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You searched for subject:(Recidivism predictor). Showing records 1 – 3 of 3 total matches.

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University of Akron

1. Silphiphat, Kevalin. PREDICTORS OF RE-OFFENDING IN OHIO JUVENILE OFFENDERS: EXAMINING THE ROLE OF CHILD ABUSE.

Degree: PhD, Urban Studies and Public Affairs, 2007, University of Akron

Over several past decades, scholars and researchers have confirmed that child abuse is associated with negative outcomes in victims’ lives, such as substance abuse, mental health problems, school problems, and delinquency or criminality. This current study extends what has already been learned about the effect of child abuse by exploring the role of child abuse on re-offending of 960 incarcerated youths in Ohio. The purposes of this study are (1) to compare the recidivism rates between the youths with and without a history of abuse, (2) to investigate whether or not the history of physical abuse and sexual abuse are additional risk factors of recidivism, and (3) to determine whether or not physical and sexual abuse experience moderates the relationship between risk factors and juvenile re-offending. The result shows that the patterns of re-offending varied in accordance with the type of abuse, gender, and risk level. In particular, physical abuse was found to be a significant predictor of reincarceration overall and for males. However, sexual abuse was not a predictor for re-offending for either gender. Both physical and sexual abuse were uncovered to be moderator effects of risk factors and recidivism. Surprisingly, youthful offenders with a history of abuse were less likely to recidivate than those with no history of abuse when gender and risk level were controlled. The limitations, implications, and recommendations for future study are discussed. Advisors/Committee Members: Alemagno, Sonia (Advisor).

Subjects/Keywords: Juvenile recidivism; Child abuse; Re-offending; Recidivism predictor

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Silphiphat, K. (2007). PREDICTORS OF RE-OFFENDING IN OHIO JUVENILE OFFENDERS: EXAMINING THE ROLE OF CHILD ABUSE. (Doctoral Dissertation). University of Akron. Retrieved from http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=akron1195418905

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Silphiphat, Kevalin. “PREDICTORS OF RE-OFFENDING IN OHIO JUVENILE OFFENDERS: EXAMINING THE ROLE OF CHILD ABUSE.” 2007. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Akron. Accessed December 08, 2019. http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=akron1195418905.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Silphiphat, Kevalin. “PREDICTORS OF RE-OFFENDING IN OHIO JUVENILE OFFENDERS: EXAMINING THE ROLE OF CHILD ABUSE.” 2007. Web. 08 Dec 2019.

Vancouver:

Silphiphat K. PREDICTORS OF RE-OFFENDING IN OHIO JUVENILE OFFENDERS: EXAMINING THE ROLE OF CHILD ABUSE. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Akron; 2007. [cited 2019 Dec 08]. Available from: http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=akron1195418905.

Council of Science Editors:

Silphiphat K. PREDICTORS OF RE-OFFENDING IN OHIO JUVENILE OFFENDERS: EXAMINING THE ROLE OF CHILD ABUSE. [Doctoral Dissertation]. University of Akron; 2007. Available from: http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=akron1195418905


Université de Montréal

2. Ruest, Caroline. Les prédicteurs dynamiques (pré-traitement et en cours de traitement) en lien avec la récidive criminelle chez les agresseurs sexuels adultes .

