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Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore

1. SAVAZZI, FEDERICA. INTERSOGGETTIVITA' E ARTE.

Degree: 2012, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore

L’esperienza estetica è un fenomeno complesso e articolato, caratterizzato da un particolare intreccio di processi percettivi, emotivi, cognitivi. Il dibattito sulla definizione del ruolo dei fattori che intervengono nell’esperienza estetica è molto controverso: diverse cornici teoriche enfatizzano o il ruolo dei fattori "bottom-up", riguardanti le caratteristiche visive e strutturali dell'opera d'arte come il colore e simmetria, o il ruolo dei fattori "top-down", relativi al bagaglio di conoscenze ed esperienze personali. Questa tesi presenta due studi volti ad approfondire, attraverso l'analisi dei movimenti oculari, l'influenza dei processi "bottom-up" e "top-down" sul comportamento visivo di adolescenti o adulti non esperti d’arte durante l'osservazione di opere d’arte pittorica. I dati ottenuti suggeriscono che processi intersoggettivi e relazionali giocano un ruolo essenziale nel guidare l’apprezzamento estetico di un quadro. Questi risultati innovativi supportano alcune recenti ipotesi teoriche relative alla natura intrinsecamente intersoggettiva dell’esperienza estetica.

Experiencing art is a complex and articulated phenomenon characterized by a peculiar weaving of perceptive, emotional, and cognitive processes. The debate on the definition of factors that contribute to the surfacing of an aesthetic experience is very controversial, partly because of the different weights assigned to the elements in the competition between “bottom-up” and “top-down” processes. Different theoretical frames emphasize the role of bottom-up factors - concerning the visual and structural characteristics of the artwork such as colour and symmetry - or top-down cognitive processes - concerning the cognitive feedback deriving from everyone’s cultural background and knowledge - in the building up of an aesthetic experience. In this work, two studies aiming at shedding some light on art appreciation are presented. These studies were designed to investigate, by means of the analysis of eye-movements, the influence of bottom-up and top-down processes on visual behavior while adolescents or adults naïve to art criticism were presented with representational paintings. Data suggest that intersubjective and relational processes intervene in first stages of aesthetic experience. These important and novel results support new theoretical proposals, which consider embodied intersubjective processes underpinning aesthetic experience.

Advisors/Committee Members: MARCHETTI, ANTONELLA, FREEDBERG, DAVID, GILLI, GABRIELLA.

Subjects/Keywords: M-PSI/01: PSICOLOGIA GENERALE; M-PSI/04: PSICOLOGIA DELLO SVILUPPO E PSICOLOGIA DELL'EDUCAZIONE; AESTHETIC EXPERIENCE, INTERSUBJECTIVITY, TOP-DOWN AND BOTTOM-UP PROCESSES

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

SAVAZZI, F. (2012). INTERSOGGETTIVITA' E ARTE. (Doctoral Dissertation). Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10280/1331

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

SAVAZZI, FEDERICA. “INTERSOGGETTIVITA' E ARTE.” 2012. Doctoral Dissertation, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore. Accessed March 31, 2020. http://hdl.handle.net/10280/1331.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

SAVAZZI, FEDERICA. “INTERSOGGETTIVITA' E ARTE.” 2012. Web. 31 Mar 2020.

Vancouver:

SAVAZZI F. INTERSOGGETTIVITA' E ARTE. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore; 2012. [cited 2020 Mar 31]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10280/1331.

Council of Science Editors:

SAVAZZI F. INTERSOGGETTIVITA' E ARTE. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore; 2012. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10280/1331


Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore

2. BIANCHI, ILARIA. Il ragionamento mentale e la condivisione dei significati: fattori di sviluppo e fattori interpersonali che influiscono sulla comprensione degli altri in età prescolastica.

Degree: 2008, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore

La capacità di capire la mente e di predire il comportamento in età prescolastica si basa su concetti mentali o i bambini capiscono gli altri costruendo significanti nell'interazione senza elaborare una formale teoria della mente – TOM? Studio 1: l'analisi coi modelli di Rasch delle performance di 141 bambini alla versione italiana della TOM Scale (Wellman, Liu, 2004) rileva la sequenza: desideri – credenze – emozioni. I risultati vengono letti nei termini della crescente capacità dei bambini a considerare prospettive diverse, e non solo in termini di sviluppo concettuale. Sudio 2: la codifica delle interazioni di 72 bambini nel gioco di finzione (con una griglia appositamente costruita) mostra un progresso nella costruzione collaborativa dei significati solo parzialmente associato alle abilità TOM e individua nella calma un correlato del successo TOM. studio 3: dall'intervista di 36 madri emerge un legame tra mindfulness materna e calma dei bambini, e tra mind-mindedness e mentalità psicologica materne e capacità di ragionamento mentale dei bambini. La letteratura e i risultati del presente lavoro portano a riconoscere che l'esperienza interpersonale sostiene lo sviluppo del ragionamento mentale e suggeriscono che future valutazioni della capacità di capire la mente coinvolgano più direttamente i bambini di quanto facciano gli attuali strumenti formali.

Do preschoolers need mental concepts in order to reason and predict behavior, or do they construe meaning within interactions and do not need to build formal theories of mind - ToM? In study 1, the Rasch analysis of 141 children's performances on the Italian version of the ToM Scale (Wellman, Liu, 2004) shows a progression of understanding from desire, to belief to emotion. Results are discussed in terms of children's increasing experience at dealing with different perspectives that interacts with conceptual development. In study 2, the observation of 72 preschoolers' dyadic play interactions (coded with an exhaustive scheme developed ad-hoc) shows progress in children's collaborative construction of meaning, partially independent from abilities measured by the ToM Scale, and finds calmness as a correlate of ToM success. In study 3, the interview of 36 mothers reveals that maternal mindfulness is related to children's calmness and that maternal mind- and psychological mindedness are associated with children's facility at reasoning about the mental world. The theoretical review and empirical evidence collected lead to recognizing the role played by interpersonal and interactive experiences in framing mental reasoning, and suggest that future research measure social understanding in more participative, subjective situations than current formal assessment.

