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You searched for subject:(Psychological Plausibility). Showing records 1 – 2 of 2 total matches.

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Texas A&M University

1. Kasperbauer, Tyler. Perceiving Nonhumans: Human Moral Psychology and Animal Ethics.

Degree: PhD, Philosophy, 2014, Texas A&M University

There are currently very few discussions of moral psychology in the animal ethics literature. This dissertation aims to fill this void. My main contention is that many theories in animal ethics hold mistaken views about the moral psychology of human beings. These mistaken moral psychological views, I argue, limit these theories’ ability to act as a guide in people’s treatment of animals. To develop my argument, I propose five criteria by which to assess the psychological plausibility of ethical theories, drawing from numerous recent developments in empirical moral psychology. I also draw a comparison between cases of physical impossibility in the “ought implies can” literature and cases of psychological difficulty, primarily as they arise in the literature on moral ideals. In both cases, I argue, limitations in individual resources constrain what ethical theories can ask of individuals. I then investigate three different topics relevant to human moral psychology and normative evaluation of animals: attributing mental states to animals, the status of animals as disgust elicitors, and our empathic responses to animals. With respect to mental state attribution, I argue that the best research to date indicates that phenomenal mental states, like pain, determine our judgments of the moral considerability of animals. I also argue that the behavioral triggers we possess for attributing phenomenal states to animals are quite narrow—primarily animals that look and act like human beings. With respect to disgust, I examine research suggesting animals elicit disgust-based avoidance. I draw from research on dehumanization to argue that one way we cope with animals, despite their disgust-evoking powers, is by attributing them mental states that evaluate them positively but simultaneously cement their status as inferior beings. In the case of empathy, I argue against the idea that empathy is psychologically central to expressing moral concern for animals. I examine six empirical claims made about empathy in the animal ethics literature and argue that all six are problematic to varying degrees. I conclude by making suggestions for overcoming specific psychological obstacles identified throughout the dissertation. I also outline a research plan for constructing psychologically plausible theories in animal ethics. Advisors/Committee Members: Palmer, Clare (advisor), Varner, Gary (advisor), Radzik, Linda (committee member), Bermúdez, José (committee member), Schmeichel, Brandon (committee member).

Subjects/Keywords: Animal ethics; Moral psychology; Psychological Plausibility; Mentalizing; Disgust; Empathy

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APA (6th Edition):

Kasperbauer, T. (2014). Perceiving Nonhumans: Human Moral Psychology and Animal Ethics. (Doctoral Dissertation). Texas A&M University. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1969.1/152594

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Kasperbauer, Tyler. “Perceiving Nonhumans: Human Moral Psychology and Animal Ethics.” 2014. Doctoral Dissertation, Texas A&M University. Accessed September 21, 2020. http://hdl.handle.net/1969.1/152594.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Kasperbauer, Tyler. “Perceiving Nonhumans: Human Moral Psychology and Animal Ethics.” 2014. Web. 21 Sep 2020.

Vancouver:

Kasperbauer T. Perceiving Nonhumans: Human Moral Psychology and Animal Ethics. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Texas A&M University; 2014. [cited 2020 Sep 21]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1969.1/152594.

Council of Science Editors:

Kasperbauer T. Perceiving Nonhumans: Human Moral Psychology and Animal Ethics. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Texas A&M University; 2014. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1969.1/152594


University of Edinburgh

2. Vogel, Carl M. Inheritance reasoning : psychological plausibility, proof theory and semantics.

Degree: PhD, 1995, University of Edinburgh

Default inheritance reasoning is a propositional approach to non monotonic reasoning designed to model reasoning with natural language generics. Inheritance reasoners model sets of natural language generics as directed acyclicgraphs,and inference corresponds to the specification of paths through those networks. A proliferation of inheritance proof theories exist in the literature along with extensive debate about the most reasonable way to construct inferences, based on intuitions about interpretations of particular inheritance networks. There has not been an accepted semantics for inheritance which unifies the set of possible proof theories, which would help identify truly ill motivated proof theories. This thesis attempts to clarify the inheritance literature in the three ways indicated in the title: psychological plausibility, proof theory and semantics.

Subjects/Keywords: 006.3; psychological plausibility; proof theory; semantics

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Vogel, C. M. (1995). Inheritance reasoning : psychological plausibility, proof theory and semantics. (Doctoral Dissertation). University of Edinburgh. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1842/524

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Vogel, Carl M. “Inheritance reasoning : psychological plausibility, proof theory and semantics.” 1995. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Edinburgh. Accessed September 21, 2020. http://hdl.handle.net/1842/524.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Vogel, Carl M. “Inheritance reasoning : psychological plausibility, proof theory and semantics.” 1995. Web. 21 Sep 2020.

Vancouver:

Vogel CM. Inheritance reasoning : psychological plausibility, proof theory and semantics. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Edinburgh; 1995. [cited 2020 Sep 21]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1842/524.

Council of Science Editors:

Vogel CM. Inheritance reasoning : psychological plausibility, proof theory and semantics. [Doctoral Dissertation]. University of Edinburgh; 1995. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1842/524

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