Degree: 2011, Université de Montréal

La récidive sexuelle est un sujet d’intérêt pour plusieurs chercheurs et intervenants qui travaillent auprès des délinquants sexuels. Afin de mieux prévenir la récidive sexuelle, il importe de bien connaître les causes sous-jacentes à cette problématique. De cette manière, il sera possible d’élaborer des programmes de traitement efficaces et spécifiques à la problématique. Au cours des dernières années, les études sur les prédicteurs de la récidive sexuelle ont mis l’accent essentiellement sur les prédicteurs statiques, mais aussi et de plus en plus sur les prédicteurs dynamiques. Cependant, il ressort de ces études que les caractéristiques inhérentes à l’implication du délinquant à l’intérieur de son programme de traitement ont été peu étudiées. Conséquemment, le but de cette étude est d’analyser les prédicteurs dynamiques de la récidive, l’alliance thérapeutique, la motivation en cours de traitement et le support social en lien à la récidive sexuelle. Pour ce faire, un échantillon de 299 agresseurs sexuels adultes de sexe masculin est pris en considération. Les données pour mener à terme les analyses statistiques sont recueillies avant le début du traitement et en cours de traitement. Trois types de récidive sont considérés : 1) sexuelle, 2) violente, 3) générale. Les variables indépendantes portent sur des outils psychométriques et sont de deux ordres : 1) pré-traitement, 2) en cours de traitement. Deux variables contrôles sont utilisées : 1) traitement complété ou non, 2) type de traitement; cognitivo-comportemental ou mixte. Ainsi, des analyses préliminaires (test T pour groupes indépendants) sont effectuées afin de sélectionner les variables utilisées pour la réalisation des analyses de survie. En raison de la faible prévalence de récidive sexuelle (5,4%), seules les récidives violentes (10,5%) et générales (18,7%) sont considérées. L’étude nous apprend que les résultats aux analyses de survie pour les récidives violentes et générales tendent à être en continuité à celles retrouvées dans les études existantes sur le sujet. Effectivement, l’étude actuelle informe de la pertinence de compléter un programme de traitement comme facteur de protection contribuant à réduire le risque probable de récidive. Le fait de présenter des croyances pédophiliques ou encore, de ne pas présenter de traits de personnalité compulsive sont des facteurs qui contribuent à augmenter les risques relatifs de récidive criminelle. Advisors/Committee Members: Proulx, Jean (advisor).

Subjects/Keywords: Récidive; délinquance sexuelle; agresseur sexuel adultes; prédicteur dynamique; Recidivism; sexual offence; adult sexual offenders; dynamic predictor

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Ruest, C. (2011). Les prédicteurs dynamiques (pré-traitement et en cours de traitement) en lien avec la récidive criminelle chez les agresseurs sexuels adultes . (Thesis). Université de Montréal. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1866/5964

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Ruest, Caroline. “Les prédicteurs dynamiques (pré-traitement et en cours de traitement) en lien avec la récidive criminelle chez les agresseurs sexuels adultes .” 2011. Thesis, Université de Montréal. Accessed December 08, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/1866/5964.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Ruest, Caroline. “Les prédicteurs dynamiques (pré-traitement et en cours de traitement) en lien avec la récidive criminelle chez les agresseurs sexuels adultes .” 2011. Web. 08 Dec 2019.

Vancouver:

Ruest C. Les prédicteurs dynamiques (pré-traitement et en cours de traitement) en lien avec la récidive criminelle chez les agresseurs sexuels adultes . [Internet] [Thesis]. Université de Montréal; 2011. [cited 2019 Dec 08]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1866/5964.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Ruest C. Les prédicteurs dynamiques (pré-traitement et en cours de traitement) en lien avec la récidive criminelle chez les agresseurs sexuels adultes . [Thesis]. Université de Montréal; 2011. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1866/5964

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation


University of New Mexico

3. Medina, Una E. MADD MESSAGE EFFECTS: A TWELVE-YEAR RANDOMIZED TRIAL.

Degree: Department of Communication and Journalism, 2010, University of New Mexico