Advisors/Committee Members: SCABINI, EUGENIA, AMADEI, GHERARDO.

Subjects/Keywords: M-PSI/04: PSICOLOGIA DELLO SVILUPPO E PSICOLOGIA DELL'EDUCAZIONE; teoria della mente, gioco di finzione, processi di condivisione dei significati, materna, età prescolastica, theory of mind, pretend play, processes of sharing meaning, maternal mind-mindedness, mindfulness, preschool age

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

BIANCHI, I. (2008). Il ragionamento mentale e la condivisione dei significati: fattori di sviluppo e fattori interpersonali che influiscono sulla comprensione degli altri in età prescolastica. (Doctoral Dissertation). Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10280/313

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

BIANCHI, ILARIA. “Il ragionamento mentale e la condivisione dei significati: fattori di sviluppo e fattori interpersonali che influiscono sulla comprensione degli altri in età prescolastica.” 2008. Doctoral Dissertation, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore. Accessed March 31, 2020. http://hdl.handle.net/10280/313.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

BIANCHI, ILARIA. “Il ragionamento mentale e la condivisione dei significati: fattori di sviluppo e fattori interpersonali che influiscono sulla comprensione degli altri in età prescolastica.” 2008. Web. 31 Mar 2020.

Vancouver:

BIANCHI I. Il ragionamento mentale e la condivisione dei significati: fattori di sviluppo e fattori interpersonali che influiscono sulla comprensione degli altri in età prescolastica. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore; 2008. [cited 2020 Mar 31]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10280/313.

Council of Science Editors:

BIANCHI I. Il ragionamento mentale e la condivisione dei significati: fattori di sviluppo e fattori interpersonali che influiscono sulla comprensione degli altri in età prescolastica. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore; 2008. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10280/313


University of Adelaide

3. Kennington, Raymond William. Random allocations: new and extended models and techniques with applications and numerics.

Degree: 2007, University of Adelaide

This thesis provides a general methodology for classifying and describing many combinatoric problems, systematising and finding theoretical expressions for quantities of interest, and investigating their feasible numerical evaluation. Unifying notation and definitions are provided. Our knowledge of random allocations is also extended. This is achieved by investigating new processes, generalising known processes, and by providing a formal structure and innovative techniques for analysing them. The random allocation models described in this thesis can be classified as occupancy urn models, in which we have a sequence of urns and throw balls into them, and investigate static, waiting-time and dynamic processes. Various structures are placed on the relationship(s) between cells, balls, and the selection of items being distributed, including varieties, batch arrivals, taboo sets and blocking sets. Static, waiting-time and dynamic processes are investigated. Both without-replacement and with-replacement sampling types are considered. Emphasis is placed on the distributions of waiting-times for one or more events to occur measured from the time a particular event occurs; this begins as an abstraction and generalisation of a model of departures of cars parked in lanes. One of several additional determinations is the platoon size distribution. Models are analysed using combinatorial analysis and Markov Chains. Global attributes are measured, including maximum waits, maximum room required, moments and the clustering of completions. Various conversion formulae have been devised to reduce calculation times by several orders of magnitude. New and extended applications include Queueing in Lanes, Cake Displays, Coupon Collector's Problem, Sock-Sorting, Matching Dependent Sets (including Genetic Code Attribute Matching and the game SET), the Zig-Zag Problem, Testing for Randomness (including the Cake Display Test, which is a without-replacement test similar to the standard Empty Cell test), Waiting for Luggage at an Airport, Breakdowns in a Network, Learning Theory and Estimating the Number of Skeletons at an Archaeological Dig. Fundamental, reduction and covering theorems provide ways to reduce the number of calculations required. New combinatorial identities are discovered and a well-known one is proved in a combinatorial way for the first time. Some known results are derived from simple cases of the general models. Advisors/Committee Members: Pearce, Charles Edward Miller (advisor), Henderson, W. (advisor), School of Mathematical Sciences : Applied Mathematics (school).

Subjects/Keywords: random allocations; occupancy urn models, static models; dynamic models; waiting-time models; without-replacement; with-replacement; Psi-processes; probability theory; P. of I.E. for the mini-max; Bonderroni's inequalities; asymptotic distributions; the game SET; coupon-collector's problem; cake display problem; zig-zag problem; Combinatorial probabilities.; Mathematical models.

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Kennington, R. W. (2007). Random allocations: new and extended models and techniques with applications and numerics. (Thesis). University of Adelaide. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/2440/41885

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Kennington, Raymond William. “Random allocations: new and extended models and techniques with applications and numerics.” 2007. Thesis, University of Adelaide. Accessed March 31, 2020. http://hdl.handle.net/2440/41885.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Kennington, Raymond William. “Random allocations: new and extended models and techniques with applications and numerics.” 2007. Web. 31 Mar 2020.

Vancouver:

Kennington RW. Random allocations: new and extended models and techniques with applications and numerics. [Internet] [Thesis]. University of Adelaide; 2007. [cited 2020 Mar 31]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/41885.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Kennington RW. Random allocations: new and extended models and techniques with applications and numerics. [Thesis]. University of Adelaide; 2007. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/41885

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

.