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University of Edinburgh

1. Tsagkaridis, Konstantinos. Semantic and action influences on visual perception : the role of action affordances and object functionality in visual selection, memory encoding and post-perceptual processes.

Degree: PhD, 2011, University of Edinburgh

The current thesis explores semantic and action effects on visual perception and specifically how higher-level knowledge can co-affect the process of visual perception, along with the well established effects of low level image characteristics, such as colour, image/object saliency and general gist of the scene. Recent evidence on object recognition supports perceptual grouping effects of familiar pairings of functionally interacting objects. This leads to an advantage for their perception as compared with objects positioned in a non-interacting configuration, in cases where there are attentional limitations in perception. Similar effects were previously reported in clinical cases of people diagnosed with neglect (Humphreys & Riddoch, 2001, 2007; Riddoch et al, 2003, 2006), but the fact that they are also present in normally functioning individuals (Green & Hummel, 2006) makes them a clear example of higher order effects on perception. Given the evidence about the abstract nature of the information stored in visual memory and the fact that orientation is part of the spatial information related to an object representation, our first series of experiments aimed at further exploring the nature of this perceptual grouping and whether objects separation would have an effect on it. By combining this paradigm with a paradigm used to explore linguistic factors of perceiving space (Carlson-Radvansky & Radvansky, 1996; Carlson-Radvansky, Covey & Lattanzi, 1999; Carlson-Radvansky & Tang, 2000), we additionally explored the effect of functional interactions at higher levels of post-perceptual processing. We manipulated the locations of various pairs of objects as well as the semantic and functional relationship between them to explore if spatial configurations affect the way people talk about the relationship of the objects in the same way as they affect the same objects‟ recognition. The results revealed a difference, with the same distance manipulation affecting linguistic descriptions of spatial relationships between pairs of objects but having no effect in their perceptual grouping. One of the aims of this thesis is the interpretation of such effects according to a recently growing body of evidence on the interaction between action and perception systems. These systems which were traditionally considered to be two separate disciplines seem to connect, with information from action systems feeding on perceptual systems. Through such an interaction, for example, information about the functionally related objects could lead to their perceptual grouping. A series of experiments have demonstrated effects of action affordances on object perception and their combined results seem to imply pre-attentive effects on object perception independent of the person‟s intention to act on an object (Riddoch, Humphreys, Edwards, Baker & Wilson, 2002; Tipper, Paul & Hayes, 2006; Symes, Ellis & Tucker, 2007).To further explore the role of functional relationships and action affordances in natural scene viewing, a second series of experiments was…

Subjects/Keywords: 617.7; action; affordances; semantics; attention; perception; motor system; vision; real world scenes

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Tsagkaridis, K. (2011). Semantic and action influences on visual perception : the role of action affordances and object functionality in visual selection, memory encoding and post-perceptual processes. (Doctoral Dissertation). University of Edinburgh. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1842/5685

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Tsagkaridis, Konstantinos. “Semantic and action influences on visual perception : the role of action affordances and object functionality in visual selection, memory encoding and post-perceptual processes.” 2011. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Edinburgh. Accessed January 19, 2021. http://hdl.handle.net/1842/5685.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Tsagkaridis, Konstantinos. “Semantic and action influences on visual perception : the role of action affordances and object functionality in visual selection, memory encoding and post-perceptual processes.” 2011. Web. 19 Jan 2021.

Vancouver:

Tsagkaridis K. Semantic and action influences on visual perception : the role of action affordances and object functionality in visual selection, memory encoding and post-perceptual processes. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Edinburgh; 2011. [cited 2021 Jan 19]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1842/5685.

Council of Science Editors:

Tsagkaridis K. Semantic and action influences on visual perception : the role of action affordances and object functionality in visual selection, memory encoding and post-perceptual processes. [Doctoral Dissertation]. University of Edinburgh; 2011. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1842/5685

2. Quetard, Boris. Anticipation et accumulation active d'information sensorielle dans la prise de décision en situations de vision normale et dégradée : Anticipation and active accumulation of sensory evidence in perceptual decision-making with normal and degraded visual information.

Degree: Docteur es, Psychologie, 2018, Clermont Auvergne

Conduire un véhicule dans le brouillard requiert d’intégrer de l’information visuelle bruitée avec des attentes sur la scène routière pour rechercher des indices visuels importants pour la navigation. Les tâches d’identification et de recherche visuelle peuvent être vues comme des processus de prise de décision où l’information est accumulée et où des attentes sur l’objet et son contexte sont intégrées. L’accumulation d’information est souvent modélisée comme un processus passif. Cette thèse vise à mettre en avant des mécanismes actifs, intégrant les attentes sur la cible (sur sa position, sur son identité) et de l’information sensorielle dégradée (e.g., brouillard). Nous avons employé le paradigme de mouse-tracking, permettant d’inférer des aspects dynamiques du processus de prise de décision via les mouvements de la souris d’ordinateur. L’Étude 1 évalue l’effet du contexte dans la catégorisation de cible et suggère un compromis entre rapidité et exactitude de l’accumulation d’évidence pouvant être vu comme influençant activement la décision. Mais elle n’évalue pas directement la collecte active d’évidence. Les Études 2 et 3 incluent la mesure de la détection et vérification de la cible via les mouvement des yeux lors de la recherche visuelle dans des scènes dégradée. Les attentes sur la localisation (Étude 2) et sur l’identité de la cible (Étude 3) sont manipulées. Ces études éclairent les contributions de la détection et de la vérification dans l’accumulation d’évidence pour la réponse cible absente et cible présente. Pour conclure, nous proposons une ébauche de modèle de prise de décision intégrant une dynamique entre accumulation d’évidence et système oculomoteur.