One out of three Americans undergoes drunk-driving crashes; 23% result in death. To deter DWIs (Driving While under Influence), MADD (Mothers Against Drunk Drivers) created VIPs (Victim Impact Panels) where victims impact offenders with gory stories, photos, and threats of punishments and loss of freedom, hoping this message will deter DWIs. It is remarkable that although the VIP message is considered a primary DWI intervention, yet no studies have investigated VIP message effects. VIP message effects, their persistence and decay, are chronicled here over the course of 12 years. This study extends an empirical investigation of VIPs, conducted by Woodall, Delaney, Rogers, and Wheeler (2007) (n = 833) during 1994-1996. At 2 years, these researchers found MADD VIP participants' recidivism rates were 30% higher than their DWI School comparison group, trending toward significance at p = .0583. This study supports those results as significant at 12 years. As an extension, it investigates whether reactance theory explains VIP message effects failure. Reactance theory research, a subset of message effects research, explains how emotional, confrontational, and threatening messages induce psychological reactance in the mind of the message receiver, who then seeks to preserve his or her sense of freedom by behaving contrarily (Brehm, 1966). Hierarchically intensifying effects of these theoretical reactance antecedents are studied here in an unusual manner, as they occur in vivo, in real life. The same intervention was observed to have different effects depending on prior conditions and demographics. The emotional high-threat, high-confrontation MADD VIP message coincided with significantly shorter time to recidivism (p = .009, d = 1.64) and significantly higher number of subsequent arrests (p < .0001, d = 1.64) among recent prior offenders, and those with no priors under age 30 (p = .01, d = 0.35). Younger offenders may be associated with more iconoclastic behavior than older offenders (Beirness & Simpson, 1997; Greenberg, 2005; NHTSA, 2008), partially explaining the under-30 age effect. This study furthers persuasive message design as a science and suggests a message-based approach to intervention analysis. There was no effect when MADD VIP was analyzed simply as an intervention. However, there were highly significant effect sizes when the same MADD VIP intervention was analyzed as a message. This study concludes by offering MADD VIP best practice recommendations. Advisors/Committee Members: Woodall, W. Gill, Schuetz, Janice, Rivera, Mario A., McDermott, Virginia, Delaney, Harold.

Subjects/Keywords: Victim Impact panels; MADD; message effects; randomized trial; effect size; drunk driving; DWI; efficacy trial; method problems; methodological problems; communication theory; theory building; rhetorical analysis; triangulation; drunk driving; interventions; covariates; ANOVA; ANCOVA; survival analysis; message context; message content; message function; message intensity; message frequency; message metrics; message pathos; pathos; message decay; decay rate; message decay rate; intent to persuade; persuasion; confrontation; shame; shaming; public shaming; public censure; forewarning; perceived threat; reactance theory; assumptions; sampling error; recruitment error; non-adherence to condition; random assignment error; factorial design; operationalization; theory construct operationalization; methods informed by literature; methodological symbiosis; questionnaire reliability and validity; secondary data sources; public arrest record; public data; covariate operationalization; reactance constructs; content analysis; theme analysis; prior arrest; censored cases; QSR N6; SPSS; Excel; limitations; under-identification; attrition; population attrition; bimodal distribution; dichotomous variables; data splitting; discretizing data; time to recidivism; subsequent arrests; emotional change; emotion score; outliers; reactance antecedent; message dose; message dosage; treatment fidelity; assess treatment fidelity; predictor variables; controlling variables; demographic covariate; demographic predictor; confirmation bias; data bias; interaction effect; treatment effect; message design; fear appeal; message strength; anger; survival analysis; time dependence; mixed methods; study design; message standardization; internal validity; hard data; hard end-point data; marginal sample size; observed variables; intervening factors; intervening variables; sample size; in vivo; hierarchy of effects; emotional threat; older offenders; young offenders; intervention analysis; message-based approach; best practices; DWI intervention; DWI treatment; prior conditions; iconoclast; Drunks Against MADD Mothers; resistance; message design science

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Medina, U. E. (2010). MADD MESSAGE EFFECTS: A TWELVE-YEAR RANDOMIZED TRIAL. (Doctoral Dissertation). University of New Mexico. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1928/12395

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Medina, Una E. “MADD MESSAGE EFFECTS: A TWELVE-YEAR RANDOMIZED TRIAL.” 2010. Doctoral Dissertation, University of New Mexico. Accessed December 08, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/1928/12395.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Medina, Una E. “MADD MESSAGE EFFECTS: A TWELVE-YEAR RANDOMIZED TRIAL.” 2010. Web. 08 Dec 2019.

Vancouver:

Medina UE. MADD MESSAGE EFFECTS: A TWELVE-YEAR RANDOMIZED TRIAL. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. University of New Mexico; 2010. [cited 2019 Dec 08]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1928/12395.

Council of Science Editors:

Medina UE. MADD MESSAGE EFFECTS: A TWELVE-YEAR RANDOMIZED TRIAL. [Doctoral Dissertation]. University of New Mexico; 2010. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1928/12395

.