl.handle.net/1969.1/152774.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Wright, David. “John Stuart Mill's Sanction Utilitarianism: A Philosophical and Historical Interpretation.” 2014. Web. 03 Aug 2020.

Vancouver:

Wright D. John Stuart Mill's Sanction Utilitarianism: A Philosophical and Historical Interpretation. [Internet] [Thesis]. Texas A&M University; 2014. [cited 2020 Aug 03]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1969.1/152774.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Wright D. John Stuart Mill's Sanction Utilitarianism: A Philosophical and Historical Interpretation. [Thesis]. Texas A&M University; 2014. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1969.1/152774

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

.