Driving a vehicle in the fog requires the integration of noisy visual information with expectations about the visual road scene, in order to search for visual clues important for navigating. The visual search and identification of relevant objects can be seen as decision-making processes where sensory information is accumulated and where the expectations about the target object and its context are integrated. The accumulation of information is often modelled as a passive process. This thesis focuses on the contribution of active mechanisms integrating expectations about the target (its identity, its location) with degraded sensory information (with fog or artificial noise). We used the mouse-tracking paradigm, allowing to infer dynamic aspects of the decision-making process through a computer mouse movements. Study 1 evaluates the effect of the context for categorizing a target and suggests a trade-off between the speed and accuracy of the evidence accumulation process which can be seen as actively influencing the decision. But this study cannot directly evaluate the active collection of evidence. In Studies 2 and 3, target detection and verification are directly measured through eye movements during visual search tasks in visually degraded scenes. We manipulated the expectations about the location (Study 2) and the target’s identity (Study 3).…

Advisors/Committee Members: Mermillod, Martial (thesis director), Quinton, Jean-Charles (thesis director), Izaute, Marie (thesis director).

Subjects/Keywords: Prise de décision; Recherche visuelle; Scènes naturelles; Anticipation; Bruit visuel; Brouillard; Mouvement des yeux; Mouse-tracking; Decision-making; Visual search; Real-world scenes; Anticipation; Visual noise; Fog; Eye movements; Mouse-tracking

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Quetard, B. (2018). Anticipation et accumulation active d'information sensorielle dans la prise de décision en situations de vision normale et dégradée : Anticipation and active accumulation of sensory evidence in perceptual decision-making with normal and degraded visual information. (Doctoral Dissertation). Clermont Auvergne. Retrieved from http://www.theses.fr/2018CLFAL006

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Quetard, Boris. “Anticipation et accumulation active d'information sensorielle dans la prise de décision en situations de vision normale et dégradée : Anticipation and active accumulation of sensory evidence in perceptual decision-making with normal and degraded visual information.” 2018. Doctoral Dissertation, Clermont Auvergne. Accessed January 19, 2021. http://www.theses.fr/2018CLFAL006.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Quetard, Boris. “Anticipation et accumulation active d'information sensorielle dans la prise de décision en situations de vision normale et dégradée : Anticipation and active accumulation of sensory evidence in perceptual decision-making with normal and degraded visual information.” 2018. Web. 19 Jan 2021.

Vancouver:

Quetard B. Anticipation et accumulation active d'information sensorielle dans la prise de décision en situations de vision normale et dégradée : Anticipation and active accumulation of sensory evidence in perceptual decision-making with normal and degraded visual information. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Clermont Auvergne; 2018. [cited 2021 Jan 19]. Available from: http://www.theses.fr/2018CLFAL006.

Council of Science Editors:

Quetard B. Anticipation et accumulation active d'information sensorielle dans la prise de décision en situations de vision normale et dégradée : Anticipation and active accumulation of sensory evidence in perceptual decision-making with normal and degraded visual information. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Clermont Auvergne; 2018. Available from: http://www.theses.fr/2018CLFAL006


Brno University of Technology

3. Hýl, Petr. Slovinské národní divadlo v Lublani: Slovene National Theatre in Ljubljana.

Degree: 2019, Brno University of Technology

SLOVENE NATIONAL THEATRE IN LJUBLJANA Author Report Of The Diploma Work Author: Bc. Petr Hýl Supervisor: doc. ing. arch. Zdeněk Makovský Advisors/Committee Members: Makovský, Zdeněk (advisor), Svoboda, Lukáš (referee).

Subjects/Keywords: DIVADLO Divadelní umění je staré jako lidstvo samo. Za dobu své existence prošlo dlouhým a barvitým vývojem; z něhož jsme zmapovali zřejmě jen malou část. Požadavek činoherního divadla a přítomnost dalších klasických divadel ve městě vedlo k inspiraci divadlem řeckým; japonským; středověkým; alžbětinským; totálním; osvobozeným; arénovým. Moderní budova činohry národního divadla se nemůže spoléhat pouze na klasická schémata; i když i ta mohou být požadována. Návrh reflektuje divadlo především jako místo střetnutí dvou protichůdných světů; světa reálného; v němž žijeme; a světa zidealizovaného; přetvořeného; který vídáme na jevišti; světa skutečnosti a jejího obrazu; světa tragédie a komedie; světa skutečných tváří herců a jejich masek; jejich skutečných osobností a jejich rolí; světa skutečných věcí a kulis; světa prostorového a plošně zjednodušeného. Také dva základní protichůdné pohledy na divadelní umění jako na svět ideální; pompézní; výchovný; poučný a zábavný a na divadlo jako nemilosrdné zrcadlo našeho života; subjektivní; věrné či sarkastické; i rozpor těchto dvou chápání divadla můžeme zahrnout mezi divadelní dvojakosti. BUDOVA Nová budova divadla chce být zhmotněním dialogu; základního stavebního prvku divadelní tvorby; kterým Aischylos povýšil do té doby všeplatné zpěvné a taneční rituály na skutečné drama. Dialog spolu vedou dvě protichůdné formy – budova divadla a její prázdný otisk – veřejné prostranství. Klasifikace dialog a monolog se stává subjektivní; uvažujeme-li za druhý subjekt prázdno. Tato představa dodává úvaze existenciální náboj. Samotné dvě formy – plná a prázdná – mají kromě parafráze divadelní protichůdnosti; pověstného rozhraní dvou světů; přesah do mnoha dalších oblastí života – podobně jako samotné divadlo. Tvar budovy - zužující a zvyšující se hmota - vznikl spolu s prostranstvím spontánně jako asociace doplňkovosti. Tento tvar však reaguje kromě urbanistických a provozních návazností také na ideu moderního divadla; které by mělo být proměnlivé a dynamické. Vzletný tvar budovy zhmotňuje nejen tuto abstraktní dynamiku; ale je také intuitivním přepisem dynamiky hereckého projevu; přetlaku energie sršící z člověka; nepostradatelné nejen k hereckému výkonu; ale také ke všem lidským tvůrčím činnostem.; THEATRE Dramatic art is as old as human society. During its existence it has passed through long and colourful evolution which we charted probably only really partially. Requierement of a drama theatre and presence of another classical thetre buildings in the town caused an inspiration by Greek; Japonese; medieval; Elizabethan; Total; Exempt or arena theatre. A modern bulding of national drama theatre can´t depend of only calssical schemes; though even those could be reguired. The project reflect theatre first of all as a place of a battle of two contradictory worlds; a real world which we live in it; and an ideal; transformated world which we use to see on a stage; a world of reality and a world of its reflex; a world of tragedy and a of comedy; a world of existing faces of actors and a world of their masks; their real personalities and their parts; a world of true things and a world od scenes; a three-dimensional world and a 2D-simplified world. Also the two contradictory views of dramatic art; the first one as an ideal world; pompous; educational; instructive and funy and the second as a merciless mirror of our own lifes; subjective; authentic or caustic; so even this discrepancy of those two different opinions of theatre we could add in the theatre duplicity. BUILDING The new theatre building wants to be an objectification of a dialog; which is the basic structural element of dramatic production; whith which Aischylos sublimated singing and dancig rituals which were of binding force in that times to a real drama. This dialog is runned by two antagonistic forms – the theatre building and its empty impression – a public space. Established classification of dialog and monolog becomes subjective; if we suppose an emptiness as the second object. This idea gives our meditation an existencial character a bit. The two forms by themselves – the full one and the empty one –except of an imitation of theatre dialectics; a proverbial boundery-line of two worlds; also transcend into many other spheres of human life – analogous to a theatre. The shape of the building – a diminished and raising mass – has arised within the open space spontaneously as an association of complementing. But this shape – except other urbanistic and functional sequences - also reacts to an ide of modern theatre; which should be variable and dynamic. The poetic shape of the building not only materializes thist abstract dynamism but it is also an intuitive transscription of dynamism of an actor´s manifestation; an overpressure of human energy which is indispensable not only for a performance but also for all human creative activities.

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Hýl, P. (2019). Slovinské národní divadlo v Lublani: Slovene National Theatre in Ljubljana. (Thesis). Brno University of Technology. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/11012/3455

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Hýl, Petr. “Slovinské národní divadlo v Lublani: Slovene National Theatre in Ljubljana.” 2019. Thesis, Brno University of Technology. Accessed January 19, 2021. http://hdl.handle.net/11012/3455.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Hýl, Petr. “Slovinské národní divadlo v Lublani: Slovene National Theatre in Ljubljana.” 2019. Web. 19 Jan 2021.

Vancouver:

Hýl P. Slovinské národní divadlo v Lublani: Slovene National Theatre in Ljubljana. [Internet] [Thesis]. Brno University of Technology; 2019. [cited 2021 Jan 19]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/11012/3455.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Hýl P. Slovinské národní divadlo v Lublani: Slovene National Theatre in Ljubljana. [Thesis]. Brno University of Technology; 2019. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/11012/3455

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

.